Public Release: 11-May-2016
Physics Review Letters Scientists take a major leap toward a 'perfect' quantum metamaterial
Scientists have devised a way to build a 'quantum metamaterial' -- an engineered material with exotic properties not found in nature -- using ultracold atoms trapped in an artificial crystal composed of light. The theoretical work represents a step toward manipulating atoms to transmit information, perform complex simulations or function as powerful sensors.
Public Release: 10-May-2016
Green Chemistry Berkeley Lab scientists brew jet fuel in 1-pot recipe
Berkeley Lab researchers at the Joint BioEnergy Institute have engineered a strain of bacteria that enables a 'one-pot' method for producing advanced biofuels from a slurry of pre-treated plant material. The achievement is a critical step in making biofuels a viable competitor to fossil fuels by streamlining the production process.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 9-May-2016 Berkeley Lab scientists part of new particle-hunting season at CERN's LHC
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) are among the thousands of collaborators worldwide at CERN's Large Hadron Collider who will be sifting through loads of new data expected from this latest experimental run, which could reveal unexpected twists in the makeup of matter and shed more light on the known pantheon of particles including the Higgs boson, discovered in 2012.
Public Release: 26-Apr-2016 Seeing atoms and molecules in action with an electron 'eye'
A unique rapid-fire electron source -- originally built as a prototype for driving next-generation X-ray lasers -- will help scientists at Berkeley Lab study ultrafast chemical processes and changes in materials at the atomic scale. Berkeley Lab is a member of the LCLS-II project collaboration.
Public Release: 6-Apr-2016 Existing state laws collectively require a 50 percent increase in US renewable electricity
State renewables portfolio standards, known as RPS policies, have contributed to more than half of all renewable electricity growth in the United States since 2000. Most state RPS requirements will continue to rise through at least 2020, if not beyond, and collectively these policies will require substantial further growth in US renewable electricity supplies. These findings are part of a new annual status report on state RPS policies from Berkeley Lab.
National Electricity Delivery Division of the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability of the US Department of Energy
Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
Nature Nanotechnology Scientists push valleytronics 1 step closer to reality
Berkeley Lab scientists have taken a big step toward the practical application of 'valleytronics,' which is a new type of electronics that could lead to faster and more efficient computer logic systems and data storage chips in next-generation devices. They experimentally demonstrated, for the first time, the ability to electrically generate and control valley electrons in a two-dimensional semiconductor.
Public Release: 30-Mar-2016
Nature Communications Revealing the fluctuations of flexible DNA in 3-D
Scientists have captured the first high-resolution 3-D images from individual double-helix DNA segments attached to gold nanoparticles, which could aid in the use of DNA segments as building blocks for molecular devices that function as nanoscale drug-delivery systems, markers for biological research, and components for electronic devices.
Public Release: 28-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Nature-inspired nanotubes that assemble themselves, with precision
Berkeley Lab scientists have discovered a family of nature-inspired polymers that, when placed in water, spontaneously assemble into hollow crystalline nanotubes. The nanotubes can be tuned to all have the same diameter of between five and ten nanometers, depending on the length of the polymer chain.
Public Release: 24-Mar-2016
Science Scientists part the clouds on how droplets form
A new Berkeley Lab study reveals that much more is happening at the microscopic level of cloud formation than previously thought. The findings could help improve the accuracy of climate change models.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 23-Mar-2016
Nature Unlocking the secrets of gene expression
Using cryo-electron microscopy, Berkeley Lab scientist Eva Nogales and her team have made a breakthrough in our understanding of how our molecular machinery finds the right DNA to copy for making proteins, showing with unprecedented detail the role of a powerhouse transcription factor known as TFIID. The study was published this week in Nature.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness
Public Release: 16-Mar-2016
Angewandte Chemie 'Disruptive device' brings xenon-NMR to fragile materials
Scientists have developed a device that enables NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) spectroscopy, coupled with a powerful molecular sensor, to analyze molecular interactions in viscous solutions and fragile materials such as liquid crystals. In a first, their method allows the sensor, hyperpolarized xenon gas, to be dissolved into minute samples of substances without disrupting their molecular order.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 11-Mar-2016
Nature Communications New fuel cell design powered by graphene-wrapped nanocrystals
Researchers at Berkeley Lab have developed a new materials recipe for a battery-like hydrogen fuel cell that shields the nanocrystals from oxygen, moisture and contaminants while pushing its performance forward in key areas.
Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Nuclear Fusion Multi-scale simulations solve a plasma turbulence mystery
Cutting-edge simulations run at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center have yielded exciting answers to long-standing questions about plasma heat loss that have previously stymied efforts to predict the performance of fusion reactors. The findings could pave the way to developing fusion as an alternative energy source.
Public Release: 29-Feb-2016 Cyclotron Road announces the selection of its second cohort of innovators
Today, Berkeley Lab's Cyclotron Road program announced the selection of its second cohort of innovators, whose projects include next generation batteries, advanced materials, biomanufacturing, and solar technologies. Cyclotron Road recruits entrepreneurial researchers and embeds them at Berkeley Lab for up to two years in a mentored technology entrepreneurship program.
Dept. of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's Advanced Manufacturing Office
Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Nature Communications New form of electron-beam imaging can see elements that are 'invisible' to common methods
Scientists at Berkeley Lab have developed a new imaging technique, tested on samples of nanoscale gold and carbon, that greatly improves images of light elements using fewer electrons. The technique can reveal structural details for materials that would be invisible to a traditional electron-imaging method.
Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
Plant & Cell Physiology New way to reduce plant lignin could lead to cheaper biofuels
Berkeley Lab scientists have shown for the first time that an enzyme can be tweaked to reduce lignin in plants. Their technique could help lower the cost of converting biomass into carbon-neutral fuels to power your car and other sustainably developed bio-products.
Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
Physical Review Letters Most precise measurement of energy range for particles produced by nuclear reactors
An international team that includes researchers from the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has captured the most precise --and puzzling -- energy measurements yet of ghostly particles called reactor antineutrinos produced at a nuclear power complex in China.
Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 'Lasers rewired': Scientists find a new way to make nanowire lasers
Scientists at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley have found a simple new way to produce nanoscale wires that can serve as bright, stable and tunable lasers -- an advance toward using light to transmit data.
Public Release: 4-Feb-2016
Nature Communications Graphene is strong, but is it tough?
Scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have developed the first known statistical theory for the toughness of polycrystalline graphene, which is made with chemical vapor deposition, and found that it is indeed strong, but more importantly, its toughness -- or resistance to fracture -- is quite low.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 2-Feb-2016 New galaxy-hunting sky camera sees redder better
A newly upgraded camera that incorporates light sensors developed at the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) is now one of the best cameras on the planet for studying outer space at red wavelengths that are too red for the human eye to see.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.