Public Release: 3-Nov-2015 ALCF helps tackle the Large Hadron Collider's big data challenge
To help tackle the considerable challenge of interpreting data, researchers from the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Argonne National Laboratory are demonstrating the potential of simulating collision events with Mira, a 10-petaflops IBM Blue Gene/Q supercomputer at the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF), a DOE Office of Science User Facility.
Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
PLOS ONE Study reveals structure of tuberculosis enzyme, could offer drug target
A team of scientists, including several from the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, have determined the structures of several important tuberculosis enzymes, which could lead to new drugs for the disease.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and DOE Office of Science
Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series Researchers model birth of universe in one of largest cosmological simulations ever run
Researchers are sifting through an avalanche of data produced by one of the largest cosmological simulations ever performed, led by scientists at the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, High Energy Physics, Advanced Scientific Computing Research
Public Release: 20-Oct-2015
Physical Review Letters Scientists gain insight into origin of tungsten-ditelluride's magnetoresistance
Two new significant findings may move scientists closer to understanding the origins of tungsten-ditelluride's (WTe2) extremely large magnetoresistance, a key characteristic in modern electronic devices like magnetic hard drives and sensors. Scientists in Illinois recently discovered that tungsten-ditelluride (WTe2) is electronically three-dimensional with a low anisotropy.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 15-Oct-2015 Analysis shows greenhouse gas emissions similar for shale, crude oil
The US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory this week released a pair of studies on the efficiency of shale oil production excavation. The reports show that shale oil production generates greenhouse gas emissions at levels similar to traditional crude oil production.
Vehicle Technology Office and the Bioenergy Technology Office of the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office, US Department of Energy
Public Release: 13-Oct-2015
Nature Communications One direction: Researchers grow nanocircuitry with semiconducting graphene nanoribbons
Researchers from the University of Wisconsin at Madison are the first to grow self-directed graphene nanoribbons on the surface of the semiconducting material germanium. This allows the semiconducting industry to tailor specific paths for nanocircuitry in their technologies. Confirmation of the findings was done at Argonne's Center for Nanoscale Materials.
U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science, Natural Science and Engineering Research Council, University of Wisconsin Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, Department of Defense Air Force Office of Scientific Research
Public Release: 24-Sep-2015
Science The rise of X-ray beam chemistry
By using powerful photon beams generated by the Advanced Photon Source, a DOE User Facility, researchers have shown that they can now control the chemical environment and provide nanoscale structural detail while simultaneously imaging the mineral calcite as it is pushed to its extremes.
Geosciences Research Program of the Office of Basic Energy Sciences
Public Release: 11-Sep-2015
Science Team announces breakthrough observation of Mott transition in a superconductor
An international team of researchers announced today in Science the observation of a dynamic Mott transition in a superconductor. The discovery experimentally connects the worlds of classical and quantum mechanics and illuminates the mysterious nature of the Mott transition. It also could shed light on non-equilibrium physics, which is poorly understood but governs most of what occurs in our world. The finding may also represent a step towards more efficient electronics based on the Mott transition.
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter, US Department of Energy Office of Science, Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation
Public Release: 11-Sep-2015
Physical Review Letters Insights into obscure transition uncovered by X-rays
The list of potential mechanisms that underlie an unusual metal-insulator transition has been narrowed by a team of scientists using a combination of X-ray techniques. This transition has ramifications for material design for electronics and sensors.
US Department of Energy, US Department of Defense
Public Release: 11-Sep-2015
Nature Extreme pressure causes osmium to change state of matter
Using metallic osmium in experimentation, an international group of researchers have demonstrated that ultra-high pressures cause core electrons to interplay, which results in experimentally observed anomalies in the compression behavior of the material.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research, Swedish Research Council, Swedish Government, Swedish e-Science Research Center
Public Release: 2-Sep-2015
Chemical Communications Making fuel from light
Photosynthesis has given life to the planet. While scientists have been studying and mimicking the natural phenomenon in the laboratory for years, understanding how to replicate the chemical process behind it has largely remained a mystery -- until now.
