Public Release: 6-Apr-2015 US scientists celebrate the restart of the Large Hadron Collider
After two years of upgrades and repairs, proton beams once again circulate around the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led an eight-year upgrade of the electromagnetic calorimeter used for LHC's experiment called ALICE (for A Large Ion Collider Experiment). This detector measures the energies of high-energy electrons and gamma rays to learn more about the conditions of the early universe.
Public Release: 1-Apr-2015 Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, April 2015
By studying fish and invertebrates in a creek with known mercury contamination, researchers are gaining a better understanding of the relationship between the toxin in the stream and bioaccumulation in organisms. While mercury concentrations in East Fork Poplar Creek in Oak Ridge, Tenn., have decreased significantly over the last 30 years, levels in tissue from fish have remained the same or increased. To understand why, a team led by Monica Poteat of Oak Ridge National Laboratory is examining the intricacies of the food chain and the biodiversity of the stream at locations about 10 kilometers apart.
Public Release: 25-Mar-2015
Nature Nanotechnology ORNL-led team demonstrates desalination with nanoporous graphene membrane
Desalination is an energy-intensive process, which concerns those wanting to expand its application. Now, a team of experimentalists led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has demonstrated an energy-efficient desalination technology that uses a porous membrane made of strong, slim graphene -- a carbon honeycomb one atom thick. The results are published in the March 23 advance online issue of Nature Nanotechnology.
Public Release: 17-Mar-2015 ORNL and SINAP cooperate on development of salt-cooled reactors
Representatives from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics are meeting at ORNL this week as part of an agreement between the two institutions to work together on the advancement of salt-cooled nuclear reactor technologies.
Public Release: 17-Mar-2015
Nature Communications Graphene 'gateway' discovery opens possibilities for improved energy technologies
Graphene, a strong, lightweight carbon honeycombed structure, only one atom thick, holds great promise for energy research and development. Recently scientists with the Fluid Interface Reactions, Structures, and Transport Energy Frontier Research Center, led by the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, revealed graphene can serve as a proton-selective permeable membrane, providing a new basis for streamlined and more efficient energy technologies such as improved fuel cells.
US Department of Energy's Office of Science
Public Release: 2-Mar-2015 APLAIR partners with ORNL to commercialize weld inspection technology
ORNL's infrared imaging system can help automakers quickly determine whether a weld is good or bad without damaging the part. The infrared check can be performed in a few seconds, offering industry a low-cost and non-destructive alternative to monitor welds in real time.
Public Release: 11-Feb-2015 ORNL's Roberto named MRS Fellow
James Roberto, the associate laboratory director for Science and Technology Partnerships at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, has been elected a fellow of the Materials Research Society.
Public Release: 27-Jan-2015
Scientific Reports ORNL researchers tune friction in ionic solids at the nanoscale
Experiments conducted by researchers at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory have uncovered a way of controlling friction on ionic surfaces at the nanoscale using electrical stimulation and ambient water vapor.
Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ORNL model explores location of future US population growth
Researchers have developed a population distribution model that provides unprecedented county-level predictions of where people will live in the US in the coming decades.
Public Release: 16-Jan-2015 R&K Cyber Solutions licenses ORNL malware detection technology
Washington DC-based R&K Cyber Solutions LLC has licensed Hyperion, a cyber security technology from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory that can quickly recognize malicious software even if the specific program has not been previously identified as a threat.
Public Release: 13-Jan-2015 Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, January 2015
While researchers in Oak Ridge National Laboratory's buildings group focus on increasing energy efficiency using new foam insulation panels, the nanophase materials sector experiments with catalyst performance, revealing an oxidation discovery that could help reduce vehicle emissions.
Additionally, Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers aim to reduce the size, weight and power for some particle accelerators with development of a new voltage supply. And by using water and nano-sized particles isolated from trees and plants, scientists explore low-cost and nontoxic metal oxides.
Public Release: 14-Nov-2014 Oak Ridge to acquire next generation supercomputer
The US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility has signed a contract with IBM to bring a next-generation supercomputer to Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Nature Good vibrations give electrons excitations that rock an insulator to go metallic
A team led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has made an important advancement in understanding a classic transition-metal oxide, vanadium dioxide, by quantifying the thermodynamic forces driving the transformation. The results are published in the Nov. 10 advance online issue of Nature.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.