Public Release: 21-Jul-2016
Energy & Environmental Science Scientists harness CO2 to consolidate biofuel production process
JBEI scientists have shown that adding carbon dioxide gas during the deconstruction phase of biofuel production successfully neutralized the toxicity of ionic liquids. The technique, which is reversible, allows the liquid to be recycled, representing a major step forward in streamlining the biofuel production process.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 21-Jul-2016
IDM2016, Identification of Dark Matter World's most sensitive dark matter detector completes search
The Large Underground Xenon (LUX) dark matter experiment, which, with the help of Berkeley Lab researchers, operates beneath a mile of rock at the Sanford Underground Research Facility in the Black Hills of South Dakota, has completed its search for the missing matter of the universe. At a meeting in the UK, LUX scientific collaborators presented the results from the detector's final 20-month run.
DOE/Office of Science, National Science Foundation
Public Release: 19-Jul-2016
Energy for Sustainable Development Modern off-grid lighting could create 2 million new jobs in developing world
Many households in impoverished regions around the world are starting to shift away from inefficient and polluting fuel-based lighting -- such as candles, firewood, and kerosene lanterns -- to solar-LED systems. While this trend has tremendous environmental benefits, a new study by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has found that it spurs economic development as well, to the tune of 2 million potential new jobs.
University of California/Blum Center for Developing Economies
Public Release: 18-Jul-2016 New training videos leverage ESnet's expertise to improve network performance globally
The Department of Energy's Energy Sciences Network, or ESnet, and the Network Startup Resource Center (NSRC) at the University of Oregon are teaming up to create an extensive video training library to help organizations improve the performance of their networks by deploying the perfSONAR network measurement tools and the Science DMZ network architecture.
Public Release: 14-Jul-2016
Monthly Notices of Royal Astronomical Society Dark energy measured with record-breaking map of 1.2 million galaxies
A team of hundreds of physicists and astronomers, including those from Berkeley Lab, have announced results from the largest-ever, three-dimensional map of distant galaxies. The team constructed this map to make one of the most precise measurements yet of the dark energy currently driving the accelerated expansion of the Universe.
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, National Science Foundation, DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Nature Nanotechnology Berkeley Lab scientists grow atomically thin transistors and circuits
In an advance that helps pave the way for next-generation electronics and computing technologies -- and possibly paper-thin gadgets -- scientists with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory developed a way to chemically assemble transistors and circuits that are only a few atoms thick.
Office of Naval Research and National Science Foundation
Public Release: 5-Jul-2016
Nature Communications New discovery could better predict how semiconductors weather abuse
Berkeley Lab scientists at DOE's Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis have found a way to better predict how thin-film semiconductors weather the harsh conditions in systems that convert sunlight, water and carbon dioxide into fuel.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 4-Jul-2016
Nature Energy Discovery could dramatically boost efficiency of perovskite solar cells
Scientists from the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have discovered a possible secret to dramatically boosting the efficiency of perovskite solar cells hidden in the nanoscale peaks and valleys of the crystalline material.
Public Release: 20-Jun-2016
The International Supercomputing Conference NERSC readying for Cori Phase 2 Knights Landing-based system
For the past year, staff at the Department of Energy's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) have been preparing users of 20 leading science applications for the arrival of the second phase of its newest supercomputer, Cori, which consists of more than 9,300 nodes containing Intel's Xeon Phi Knights Landing processor -- which was officially unveiled June 20 at the International Supercomputer Conference in Germany. The first compute cabinets are scheduled to arrive in July.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 15-Jun-2016
Nature On the path toward bionic enzymes
Berkeley Lab chemists have successfully married chemistry and biology to create reactions never before possible. They did this by replacing the iron normally found in the muscle protein myoglobin with iridium, a noble metal not known to be used by living systems.
Department of Energy
Public Release: 13-Jun-2016 Researchers gear up galaxy-seeking robots for a test run
A prototype system that will test a planned array of 5,000 robots for a sky-mapping instrument is taking shape at Berkeley Lab. Dubbed ProtoDESI, the scaled-down, 10-robot system will run through a series of tests on a telescope in Arizona from August-September.
