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Showing releases 1-24 out of 24.

Public Release: 31-May-2016
Nuclear Fusion
PPPL physicist conducts experiments indicating efficiency of fusion start-up technique
Physicist Fatima Ebrahimi at the US Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory and Princeton University has for the first time performed computer simulations indicating the efficiency of a start-up technique for doughnut-shaped fusion machines known as tokamaks. The simulations show that the technique, known as coaxial helicity injection, could also benefit tokamaks that use superconducting magnets.
DOE/Fusion Energy Sciences division

Contact: Raphael Rosen
rrosen@pppl.gov
DOE/Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

Public Release: 31-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
RNA simulations boost understanding of retroviral diseases
New molecular dynamics research into how RNA folds into hairpin-shaped structures called tetraloops could provide important insights into new treatments for retroviral diseases.

Contact: Nancy Ambrosiano
nwa@lanl.gov
505-667-0471
DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory

Public Release: 31-May-2016
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
UM researcher embarks on field campaign to study effects of smoke on Earth's climate
A scientist at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science is leading an upcoming international research campaign to study a significant contributor to regional climate warming -- smoke. The first-of-its-kind research experiment begins on June 1, 2016 from Ascension Island in the southeastern Atlantic Ocean.
US Department of Energy, NASA/Earth Venture Suborbital-2 ORACLES Project

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 31-May-2016
PROSPECT experiment will search for sterile neutrinos, thanks to DOE grant
Buoyed by a $3 million federal grant, a Yale University-led experiment will explore key questions about the tiny particles called neutrinos -- and potentially improve the way we monitor and safeguard nuclear reactors in the process. The US Department of Energy grant from the Office of High Energy Physics will be used to build a first-of-its-kind, short-distance detection device for the Precision Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Jim Shelton
james.shelton@yale.edu
203-432-3881
Yale University

Public Release: 31-May-2016
Better combustion for power generation
As US utility companies replace coal-fired power plants with natural gas, a collaboration between GE and Oak Ridge National Laboratory is contributing to efficiency gains in GE's H-class gas turbines. GE researchers produced the first simulation involving multiple gas turbine combustors to study combustion interactions that are impractical to test physically. Advanced simulation is projected to results in a full percentage-point gain in turbine efficiency.

Contact: Jonathan Hines
hinesjd@ornl.gov
865-574-6944
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 27-May-2016
Nature Microbiology
PNNL helps lead national microbiome initiative
Scientists Janet Jansson and Ljiljana Paša-Toli are part of a core group of scientists leading a national effort to understand communities of microorganisms and their role in climate science, food production and human health.

Contact: Tom Rickey
tom.rickey@pnnl.gov
509-375-3732
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 27-May-2016
Food Chemistry
Tasty fat: X-rays finding the blueprint of why fat is yummy
Over three years, a University of Guelph team has brought increasingly complex samples of edible fat to the APS for research.
DOE/Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Richard Fenner
fenner@aps.anl.gov
630-252-5280
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 26-May-2016
Argonne technology wins 2016 TechConnect National Innovation Award
A Graphene-nanodiamond solution for achieving superlubricity that was developed at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory has won a 2016 TechConnect National Innovation Award. TechConnect is a global innovation prospecting company, delivering the most promising technologies to the world's leading corporate, investment and government clients.
DOE/Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Advanced Scientific Computing Research

Contact: Jared Sagoff
jsagoff@anl.gov
630-252-5549
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 25-May-2016
Science
Scientists create 'magnetic charge ice'
A team of scientists working at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and led by Northern Illinois University physicist and Argonne materials scientist Zhili Xiao has created a new material, called 'rewritable magnetic charge ice,' that permits an unprecedented degree of control over local magnetic fields and could pave the way for new computing technologies.

Contact: Jared Sagoff
jsagoff@anl.gov
630-252-5549
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 25-May-2016
Energy & Environmental Science
New concept turns battery technology upside-down
A new approach to the design of a liquid battery, using a passive, gravity-fed arrangement similar to an old-fashioned hourglass, could offer great advantages due to the system's low cost and the simplicity of its design and operation, says a team of MIT researchers who have made a demonstration version of the new battery.
Joint Center for Energy Storage Research, US Department of Energy

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-May-2016
Radiation 101: DoseNet delivers environmental data as an educational tool
A network of radiation-monitoring devices and a companion website and open-source code serve as educational and outreach tools for an international project called DoseNet that stretches from Northern California classrooms to a city hall in Japan. Its broad aim is to inform and connect students and communities using science and data as common ground.

