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Showing releases 1-25 out of 243.

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Public Release: 24-Jun-2016
Physical Review Letters
Scientists begin modeling universe with Einstein's full theory of general relativity
Research teams on both sides of the Atlantic have shown that precise modeling of the universe and its contents will change the detailed understanding of the evolution of the universe and the growth of structure in it. Both groups independently created software to solve the Einstein Field Equations, which describe the complicated interrelationships between the contents of the universe and the curvature of space and time, at billions of places and times over the history of the universe.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 20-Jun-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Controlling light: New protection for photosynthetic organisms
Scientists at Washington University in St. Louis have discovered a previously unknown strategy photosynthetic organisms use to protect themselves from the dangers of excessive light, providing further insight into photosynthesis and opening up new avenues for engineering this process, which underlies the global food chain.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Lutz
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 17-Jun-2016
Science Advances
Stanford researchers find new ways to make clean hydrogen and rechargable zinc batteries
A Stanford University research lab has developed new technologies to tackle two of the world's biggest energy challenges -- clean fuel for transportation and grid-scale energy storage. The researchers described their findings in two studies published this month in the journals Science Advances and Nature Communications.
US Department of Energy, Global Climate and Energy Project at Stanford University, National Natural Science Foundation of China, and Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (China)

Contact: Mark Shwartz
Stanford University

Public Release: 16-Jun-2016
USU engineering faculty receive $5.8 million in nuclear energy research grants
Two professors of mechanical engineering at Utah State University will receive grants from the US Department of Energy totaling $5.8 million for nuclear energy research.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Matt Jensen
Utah State University

Public Release: 16-Jun-2016
Scientific Reports
Let there be light
University of Utah materials science and engineering associate professor Mike Scarpulla and senior scientist Kirstin Alberi of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory have developed a theory that adding light during the manufacturing of semiconductors can reduce defects and potentially make more efficient solar cells or brighter LEDs.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Vince Horiuchi
University of Utah

Public Release: 15-Jun-2016
Nature Communications
CWRU physicists deploy magnetic vortex to control electron spin
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have coupled a magnetic vortex with a diamond nanoparticle to swiftly and precisely control electron spins in nitrogen defects at room temperature.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 14-Jun-2016
Nature Communications
Discovery of gold nanocluster 'double' hints at other shape changing particles
Setting out to confirm the predicted structure of the iconic nanocluster, Gold-144, researchers discovered an entirely unexpected atomic arrangement. The two structures, described for the first time in a new study in Nature Communications, are chemically identical but uniquely shaped, suggesting they also behave differently.
US Department of Energy, Villum Foundation, Colorado State University, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kim Martineau
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 13-Jun-2016
Nature Climate Change
Carbon dioxide biggest player in thawing permafrost
Carbon dioxide emissions from dry and oxygen-rich environments will likely strengthen the climate forcing impact of thawing permafrost on top of methane release from oxygen-poor wetlands in the Arctic, according to a study led by Northern Arizona University assistant research professor Christina Schädel.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Christina Schadel
Northern Arizona University

Public Release: 13-Jun-2016
UChicago physicists first to see behavior of quantum materials in curved space
Harnessing the shared wave nature of light and matter, researchers at the University of Chicago led by Neubauer Family Assistant Professor of Physics Jonathan Simon have used light to explore some of the most intriguing questions in the quantum mechanics of materials.
US Department of Energy, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Steve Koppes
University of Chicago

Public Release: 13-Jun-2016
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Novel capping strategy improves stability of perovskite nanocrystals
Perovskite materials have shown great promise for use in next-generation solar cells and LEDs, but their instability remains a critical limitation. Atoms on the surface are vulnerable to reactions that can degrade the material, so molecules that bind to the surface (capping ligands) are used both to stabilize perovskite nanocrystals and to control their properties. Researchers have used unique branched ligands to synthesize perovskite nanocrystals with greatly improved stability and uniform particle size.
NASA, US Department of Energy

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 13-Jun-2016
Nature Climate Change
El Nino drives fastest annual increase on record of carbon dioxide
The rising concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide has passed a symbolic threshold early due to the fastest annual increase on record.
European Commission, Newton Fund via the Climate Science for Service Partnership Brazil, DECC/Defra Met Office Hadley Centre Climate Program, US Department of Energy, Schmidt Philanthropies

Contact: Kerra Maddern
University of Exeter

Public Release: 13-Jun-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Aerosols strengthen storm clouds, according to new study
An abundance of aerosol particles in the atmosphere can increase the lifespans of large storm clouds by delaying rainfall, making the clouds grow larger and live longer, and producing more extreme storms, according to new research from the University of Texas at Austin. The study is the first to address the impact that aerosol particles have on the lifespans of large thunderstorms called mesoscale convective systems.
NASA, US Department of Energy

