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US Department of Energy National Science Bowl


Back to EurekAlert! A Service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science

 

NEWS FROM UNIVERSITIES AND OTHER DOE RESEARCH PARTNERS

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 242.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

Public Release: 28-Apr-2016
Environmental Research Letters
Insect outbreaks reduce wildfire severity
Surprising new research shows that outbreaks by the mountain pine beetle and western spruce budworm can actually reduce wildfire severity.The findings contrast sharply with popular attitudes -- and some US forest policies.
NASA, US Forest Service, USDA McIntire-Stennis Forest Research Program, US Department of Energy, National Park Service

Contact: Basil Waugh
basil.waugh@uvm.edu
802-656-8369
University of Vermont

Public Release: 27-Apr-2016
Nature
Researchers create a better way to find out 'when'
A machine-learning algorithm created by a A research team has created an algorithm that improves the accuracy of dating past events by a factor of up to 300. The mathematical research, led by two UWM physicists, is featured in the journal Nature.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Abbas Ourmazd
ourmazd@uwm.edu
414-430-2226
University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Public Release: 25-Apr-2016
Journal of American Chemical Society
Flipping a chemical switch helps perovskite solar cells beat the heat
A simple chemical conversion could be another step toward making cheap, efficient and stable perovskite solar cells.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 25-Apr-2016
Nature Physics
The light stuff: A brand-new way to produce electron spin currents
Publishing in Nature Physics April 25, Colorado State University scientists are the first to demonstrate using non-polarized light to produce in a metal what's called a spin voltage -- a unit of power produced from the quantum spinning of an individual electron.
US Army Research Office, US Department of Energy

Contact: Anne Ju Manning
anne.manning@colostate.edu
970-491-7099
Colorado State University

Public Release: 21-Apr-2016
Science
Study shows how to make fertilizer from sunlight
A group of scientists led by the US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden and involving the University of Colorado Boulder has developed a new, eco-friendly method to produce ammonia, the main ingredient of fertilizer, using light.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Gordana Dukovic
gordana.dukovic@colorado.edu
303-735-5297
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 21-Apr-2016
Science
USU chemists shed new light on global energy, food supply challenge
Utah State University, NREL, University of Colorado and Montana State announce light-driven process to convert dinitrogen to ammonia.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Lance Seefeldt
lance.seefeldt@usu.edu
435-797-3964
Utah State University

Public Release: 20-Apr-2016
Energy Letters
All powered up
University of California, Irvine researchers have invented nanowire-based battery material that can be recharged hundreds of thousands of times, moving us closer to a battery that would never require replacement. The breakthrough work could lead to commercial batteries with greatly lengthened lifespans for computers, smartphones, appliances, cars and spacecraft.
DOE/Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Brian Bell
bpbell@uci.edu
949-824-8249
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 20-Apr-2016
ACM Computer-Human Interaction conference
In gaming, player behavior reflects roles -- even when no roles are given
New research finds that player behavior in narrative role-playing games (RPGs) reflects specific character roles -- even if the game tells players nothing about the character's role. The finding is relevant to both game designers and gaming researchers who study player behavior in RPGs.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 19-Apr-2016
Nature Communications
WSU research improves conductive plastic for health, energy, other technologies
An international team of scientists developed methods to improve the performance of a conductive plastic that can be used in devices that interface with the human body.
National Research Council Post Doctoral Fellowship Program, DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Brian Collins
brian.collins@wsu.edu
509-335-4671
Washington State University

Public Release: 18-Apr-2016
American Physical Society Meeting
HAWC Gamma-ray Observatory reveals new look at the very-high-energy sky
Today, scientists operating the High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma-ray Observatory released a new survey of the sky made from the highest energy gamma rays ever observed. The new sky map, which uses data collected since the observatory began running at full capacity last March, offers a deeper understanding of high-energy processes taking place in our galaxy and beyond.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología

Contact: Abby Robinson
abbyr@umd.edu
301-405-5845
University of Maryland

Public Release: 15-Apr-2016
Physical Review Letters
'Weirdest martensite': Century-old smectic riddle finally solved
Physics professor James Sethna has co-authored a paper on the unusual microstructure of smectics -- liquid crystals whose molecules are arranged in layers and form ellipses and hyperbolas -- and their similarity to martensites, a crystalline structure of steel.
US Department of Energy, Simons Foundation

Contact: Daryl Lovell
dal296@cornell.edu
607-592-3925
Cornell University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Physical Review Letters
Probing the transforming world of neutrinos
These are the first results from the NOvA experiment, which aims to study neutrino oscillations.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Indian Department of Science and Technology, European Research Council, and others

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
debwms@caltech.edu
626-395-3227
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Coding and computers help spot methane, explosives
A modern twist on classic mass spectrometers could soon help detect rogue methane leaks, hidden explosives and much more. With the help of modern data analytics, researchers at Duke University show that a technology using a so-called 'coded aperture' can shrink these devices while maintaining their performance.
US Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate, Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy, US Department of Energy

