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Showing releases 1-25 out of 244.

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Public Release: 26-May-2016
Construction and Building Materials
Finding a new formula for concrete
Researchers at MIT are seeking to redesign concrete -- the most widely used human-made material in the world -- by following nature's blueprints. In a paper published online in the journal Construction and Building Materials, the team contrasts cement paste -- concrete's binding ingredient -- with the structure and properties of natural materials such as bones, shells, and deep-sea sponges.
Kuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Sciences through the Kuwait-MIT Center for Natural Resources and the Environment, National Institute of Standards and Technology, DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-May-2016
Energy & Environmental Science
New concept turns battery technology upside-down
A new approach to the design of a liquid battery, using a passive, gravity-fed arrangement similar to an old-fashioned hourglass, could offer great advantages due to the system's low cost and the simplicity of its design and operation, says a team of MIT researchers who have made a demonstration version of the new battery.
Joint Center for Energy Storage Research, US Department of Energy

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-May-2016
Nature Communications
Light can 'heal' defects in new solar cell materials
Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere say they have made significant inroads toward understanding a process for improving perovskites' performance, by modifying the material using intense light. The new findings are being reported in the journal Nature Communications, in a paper by Samuel Stranks, a researcher at MIT; Vladimir Bulovic, the Fariborz Maseeh (1990) Professor of Emerging Technology and associate dean for innovation; and eight colleagues at other institutions in the US and the UK.
European Union, National Science Foundation, Center for Excitonics, US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Ivy's powerful grasp could lead to better medical adhesives, stronger battle armor
English ivy's natural glue might hold the key to new approaches to wound healing, stronger armor for the military and maybe even cosmetics with better staying power.
US Army, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Mingjun Zhang
Ohio State University

Public Release: 19-May-2016
Scientists create 'rewritable magnetic charge ice'
Scientists have developed a new material, called 'rewritable magnetic charge ice,' that permits an unprecedented degree of control over local magnetic fields and could pave the way for new computing technologies.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tom Parisi
Northern Illinois University

Public Release: 16-May-2016
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Theorists smooth the way to modeling quantum friction
Theoretical chemists at Princeton University have pioneered a strategy for modeling quantum friction, or how a particle's environment drags on it, a vexing problem that has frustrated scientists for more than a century.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Tien Nguyen
Princeton University

Public Release: 16-May-2016
Molecular and Cellular Biology
Freight train: Myo1c provides cellular transport for protein crucial to kidney filtration
Researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina used small-angle X-ray scattering to determine the full structure of the motor protein Myo1c and its complex with Neph1, a protein crucial for kidney filtration. Their findings suggest that Myo1c uses the actin cytoskeleton as a 'track' for Neph1 transport -- a finding with translational relevance for glomerular diseases such as diabetic nephropathy, as movement of Neph1 to and from the surface membrane triggers the injury/recovery response.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, US Department of Energy, South Carolina COBRE for Developmentally Based Cardiovascular Diseases, Biodiscovery, and others

Contact: Healther Woolwine
Medical University of South Carolina

Public Release: 13-May-2016
UM researchers earn $1.4 million grant to study biomass
University of Montana forestry Professor Beth Dodson is the project director of a grant recently funded for $1.4 million from the US Department of Agriculture and US Department of Energy's Biomass Research and Development Initiative.
US Department of Agriculture, US Department of Energy

Contact: Beth Dodson
The University of Montana

Public Release: 11-May-2016
Penn State to lead University Coalition for Fossil Energy Research
Penn State will lead a University Coalition for Fossil Energy Research (UCFER) that will identify, select, execute, review and disseminate knowledge from research that will advance basic and applied research for clean energy in support of the US Department of Energy mission. UCFER will identify, select, execute, review and disseminate knowledge from research that will improve the efficiency of production and use of fossil energy resources while minimizing the environmental impacts and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
US Department of Energy

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 10-May-2016
Physical Review X
New device steps toward isolating single electrons for quantum computing
Researchers at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory have integrated trapped electrons with superconducting quantum circuits.
National Science Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Steve Koppes
University of Chicago

Public Release: 10-May-2016
Grant helps project realize 'ultra-productive' biofuel crops, attract investors
The University of Illinois and the University of Florida have been awarded a third round of funding from the US Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) to realize ultra-productive biofuel crops.
DOE/Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy

Contact: Ank Michielsen
Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 9-May-2016
Nature Chemistry
Atomic force microscope reveals molecular ghosts
UC Berkeley researchers recently used non-contact atomic force microscopy to look at simple chemical reactions with atomic resolution, confirming what chemists have heretofore only inferred from spectroscopy. These researchers have now looked at a more complicated reaction and seen intermediate states that should not have been observable because of their short lives. A theoretical understanding of why these stick around long enough to photograph is providing new rules for predicting or designing novel catalytic reactions.
US Department of Energy, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 9-May-2016
USDA, DOE partner to invest $10 million in green energy research
The US Department of Agriculture (USDA)'s National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) and the Department of Energy (DOE) today announced the joint investment of $10 million towards research that will drive more efficient biofuels production and agricultural feedstock improvements.
US Department of Agriculture, US Department of Energy

