Public Release: 23-Nov-2015 Innovative reports to help utility regulators, policymakers and electric industry
The electric industry in the US is undergoing significant changes for a number of reasons, including new and improved technologies, changing customer desires, low load growth in many regions, and changes in federal and state policies and regulations. A new series of reports will advance the discussion by examining issues related to electric industry regulation and utility business models.
DOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability
Public Release: 19-Nov-2015
Journal of Controlled Release Nanocarriers may carry new hope for brain cancer therapy
Berkeley Lab researchers have developed a new family of nanocarriers, called '3HM,' that meets all the size and stability requirements for effectively delivering therapeutic drugs to the brain for the treatment of a deadly form of cancer known as glioblastoma multiforme.
National Institutes of Health
Public Release: 12-Nov-2015 Team of appraisers across six states find home buyers will pay premium for solar homes
Photovoltaics added value to homes in six markets, according to a new report led by a researcher from Berkeley Lab and a home appraisal expert. They engaged a team of seven appraisers from across the six states to determine the value that solar photovoltaic systems added to single-family homes using the industry-standard paired-sales valuation technique, which compares recent sales of comparable homes to estimate the premium buyers would pay for PV.
DOE SunShot Initiative
Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
Scientific Reports Scientists ID genetic factors that influence body weight and neurological disorders
A new study by Berkeley Lab scientists has identified genetic factors that influence motor performance and body weight in a genetically diverse group of mice. The researchers also found the genes identified in the mice overlap significantly with genes related to neurological disorders and obesity in people.
Public Release: 10-Nov-2015 Department of Energy's ESnet and NERSC blaze 400G production network path
The Department of Energy's Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) and the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) have built a 400 gigabit-per-second (Gbps) super-channel, the first-ever 400G production link to be deployed by a national research and education network.
Public Release: 9-Nov-2015
Nature Communications A new way to look at MOFs
An international collaboration led by Berkeley Lab's Omar Yaghi has developed a technique called 'gas adsorption crystallography' that provides a new way to study the process by which metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are able to store immense volumes of gases such a carbon dioxide, hydrogen and methane.
Public Release: 9-Nov-2015 Breakthrough prizes honor neutrino experiments Berkeley Lab helped make possible
At a gala ceremony held in Silicon Valley on November 8, the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory, the Kamioka Liquid-scintillator Antineutrino Detector, and the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment were among five neutrino experiments awarded the 2016 Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics. All three were made possible by essential contributions from Berkeley Lab scientists and engineers.
Public Release: 6-Nov-2015
Scientific Reports New clues to how gatekeeper for the cell nucleus works
Berkeley Lab scientists have uncovered new clues to how a molecular machine inside the cell acts as a gatekeeper, allowing some molecules to enter and exit the nucleus while keeping other molecules out.
Public Release: 5-Nov-2015
Astrophysical Journal Supernova twins: Making standard candles more standard than ever
Type Ia supernovae are bright 'standard candles' for measuring cosmic distances. Standard enough to discover dark energy, they're far from identical. Researchers at the international Nearby Supernova Factory, based at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, have shown that supernova twins -- those with closely matching spectra -- can double the accuracy of distance measures.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, National Center for Scientific Research/National Institute of Nuclear and Particle Physics (France), German Research Foundation, Tsinghua University
Public Release: 27-Oct-2015
Nature On the road to ANG vehicles
Berkeley Lab researchers have developed metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) that feature flexible gas-adsorbing pores, giving them a high capacity for storing methane. This capability has the potential to help make the driving range of adsorbed-natural-gas (ANG) cars comparable to that of a typical gasoline-powered car.
Public Release: 22-Oct-2015
Nature It takes a thief
The discovery by Berkeley Lab researchers of the structural basis by which bacteria are able to capture genetic information from viruses and other foreign invaders for use in their own immunological system holds promise for studying or correcting problems in human genomes.
National Science Foundation
Public Release: 21-Oct-2015 Berkeley Lab scientists to help build world's first total-body PET scanner
Scientists from Berkeley Lab have set out to help build the world's first total-body positron emission tomography scanner, a medical imaging device that could change the way cancers and other diseases are diagnosed and treated. The project is a consortium led by a UC Davis research team and includes scientists from Berkeley Lab and the University of Pennsylvania. It's supported by a recently announced five-year, $15.5 million Transformative Research Award from the National Institutes of Health.
