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Showing releases 1-25 out of 209.

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Public Release: 3-Sep-2015
APS Physics
'Littlest' quark-gluon plasma revealed by physicists using Large Hadron Collider
Researchers at the University of Kansas at the Large Hadron Collider have helped to produce quark-gluon plasma -- a state of matter thought to have existed right at the birth of the universe -- with fewer particles than previously thought possible.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Brendan M Lynch
University of Kansas

Public Release: 3-Sep-2015
Journal of Chemical Physics
Microscopic animals inspire innovative glass research
When Juan de Pablo and his collaborators set about to explain unusual peaks in what should have been featureless optical data, they thought there was a problem in their calculations. In fact, what they were seeing was real. The peaks were an indication of molecular order in a material thought to be entirely amorphous and random: their experiments had produced a new kind of glass.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Steve Koppes
University of Chicago

Public Release: 1-Sep-2015
Scientific Reports
First global antineutrino emission map highlights Earth's energy budget
A team of geologists and physicists has generated the world's first global map of antineutrino emissions. The map, published online in the journal Nature Scientific Reports on Sept. 1, 2015, provides an important baseline image of the energy budget of Earth's interior and could help scientists monitor new and existing human-made sources of radiation.
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Matthew Wright
University of Maryland

Public Release: 31-Aug-2015
Nature Physics
Team harnesses intense X-ray beam, observes unusual phenomenon for the first time
Physicists led by Fuchs used an X-ray free-electron laser -- one of two in the world -- to induce two X-ray photons to simultaneously collide with an atom, converting them into a single, higher-energy photon.
US Department of Energy Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Volkswagen Foundation

Contact: Matthias Fuchs
University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Public Release: 31-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Columbia engineers develop new approach to modeling Amazon seasonal cycles
Columbia engineers have developed a new approach, opposite to climate models, to correct inaccuracies using a high-resolution atmospheric model that more precisely resolves clouds and convection and parameterizes the feedback between convection and atmospheric circulation. The new simulation strategy paves the way for better understanding of the water and carbon cycles in the Amazon, enabling researchers to learn more about the role of deforestation and climate change on the forest.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Holly Evarts
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 28-Aug-2015
Energy & Environmental Science
Artificial leaf harnesses sunlight for efficient fuel production
A new solar fuel generation system, or artificial leaf, developed by researchers at JCAP safely creates fuel from sunlight and water with record-setting efficiency and stability.
US Department of Energy, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 26-Aug-2015
Solar cell research funded by US Department of Energy
Fixed-tilt concentrating photovoltaic panels that will deliver significantly more energy than conventional photovoltaic solar panels are the aim of Penn State's solar energy research funded by the US Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) for $2.9 million.
US Department of Energy

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 26-Aug-2015
First-of-a-kind research in Minnesota explores peatland, carbon connection
From the top of trees to the microbial communities deep within the peat soil, an unprecedented whole-ecosystem manipulation at the Marcell Experimental Forest will measure how peatlands respond to increased temperature and elevated carbon dioxide. 'Spruce and Peatland Responses Under Climatic and Environmental Change (SPRUCE),' a Department of Energy (DOE) research initiative in which the USDA Forest Service and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) are collaborating, was formally launched today near Grand Rapids, Minn.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Jane Hodgins
USDA Forest Service - Northern Research Station

Public Release: 24-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Tiny antibodies point to vulnerability in disease-causing parasites
By teasing apart the structure of an enzyme vital to the parasites that cause toxoplasmosis and malaria, Whitehead Institute scientists have identified a potentially 'druggable' target that could prevent parasites from entering and exiting host cells.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, German Academic Exchange Service

Contact: Nicole Giese Rura
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 18-Aug-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
UCI, NASA researchers find link between Amazon fire risk, devastating hurricanes
Researchers from the University of California, Irvine and NASA have uncovered a remarkably strong link between high wildfire risk in the Amazon basin and the devastating hurricanes that ravage North Atlantic shorelines. The climate scientists' findings appear in the journal Geophysical Research Letters near the 10th anniversary of Hurricane Katrina's calamitous August 2005 landfall at New Orleans.
Gordon & Betty Moore Foundation, NASA, US Department of Energy's Office of Science

Contact: Brian Bell
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 17-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Challenge to classic theory of 'organic' solar cells could improve efficiency
New research findings contradict a fundamental assumption about the functioning of 'organic' solar cells made of low-cost plastics, suggesting a new strategy for creating inexpensive solar technology.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, US Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Emil Venere
Purdue University

Public Release: 6-Aug-2015
Chemists find new way to do light-driven reactions in solar energy quest
Chemists have discovered an unexpected way to use plasmonic metal, harvesting the high energy electrons excited by light in plasmon and then using this energy to do chemistry.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Carol Clark
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Scientific Reports
Better together: Graphene-nanotube hybrid switches
Michigan Tech researchers have combined two unlikely materials to make a digital switch that could improve high speed computing.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Yoke Khin Yap
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Small tilt in magnets makes them viable memory chips
Engineers have found a new way to switch the polarization of nanomagnets without the need for an external magnetic field. The advance brings the semiconductor industry a major step closer to moving high-density storage from hard disks onto integrated circuits, and could soon lead to instant-on computers that operate with far greater speed and use significantly less power.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Semiconductor Technology Advanced Research Network's Function Accelerated nanoMaterial Engineering Center