Public Release: 10-Jun-2016
Science Advances New mathematics accurately captures liquids and surfaces moving in synergy
A new mathematical framework developed at Berkeley Lab, published in the June 10, 2016 issue of Science Advances, allows researchers to capture fluid dynamics coupled to interface motion at unprecedented detail. The framework, called 'interfacial gauge methods', developed by Robert Saye, a Luis W. Alvarez Fellow in the Mathematics Group at Berkeley Lab, rewrites the equations governing incompressible fluid flow in a way that is more amenable to accurate computer modeling.
DOE/Office of Science, Berkeley Lab's Laboratory Directed Research Development program
Public Release: 8-Jun-2016
Energy & Environmental Science Massive trove of battery and molecule data released to public
The Materials Project, a Google-like database of material properties aimed at accelerating innovation, has released an enormous trove of data to the public, giving scientists working on batteries, fuel cells, photovoltaics, thermoelectrics, and a host of other advanced materials a powerful tool to explore new research avenues.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 6-Jun-2016
Nature Chemical Biology Copper is key in burning fat
A new study led by a Berkeley Lab scientist and UC Berkeley professor establishes for the first time copper's role in fat metabolism, further burnishing the metal's reputation as an essential nutrient for human physiology.
National Institutes of Health
Public Release: 25-May-2016 Radiation 101: DoseNet delivers environmental data as an educational tool
A network of radiation-monitoring devices and a companion website and open-source code serve as educational and outreach tools for an international project called DoseNet that stretches from Northern California classrooms to a city hall in Japan. Its broad aim is to inform and connect students and communities using science and data as common ground.
Public Release: 13-May-2016
mBio Berkeley Lab participates in new National Microbiome Initiative
The initiative will advance the understanding of microbiome behavior and enable the protection of healthy microbiomes, which are communities of microorganisms that live on and in people, plants, soil, oceans, and the atmosphere. Microbiomes maintain the healthy function of diverse ecosystems, and they influence human health, climate change, and food security.
Public Release: 11-May-2016
Physics Review Letters Scientists take a major leap toward a 'perfect' quantum metamaterial
Scientists have devised a way to build a 'quantum metamaterial' -- an engineered material with exotic properties not found in nature -- using ultracold atoms trapped in an artificial crystal composed of light. The theoretical work represents a step toward manipulating atoms to transmit information, perform complex simulations or function as powerful sensors.
Public Release: 10-May-2016
Green Chemistry Berkeley Lab scientists brew jet fuel in 1-pot recipe
Berkeley Lab researchers at the Joint BioEnergy Institute have engineered a strain of bacteria that enables a 'one-pot' method for producing advanced biofuels from a slurry of pre-treated plant material. The achievement is a critical step in making biofuels a viable competitor to fossil fuels by streamlining the production process.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 9-May-2016 Berkeley Lab scientists part of new particle-hunting season at CERN's LHC
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) are among the thousands of collaborators worldwide at CERN's Large Hadron Collider who will be sifting through loads of new data expected from this latest experimental run, which could reveal unexpected twists in the makeup of matter and shed more light on the known pantheon of particles including the Higgs boson, discovered in 2012.
Public Release: 26-Apr-2016 Seeing atoms and molecules in action with an electron 'eye'
A unique rapid-fire electron source -- originally built as a prototype for driving next-generation X-ray lasers -- will help scientists at Berkeley Lab study ultrafast chemical processes and changes in materials at the atomic scale. Berkeley Lab is a member of the LCLS-II project collaboration.
Public Release: 6-Apr-2016 Existing state laws collectively require a 50 percent increase in US renewable electricity
State renewables portfolio standards, known as RPS policies, have contributed to more than half of all renewable electricity growth in the United States since 2000. Most state RPS requirements will continue to rise through at least 2020, if not beyond, and collectively these policies will require substantial further growth in US renewable electricity supplies. These findings are part of a new annual status report on state RPS policies from Berkeley Lab.
National Electricity Delivery Division of the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability of the US Department of Energy
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.