Public Release: 24-Sep-2015
Science The rise of X-ray beam chemistry
By using powerful photon beams generated by the Advanced Photon Source, a DOE User Facility, researchers have shown that they can now control the chemical environment and provide nanoscale structural detail while simultaneously imaging the mineral calcite as it is pushed to its extremes.
Geosciences Research Program of the Office of Basic Energy Sciences
Public Release: 11-Sep-2015
Science Team announces breakthrough observation of Mott transition in a superconductor
An international team of researchers announced today in Science the observation of a dynamic Mott transition in a superconductor. The discovery experimentally connects the worlds of classical and quantum mechanics and illuminates the mysterious nature of the Mott transition. It also could shed light on non-equilibrium physics, which is poorly understood but governs most of what occurs in our world. The finding may also represent a step towards more efficient electronics based on the Mott transition.
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter, US Department of Energy Office of Science, Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation
Public Release: 11-Sep-2015
Physical Review Letters Insights into obscure transition uncovered by X-rays
The list of potential mechanisms that underlie an unusual metal-insulator transition has been narrowed by a team of scientists using a combination of X-ray techniques. This transition has ramifications for material design for electronics and sensors.
US Department of Energy, US Department of Defense
Public Release: 11-Sep-2015
Nature Extreme pressure causes osmium to change state of matter
Using metallic osmium in experimentation, an international group of researchers have demonstrated that ultra-high pressures cause core electrons to interplay, which results in experimentally observed anomalies in the compression behavior of the material.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research, Swedish Research Council, Swedish Government, Swedish e-Science Research Center
Public Release: 2-Sep-2015
Chemical Communications Making fuel from light
Photosynthesis has given life to the planet. While scientists have been studying and mimicking the natural phenomenon in the laboratory for years, understanding how to replicate the chemical process behind it has largely remained a mystery -- until now.
DOE/Basic Energy Sciences
Public Release: 24-Aug-2015 Argonne pushing boundaries of computing in engine simulations
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory will be testing the limits of computing horsepower this year with a new simulation project from the Virtual Engine Research Institute and Fuels Initiative that will harness 60 million computer core hours to reduce those uncertainties and pave the way to more effective engine simulations.
US Department of Energy's Office of Vehicle Technologies
Public Release: 7-Aug-2015
Journal of the American Chemical Society Copper clusters capture and convert carbon dioxide to make fuel
The chemical reactions that make methanol from carbon dioxide rely on a catalyst to speed up the conversion, and Argonne scientists identified a new material that could fill this role. With its unique structure, this catalyst can capture and convert carbon dioxide in a way that ultimately saves energy.
DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences
Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Cell Host & Microbe Gut microbes affect circadian rhythms in mice, study says
A study including researchers from the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago found evidence that gut microbes affect circadian rhythms and metabolism in mice.
Public Release: 30-Jul-2015 Argonne National Lab finds butanol is good for boats
Argonne has collaborated with Bombardier Recreational Products and the National Marine Manufacturers Association to demonstrate the effectiveness of a fuel blend with 16 percent butane. This blend would incorporate more biofuels into marine fuel without the issues caused by increasing levels of ethanol, which can cause difficulties in marine engines at high concentrations.
Vehicle Technologies Office within DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
Physical Review Letters Young scientist discovers magnetic material unnecessary to create spin current
Research at Argonne indicates that you don't need a magnetic material to create spin current from insulators--with important implications for the field of spintronics and the development of high-speed, low-power electronics that use electron spin rather than charge to carry information.
US Department of Energy Office of Science
Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Science Express Simulations lead to design of near-frictionless material
Argonne scientists used the Mira supercomputer to identify and improve a new mechanism for eliminating friction, which fed into the development of a hybrid material that exhibited superlubricity at the macroscale for the first time. ALCF researchers helped enable the groundbreaking simulations by overcoming a performance bottleneck that doubled the speed of the team's code.
Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
FASEB Journal Closer look at microorganism provides insight on carbon cycling
An Argonne/University of Tennessee research team reconstructed the crystal structure of BAP, a protein involved in the process by which marine archaea release carbon, to determine how it functioned, as well as its larger role in carbon cycling in marine sediments.
