Public Release: 30-Jul-2015 Argonne National Lab finds butanol is good for boats
Argonne has collaborated with Bombardier Recreational Products and the National Marine Manufacturers Association to demonstrate the effectiveness of a fuel blend with 16 percent butane. This blend would incorporate more biofuels into marine fuel without the issues caused by increasing levels of ethanol, which can cause difficulties in marine engines at high concentrations.
Vehicle Technologies Office within DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Public Release: 29-Jul-2015
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Playing 'tag' with pollution lets scientists see who's 'it'
Using a climate model that can tag sources of soot and track where it lands, researchers have determined which areas around the Tibetan Plateau contribute the most soot -- and where. The model can also suggest the most effective way to reduce soot on the plateau, easing the amount of warming the region undergoes. The study, which appeared in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics in June, might help policy makers target pollution reduction efforts.
US Department of Energy, National Basic Research Program of China
Public Release: 28-Jul-2015 Red and White Fleet going green
Sandia National Laboratories recently signed a cooperative research and development agreement with Red and White Fleet to design, build and operate a high-speed hydrogen fuel cell passenger ferry and hydrogen refueling station.
United States Department of Transportation Maritime Administration
Public Release: 24-Jul-2015
Science Advances Unlocking the rice immune system
JBEI and UC Davis researchers have identified a bacterial signaling molecule that triggers an immunity response in rice plants, enabling the plants to resist a devastating blight disease.
Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Science A most singular nano-imaging technique
'SINGLE' is a new imaging technique that provides the first atomic-scale 3-D structures of individual nanoparticles in solution. This is an important step for improving the design of colloidal nanoparticles for catalysis and energy research applications.
Public Release: 16-Jul-2015 New pilot helps small businesses tap ORNL expertise
Small companies in the advanced manufacturing, transportation and building sectors have a new opportunity to partner with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Science Unearthing cornerstones in root microbiomes
A plant's immune system can distinguish between friends and foes among these microbes, and upon detecting pathogens, can produce regulatory chemicals called phytohormones to activate a defensive response. In a study published online July 16, 2015, in Science Express, a team including scientists from the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute looked at roles of three phytohormones in controlling the composition of the root microbiome in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
FASEB Journal Closer look at microorganism provides insight on carbon cycling
An Argonne/University of Tennessee research team reconstructed the crystal structure of BAP, a protein involved in the process by which marine archaea release carbon, to determine how it functioned, as well as its larger role in carbon cycling in marine sediments.
Public Release: 14-Jul-2015 Battery second use offsets electric vehicle expenses, improves grid stability
Plug-in electric vehicles have the potential to dramatically drive down consumption of carbon-based fuels and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, but the relatively high price of these vehicles -- due in large part to the cost of batteries -- has presented a major impediment to widespread market penetration. Researchers at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory are playing a crucial role in identifying battery second use strategies capable of offsetting vehicle expenses while improving utility grid stability.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 14-Jul-2015
Nature Communications Gut microbes enable coffee pest to withstand extremely toxic concentrations of caffeine
Berkeley Lab scientists discovered that coffee berry borers worldwide share 14 bacterial species in their digestive tracts that degrade and detoxify caffeine. They also found the most prevalent of these bacteria has a gene that helps break down caffeine. Their research sheds light on the ecology of the destructive bug and could lead to new ways to fight it.
US Department of Agriculture, Laboratory Directed Research and Development program at Berkeley Lab, Mexico's National Council for Science and Technology
Public Release: 9-Jul-2015 Study finds that future deployment of distributed solar hinges on electricity rate design
Future distributed solar photovoltaic (PV) deployment levels are highly sensitive to retail electricity rate design, according to a newly released report by researchers from Berkeley Lab. The study also explores the feedback effects between retail electricity rates and PV deployment, and suggests that increased solar deployment can lead to changes in PV compensation levels that either accelerate or dampen further deployment.
Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Biomass & Bioenergy Scientists study ways to integrate biofuels and food crops on farms
Planting bioenergy crops like willows or switchgrass in rows where commodity crops are having difficulty growing could both provide biomass feedstock and also limit the runoff of nitrogen fertilizer into waterways -- all without hurting a farmer's profits.
DOE/Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Public Release: 6-Jul-2015
Nature Climate Change Autonomous taxis would deliver significant environmental and economic benefits
Imagine a fleet of driverless taxis roaming your city, ready to pick you up and take you to your destination at a moment's notice. While this may seem fantastical, it may be only a matter of time before it becomes reality. And according to a new study from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, such a system would both be cost-effective and greatly reduce per-mile emissions of greenhouse gases.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 29-Jun-2015 Sandia's Z machine receives funding aimed at fusion energy
To hasten the day of low-cost, high-yield fusion reactions for energy purposes, a $3.8 million ARPA-E grant to Sandia National Labs and the U of Rochester will help smooth laser beams to increase output of a promising Sandia fusion technique called MagLIF.
DOE/Advanced Research Projects Agency Energy
Public Release: 26-Jun-2015
Science Orange is the new red
Berkeley Lab researchers discovered that a photoprotective mechanism in cyanobacteria is triggered by an unprecedented, large-scale movement from one location to another of the carotenoid pigment within the Orange Carotenoid Protein.
US Department of Energy Office of Science
Public Release: 25-Jun-2015
ACS Environmental Science and Technology Argonne analysis shows increased carbon intensity from Canadian oil sands
The US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory this week released a study that shows gasoline and diesel refined from Canadian oil sands has a higher carbon impact than fuels derived from conventional domestic crude sources.
Bioenergy Technologies Office and Vehicle Technologies Office within US Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Public Release: 23-Jun-2015
Physical Review Letters X marks the spot: Researchers confirm novel method for controlling plasma rotation
Timothy Stoltzfus-Dueck, a physicist at the US Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, has demonstrated a novel method that scientists can use to manipulate the intrinsic - or self-generated - rotation of hot, charged plasma gas within fusion facilities called tokamaks.
The US Department of Energy's FES division
Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry New tool on horizon for surgeons treating cancer patients
Surgeons could know while their patients are still on the operating table if a tissue is cancerous, according to researchers from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Brigham and Women's Hospital/Harvard Medical School.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.