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23-Aug-2016 Neutrino experiments utilize ORNL experts, equipment to explore the unknown
This year the field of neutrino physics is full of enthusiasm as three significant experiments with different goals gear up to advance our understanding of neutrino physics. All three experiments benefit from expertise and facilities at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
12-Aug-2016 Fermi researchers explore new ways of searching for dark matter
Researchers working with more than six years of data from NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope have used novel approaches to search for cosmic signals that could reveal what mysterious dark matter is made of. The scientists looked for hypothetical axion particles, studied the gamma-ray emissions from a large satellite galaxy of our Milky Way and analyzed the faint glow of gamma rays that covers the entire sky.
9-Aug-2016 DOE approves construction of 3-D galaxy-mapping project 'DESI'
A 3-D sky-mapping project that will measure the light of 35 million cosmic objects has received formal approval from the Department of Energy to move forward with construction. Installation of the project, called Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI), is set to begin next year at the Mayall 4-meter telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory near Tucson, Arizona, with observations starting up in January 2019.
5-Aug-2016 Researchers combine simulation, experiment for nanoscale 3-D printing
A research team led by Oak Ridge National Laboratory has created a high-power simulation and design process to print free-standing 3-D structures on the nanoscale using focused electron beam induced deposition. The simulation-guided nanomanufacturing method allows researchers to design and construct complex high-fidelity nanostructures with less guesswork.
2-Aug-2016 Physicist trio amplifies SLAC research on mysterious forms of matter
All material things appear to be made of elementary particles that are held together by fundamental forces. But what are their exact properties? Questions with cosmic implications like this drive many of the scientific efforts at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. Three distinguished particle physicists have joined the lab over the past months to pursue research on two particularly mysterious forms of matter: neutrinos and dark matter.
29-Jul-2016 Stanford, SLAC play key role in new DOE battery consortium
A newly formed Battery500 consortium, including researchers from Stanford University and the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, will receive up to $10 million each year for the next five years to develop a new battery technology that could make electric vehicles go two to three times farther and make them less expensive.
11-Jul-2016 Sandia storing information securely in DNA
Marlene and George Bachand, Sandia National Laboratories bioengineers at the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies, developed a new method for encrypting and storing sensitive information in DNA.
22-Jun-2016 Learning about the future from the distant past
Our universe came to life nearly 14 billion years ago in the Big Bang -- a tremendously energetic fireball from which the cosmos has been expanding ever since. Today, space is filled with hundreds of billions of galaxies, including our solar system's own galactic home, the Milky Way. But how exactly did the infant universe develop into its current state, and what does it tell us about our future?
15-Jun-2016 Theorist receives APS award
Theorist Anatoly Radyushkin, with Jefferson Lab and Old Dominion University, was named the winner of the the 2015 Jesse W. Beams Research Award. The prize, awarded by the Southeastern Section of the American Physical Society, recognizes especially significant or meritorious research in physics.
9-Jun-2016 Ames Laboratory Scientists Leave Their Mark on Future Researchers
Eight out of the past 10 years, Ames Laboratory chemist Aaron Sadow has mentored a Science Undergraduate Laboratory Internships student. Sometimes the mentorship has been for the 10-week summer program and sometimes for the 16-week semester program. On occasion, he's mentored more than one student at a time.
6-Jun-2016 Scientists Use a Frozen Gas to Boost Laser Light to New Extremes
Researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University and Louisiana State University have achieved an even more dramatic HHG shift by shining an infrared laser through argon gas that's been frozen into a thin, fragile solid whose atoms barely cling to each other.
2-Jun-2016 World's fastest multiframe digital X-ray camera created at Sandia
Physicists struggling to achieve laboratory-scale nuclear fusion know that a rogue event occurring between successively monitored images may knock an otherwise promising experiment off-kilter without anyone seeing the cause.To narrow that unexamined patch of time, Sandia National Laboratories researchers have put together the fastest multiframe digital X-ray camera in the world, called the ultra-fast X-ray imager (UXI). The camera takes images with an exposure time of only 1.5 nanoseconds.
1-Jun-2016 Prototype of LUX-ZEPLIN dark matter detector tested at SLAC
Prototyping of a new, ultrasensitive 'eye' for dark matter is making rapid progress at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory: Researchers and engineers have installed a small-scale version of the future LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ) detector to test, develop and troubleshoot various aspects of its technology.
27-May-2016 ORNL researchers use strain to engineer first high-performance, two-way oxide catalyst
Catalysts make chemical reactions more likely to occur. In most cases, a catalyst that's good at driving chemical reactions in one direction is bad at driving reactions in the opposite direction. However, a research team led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has created the first high-performance, two-way oxide catalyst and filed a patent application for the invention. The accomplishment is reported in the Journal of the American Chemical Society.
17-May-2016 Lessons from cow eyes
Cornea tissue is a promising biomaterial for Brad Boyce, a Sandia National Laboratories materials scientist. More than a decade after Boyce and his co-workers investigated the biomechanics of dissected cow corneas, their findings have been confirmed in healthy human eyes.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.