Public Release: 14-Jul-2015
Physical Review Letters Mass map shines light on dark matter
An international team of researchers has developed a new map of the distribution of dark matter in the universe using data from the Dark Energy Survey.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, National Science Foundation
Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Biomass & Bioenergy Scientists study ways to integrate biofuels and food crops on farms
Planting bioenergy crops like willows or switchgrass in rows where commodity crops are having difficulty growing could both provide biomass feedstock and also limit the runoff of nitrogen fertilizer into waterways -- all without hurting a farmer's profits.
DOE/Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Public Release: 25-Jun-2015
ACS Environmental Science and Technology Argonne analysis shows increased carbon intensity from Canadian oil sands
The US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory this week released a study that shows gasoline and diesel refined from Canadian oil sands has a higher carbon impact than fuels derived from conventional domestic crude sources.
Bioenergy Technologies Office and Vehicle Technologies Office within US Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Public Release: 15-Jun-2015 Argonne confirms new commercial method for producing medical isotope
Argonne National Laboratory recently demonstrated a new commercial technique for producing molybdenum-99, a critical medical isotope used in millions of imaging procedures each year. The technique, developed by SHINE Medical Technologies, could help secure a domestic source for Mo-99.
National Nuclear Security Administration
Public Release: 12-Jun-2015
Science Express Argonne scientists announce first room-temperature magnetic skyrmion bubbles
Researchers at UCLA and Argonne National Laboratory announced today a new method for creating magnetic skyrmion bubbles at room temperature. The bubbles, a physics phenomenon thought to be an option for more energy-efficient and compact electronics, can be created with simple equipment and common materials.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation
Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
Nature Communications Scientists tune X-rays with tiny mirrors
Scientists at Argonne National Laboratory have created a new way of manipulating high-intensity X-rays, which will allow researchers to select extremely brief but precise X-ray bursts for their experiments.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
Science Slip sliding away: Graphene and diamonds prove a slippery combination
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have found a way to use tiny diamonds and graphene to give friction the slip, creating a new material combination that demonstrates the rare phenomenon of 'superlubricity.'
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 9-Jun-2015 Argonne and ASU sign five-year research agreement
Argonne National Laboratory recently signed an agreement with Arizona State University that will facilitate a broad portfolio of research shared between the two institutions. The five-year memorandum of understanding (MOU) will establish a structure for Argonne and ASU to pursue novel research in areas including decision-making based on climate variability and uncertainty, the impacts of global population dynamics and urbanization, the challenges of renewable energy practices, and creating innovative solutions to problems in energy, education and sustainability.
Public Release: 9-Jun-2015 Argonne advances engine simulation for greater efficiency
Researchers at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory are partnering with Convergent Science, Inc. (CSI), to speed up a key piece of modeling and simulation software to ensure those cycles are used as effectively as possible, reducing product development time and resulting in better engines and savings for consumers. The scale of the speed gains were recently demonstrated when researchers ran the largest engine simulation to date on more than 4,000 computer cores.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Biogeosciences Land management practices to become important as biofuels use grows
The handling of agricultural crop residues appears to have a large impact on soil's ability to retain carbon, making land management practices increasingly important, especially under a scenario where cellulosic materials become more heavily used as a feedstock for ethanol production, according to a recently published study led by researchers at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory.
Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program, National Energy Research Computing Center, DOE/Office of Science User Facility
Public Release: 1-May-2015
Science Beetlejuice! Secrets of beetle sprays unlocked at the Advanced Photon Source
Researchers using the Advanced Photon Source, a US Department of Energy user facility at Argonne National Laboratory, have gotten the first-ever look inside the living beetle as it sprays. The results are published today in Science.
US Army Research Laboratory, US Army Research Office/MIT Institute of Soldier Nanotechnologies, National Science Foundation, US Department of Defense, US Department of Energy's Office of Science
Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences X-ray ptychography, fluorescence microscopy combo sheds new light on trace elements
Scientists have developed a new approach that combines ptychographic X-ray imaging and fluorescence microscopy to study the important role trace elements play in biological functions on hydrated cells.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy, National Center for Research Resources
Public Release: 8-Apr-2015
Nature Improved understanding of protein complex offers insight into DNA replication initiation mechanism basics
A clearer understanding of the origin recognition complex -- a protein complex that directs DNA replication -- through its crystal structure offers new insight into fundamental mechanisms of DNA replication initiation. This will also provide insight into how ORC may be compromised in a subset of patients with Meier-Gorlin syndrome, a form of dwarfism in humans.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.