Public Release: 27-Oct-2015 NREL releases report card on environmental efforts
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory continued to improve its environmental protection efforts at its South Table Mountain and National Wind Technology Center sites during 2014 by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, adding bird-safety features to campus structures, and assessing environmental impacts of potential laboratory development.
Public Release: 27-Oct-2015
Nature On the road to ANG vehicles
Berkeley Lab researchers have developed metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) that feature flexible gas-adsorbing pores, giving them a high capacity for storing methane. This capability has the potential to help make the driving range of adsorbed-natural-gas (ANG) cars comparable to that of a typical gasoline-powered car.
Public Release: 22-Oct-2015
Nature It takes a thief
The discovery by Berkeley Lab researchers of the structural basis by which bacteria are able to capture genetic information from viruses and other foreign invaders for use in their own immunological system holds promise for studying or correcting problems in human genomes.
National Science Foundation
Public Release: 21-Oct-2015 Berkeley Lab scientists to help build world's first total-body PET scanner
Scientists from Berkeley Lab have set out to help build the world's first total-body positron emission tomography scanner, a medical imaging device that could change the way cancers and other diseases are diagnosed and treated. The project is a consortium led by a UC Davis research team and includes scientists from Berkeley Lab and the University of Pennsylvania. It's supported by a recently announced five-year, $15.5 million Transformative Research Award from the National Institutes of Health.
National Institutes of Health
Public Release: 20-Oct-2015 Building off known genomes to advance systems and ecosystems biology
The US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), a DOE Office of Science User Facility, has selected 27 new projects for the 2016 Community Science Program (CSP). The full list of projects may be found at http://jgi.doe.gov/our-projects/csp-plans/fy-2016-csp-plans/. Susannah Tringe, DOE JGI User Programs Deputy, noted that these projects 'build our portfolio in key focus areas including sustainable bioenergy production, plant microbiomes and terrestrial biogeochemistry.'
US Department of Energy Office of Science
Public Release: 15-Oct-2015 Analysis shows greenhouse gas emissions similar for shale, crude oil
The US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory this week released a pair of studies on the efficiency of shale oil production excavation. The reports show that shale oil production generates greenhouse gas emissions at levels similar to traditional crude oil production.
Vehicle Technology Office and the Bioenergy Technology Office of the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office, US Department of Energy
Public Release: 13-Oct-2015 NREL seeks to optimize individual comfort in buildings
On a typical early fall morning in Golden, Colo., the temperature outside was about 70 degrees F. Tucked inside a unique structure at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory, two volunteers felt considerably cooler than that, but would soon be pushed past the outdoor conditions. The volunteers were participating in an experiment inside NREL's newly constructed Comfort Suite (C-Suite) designed to reveal the connection between human comfort and energy systems.
Public Release: 6-Oct-2015 JBEI joins 100/500 club
The Joint BioEnergy Institute is now a member of the '100/500 Club,' having filed its 100th patent application and published its 500th scientific paper. JBEI is a DOE Bioenergy Research Center led by Berkeley Lab.
Public Release: 5-Oct-2015
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A simpler way to estimate the feedback between permafrost carbon and climate
Researchers led by a scientist from Berkeley Lab have developed a simple model of permafrost carbon based on direct observations. Their approach could help climate scientists evaluate how well permafrost dynamics are represented in the Earth system models used to predict climate change.
Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Nature Plants Large trees -- key climate influencers -- die first in drought
In forests worldwide, drought consistently has had a more detrimental impact on the growth and survival of larger trees, new research shows. In addition, while the death of small trees may affect the dominance of trees in a landscape, the death of large trees has a far worse impact on the ecosystem and climate's health, especially due to the important role that trees play in the carbon cycle.
DOE/Office of Science, Smithsonian Competitive Grants Program for Science, Laboratory Directed Research and Development
Public Release: 22-Sep-2015 NREL collaborates with trucking industry to prioritize R&D opportunities
Six to seven seconds -- that's the typical time between a pair of tractor-trailers traveling together at 65 mph. But, through the work of the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and its partners in the medium- and heavy-duty truck market, that gap may be shrinking.
Public Release: 22-Sep-2015
Nature Communications Dirty, crusty meals fit for (long-dormant) microbes
Deploying a set of tools he calls 'exometabolomics,' Trent Northen, a scientist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute, and his team harnessed the analytical capabilities of the latest mass spectrometry techniques to quantitatively measure how individual microbes and the biocrust community transform complex mixtures of metabolites, in this case, from soil. The study published Sept. 22, 2015 in Nature Communications.
Public Release: 8-Sep-2015 Wirth Chair honors NREL's Dan Arvizu
Dr. Dan E. Arvizu was honored at the 16th annual Wirth Chair Sustainability Awards Luncheon in Denver today for his longtime leadership at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The longest-serving director and chief executive in the research organization's history, Arvizu is retiring after 10 years at its helm.
Public Release: 2-Sep-2015
Chemical Communications Making fuel from light
Photosynthesis has given life to the planet. While scientists have been studying and mimicking the natural phenomenon in the laboratory for years, understanding how to replicate the chemical process behind it has largely remained a mystery -- until now.
DOE/Basic Energy Sciences
Public Release: 26-Aug-2015 DOE event marks beginning of landmark ecosystem experiment
Scientists are getting a glimpse of the future with a large-scale experiment designed to answer questions about how carbon-rich peatlands will respond to projected warming of the climate and increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide.
Public Release: 26-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Cellular contamination pathway for plutonium, other heavy elements, identified
Scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have reported a major advance in understanding the biological chemistry of radioactive metals, opening up new avenues of research into strategies for remedial action in the event of possible human exposure to nuclear contaminants.
US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health
Public Release: 25-Aug-2015 NREL helps federal agencies reach new efficiency targets
When it comes to energy use, what the federal government wants is more of less. That means fewer greenhouse gases, fewer buildings powered solely by electricity generated from fossil fuels, and fewer gas-guzzling fleets on the road.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.