Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
Scientific Reports Scientists ID genetic factors that influence body weight and neurological disorders
A new study by Berkeley Lab scientists has identified genetic factors that influence motor performance and body weight in a genetically diverse group of mice. The researchers also found the genes identified in the mice overlap significantly with genes related to neurological disorders and obesity in people.
Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
Scientific Reports Microbes map path toward renewable energy future
In the quest for renewable fuels, scientists are taking lessons from a humble bacterium that fills our oceans and covers moist surfaces the world over. Cyanothece 51142, a type of bacteria also called blue-green algae, produces hydrogen in robust fashion, and scientists have found that it taps into an unexpected source of energy to do so.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 6-Nov-2015
Scientific Reports New clues to how gatekeeper for the cell nucleus works
Berkeley Lab scientists have uncovered new clues to how a molecular machine inside the cell acts as a gatekeeper, allowing some molecules to enter and exit the nucleus while keeping other molecules out.
Public Release: 2-Nov-2015 Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, November 2015
New tool developed for inspecting concrete at nuclear power plants; ORNL motor features 3-D printed metallic parts; ORNL technique combines intuition, computational strengths; Trane, ORNL combine to boost rooftop A/C efficiency 20 percent; Titan delivering unprecedented climate modeling; ORNL announces JUMP program to stimulate innovation; Bioenergy researchers closer to defeating lignin.
Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
PLOS ONE Study reveals structure of tuberculosis enzyme, could offer drug target
A team of scientists, including several from the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, have determined the structures of several important tuberculosis enzymes, which could lead to new drugs for the disease.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and DOE Office of Science
Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology First complete pictures of cells' DNA-copying machinery
The first-ever images of the protein complex that unwinds, splits, and copies double-stranded DNA reveal something rather different from the standard textbook view. The electron microscope images, created by scientists at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory with partners from Stony Brook University and Rockefeller University, offer new insight into how this molecular machinery functions.
National Institutes of Health
Public Release: 27-Oct-2015 NREL releases report card on environmental efforts
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory continued to improve its environmental protection efforts at its South Table Mountain and National Wind Technology Center sites during 2014 by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, adding bird-safety features to campus structures, and assessing environmental impacts of potential laboratory development.
Public Release: 27-Oct-2015
Nature On the road to ANG vehicles
Berkeley Lab researchers have developed metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) that feature flexible gas-adsorbing pores, giving them a high capacity for storing methane. This capability has the potential to help make the driving range of adsorbed-natural-gas (ANG) cars comparable to that of a typical gasoline-powered car.
Public Release: 22-Oct-2015
Nature It takes a thief
The discovery by Berkeley Lab researchers of the structural basis by which bacteria are able to capture genetic information from viruses and other foreign invaders for use in their own immunological system holds promise for studying or correcting problems in human genomes.
National Science Foundation
Public Release: 21-Oct-2015 Berkeley Lab scientists to help build world's first total-body PET scanner
Scientists from Berkeley Lab have set out to help build the world's first total-body positron emission tomography scanner, a medical imaging device that could change the way cancers and other diseases are diagnosed and treated. The project is a consortium led by a UC Davis research team and includes scientists from Berkeley Lab and the University of Pennsylvania. It's supported by a recently announced five-year, $15.5 million Transformative Research Award from the National Institutes of Health.
National Institutes of Health
Public Release: 20-Oct-2015 Building off known genomes to advance systems and ecosystems biology
The US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), a DOE Office of Science User Facility, has selected 27 new projects for the 2016 Community Science Program (CSP). The full list of projects may be found at http://jgi.doe.gov/our-projects/csp-plans/fy-2016-csp-plans/. Susannah Tringe, DOE JGI User Programs Deputy, noted that these projects 'build our portfolio in key focus areas including sustainable bioenergy production, plant microbiomes and terrestrial biogeochemistry.'
US Department of Energy Office of Science
Public Release: 15-Oct-2015 Analysis shows greenhouse gas emissions similar for shale, crude oil
The US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory this week released a pair of studies on the efficiency of shale oil production excavation. The reports show that shale oil production generates greenhouse gas emissions at levels similar to traditional crude oil production.
Vehicle Technology Office and the Bioenergy Technology Office of the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office, US Department of Energy
Public Release: 13-Oct-2015 NREL seeks to optimize individual comfort in buildings
On a typical early fall morning in Golden, Colo., the temperature outside was about 70 degrees F. Tucked inside a unique structure at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory, two volunteers felt considerably cooler than that, but would soon be pushed past the outdoor conditions. The volunteers were participating in an experiment inside NREL's newly constructed Comfort Suite (C-Suite) designed to reveal the connection between human comfort and energy systems.
Public Release: 6-Oct-2015 JBEI joins 100/500 club
The Joint BioEnergy Institute is now a member of the '100/500 Club,' having filed its 100th patent application and published its 500th scientific paper. JBEI is a DOE Bioenergy Research Center led by Berkeley Lab.
Public Release: 5-Oct-2015
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A simpler way to estimate the feedback between permafrost carbon and climate
Researchers led by a scientist from Berkeley Lab have developed a simple model of permafrost carbon based on direct observations. Their approach could help climate scientists evaluate how well permafrost dynamics are represented in the Earth system models used to predict climate change.
Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Nature Plants Large trees -- key climate influencers -- die first in drought
In forests worldwide, drought consistently has had a more detrimental impact on the growth and survival of larger trees, new research shows. In addition, while the death of small trees may affect the dominance of trees in a landscape, the death of large trees has a far worse impact on the ecosystem and climate's health, especially due to the important role that trees play in the carbon cycle.
DOE/Office of Science, Smithsonian Competitive Grants Program for Science, Laboratory Directed Research and Development
Public Release: 22-Sep-2015 NREL collaborates with trucking industry to prioritize R&D opportunities
Six to seven seconds -- that's the typical time between a pair of tractor-trailers traveling together at 65 mph. But, through the work of the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and its partners in the medium- and heavy-duty truck market, that gap may be shrinking.
Public Release: 22-Sep-2015
Nature Communications Dirty, crusty meals fit for (long-dormant) microbes
Deploying a set of tools he calls 'exometabolomics,' Trent Northen, a scientist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute, and his team harnessed the analytical capabilities of the latest mass spectrometry techniques to quantitatively measure how individual microbes and the biocrust community transform complex mixtures of metabolites, in this case, from soil. The study published Sept. 22, 2015 in Nature Communications.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.