Sandia has served for more than 50 years as one of the major
national defense R&D labs, starting in 1945 in Albuquerque,
New Mexico, as part of the Manhattan Project, which built the
first nuclear weapons. AT&T began managing Sandia in 1949
after President Harry Truman offered the company "an opportunity
to render an exceptional service in the national interest."
In 1993, Lockheed Martin (then Martin Marietta) assumed
management of the Labs.
Today Sandia has two primary facilities, one in Albuquerque and
one in Livermore, California. Sandia employs about 7,450 people
and manage about $1.4 billion of work per year.
Sandia is funded primarily by the U.S. Department of Energy to
design all of the non-nuclear components of the nation's nuclear
weapons. Sandia also works closely with many U.S. government and
industry groups to make contributions to preserve the nation's
security. We constantly explore new opportunities to team with
government, industry, and university partners in this mission.
Sandia pursues "science and engineering with the mission
in mind" finding solutions to the nation's most challenging
Research detailed in a thermoelectric nanowire paper published by Sandia National Laboratories represents the first time researchers managed to control crystal orientation, crystal size and alloy uniformity by a single process. All three factors contribute to better thermoelectric performance.
Researchers have studied radiation effects since the early days of nuclear weapons. But a 30-year program Sandia National Laboratories began in 2006 will provide real-time data for the first time on how electronics age within a weapon.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.