Contact: Sarah Yang
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 1-Aug-2015
Journal of the American Chemical Society
New design brings world's first solar battery to performance milestone
After debuting the world's first solar air battery last fall, researchers at The Ohio State University have now reached a new milestone. In the Journal of the American Chemical Society, they report that their patent-pending design -- which combines a solar cell and a battery into a single device -- now achieves a 20 percent energy savings over traditional lithium-iodine batteries.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Ohio State University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2015
Science Advances
Rice disease-resistance discovery closes the loop for scientific integrity
UC Davis researchers here identify a protein in a crop-attacking bacterial disease, showing how the presence of the protein alerts the plant that a microbial invasion is in progress and allows the plant to launch a defensive immune response. The discovery is especially important because it corrects an earlier error, which in 2013 led this laboratory to publicly retract two important research releases.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy, European Molecular Biology Association, Human Frontiers Science Program, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research in India, Welch Foundation, Monsanto's Beachell-Borlaug International

Contact: Patricia Bailey
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
Penn researchers discover new chiral property of silicon, with photonic applications
By encoding information in photons via their spin, 'photonic' computers could be orders of magnitude faster and efficient than their current-day counterparts. Likewise, encoding information in the spin of electrons, rather than just their quantity, could make 'spintronic' computers with similar advantages. University of Pennsylvania engineers and physicists have now discovered a property of silicon that combines aspects of all of these desirable qualities.
US Army Research Office, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
Nano Letters
Smarter window materials can control light and energy
Chemical engineering professor Delia Milliron and her team have engineered two new advancements in electrochromic materials -- a highly selective cool mode and a warm mode -- not thought possible several years ago. The researchers are one step closer to delivering smart windows with a new level of energy efficiency.
US Department of Energy, Welch Foundation, NSF Graduate Fellowship Program

Contact: Sandra Zaragoza
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 20-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
Study: Property of non-stick pans improves solar cell efficiency
Study published July 20 in Nature Communications shows that a 'non-wetting' surface, like those to create non-stick cookware, improves solar cell efficiency.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jinsong Huang
University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Public Release: 17-Jul-2015
Science Advances
Marine plankton brighten clouds over Southern Ocean
Summertime plankton blooms in the Southern Ocean play a significant role in generating brighter clouds overhead.
NASA, US Department of Energy, US Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Hannah Hickey
University of Washington

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Nano Letters
Trapped light orbits within an intriguing material
Hexagonal boron nitride bends electromagnetic energy in unusual and potentially useful ways. Physicists recently found that nanoscale granules of the material can store light. Now they have shown that the trapped light, polariton rays, propagate along paths at fixed angles with respect to the atomic structure of the material and at certain 'magic' frequencies form simple closed orbits. The insight could guide the development of applications such as nanoresonators, hyperlenses or infrared photon sources.
University of California Office of the President, US Department of Energy, Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, European Research Council

Contact: Susan Brown
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Futuristic brain probe allows for wireless control of neurons
A study showed that scientists can wirelessly determine the path a mouse walks with a press of a button. Researchers created a remote controlled, next-generation tissue implant that allows neuroscientists to inject drugs and shine lights on neurons deep inside the brains of mice. The revolutionary device is described online in the journal Cell. Its development was partially funded by the National Institutes of Health.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy, Department of Defense National Security Science and Engineering Faculty Fellowship

Contact: Christopher G. Thomas
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Weyl points: Wanted for 86 years
Weyl points, the 3-D analogues of the structures that make graphene exceptional, were theoretically predicted in 1929. Today, an international team of Physicists from MIT and Zhejiang University, found them in photonic crystals, opening a new dimension in photonics.
US Army Research Office, US Department of Energy Division of Materials Science and Engineering, National Science Foundation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Solid State Thermal Energy Conversion Energy Frontier Research Center

Contact: Dr. Ling Lu
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Device delivers drugs to brain via remote control
Tiny, implantable devices are capable of delivering light or drugs to specific areas of the brain, potentially improving drug delivery to targeted regions of the brain and reducing side effects. Eventually, the devices may be used to treat pain, depression, epilepsy and other neurological disorders in people.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Common Fund of the National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jim Dryden
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
ACS Central Science
Molecular fuel cell catalysts hold promise for efficient energy storage
In the quest for better, less expensive ways to store and use energy, platinum and other precious metals play an important role. They serve as catalysts to propel the most efficient fuel cells, but they are costly and rare. Now, a metal-free alternative catalyst for fuel cells may be at hand.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Shannon Stahl
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Showing releases 1-25 out of 209.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>



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