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Showing releases 1-25 out of 262.

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Public Release: 25-Jul-2016
Physical Review Letters
WSU researchers 'watch' crystal structure change in real time
Washington State University researchers have met the long-standing scientific challenge of watching a material change its crystal structure in real time.
US Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration

Contact: Stefan Turneaure
Washington State University

Public Release: 25-Jul-2016
Nature Energy
New lithium-oxygen battery greatly improves energy efficiency, longevity
A new kind of lithium-oxygen battery developed at MIT, using glass nanoparticles of lithium oxides, could provide more energy, and much better stability and energy efficiency
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 21-Jul-2016
Scientific Reports
Trees' surprising role in the boreal water cycle quantified
This is the first study to show that deciduous tree water uptake of snowmelt water represents a large but overlooked aspect of the water balance in boreal watersheds. For the boreal forest of Alaska and Western Canada, this equates to about 17-20 billion cubic meters of water per year. That is roughly equivalent to 8-10 percent of the Yukon River's annual discharge.
US Geological Survey, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Alaska Climate Science Center

Contact: Kristin Timm
University of Alaska Fairbanks

Public Release: 21-Jul-2016
Nature Materials
Self-organizing smart materials that mimic swarm behavior
An international team of researchers has successfully demonstrated the self-organizing pattern formation in active materials at microscale with computer simulations.
Korean Institute for Basic Science, US Department of Energy, Northwestern's Materials Research Center, and National Science Foundation

Contact: JooHyeon Heo
Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology(UNIST)

Public Release: 21-Jul-2016
Identification of Dark Matter Conference (IDM2016)
World's most sensitive dark matter detector completes search
At a conference in the United Kingdom, scientists with the LUX dark matter experiment present results from the detector's final 20-month run.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2016
Mines hydrology research provides 'missing link' in water modeling
Groundbreaking research on global water supply co-authored by Colorado School of Mines Hydrology Professor Reed Maxwell and alumna Laura Condon, now assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering at Syracuse University, appears in the July 22 issue of Science Magazine.
US Department of Energy, DOE/Office of Science, DOE/Office of Biological and Environmental Research, DOE/Office of Advanced Scientific Computing

Contact: Reed Maxwell
Colorado School of Mines

Public Release: 20-Jul-2016
Public Library of Science
Super-eruptions may give a year's warning before they blow
A microscopic analysis of quartz crystals from an ancient California super-eruption indicates that the process of decompression immediately preceding the eruption began about a year before the eruption itself.
National Science Foundation, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: David F Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2016
Science Advances
Titanium + gold = new gold standard for artificial joints
Titanium is the leading material for artificial knee and hip joints because it's strong, wear-resistant and nontoxic, but an unexpected discovery by Rice University physicists shows that the gold standard for artificial joints can be improved with the addition of some actual gold.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Texas A&M's Turbomachinery Laboratory, Florida State University Research Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2016
Energy Department grants $2.5M for biorefinery waste use, renewable bioproduct study
The US Department of Energy granted $2.5 million to Texas A&M AgriLife Research to find ways to use biorefinery waste to make new, marketable products. 'It is said you can make anything but money out of lignin. Yet, that is the majority of what's left over in the biorefinery plants,' said Dr. Joshua Yuan, a biotechnologist and lead scientist on the project. 'Until we resolve this problem, biorefinery is not going to become economically viable.'
US Department of Energy

Contact: Kathleen Phillips
Texas A&M AgriLife Communications

Public Release: 19-Jul-2016
Physical Review Letters
Weird quantum effects stretch across hundreds of miles
MIT scientists have discovered strange quantum effects hold, even over hundreds of miles. In longest test of quantum mechanics, researchers find neutrinos, traveling over 450 miles at close to speed of light, have no single identity.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Karl-Lydie
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Jul-2016
Multi-million dollar grant to support waste cleanup
Washington State University and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers have received a four-year, multimillion dollar grant from the US Department of Energy to study the chemical reactions that cause nuclear waste to change over time. The grant establishes the IDREAM center, one of four newly minted DOE Energy Frontier Research Centers intended to play a major role in expediting the cleanup of Hanford and other sites contaminated by decades of nuclear weapons production.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Aurora Clark
Washington State University

Public Release: 18-Jul-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists glimpse inner workings of atomically thin transistors
With an eye to the next generation of tech gadgetry, a team of physicists at The University of Texas at Austin has had the first-ever glimpse into what happens inside an atomically thin semiconductor device. In doing so, they discovered that an essential function for computing may be possible within a space so small that it's effectively one-dimensional.
US Department of Energy, Welch Foundation, Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Christine Sinatra
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 18-Jul-2016
Nature Energy
A battery inspired by vitamins
Harvard researchers have identified a whole new class of high-performing organic molecules, inspired by vitamin B2, that can safely store electricity from intermittent energy sources like solar and wind power in large flow batteries.
DOE/Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy, Massachusetts Clean Energy Technology Center, National Science Foundation