National Institutes of Health
Public Release: 20-Oct-2015
Nature Photonics Exciting breakthrough in 2-D lasers
An important step towards next-generation ultra-compact photonic and optoelectronic devices has been taken with the realization of a two-dimensional excitonic laser. Berkeley Lab researchers have embedded a monolayer of tungsten disulfide into a special microdisk resonator to achieve bright excitonic lasing at visible light wavelengths.
US Air Force Office of Scientific Research, DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 16-Oct-2015
Nature Communications Is black phosphorus the next big thing in materials?
Berkeley Lab researchers have confirmed that single-crystal black phosphorus nanoribbons display a strong in-plane anisotropy in thermal conductivity, an experimental revelation that should facilitate the future application of this highly promising material to electronic, optoelectronic and thermoelectric devices.
US Department of Energy's Office of Science
Public Release: 13-Oct-2015 Berkeley Lab's Yelick lauded for advances in programmability of HPC systems
ACM and IEEE Computer Society have named Katherine Yelick as the recipient of the 2015 ACM/IEEE Computer Society Ken Kennedy Award for innovative research contributions to parallel computing languages that have been used in both the research community and in production environments. She was also cited for her strategic leadership of the national research laboratories and for developing novel educational and mentoring tools.
Public Release: 7-Oct-2015
Nature Newly discovered 'design rule' brings nature-inspired nanostructures one step closer
Scientists aspire to build nanostructures that mimic the complexity and function of nature's proteins, but are made of durable and synthetic materials. These microscopic widgets could be customized into chemical detectors or catalysts. But they must first learn how to finesse the materials they'll use to build these structures. A discovery by Berkeley Lab scientists is a big step in this direction. They discovered a design rule that enables a recently created material to exist.
Public Release: 6-Oct-2015 JBEI joins 100/500 club
The Joint BioEnergy Institute is now a member of the '100/500 Club,' having filed its 100th patent application and published its 500th scientific paper. JBEI is a DOE Bioenergy Research Center led by Berkeley Lab.
Public Release: 5-Oct-2015
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A simpler way to estimate the feedback between permafrost carbon and climate
Researchers led by a scientist from Berkeley Lab have developed a simple model of permafrost carbon based on direct observations. Their approach could help climate scientists evaluate how well permafrost dynamics are represented in the Earth system models used to predict climate change.
Public Release: 30-Sep-2015 Price of solar energy in the United States has fallen to 5¢/kWh on average
Solar energy pricing is at an all-time low, according to a new report released by Berkeley Lab. Driven by lower installed costs, improved project performance, and a race to build projects ahead of a reduction in a key federal incentive, utility-scale solar project developers have been negotiating power sales agreements with utilities at prices averaging just 5¢/kWh.
US Department of Energy's SunShot Initiative within the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Public Release: 25-Sep-2015
Science A different type of 2-D semiconductor
Berkeley Lab researchers have produced the first atomically thin 2-D sheets of organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites. These ionic materials exhibit optical properties not found in 2-D covalent semiconductors such as graphene, making them promising alternatives to silicon for future electronic devices.
US Department of Energy Office of Science
Public Release: 22-Sep-2015 CAMERA to develop computational mathematics for experimental facilities research
Department of Energy has announced approval of a joint ASCR-BES-supported grant of $10.5 million over three years to expand the Center for Advanced Mathematics for Energy Research Applications (CAMERA). CAMERA's mission is to develop fundamental mathematics and algorithms, delivered as data analysis software that can accelerate scientific discovery.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 21-Sep-2015 DESI, an ambitious probe of dark energy, achieves its next major milestone
The US Department of Energy has announced approval of Critical Decision 2 (CD-2), authorizing the scientific scope, schedule, and funding profile of DESI, the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument, an exceptional apparatus designed to improve our understanding of the role of dark energy in the expansion history of the universe.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Science Making 3-D objects disappear
Berkeley researchers have devised an ultra-thin invisibility 'skin' cloak that can conform to the shape of an object and conceal it from detection with visible light. Although this cloak is only microscopic in size, the principles behind the technology should enable it to be scaled-up to conceal macroscopic items as well.
DOE/Office of Science
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.