Public Release: 18-Dec-2014
Nature Chemistry Stunning zinc fireworks when egg meets sperm
Zinc flux plays a central role in regulating the biochemical processes that ensure a healthy egg-to-embryo transition, and this new unprecedented quantitative information should be useful in improving in vitro fertilization methods.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy
Public Release: 16-Dec-2014 NREL compares state solar policies to determine equation for solar market success
Analysts at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory have used statistical analyses and detailed case studies to better understand why solar market policies in certain states are more successful. Their findings indicate that while no standard formula for solar implementation exists, a combination of foundational policies and localized strategies can increase solar photovoltaic installations in any state.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 16-Dec-2014 NREL to advance technologies for microgrid projects
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory is providing critical support to two new microgrid projects coordinated by the Electric Power Research Institute and General Electric Company.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 9-Dec-2014 NREL teams with SolarCity to maximize solar power on electrical grids
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory and SolarCity have entered into a cooperative research agreement to address the operational issues associated with large amounts of distributed solar energy on electrical grids. The work includes collaboration with the Hawaiian Electric Companies to analyze high penetration solar scenarios using advanced modeling and inverter testing at the Energy Systems Integration Facility. The project is funded in part through an Energy Department solar cost-share program.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 9-Dec-2014
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy Storing hydrogen underground could boost transportation, energy security
Large-scale storage of low-pressure, gaseous hydrogen in salt caverns and other underground sites for transportation fuel and grid-scale energy applications offers several advantages over above-ground storage, says a recent Sandia National Laboratories study sponsored by the Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Office.
US Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Public Release: 5-Dec-2014
2014 AGU Fall Meeting New journal serves as an interface of statistics, atmospheric and ocean sciences
A new journal -- Advances in Statistical Climatology, Meteorology and Oceanography -- gives statisticians and researchers specializing in the atmospheric and ocean sciences an outlet to publish the details of their statistical and mathematical developments, which will effectively lead to improved models and methods for these fields.
Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Metabolic Engineering Sweet smell of success
JBEI researchers have engineered E. coli bacteria to convert glucose into significant quantities of methyl ketones, a class of chemical compounds primarily used for fragrances and flavors, but highly promising as clean, green and renewable blending agents for diesel fuel.
US Department of Energy Office of Science
Public Release: 20-Nov-2014
Environmental Research Letters Livermore scientists show salinity counts when it comes to sea level
Using ocean observations and a large suite of climate models, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists have found that long-term salinity changes have a stronger influence on regional sea level changes than previously thought.
Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
Industry Growth Forum New initiatives debut at Industry Growth Forum
The clean energy revolution is now, and the Energy Department is stepping up its commitment to help innovators commercialize their best ideas. At the recent Industry Growth Forum in Denver, Colo., Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy David Danielson announced the new Lab-Corps program to accelerate the transfer of clean energy technologies from the national laboratories to the marketplace, so that game-changing innovations don't languish for lack of money and equipment.
Public Release: 12-Nov-2014
Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems Latest supercomputers enable high-resolution climate models, truer simulation of extreme weather
Not long ago, it would have taken several years to run a high-resolution simulation on a global climate model. But using some of the most powerful supercomputers now available, Berkeley Lab scientist Michael Wehner was able to complete a run in just three months. What he found was that not only were the simulations much closer to actual observations, but the high-resolution models were far better at reproducing intense storms, such as hurricanes and cyclones.
Department of Energy
Public Release: 10-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Termite of the sea's wood destruction strategy revealed
Shipworms, known as 'termites of the sea,' have vexed mariners and seagoing vessels for centuries. A recent study involving scientists from the Ocean Genome Legacy Center of New England Biolabs at Northeastern University, the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute, and other institutions has focused on the shipworm Bankia setacea to learn more about the enzymes it utilizes to break down wood for nutrition, information that may prove useful for the generation of biofuels.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 6-Nov-2014
Science Discovering the undiscovered -- advancing new tools to fill in the microbial tree of life
In a perspective piece published Nov. 6 in the journal Science, Eddy Rubin, Director of the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute discusses why the time is right to apply genomic technologies to discover new life on Earth. 'Nature has been tinkering with life for at least three billion years and we now have a new set of ways to look for novel forms of life that have so far eluded discovery.'
US Department of Energy, DOE/Office of Science, DOE/Office of Biological and Environmental Research
Public Release: 4-Nov-2014
Review of Scientific Instruments Synthetic fish measures wild ride through dams
A synthetic fish is helping existing hydroelectric dams and new, smaller hydro facilities become more fish-friendly. The latest version of the Sensor Fish -- a small tubular device filled with sensors that analyze the physical stresses fish experience -- measures more forces, costs about 80 percent less and can be used in more hydro structures than its predecessor, according to a paper published in the journal Review of Scientific Instruments.
US Department of Energy, Electric Power Research Institute
Public Release: 4-Nov-2014 NREL And army validate energy savings for net zero energy installations
The US Army has partnered with the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory to increase energy security through improved energy efficiency and optimized renewable energy strategies at nine installations in the Army's portfolio. If all nine of the Army Net Zero Energy Installation pilot sites achieve net zero energy, they will replace approximately 8 percent of the Army's current total installation energy use with renewable energy
US Department of Energy, US Department of Defense
Public Release: 4-Nov-2014 NREL's industry growth forum brings together energy innovators
The Industry Growth Forum hosted by the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory this week attracted nearly 400 investors, entrepreneurs, scientists and thought leaders to Denver. Last night, three companies where honored with Best Venture and Outstanding Venture Awards.
Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Berkeley Lab scientists ID new driver behind Arctic warming
Scientists have identified a mechanism that could turn out to be a big contributor to warming in the Arctic region and melting sea ice. They found that open oceans are much less efficient than sea ice when it comes to emitting in the far-infrared region of the spectrum, a previously unknown phenomenon that is likely contributing to the warming of the polar climate.
Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Environmental Science & Technology Thirdhand smoke: Toxic airborne pollutants linger long after the smoke clears
Scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have published a new study assessing the health effects of thirdhand smoke constituents present in indoor air. Looking at levels of more than 50 volatile organic compounds and airborne particles for 18 hours after smoking had taken place, they found that thirdhand smoke continues to have harmful health impacts for many hours after a cigarette has been extinguished.
University of California's Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program
Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Nature Tiny carbon nanotube pores make big impact
A team led by the Lawrence Livermore scientists has created a new kind of ion channel based on short carbon nanotubes, which can be inserted into synthetic bilayers and live cell membranes to form tiny pores that transport water, protons, small ions and DNA.
Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
mBio Boosting biogasoline production in microbes
Researchers with the Joint BioEnergy Institute have identified microbial genes that can improve both the tolerance and the production of biogasoline in engineered strains of E. coli.
U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science
Public Release: 7-Oct-2014 NREL software tool a boon for wind industry
Wind energy is blowing away skeptics -- it's so close to achieving cost parity with fossil fuels that just a little extra efficiency is all that is likely needed to push it into the mainstream and past the Energy Department's goal of 20 percent wind energy by 2030.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 7-Oct-2014 Bio researchers receive patent to fight superbugs
Superbugs, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, have been on the rise since antibiotics were first introduced 80 years ago. That's because these germ-fighting agents have lost their punch from being overprescribed and misused, allowing bacteria pathogens to develop immunities against them.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.