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
Physical Review Letters
Iowa State physicist analyzes first electron neutrino data from NOvA Experiment
Iowa State physicists are part of the huge NOvA Neutrino Experiment that just published two papers about the first experimental observations of muon neutrinos changing to electron neutrinos. The discovery could offer insight into fundamental neutrino properties such as mass and could help explain the dominance of matter in the universe.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mayly Sanchez
mayly@iastate.edu
515-294-4739
Iowa State University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
Environmental Science & Technology
Trap and neutralize: A new way to clean contaminated groundwater
A team of researchers from Washington University in St. Louis have helped discover a new chemical method to immobilize uranium in contaminated groundwater, which could lead to more precise and successful water remediation efforts at former nuclear sites.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Erika Ebsworth-Goold
eebsworth-goold@wustl.edu
314-935-2914
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 11-Apr-2016
Nature Microbiology
Wealth of unsuspected new microbes expands tree of life
UC Berkeley scientists have dramatically expanded the tree of life, which depicts the variety and evolution of life on Earth, to account for thousands of new microscopic life forms discovered over the past 15 years. The expanded view finally gives bacteria and Archaea their due, showing that about two-thirds of all diversity on Earth is bacterial -- half bacteria that cannot be isolated and grown in the lab -- while nearly one-third is Archaeal.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 10-Apr-2016
Nature Communications
Topology explains queer electrical current boost in non-magnetic metal
Applying a magnetic field to PdCo2, a non-magnetic metal, made it conduct 70 percent more electricity, even though basic physics principles would have predicted the opposite.
National Science Foundation, State of Florida, National Institute for Materials Science, High Field Magnet Laboratory, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Anna Ikarashi
comms@mail2.adm.kyoto-u.ac.jp
075-753-5728
Kyoto University

Public Release: 7-Apr-2016
Science
Penn engineers develop first transistors made entirely of nanocrystal 'inks'
University of Pennsylvania engineers have shown a new approach for making transistors and other electrical devices: sequentially depositing their components in the form of liquid nanocrystal 'inks.'
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
Applied Physics Letters
UCSB researchers identify specific defects in LED diodes that lead to less efficient solid state lighting
UCSB researchers identify specific defects in LED diodes that lead to less efficient solid state lighting.
DOE/Office of Science, European Union

Contact: Sonia Fernandez
805-893-4765
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
ACS Central Science
Stanford scientists improve perovskite solar-cell absorbers by giving them a squeeze
Solar cells made of perovskites have shown great promise in recent years. Now Stanford University scientists have found that applying pressure can change the properties of these inexpensive materials and how they respond to light.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Stanford Global Climate & Energy Project, Stanford Interdisciplinary Graduate Fellowship Program

Contact: Mark Shwartz
mshwartz@stanford.edu
650-723-9296
Stanford University

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
Nature Nanotechnology
Nanotubes line up to form films
Rice University researchers discover that a simple filtration technique produces wafer-scale films of highly aligned carbon nanotubes. The thin films offer possibilities for flexible electronic and photonic devices.
US Department of Energy, Robert A. Welch Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 1-Apr-2016
Nano Letters
Ruthenium nanoframes open the doors to better catalysts
Researchers have created the first ruthenium nanoframes by manipulating the metal's crystal structure. The two-part process could open up a new group of catalysts made from materials with unique atomic arrangements. If they prove to be efficient catalysts, they could also improve hydrogen fuel production and carbon storage.
US Department of Energy, Chinese Academy of Sciences President's International Fellowship Initiative, Michigan Tech

Contact: Xiaohu Xia
xiaxh@mtu.edu
906-487-2470
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 1-Apr-2016
Science Advances
Rise of the ridiculously resilient ridge: California drought patterns becoming more common
Atmospheric patterns resembling those that appeared during the latter half of California's ongoing multi-year drought are becoming more common.
National Science Foundation, Switzer Foundation, ARCS Foundation, US Department of Energy, G.J. Lieberman Fellowship from Stanford University

Contact: Ker Than
kerthan@stanford.edu
650-723-9820
Stanford's School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 31-Mar-2016
Nature Physics
New use for X-rays: A radar gun for unruly atoms
Using coherent X-rays, a new technique has been discovered for sensing motion and velocity of small groups of atoms. This advance gives an unprecedented, nanoscale view of disordered objects as they are being created -- like the thin films used to make solar cells and LCD screens.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Joshua Brown
joshua.e.brown@uvm.edu
802-656-3039
University of Vermont

Public Release: 31-Mar-2016
Nano Letters
Flat boron is a superconductor
Rice University scientists have determined that two-dimensional boron is a natural low-temperature superconductor. It may be the only 2-D material with such potential.
Office of Naval Research, DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Showing releases 1-25 out of 242.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

 

 

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