10-Apr-2015 Bacteria tracked feeding nitrogen to nutrient-starved plants
An international team of researchers, including three from Brookhaven National Laboratory, tracked nitrogen as soil bacteria pulled it from the air and released it as plant-friendly ammonium. This eco-friendly process -- called biological nitrogen fixation -- substantially promoted growth in certain grass crops.
6-Apr-2015 'Explosive' atom movement is new window into growing metal nanostructures
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory expected to see slow, random movement when they dropped lead atoms on a lead-on-silicon surface. 'But what we saw? BOOM! Fast, explosive and organized!' said Michael Tringides, Ames Laboratory physicist. The unusual atom movement may represent a new way to grow perfect, tiny metal nanostructures for nanostransistors, nanoswitches, and nanomagnets.
31-Mar-2015 BigNeuron: Unlocking the secrets of the human brain
To find a standard 3-D neuron reconstruction algorithm, Big Neuron will sponsor a series of international hackathons and workshops where contending algorithms will be ported onto a common software platform to analyze neuronal physical structure using the same core dataset. All ported algorithms will be bench-tested at DOE's NERSC and ORNL, as well as Human Brain Project supercomputing centers.
27-Mar-2015 Collaborative vision, saving sight
A meeting to explore research collaborations between the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee set the foundation for a company that provides accessible and remote health screenings for patients concerned about diabetic related eye diseases.
25-Mar-2015 Protein shake-up
For living organisms proteins are an essential part of their body system and are needed to thrive. In recent years, a certain class of proteins has challenged researchers' conventional notion that proteins have a static and well-defined structure.
25-Mar-2015 A tale of 2 colliders, 1 thesis, 2 awards -- and a physics mystery
Dennis Perepelitsa, a physicist exploring the mysteries of nuclear physics at RHIC and the LHC, has the distinction of being the first person to earn outstanding Ph.D. thesis awards from both research communities. His Ph.D. work, based on complementary data collected at the PHENIX and ATLAS detectors, showcased intriguing findings and an ongoing mystery that is guiding part of the research programs at both machines now.
20-Mar-2015 Organic photovoltaics experiments showcase HPC 'superfacility' concept
A collaborative effort linking the Advanced Light Source at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory with supercomputing resources at NERSC and the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility is yielding exciting results in organic photovoltaics research that could transform the way researchers use these facilities and improve scientific productivity in the process.
18-Mar-2015 Scientists watch quantum dots 'breathe' in response to stress
Researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory watched nanoscale semiconductor crystals expand and shrink in response to powerful pulses of laser light. This ultrafast 'breathing' provides new insight about how such tiny structures change shape as they start to melt -- information that can help guide researchers in tailoring their use for a range of applications.
18-Mar-2015 Nanostructure complex materials modeling
Brookhaven physicist Simon Billinge illustrates how advances in computing and applied mathematics can improve the predictive value of models used to design new materials.
17-Mar-2015 Part II, Tackling grand challenges in geochemistry: Q&A with Andrew Stack
In this Q&A Andrew Stack, a geochemist at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, advances understanding of the dynamics of minerals underground. Stack and his team make discoveries that will help to improve our understanding of a wide range of energy-related issues, such as geologic storage of carbon dioxide, oil and gas discovery and development, and remediation of toxic contaminants. His current research spans three disciplines -- geology, chemistry and computing.
17-Mar-2015 Granular data processing on HPCs using an event service
Brookhaven Lab/ATLAS physicist Torre Wenaus describes an effort to trickle small 'grains' of data generated by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in Europe into small pockets of unused supercomputing time, sandwiched between big jobs on high-performance supercomputers.
10-Mar-2015 Possible rare dwarf galaxies found orbiting Milky Way
Researchers have discovered a set of eight celestial objects orbiting our home galaxy, the Milky Way, that appear to be rare dwarf satellite galaxies. Dwarf galaxies are the smallest known galaxy structures and may hold the key to understanding dark matter.
9-Mar-2015 Scientists gather at SLAC to prepare for Large Synoptic Survey Telescope
When the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope begins in 2022 to image the entire southern sky from a mountaintop in Chile, it will produce the widest, deepest and fastest views of the night sky ever observed -- and a flood of 6 million gigabytes of data per year that are expected to provide new insights into dark matter, dark energy and other cosmic mysteries.
5-Mar-2015 Between micro and macro, Berkeley Lab mathematicians model fluids at the mesoscale
The math whizzes at the Berkeley Lab's Center for Computational Sciences and Engineering are at the forefront of a neglected corner of the scientific world, building mathematical models for fluids at the mesoscale. The little-known field of fluctuating hydrodynamics could have enormous impacts in applications ranging from batteries to drug delivery to microfluidic devices.
4-Mar-2015 The making of a geochemist: Q&A with Andrew Stack
In this Q&A Andrew Stack of the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory calls on expertise in geology, chemistry and computing to advance understanding of the dynamics of minerals underground. He investigates chemical processes that take place on mineral surfaces at scales ranging from individual atoms to entire rocks. These processes can trap contaminants, such as nuclear waste, carbon dioxide and toxic by-products from hydraulic fracturing.
2-Mar-2015 Giant virus revealed in 3-D using X-ray laser
For the first time, researchers have produced a 3-D image revealing part of the inner structure of an intact, infectious virus, using a unique X-ray laser at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. The virus, called Mimivirus, is in a curious class of 'giant viruses' discovered just over a decade ago.
26-Feb-2015 SLAC assumes a leading role for SuperCDMS SNOLAB
Deciphering the nature of dark matter -- the mysterious substance that makes up about 85 percent of the matter in the universe yet has never been directly seen -- is one of the most important quests in particle physics today. As the lead laboratory in the Department of Energy for the SuperCDMS SNOLAB project, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is playing an important role in tracking it down.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.