ORNL is a multiprogram science and technology laboratory managed
for the U.S. Department of Energy by UT-Battelle, LLC. Scientists
and engineers at ORNL conduct basic and applied research and development
to create scientific knowledge solutions that strengthen the nation's
leadership in key areas of science; increase the availability
of clean, abundant energy; restore and protect the environment;
and contribute to national security.
ORNL also performs other work for the Department of Energy, including
isotope production, information management, and technical program
management, and provides research and technical assistance to
In this Q&A Andrew Stack of the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory calls on expertise in geology, chemistry and computing to advance understanding of the dynamics of minerals underground. He investigates chemical processes that take place on mineral surfaces at scales ranging from individual atoms to entire rocks. These processes can trap contaminants, such as nuclear waste, carbon dioxide and toxic by-products from hydraulic fracturing.
Buildings are responsible for about 40 percent of the energy consumed in the United States. Studies indicate that advanced sensors and controls have the potential to reduce the energy consumption of buildings by 20-30 percent.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.