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Showing releases 1-25 out of 206.

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Public Release: 26-Nov-2015
Doping powers new thermoelectric material
In power production, nearly two-thirds of energy input from fossil fuels is lost as waste heat. Industry is hungry for materials that can convert this heat to useful electricity, but a good thermoelectric material is hard to find. Northwestern University researchers now report that doping tin selenide with sodium boosts its performance as a thermoelectric material, pushing it toward usefulness. The doped material produces a significantly greater amount of electricity than the undoped material, given the same amount of heat input.
US Department of Energy Office of Science Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 26-Nov-2015
Coming to a monitor near you: A defect-free, molecule-thick film
A research team led by engineers at UC Berkeley and Berkeley Lab has found a simple way to fix defects in atomically thin monolayer semiconductors. The development could open doors to transparent LED displays, ultra-high efficiency solar cells, photo detectors and nanoscale transistors.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation Center for Energy Efficient Electronics and Science at UC Berkeley, Samsung, Center for Low Energy System Technology

Contact: Sarah Yang
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 20-Nov-2015
Physical Review Letters
Ground-breaking research could challenge underlying principles of physics
An international team of physicists has published ground-breaking research on the decay of subatomic particles called kaons -- which could change how scientists understand the formation of the universe.
US Department of Energy's Office of Science, RIKEN Laboratory of Japan, UK Science and Technology Facilities Council

Contact: Glenn Harris
University of Southampton

Public Release: 19-Nov-2015
UMD & Army researchers discover salty solution to better, safer batteries
A team of researchers from the University of Maryland and the US Army Research Laboratory have devised a groundbreaking 'Water-in-Salt' aqueous Lithium ion battery technology that could provide power, efficiency and longevity comparable to today's Lithium-ion batteries, but without the fire risk, poisonous chemicals and environmental hazards of current Lithium batteries.
US Department of Energy, Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy, Maryland NanoCenter/Nanoscale Imaging Spectroscopy & Properties Laboratory

Contact: Lee Tune
University of Maryland

Public Release: 17-Nov-2015
Improved nuclear waste disposal focus of $800,000 Department of Energy grant
An innovative method for removing radioactive elements from nuclear waste that could reduce the amount of total waste being generated through nuclear fission is the focus of a three-year, $800,000 grant from the Department of Energy through its Nuclear Energy University Program.
US Department of Energy

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
57th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Plasma Physics
Made to order: Researchers discover a new form of crystalline matter
The new Magnetized Dusty Plasma Experiment recently discovered a new form of crystalline-like matter in strongly magnetized dusty plasma.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Saralyn Stewart
American Physical Society

Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
Journal of Molecular Biology
A protein-RNA structure hints at how viruses commandeer human proteins
Researchers have produced the first image of an important human protein as it binds with ribonucleic acid (RNA), a discovery that could offer clues to how some viruses, including HIV, control expression of their genetic material. That information could lead to new strategies to block viruses from replicating, thereby limiting or halting infection.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy, Michigan Economic Development Corporation, Michigan Technology Tri-Corridor, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
Scientific Reports
Discovery of a new confinement state for plasma
The National Institute for Fusion Science applied the 'Momentary Heating Propagation Method' to the DIII-D tokamak device operated by the General Atomics and made the important discovery of a new plasma confinement state. This discovery was introduced in the Nov. 4, 2015, issue of Scientific Reports, a journal of the British science journal Nature group, in an article titled 'Self-regulated oscillation of transport and topology of magnetic islands in toroidal plasmas.'
National Institutes of Natural Sciences, RIAM Kyushu University, National Institute for Fusion Science, US Department of Energy

Contact: Katsumi Ida
National Institutes of Natural Sciences

Public Release: 10-Nov-2015
57th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Plasma Physics
Recreating a heavenly chorus of plasma waves on Earth
New experiments have successfully excited elusive plasma waves, known as whistler-mode chorus waves, which have hitherto only been observed in the Earth's near-space environment.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Saralyn Stewart
American Physical Society

Public Release: 5-Nov-2015
UCI-led study offers model to predict how microbiomes may respond to change
Scientists studying microbiomes have created a framework for predicting how the composition of these complex microbial communities may respond to changing conditions.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, US Army Research Office

Contact: Tom Vasich
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 5-Nov-2015
Physical Review Letters
UMD discovery could enable portable particle accelerators
A new discovery by physicists at the University of Maryland could hold the key to the construction of inexpensive, broadly useful, and portable particle accelerators in the very near future. The team has accelerated electron beams to nearly the speed of light using record-low laser energies, thus relieving a major engineering bottleneck in the development of compact particle accelerators. The work appears in the Nov. 6, 2015, issue of the journal Physical Review Letters.
Defense Threat Reduction Agency, US Department of Energy, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Matthew Wright
University of Maryland

