Public Release: 27-Jan-2015 NREL releases the 2013 Renewable Energy Data Book, detailing increases in installed capacity
he newly released 2013 Renewable Energy Data Book illustrates United States and global energy statistics, including renewable electricity generation, renewable energy development, clean energy investments, and technology-specific data and trends. The Data Book is produced and published annually by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory on behalf of the Energy Department's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 27-Jan-2015 NREL reports examine economic trade-offs of owning versus leasing a solar photovoltaic system
Two new reports from the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) examine the economic options customers face when deciding how to finance commercial or residential solar energy systems. NREL analysts found that businesses that use low-cost financing to purchase a photovoltaic (PV) system and homeowners who use solar-specific loans can save up to 30 percent compared with consumers who lease a PV system through a conventional third-party owner.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 26-Jan-2015
Nature Materials How ionic: Scaffolding is in charge of calcium carbonate crystals
Nature packs away carbon in chalk, shells and rocks made by marine organisms that crystallize calcium carbonate. Now, research suggests that the soft, organic scaffolds in which such crystals form guide crystallization by soaking up the calcium like an 'ion sponge,' according to new work in Nature Materials. Understanding the process better may help researchers develop advanced materials for energy and environmental uses, such as for removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Energy Policy California's policies can significantly cut greenhouse gas emissions through 2030
A new model of the impact of California's existing and proposed policies on its greenhouse gas reduction goals suggests that the state is on track to meet 2020 goals, and could achieve greater emission reductions by 2030, but the state will need to do more to reach its 2050 climate goals.
California Air Resources Board
Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ORNL model explores location of future US population growth
Researchers have developed a population distribution model that provides unprecedented county-level predictions of where people will live in the US in the coming decades.
Public Release: 19-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Self-destructive effects of magnetically-doped ferromagnetic topological insulators
A new atomic-scale study of the surface properties of certain ferromagnetic topological insulators reveals that these materials exhibit extreme, unexpected, and self-destructive electronic disorder.
US Department of Energy, Institute of Basic Science of Korea
Public Release: 16-Jan-2015 R&K Cyber Solutions licenses ORNL malware detection technology
Washington DC-based R&K Cyber Solutions LLC has licensed Hyperion, a cyber security technology from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory that can quickly recognize malicious software even if the specific program has not been previously identified as a threat.
Public Release: 16-Jan-2015
Nature Communications Solving an organic semiconductor mystery
Berkeley Lab researchers have uncovered the mysterious source of performance issues in organic semiconductors -- nanocrystallites cluttering domain interfaces!
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
Public Release: 15-Jan-2015 Argonne model analyzes biofuel impacts
Argonne researchers today released a new version of an online analysis tool that will help biofuels developers gain a detailed understanding of water consumption of various types of feedstocks, aiding development of sustainable fuels that will reduce impact on limited water resources.
Department of Energy
Public Release: 14-Jan-2015 Ultra-realistic radiation detection training without using radioactive materials
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have solved the problem by developing a new technology that provides realistic radiation detection training by directly injecting simulated radiation signals into the analog amplifier of the real detectors used by first responders and inspectors. The Spectroscopic Injection Pulser will yield training results that are indistinguishable by detection instruments from actual radiation sources.
Public Release: 13-Jan-2015 Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, January 2015
While researchers in Oak Ridge National Laboratory's buildings group focus on increasing energy efficiency using new foam insulation panels, the nanophase materials sector experiments with catalyst performance, revealing an oxidation discovery that could help reduce vehicle emissions.
Additionally, Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers aim to reduce the size, weight and power for some particle accelerators with development of a new voltage supply. And by using water and nano-sized particles isolated from trees and plants, scientists explore low-cost and nontoxic metal oxides.
Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Nature Materials Solar cell polymers with multiplied electrical output
A team from Brookhaven Lab and Columbia University has paired up photovoltaic polymers that produce two units of electricity per unit of light instead of the usual one on a single molecular polymer chain. Having the two charges on the same molecule means the light-absorbing, energy-producing materials work efficiently when dissolved in liquids, which opens the way for a wide range of industrial scale manufacturing processes, including 'printing' solar-energy-producing material like ink.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, National Science Foundation, 3M
Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Nature Nanotechnology From the bottom up: Manipulating nanoribbons at the molecular level
Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California, Berkeley, have developed a new precision approach for synthesizing graphene nanoribbons from pre-designed molecular building blocks. Using this process the researchers have built nanoribbons that have enhanced properties -- such as position-dependent, tunable bandgaps -- that are potentially very useful for next-generation electronic circuitry.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, National Science Foundation
Public Release: 9-Jan-2015 World's most powerful camera receives funding approval
Plans for the construction of the world's largest digital camera at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have reached a major milestone. The 3,200-megapixel centerpiece of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, which will provide unprecedented details of the universe and help address some of its biggest mysteries, has received key 'Critical Decision 2' approval from the DOE.
Public Release: 9-Jan-2015
Geophysical Research Letters Small volcanic eruptions partly explain 'warming hiatus'
Scientists have long known that volcanoes cool the atmosphere because of the sulfur dioxide that is expelled during eruptions. Droplets of sulfuric acid that form when the gas combines with oxygen in the upper atmosphere can persist for many months, reflecting sunlight away from Earth and lowering temperatures at the surface and in the lower atmosphere.
Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Science Compact batteries enhanced by spontaneous silver matrix formations
The formation of a highly conductive silver matrix inside an otherwise poorly performing battery enhances its efficiency and offers new potential applications. Scientists used x-rays to see where, when, and how these nanoscale 'bridges' emerge and develop new material designs and optimization techniques.
US Department of Energy's Office of Basic Energy Sciences
Public Release: 7-Jan-2015 Tracing tainted food back to its source within an hour
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers, in collaboration with the start-up DNATrek, have developed a cost-effective and highly efficient method to accurately trace contaminated food back to its source. Lawrence Livermore originally designed the technology, known as DNATrax, to safely track indoor and outdoor airflow patterns.
Public Release: 7-Jan-2015 Argonne partners with industry on nuclear work
Argonne National Laboratory will work with three of the world's leading nuclear products and services companies on projects that could unlock the potential of advanced nuclear reactor designs, helping create a new generation of safer, more efficient reactors.
US Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy
Public Release: 6-Jan-2015
Nature 'Iron Sun' is not a rock band, but a key to how stars transmit energy
Creating the conditions of the sun, researchers for the first time have been able to experimentally revise figures used by theorists to define iron's key role in passing sunlight from the sun's core to its radiative surface.
National Nuclear Security Administration, DOE Office of Science
Public Release: 29-Dec-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Microscopy reveals how atom-high steps impede oxidation of metal surfaces
A new study reveals that certain features of metal surfaces can stop the process of oxidation in its tracks. The findings could be relevant to understanding and perhaps controlling oxidation in a wide range of materials -- from catalysts to the superalloys used in jet engine turbines and the oxides in microelectronics.
DOE Office of Science
Public Release: 23-Dec-2014 NREL receives Editors' Choice Awards for supercomputer research
Two prestigious scientific magazines have awarded the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory with Editors' Choice awards for the Peregrine high-performance computer and the groundbreaking research it made possible.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.