Contact: Anton Caputo
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 13-Jun-2016
Nature Communications
A new material can clear up nuclear waste gases
An international team of scientists at EPFL and the US have discovered a material that can clear out radioactive waste from nuclear plants more efficiently, cheaply, and safely than current methods.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 10-Jun-2016
$3.5 million methane emissions test site to be built at Colorado State University
Colorado State University will be home to a national testing facility for evaluating new technologies for sensing methane, a potent greenhouse gas. The Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency -- Energy (ARPA-E) has awarded a CSU team about $3.5 million over three years to create and operate the facility, which will simulate a broad range of natural gas production systems for testing technologies in real-world industry conditions.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Anne Ju Manning
Colorado State University

Public Release: 10-Jun-2016
Science Advances
X-ray snapshot of butterfly wings reveals underlying physics of color
A team of physicists that visualized the internal nanostructure of an intact butterfly wing has discovered two physical attributes that make those structures so bright and colorful.
DOE/Office of Science, DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Kim McDonald
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 9-Jun-2016
Climate change mitigation: Turning CO2 into rock
An international team of scientists have found a potentially viable way to remove anthropogenic (caused or influenced by humans) carbon dioxide emissions from the atmosphere -- turn it into rock.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Glenn Harris
University of Southampton

Public Release: 9-Jun-2016
Nature Communications
Scientists design energy-carrying particles called 'topological plexcitons'
Scientists at UC San Diego, MIT and Harvard University have engineered 'topological plexcitons,' energy-carrying particles that could help make possible the design of new kinds of solar cells and miniaturized optical circuitry.
US Department of Energy, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion Center

Contact: Kim McDonald
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 8-Jun-2016
Nature Communications
Tiny diamonds could enable huge advances in nanotechnology
University of Maryland researchers developed a new, quick and inexpensive method for constructing diamond-based hybrid nanoparticles in large quantities from the ground up, thereby circumventing many of the problems with current methods. The process begins with nanoscale diamonds containing a 'nitrogen vacancy' impurity that confers special optical and electromagnetic properties. By attaching metal particles or semiconducting'"quantum dots,' the researchers can create various hybrid nanoparticles, including nanoscale semiconductors and magnets with precisely tailored properties.
US Department of Energy, Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matthew Wright
University of Maryland

Public Release: 6-Jun-2016
WSU researcher affirms 86-year-old hypothesis
A Washington State University biologist has found what he calls 'very strong support' for an 86-year-old hypothesis about how nutrients move through plants. His two-decade analysis of the phenomenon has resulted in a suite of techniques that can ultimately be used to fight plant diseases and make crops more efficient.
National Science Foundation, Harvard Bullard Fellowship, Carlsberg Foundation, USDA/National Institute of Food and Agriculture, US Department of Energy

Contact: Michael Knoblauch, WSU professor of biological sciences
Washington State University

Public Release: 31-May-2016
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
UM researcher embarks on field campaign to study effects of smoke on Earth's climate
A scientist at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science is leading an upcoming international research campaign to study a significant contributor to regional climate warming -- smoke. The first-of-its-kind research experiment begins on June 1, 2016 from Ascension Island in the southeastern Atlantic Ocean.
US Department of Energy, NASA/Earth Venture Suborbital-2 ORACLES Project

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 31-May-2016
PROSPECT experiment will search for sterile neutrinos, thanks to DOE grant
Buoyed by a $3 million federal grant, a Yale University-led experiment will explore key questions about the tiny particles called neutrinos -- and potentially improve the way we monitor and safeguard nuclear reactors in the process. The US Department of Energy grant from the Office of High Energy Physics will be used to build a first-of-its-kind, short-distance detection device for the Precision Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Jim Shelton
Yale University

Public Release: 26-May-2016
Construction and Building Materials
Finding a new formula for concrete
Researchers at MIT are seeking to redesign concrete -- the most widely used human-made material in the world -- by following nature's blueprints. In a paper published online in the journal Construction and Building Materials, the team contrasts cement paste -- concrete's binding ingredient -- with the structure and properties of natural materials such as bones, shells, and deep-sea sponges.
Kuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Sciences through the Kuwait-MIT Center for Natural Resources and the Environment, National Institute of Standards and Technology, DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-May-2016
Energy & Environmental Science
New concept turns battery technology upside-down
A new approach to the design of a liquid battery, using a passive, gravity-fed arrangement similar to an old-fashioned hourglass, could offer great advantages due to the system's low cost and the simplicity of its design and operation, says a team of MIT researchers who have made a demonstration version of the new battery.
Joint Center for Energy Storage Research, US Department of Energy

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-May-2016
Nature Communications
Light can 'heal' defects in new solar cell materials
Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere say they have made significant inroads toward understanding a process for improving perovskites' performance, by modifying the material using intense light. The new findings are being reported in the journal Nature Communications, in a paper by Samuel Stranks, a researcher at MIT; Vladimir Bulovic, the Fariborz Maseeh (1990) Professor of Emerging Technology and associate dean for innovation; and eight colleagues at other institutions in the US and the UK.
European Union, National Science Foundation, Center for Excitonics, US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Ivy's powerful grasp could lead to better medical adhesives, stronger battle armor
English ivy's natural glue might hold the key to new approaches to wound healing, stronger armor for the military and maybe even cosmetics with better staying power.
US Army, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Mingjun Zhang
Ohio State University

Showing releases 1-25 out of 243.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>



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