Public Release: 8-Dec-2014
Nature Communications Unusual electronic state found in new class of unconventional superconductors
Scientists have discovered an unusual form of electronic order in a new family of unconventional superconductors, giving scientists a new group of materials to explore to understand ability to carry current with no energy loss.
Department of Energy Office of Science, US National Science Foundation, Japan Society of the Promotion of Science, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Friends of Todai Inc.
Public Release: 15-Oct-2014
Genes and Development Key moment mapped in assembly of DNA-splitting molecular machine
Scientists reveal crucial steps and surprising structures in the genesis of the enzyme that divides the DNA double helix during cell replication.
National Institutes of Health, United Kingdom Medical Research Council
Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
The Plant Cell Researchers pump up oil accumulation in plant leaves
A series of detailed genetic studies points scientists to a new way to dramatically increase the accumulation of oil in plant leaves, an abundant source of biomass for fuel production.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Physical Review Letters Hide and seek: Sterile neutrinos remain elusive
The Daya Bay Collaboration, an international group of scientists studying the subtle transformations of subatomic particles called neutrinos, is publishing its first results on the search for a so-called sterile neutrino, a possible new type of neutrino beyond the three known neutrino 'flavors,' or types. The existence of this elusive particle, if proven, would have a profound impact on our understanding of the universe, and could impact the design of future neutrino experiments.
Public Release: 23-Sep-2014 New NIH/DOE grant for life science studies at NSLS-II
A new grant just awarded by the National Institutes of Health and the US Department of Energy will fund the operation of a suite of powerful experimental tools for Life Sciences research at DOE's Brookhaven National Laboratory.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, US Department of Energy
Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Elusive quantum transformations found near absolute zero
Scientists mapped quantum phase transitions at temperatures colder than interstellar space. The ultra-cold conditions isolated the fluctuations that define the electronic, magnetic, and thermodynamic performance of metallic materials. The research provides new methods to identify and understand materials with powerful and unexpected properties, including superconductivity.
U.S. Department of Energy
Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Physical Review Letters First indirect evidence of so-far undetected strange baryons
New supercomputing calculations provide the first evidence that particles predicted by the theory of quark-gluon interactions but never before observed are being produced in heavy-ion collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider.
Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing program of the DOE Office of Science (Nuclear Physics and Advanced Scientific Computing Research), Federal Ministry of Education and Research of Germany, German Research Foundation
Public Release: 4-Aug-2014
Nature Communications Nanoscale details of electrochemical reactions in electric vehicle battery materials
Using a new method to track the electrochemical reactions in a common electric vehicle battery material under operating conditions, scientists have revealed new insight into why fast charging inhibits this material's performance. The results could inform battery makers' efforts to optimize materials for faster-charging batteries with higher capacity.
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory, US Department of Energy
Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
Science Nanostructured metal-oxide catalyst efficiently converts CO2 to methanol
Scientists have discovered a new catalytic system for converting carbon dioxide (CO2) to methanol -- a key commodity used to create a wide range of industrial chemicals and fuels. With significantly higher activity than other catalysts now in use, the new system could make it easier to get normally unreactive CO2 to participate in these reactions.
DOE/Office of Science, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad of Spain, European Regional Development Fund, Instituto de Tecnologia Venezolana para el Petroleo
Public Release: 20-Jun-2014 Funding renewed for Brookhaven's Center for Emergent Superconductivity
The US Department of Energy has announced an extension of funding totaling $14 million over four years for the Center for Emergent Superconductivity, an Energy Frontier Research Center led by Brookhaven Lab with partners from the University of Illinois and Argonne National Laboratory.
DOE Office of Science
Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
Journal of American Chemical Society DNA-linked nanoparticles form switchable 'thin films' on a liquid surface
Scientists have used DNA-linked nanoparticles to form a single-particle-thick layer on a liquid surface where the properties of the layer can be easily switched. Understanding the assembly of such nanostructured thin films provides a possible pathway to adjustable filters, surfaces with variable mechanical response, or even new ways to deliver genes for biomedical applications.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 6-Jun-2014
Science Scientists reveal details of calcium 'safety-valve' in cells
The New York Consortium on Membrane Protein Structure used X-rays at Brookhaven Lab's National Synchrotron Light Source to decipher the atomic level structure of a protein that regulates the level of calcium in cells, providing clues about a key signaling agent that can trigger programmed cell death and potentially leading to new anticancer drug targets.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy
Public Release: 27-May-2014
Large Hadron Collider Physics Conference Large Hadron Collider Physics Conference in New York City, June 2-7
Hundreds of physicists from around the world will gather in New York City June 2-7 to discuss the origin of mass, supersymmetry, and other mysteries of matter and the universe at the second annual Large Hadron Collider Physics Conference.