DOE/Basic Energy Sciences
Public Release: 24-Aug-2015 Argonne pushing boundaries of computing in engine simulations
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory will be testing the limits of computing horsepower this year with a new simulation project from the Virtual Engine Research Institute and Fuels Initiative that will harness 60 million computer core hours to reduce those uncertainties and pave the way to more effective engine simulations.
US Department of Energy's Office of Vehicle Technologies
Public Release: 7-Aug-2015
Journal of the American Chemical Society Copper clusters capture and convert carbon dioxide to make fuel
The chemical reactions that make methanol from carbon dioxide rely on a catalyst to speed up the conversion, and Argonne scientists identified a new material that could fill this role. With its unique structure, this catalyst can capture and convert carbon dioxide in a way that ultimately saves energy.
DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences
Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Cell Host & Microbe Gut microbes affect circadian rhythms in mice, study says
A study including researchers from the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago found evidence that gut microbes affect circadian rhythms and metabolism in mice.
Public Release: 30-Jul-2015 Argonne National Lab finds butanol is good for boats
Argonne has collaborated with Bombardier Recreational Products and the National Marine Manufacturers Association to demonstrate the effectiveness of a fuel blend with 16 percent butane. This blend would incorporate more biofuels into marine fuel without the issues caused by increasing levels of ethanol, which can cause difficulties in marine engines at high concentrations.
Vehicle Technologies Office within DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
Physical Review Letters Young scientist discovers magnetic material unnecessary to create spin current
Research at Argonne indicates that you don't need a magnetic material to create spin current from insulators--with important implications for the field of spintronics and the development of high-speed, low-power electronics that use electron spin rather than charge to carry information.
US Department of Energy Office of Science
Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Science Express Simulations lead to design of near-frictionless material
Argonne scientists used the Mira supercomputer to identify and improve a new mechanism for eliminating friction, which fed into the development of a hybrid material that exhibited superlubricity at the macroscale for the first time. ALCF researchers helped enable the groundbreaking simulations by overcoming a performance bottleneck that doubled the speed of the team's code.
Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
FASEB Journal Closer look at microorganism provides insight on carbon cycling
An Argonne/University of Tennessee research team reconstructed the crystal structure of BAP, a protein involved in the process by which marine archaea release carbon, to determine how it functioned, as well as its larger role in carbon cycling in marine sediments.
Public Release: 14-Jul-2015
Physical Review Letters Mass map shines light on dark matter
An international team of researchers has developed a new map of the distribution of dark matter in the universe using data from the Dark Energy Survey.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, National Science Foundation
Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Biomass & Bioenergy Scientists study ways to integrate biofuels and food crops on farms
Planting bioenergy crops like willows or switchgrass in rows where commodity crops are having difficulty growing could both provide biomass feedstock and also limit the runoff of nitrogen fertilizer into waterways -- all without hurting a farmer's profits.
DOE/Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Public Release: 25-Jun-2015
ACS Environmental Science and Technology Argonne analysis shows increased carbon intensity from Canadian oil sands
The US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory this week released a study that shows gasoline and diesel refined from Canadian oil sands has a higher carbon impact than fuels derived from conventional domestic crude sources.
Bioenergy Technologies Office and Vehicle Technologies Office within US Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Public Release: 15-Jun-2015 Argonne confirms new commercial method for producing medical isotope
Argonne National Laboratory recently demonstrated a new commercial technique for producing molybdenum-99, a critical medical isotope used in millions of imaging procedures each year. The technique, developed by SHINE Medical Technologies, could help secure a domestic source for Mo-99.
National Nuclear Security Administration
Public Release: 12-Jun-2015
Science Express Argonne scientists announce first room-temperature magnetic skyrmion bubbles
Researchers at UCLA and Argonne National Laboratory announced today a new method for creating magnetic skyrmion bubbles at room temperature. The bubbles, a physics phenomenon thought to be an option for more energy-efficient and compact electronics, can be created with simple equipment and common materials.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.