Contact: Leah Burrows
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
Nature Communications
Disentangling the plant microbiome
With the human population expected to climb from 7.4 billion to more than 11 billion people by 2100, some scientists hope that manipulating the microbial communities in, on and around plants, the plant microbiome, could open up new ways to meet the growing demand for food. But breeding a better microbiome may be easier in some plant tissues and growing conditions than others, finds a study led by researchers at Duke University.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy, American Philosophical Society, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
Cell Systems
MSU builds high-tech test track to improve crop performance
Automakers torture test their cars on special tracks that simulate real driving conditions. Germany's automakers have their fabled Nurburgring track. GM has its Desert Proving Ground in California. Now Michigan State University has DEPI -- Dynamic Environmental Photosynthetic Imaging -- to test-drive plants so scientists and plant breeders can make them work better and produce more.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Layne Cameron
Michigan State University

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Physical Review Letters
Supercomputers fire lasers to shoot gamma ray beam
Supercomputer simulations showed UT Austin scientists a new way to generate controlled beam of gamma rays from lasers. Nearly one million CPU hours on Stampede and Lonestar HPC systems were needed for the particle-in-cell simulation. The Texas Petawatt Laser will use the simulations to guide experimental verification later in 2016. Gamma ray production would make possible basic science research and benefit society through brain imaging, cancer therapy, and anti-terrorist cargo scanning.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Nuclear Security Administration, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jorge Salazar
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Nature Materials
Reconfiguring active particles into dynamic patterns
Applying an electrostatic imbalance to Janus colloids causes them to self propel into swarms, clusters, and connected chains.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Clouds are moving higher, subtropical dry zones expanding, according to satellite analysis
Changes in global cloud distribution, predicted by climate models, can now be seen in reprocessed satellite observations of clouds, and suggests that rising greenhouse gas concentrations are partly responsible for the changes.
NOAA, DOE/Office of Science, NASA

Contact: Robert Monroe
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Nature Energy
When kids learn to conserve energy, their behavior also spreads to parents
Girl Scouts and their parents reported increases in energy-saving behaviors, such as turning off power strips at night and washing clothes in cold water, after the children participated in an intervention program, according to a study published today in the journal Nature Energy.
DOE/Advanced Research Projects Agency, California Energy Commission, Child Health Research Institute, Precourt Energy Efficiency Center

Contact: Hilary Boudet
Oregon State University

Public Release: 7-Jul-2016
New clues could help scientists harness the power of photosynthesis
A discovery has been made that could enable scientists to design better ways to use light energy and to engineer crop plants that more efficiently harness the energy of the Sun. The identification of a gene needed to expand light harvesting in photosynthesis into the far-red-light spectrum provides clues to the evolution of oxygen-producing photosynthesis, an evolutionary advance that changed the history of life on Earth.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, European Commission Marie Skodowska-Curie Global Fellowship

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
Penn State

Public Release: 7-Jul-2016
Researchers improve catalyst efficiency for clean industries
Researchers have developed a way to use less platinum in chemical reactions commonly used in the clean energy, green chemicals, and automotive industries, according to a paper in Science.
National Science Foundation, DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences, General Motors

Contact: Tina Hilding, WSU College of Engineering and Architecture
Washington State University

Public Release: 6-Jul-2016
Nature Communications
Researchers improve performance of cathode material by controlling oxygen activity
An international team of researchers has demonstrated a new way to increase the robustness and energy storage capability of a particular class of 'lithium-rich' cathode materials -- by using a carbon dioxide-based gas mixture to create oxygen vacancies at the material's surface. Researchers said the treatment improved the energy density -- the amount of energy stored per unit mass -- of the cathode material by up to 30 to 40 percent.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Liezel Labios
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 6-Jul-2016
Agronomy Journal
Agroforestry helps farmers branch out
Researchers look into the practice of alley cropping, planting long-term tree crops alongside short-term cash crops, for sustainability.
US Department of Energy, Minnesota Pollution Control, and North Central Region SARE

Contact: Susan Fisk
American Society of Agronomy

Public Release: 5-Jul-2016
Penn chemists establish fundamentals of ferroelectric materials
Chemists from the University of Pennsylvania are enabling the next generation of research into ferroelectric materials. In a new study, published in Nature, they demonstrate a multiscale simulation of lead titanate oxide that provides new understanding about what it takes for polarizations within these materials to switch.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, US Department of Energy, Carnegie Institution for Science

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 4-Jul-2016
Nature Geoscience
Expanding Antarctic sea ice linked to natural variability
The recent trend of increasing Antarctic sea ice extent -- seemingly at odds with climate model projections -- can largely be explained by a natural climate fluctuation, according to a new study led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: David Hosansky
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Showing releases 1-25 out of 262.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>



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