Public Release: 12-May-2014 Three Brookhaven physicists receive DOE Early Career Research Program funding
Three physicists at Brookhaven Lab are among 35 scientists selected by DOE's Office of Science to receive Early Career Research Program funding. Their work spans several subfields of physics -- from describing the dynamics of high-energy collisions of atomic nuclei at particle colliders, to exploring magnetic excitations in materials that offer promise for carrying loss-free electric current, to developing new ways to track elusive neutrinos.
US Department of Energy Office of Science
Public Release: 9-May-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry Plants' oil-desaturating enzymes pair up to channel metabolites
Plant scientists find fatty acid desaturating enzymes link up to pass intermediate products from one enzyme to another. Engineering these enzyme interactions could be a new approach for tailoring plants to produce useful products.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Nature Communications Harnessing magnetic vortices for making nanoscale antennas
Scientists seeking ways to synchronize the magnetic spins in nanoscale devices to build tiny yet more powerful signal-generating or receiving antennas and other electronics have published a study showing that stacked nanoscale magnetic vortices separated by an extremely thin layer of copper can be driven to operate in unison. These devices could potentially produce a powerful signal that could be put to work in a new generation of cell phones, computers, and other applications.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Physical Review Letters Scientists capture ultrafast snapshots of light-driven superconductivity
A new study pins down a major factor behind the appearance of superconductivity -- the ability to conduct electricity with 100 percent efficiency -- in a promising copper-oxide material.
DOE's Office of Science, Stanford University, University of Hamburg
Public Release: 8-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Tracking sugar movement in plants
Study overturns long-held belief that plant hormones control the shape of plant growth. Instead, it has shown that this process starts with sugar.
Australian Research Council, DOE/Office of Science, Goldhaber Fellowship
Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
Agewandte Chemie Scientists track 3-D nanoscale changes in rechargeable battery material during operation
Scientists at Brookhaven Lab have made the first 3-D observations of how the structure of a lithium-ion battery anode evolves at the nanoscale in a real battery cell as it discharges and recharges. The details of this research could point to new ways to engineer battery materials to increase the capacity and lifetime of rechargeable batteries.
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program
Public Release: 13-Mar-2014 Emil Bozin awarded 2014 Science Prize from Neutron Scattering Society of America
The Neutron Scattering Society of America has named Emil Bozin, a condensed matter physicist at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, the recipient of their 2014 Science Prize. The NSSA award specifically recognized Bozin's discovery of 'broken symmetry local structures in exotic electronic materials, his elaboration of their nature and their importance to the material properties, in particular in PbTe, iridates, manganites, and cuprates.'
Public Release: 20-Feb-2014
Nature Communications Roots to shoots: Hormone transport in plants deciphered
A new study from a research team led by biochemist Chang-Jun Liu at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory identifies the protein essential for relocating cytokinins from roots to shoots.
DOE/Office of Science, National Science Foundation
Public Release: 20-Feb-2014 Mega-bucks from Russia seed development of 'big data' tools
The Russian Ministry of Education and Science awarded a $3.4 million 'mega-grant' to Alexei Klimentov, Physics Applications Software Group Leader at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, to develop new 'big data' computing tools for the advancement of science. The project builds on the success of a workload and data management system built by Klimentov and collaborators to process huge volumes of data from the ATLAS experiment at Europe's Large Hadron Collider.
Russian Ministry of Education and Science, DOE/Office of Science, National Science Foundation
Public Release: 13-Feb-2014
Physical Review Letters Superconductivity in orbit: Scientists find new path to loss-free electricity
Researchers at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have combined atoms with multiple orbitals and precisely pinned down their electron distributions. Using advanced electron diffraction techniques, the scientists discovered that orbital fluctuations in iron-based compounds induce strongly coupled polarizations that can enhance electron pairing -- the essential mechanism behind superconductivity.
US Department of Energy's Office of Science
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.