Contact: Kelly Flynn
National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Science Bulletin
The cause of high Tc superconductivity at the interface between FeSe and SrTiO3
In 2012 a superconductor with potentially very high critical temperature was discovered at the interface between an atomically thin iron selenide (FeSe) film grown on strontium titanate (SrTiO3) substrate. Now a research team made up of Beijing and Berkeley scientists have carried out the first approximation-free theoretical study to identify the cause of high critical temperature in such system.
National Science Foundation of China, US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division

Contact: Dung-Hai Lee
Science China Press

Public Release: 4-May-2016
Nano Letters
A compact, efficient single photon source that operates at ambient temperatures on a chip
Hebrew University of Jerusalem scientists demonstrated a compact, efficient single photon source that can operate on a chip at ambient temperatures. A highly directional single photon source could lead to compact, cheap, and efficient sources of quantum information bits for future quantum technological applications. The team is working on a new generation of devices to allow production of single photons straight from the chip into optical fibers, without any additional optical components.
Einstein Foundation Berlin, DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering, European Cooperation in Science and Technology through COST Action MP1302 Nanospectroscopy

Contact: Dov Smith
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Public Release: 28-Apr-2016
Environmental Research Letters
Insect outbreaks reduce wildfire severity
Surprising new research shows that outbreaks by the mountain pine beetle and western spruce budworm can actually reduce wildfire severity.The findings contrast sharply with popular attitudes -- and some US forest policies.
NASA, US Forest Service, USDA McIntire-Stennis Forest Research Program, US Department of Energy, National Park Service

Contact: Basil Waugh
University of Vermont

Public Release: 27-Apr-2016
Researchers create a better way to find out 'when'
A machine-learning algorithm created by a A research team has created an algorithm that improves the accuracy of dating past events by a factor of up to 300. The mathematical research, led by two UWM physicists, is featured in the journal Nature.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Abbas Ourmazd
University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Public Release: 25-Apr-2016
Journal of American Chemical Society
Flipping a chemical switch helps perovskite solar cells beat the heat
A simple chemical conversion could be another step toward making cheap, efficient and stable perovskite solar cells.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 25-Apr-2016
Nature Physics
The light stuff: A brand-new way to produce electron spin currents
Publishing in Nature Physics April 25, Colorado State University scientists are the first to demonstrate using non-polarized light to produce in a metal what's called a spin voltage -- a unit of power produced from the quantum spinning of an individual electron.
US Army Research Office, US Department of Energy

Contact: Anne Ju Manning
Colorado State University

Public Release: 21-Apr-2016
Study shows how to make fertilizer from sunlight
A group of scientists led by the US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden and involving the University of Colorado Boulder has developed a new, eco-friendly method to produce ammonia, the main ingredient of fertilizer, using light.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Gordana Dukovic
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 21-Apr-2016
USU chemists shed new light on global energy, food supply challenge
Utah State University, NREL, University of Colorado and Montana State announce light-driven process to convert dinitrogen to ammonia.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Lance Seefeldt
Utah State University

Public Release: 20-Apr-2016
Energy Letters
All powered up
University of California, Irvine researchers have invented nanowire-based battery material that can be recharged hundreds of thousands of times, moving us closer to a battery that would never require replacement. The breakthrough work could lead to commercial batteries with greatly lengthened lifespans for computers, smartphones, appliances, cars and spacecraft.
DOE/Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Brian Bell
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 20-Apr-2016
ACM Computer-Human Interaction conference
In gaming, player behavior reflects roles -- even when no roles are given
New research finds that player behavior in narrative role-playing games (RPGs) reflects specific character roles -- even if the game tells players nothing about the character's role. The finding is relevant to both game designers and gaming researchers who study player behavior in RPGs.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 19-Apr-2016
Nature Communications
WSU research improves conductive plastic for health, energy, other technologies
An international team of scientists developed methods to improve the performance of a conductive plastic that can be used in devices that interface with the human body.
National Research Council Post Doctoral Fellowship Program, DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Brian Collins
Washington State University

Public Release: 18-Apr-2016
American Physical Society Meeting
HAWC Gamma-ray Observatory reveals new look at the very-high-energy sky
Today, scientists operating the High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma-ray Observatory released a new survey of the sky made from the highest energy gamma rays ever observed. The new sky map, which uses data collected since the observatory began running at full capacity last March, offers a deeper understanding of high-energy processes taking place in our galaxy and beyond.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología

Contact: Abby Robinson
University of Maryland

Showing releases 1-25 out of 244.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>



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