Public Release: 26-Apr-2016 Seeing atoms and molecules in action with an electron 'eye'
A unique rapid-fire electron source -- originally built as a prototype for driving next-generation X-ray lasers -- will help scientists at Berkeley Lab study ultrafast chemical processes and changes in materials at the atomic scale. Berkeley Lab is a member of the LCLS-II project collaboration.
Public Release: 21-Apr-2016
Physical Review D Numerical simulations shed new light on early universe
Innovative multidisciplinary research in nuclear and particle physics and cosmology has led to the development of a new, more accurate computer code to study the early universe.
Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
Angewandte Chemie International Edition Plastic proteins: Synthetic material mimics essential characteristics of natural proteins
PNNL researchers hoping to design new materials for energy uses have developed a system to make synthetic polymers -- some would say plastics -- with the versatility of nature's own polymers, the ubiquitous proteins. Based on an inexpensive industrial chemical, these synthetic polymers might one day be used to create materials with functions as limitless as proteins, which are involved in every facet of life.
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Public Release: 5-Apr-2016 Global gathering addresses PV role in energy prosperity and climate change mitigation
Scientists from the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory, along with their counterparts from solar energy research institutes in Germany and Japan, gathered recently to discuss the future of photovoltaics and assess its contributions to increasing global prosperity, energy security and mitigation of climate change.
Public Release: 5-Apr-2016 Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, April 2016
This tip sheet includes: ORNL researchers focus on minimizing impact of natural and man-made disasters hit; Aberrated probes helping to detect magnetic properties in materials; Thermoelectric heat pump dryer potentially uses 40 percent less energy; ORNL researchers discover structures designed to monitor fish movement are potential obstacles.
Public Release: 31-Mar-2016
Agewandte Chemie Proving the genetic code's flexibility
Three-letter codons in a genome sequence can represent one of the 20 regularly used amino acids or stops. In the journal Angewandte Chemie International Ed., researchers from the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute and Yale University have discovered that microorganisms recognize more than one codon for selenocysteine. The finding adds credence to recent studies indicating that an organism's genetic vocabulary is not as constrained as had been long held.
DOE Office of Science, National Institute for General Medical Sciences
Public Release: 29-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Holistic data analysis and modeling poised to transform protein X-ray crystallography
A new 3-D modeling and data-extraction technique is about to transform the field of X-ray crystallography, with potential benefits for both the pharmaceutical industry and structural biology. A paper this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences describes the improved blending of experimentation and computer modeling, extracting valuable information from diffuse, previously discarded data.
Public Release: 22-Mar-2016 NREL's capabilities boost a wide range of innovative ARPA-E research
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) will play key roles in a variety of projects recently funded by the Department's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E). NREL's innovative approaches have received five awards across three different ARPA-E programs for advancing transformational technologies to generate, store, and use energy more efficiently, at lower costs and with reduced emissions.
Public Release: 10-Mar-2016 PNNL gives a helping hand to small green businesses
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory will help three small businesses reduce the cost of hydropower, cut building energy use, and make adhesives from plants through new projects announced today by DOE's Small Business Vouchers program.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 9-Mar-2016 Asian-American engineer at Sandia receives national honor
Sandia National Laboratories engineer Tian Ma, whose research helps deter nuclear proliferation, is the 2016 Most Promising Asian American Engineer of the Year (AAEOY). He will be honored in a ceremony on March 12, 2016, in New Brunswick, N.J.
Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Nuclear Fusion Multi-scale simulations solve a plasma turbulence mystery
Cutting-edge simulations run at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center have yielded exciting answers to long-standing questions about plasma heat loss that have previously stymied efforts to predict the performance of fusion reactors. The findings could pave the way to developing fusion as an alternative energy source.
Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Cloudy problems: Today's clouds might not be the same as pre-industrial ones
Clouds are notoriously hard to simulate in computer programs that model climate. A new study in the Proceedings on the National Academy of Sciences Early Edition suggests why -- either clouds are more variable than scientists give them credit for, or those bright white clouds in the sky are much dirtier than scientists thought.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 1-Mar-2016 Ridgeview Classical Charter Schools wins 26th Colorado Science Bowl
Students from Ridgeview Classical Charter Schools won the Colorado High School Science Bowl. They will represent the state of Colorado at the US Department of Energy's National Science Bowl in Washington, D.C., April 28-May 2, where they will compete against more than 400 students from 70 high schools for the national title.
Public Release: 15-Feb-2016 Ice sheet modeling of Greenland, Antarctica helps predict sea-level rise
Predicting the expected loss of ice sheet mass is difficult due to the complexity of modeling ice sheet behavior. To better understand this loss, a team of Sandia National Laboratories researchers has been improving the reliability and efficiency of computational models that describe ice sheet behavior and dynamics. This research is part of a five-year project called Predicting Ice Sheet and Climate Evolution at Extreme Scales, funded by the US Department of Energy's Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing program.
Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 'Lasers rewired': Scientists find a new way to make nanowire lasers
Scientists at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley have found a simple new way to produce nanoscale wires that can serve as bright, stable and tunable lasers -- an advance toward using light to transmit data.
Public Release: 4-Feb-2016 Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, February 2016
Batteries for grid, stationary uses get a boost with new technology; ORNL hosting neuromorphic computing workshop; ORNL part of team developing cleaner biomass cookstove; ORNL has key role in Critical Materials Institute work; Study of nanocrystal growth key to developing new materials; and US coastal populations face potential risks with climate change.
Public Release: 29-Jan-2016
Nature Polar vortices observed in ferroelectric
Berkeley Lab researchers have observed polar vortices in a ferroelectric material that appear to be the electrical cousins of magnetic skyrmions. This discovery holds intriguing possibilities for advanced electronic devices and could also rewrite our basic understanding of ferroelectrics.
US Department of Energy Office of Science
Public Release: 28-Jan-2016 PNNL moves cybersecurity software and a novel disinfecting system beyond the lab
Software that helps cybersecurity analysts prevent hacks and a microbial disinfecting system that kills with an activated salt spray are two of the latest innovations Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has successfully commercialized with the help of business partners. The Federal Laboratory Consortium has honored the two teams with 2016 Excellence in Technology Transfer awards.
Department of Energy
Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
Nature Communications Uncovering hidden microbial lineages from hot springs
Although global microbial populations are orders of magnitude larger than nearly any other population in, on or around the planet, only a fraction has been identified thus far. In a Nature Communications study published Jan; 27, 2016, a team led by researchers at the DOE Joint Genome Institute, a DOE Office of Science User Facility, utilized the largest collection of metagenomic datasets to uncover a completely novel bacterial phylum that they have dubbed "Kryptonia."
United States Department of Energy Office of Science
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.