Public Release: 4-Nov-2015
Engineer receives $2.2 million DOE grant to develop electric vehicle battery technology
The US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy recently awarded a grant to a University of Missouri engineering researcher to develop manufacturing technology that will help produce materials necessary for lithium ion batteries used in electric vehicles. The DOE's $2.2 million award will allow Yangchuan Xing, a professor of chemical engineering in the MU College of Engineering, to develop his proposed manufacturing technology over the course of the next three years.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 4-Nov-2015
Antimatter not so different after all
Rice University researchers share the first measurements of the attractive force between antiprotons. The discovery gives physicists new ways to look at the forces that bind matter and antimatter.
US Department of Energy Office of Science

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 3-Nov-2015
Storage advance may boost solar thermal energy potential
Engineers have identified a new approach for the storage of concentrated solar thermal energy, to reduce its cost and make it more practical for wider use.
US Department of Energy SunShot Initiative

Contact: Nick AuYeung
Oregon State University

Public Release: 3-Nov-2015
Acta Crystallographica Section A
The complexity of modeling
In recent years, advances in materials synthesis techniques have enabled scientists to produce increasingly complex functional materials with enhanced or novel macroscopic properties.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy Office of Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Jonathan Agbenyega
International Union of Crystallography

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Chapman University granted $1.5 million by Department of Energy to study climate change
Chapman University is the recipient of a nearly $1.5 million Department of Energy (DoE) grant as part of a larger DoE project designed to understand climate change impacts in peatland ecosystems.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Sheri Ledbetter
Chapman University

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Cracking the problem of river growth
A similar principle predicts the growth of fractures and rivers.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Nature Genetics
Pineapple genome offers insight into photosynthesis in drought-tolerant plants
By sequencing its genome, scientists are homing in on the genes and genetic pathways that allow the juicy pineapple plant to thrive in water-limited environments. The new findings, reported in the journal Nature Genetics, also open a new window on the complicated evolutionary history of grasses like sorghum and rice, which share a distant ancestor with pineapple.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 27-Oct-2015
Physical Review Letters
Researchers create better algorithm for simulating particles in Fermi Sea
A North Carolina State University physicist and his German colleagues have created a new, more precise algorithm for simulating particle interactions when a single impurity is introduced into a Fermi sea. The algorithm shows that when these particles interact, the transition from quasiparticle to bound molecule in a polarized two-dimensional system is smooth. The new method may have implications for understanding the behavior of impurities in a variety of systems.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Tracey Peake
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
Dartmouth-led study explores wave-particle interaction in atmosphere
A Dartmouth-led study sheds light on the impact of plasma waves on high-energy electrons streaking into Earth's magnetic field from space.
NASA, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: John Cramer
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 21-Oct-2015
Nature Communications
Scientists predict cool new phase of superionic ice
Scientists have predicted a new phase of superionic ice, a special form of ice that could exist on Uranus and Neptune, in a theoretical study performed by a team of researchers at Princeton University.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Tien Nguyen
Princeton University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2015
New 'geospeedometer' confirms super-eruptions have short fuses
A new 'geospeedometer' that can measure the amount of time between the formation of an explosive magma melt and an eruption confirms that the process took less than 500 years in several ancient super-eruptions.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: David F. Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2015
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Mother-of-pearl's genesis identified in mineral's transformation
How nacre, or mother-of-pearl, is first deposited by the animals that make it has eluded discovery despite decades of scientific inquiry. Now, a team of Wisconsin scientists reports the first direct experimental observations of nacre formation at its earliest stages in a mollusk.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Pupa Gilbert
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 20-Oct-2015
University of Houston research would keep energy flowing
Traditional cybersecurity efforts are often reactive and fail to anticipate where hackers will strike and how. An initiative from the Department of Energy would change that for pipelines, the electric grid and other systems that make up the nation's critical energy infrastructure.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Jeannie Kever
University of Houston

Public Release: 20-Oct-2015
Nature Communications
Super-slick material makes steel better, stronger, cleaner
Now, researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have demonstrated a way to make steel stronger, safer and more durable. Their new surface coating, made from rough nanoporous tungsten oxide, is the most durable anti-fouling and anti-corrosive material to date, capable of repelling any kind of liquid even after sustaining intense structural abuse.
Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy, US Department of Energy, Office of Naval Research, US Department of Defense

Contact: Leah Burrows
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Showing releases 1-25 out of 206.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>



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