Ernest Orlando Lawrence founded LBNL, the oldest of the national
laboratories, in 1931. Lawrence invented the cyclotron, which
led to a Golden Age of particle physics and revolutionary discoveries
about the nature of the universe.
Known as a mecca of particle physics, Berkeley Lab long ago broadened
its focus. Of our nine Nobel Prizes, five are in physics and four
in chemistry. Today, Berkeley Lab is a multiprogram lab where
research in advanced materials, life sciences, energy efficiency,
detectors and accelerators serves America's needs in technology
and the environment.
Berkeley Lab is located on the hillside above one of the world's
great universities -- the University of California at Berkeley.
Altogether, the lab has some 4,000 employees, of which about 800
are students. Each year, the Lab also hosts more than 2,000 participating
guests. Berkeley lab is managed by the University of California
for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.