Contact: Glenn Roberts Jr.
geroberts@lbl.gov
510-486-5582
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 24-May-2016
Argonne National Laboratory program to provide opportunity to launch ventures
To meet this challenge, the US Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and Argonne National Laboratory announced today a new innovation accelerator program for science and energy entrepreneurs called Chain Reaction Innovations.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Tona Kunz
tkunz@anl.gov
630-252-5560
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 24-May-2016
Physical Review Letters
Revealing the nature of magnetic interactions in manganese oxide
A mathematical approach for studying local magnetic interactions has helped scientists understand the magnetic properties of a material with long-range magnetic order.
DOE/Office of Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ariana Tantillo
atantillo@bnl.gov
631-344-2347
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 24-May-2016
Nature Communications
Light can 'heal' defects in new solar cell materials
Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere say they have made significant inroads toward understanding a process for improving perovskites' performance, by modifying the material using intense light. The new findings are being reported in the journal Nature Communications, in a paper by Samuel Stranks, a researcher at MIT; Vladimir Bulovic, the Fariborz Maseeh (1990) Professor of Emerging Technology and associate dean for innovation; and eight colleagues at other institutions in the US and the UK.
European Union, National Science Foundation, Center for Excitonics, US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-May-2016
Trends in Microbiology
A rallying call for microbiome science national data management
In a paper published online May 16, 2016, in Trends in Microbiology, researchers from the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute call for the formation of a National Microbiome Data Center to efficiently manage the datasets accumulated globally. By integrating and harnessing all available microbiome data and metadata, researchers could conduct larger-scale comparative analyses in order to address global challenges related to energy, environment, health and agriculture.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Massie S. Ballon
mlballon@lbl.gov
DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Public Release: 23-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Ivy's powerful grasp could lead to better medical adhesives, stronger battle armor
English ivy's natural glue might hold the key to new approaches to wound healing, stronger armor for the military and maybe even cosmetics with better staying power.
US Army, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Mingjun Zhang
Zhang.4882@osu.edu
614-292-3181
Ohio State University

Public Release: 20-May-2016
Angewandte Chemie
Neutrons probe structure of enzyme critical to development of next-generation HIV drugs
A team led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory used neutron analysis to better understand a protein implicated in the replication of HIV, the retrovirus that causes AIDS. The enzyme, known as HIV-1 protease, is a key drug target for HIV and AIDS therapies. The multi-institutional team used neutron crystallography to uncover detailed interactions of hydrogen bonds at the enzyme's active site, revealing a pH-induced proton 'hopping' mechanism that guides its activity.
DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Jeremy Rumsey
rumseyjp@ornl.gov
865-576-2038
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 20-May-2016
Science
Chemists settle longstanding debate on how methane is made biologically
Like the poet, microbes that make methane are taking chemists on a road less traveled: Of two competing ideas for how microbes make the main component of natural gas, the winning chemical reaction involves a molecule less favored by previous research, something called a methyl radical. Reported today in the journal Science, the work is important for understanding not only how methane is made, but also how to make things from it.
Department of Energy

Contact: Mary Beckman
mary.beckman@pnnl.gov
509-375-3688
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 20-May-2016
Environmental Science & Technology
Temporary oilfield workers are major factor in increased water use in N. Dakota Bakken region
Increased water use in the rapidly growing oil industry in North Dakota's Bakken oil shale region, or play, is surprisingly due not only to oil well development but also to people, according to a recent study. Increased oil development in that region has attracted thousands of oilfield employees.
DOE/National Energy Technology Laboratory, Natural Resources Defense Council, Stanford University

Contact: Brian Grabowski
bgrabowski@anl.gov
630-252-1232
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 19-May-2016
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
ORNL demonstrates large-scale technique to produce quantum dots
ORNL demonstrates a method to produce significant amounts of semiconducting nanoparticles for light-emitting displays, sensors, solar panels and biomedical applications.

Contact: Ron Walli
wallira@ornl.gov
865-576-0226
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 19-May-2016
Laser treatment, bonding potential road to success for carbon fiber
Joining carbon fiber composites and aluminum for lightweight cars and other multi-material high-end products could become less expensive because of an ORNL method that harnesses a laser's power and precision.

Contact: Ron Walli
wallira@ornl.gov
865-576-0226
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 19-May-2016
Journal of Orthopaedic Research
New research could personalize medicine for arthritis patients
Recently, a team of scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, University of California, Davis, University of California, Merced and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals examined the whole-joint gene expression by RNA sequencing at one day, one, six and 12 weeks after injury. The team used a new, non-invasive tibial compression mouse model of PTOA, that mimics ACL rupture in humans from a single high-impact injury.

Contact: Anne Stark
stark8@llnl.gov
925-422-9799
DOE/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Public Release: 19-May-2016
Science
Scientists create 'rewritable magnetic charge ice'
Scientists have developed a new material, called 'rewritable magnetic charge ice,' that permits an unprecedented degree of control over local magnetic fields and could pave the way for new computing technologies.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tom Parisi
tparisi@niu.edu
815-753-3635
Northern Illinois University

Public Release: 18-May-2016
New Berkeley Lab study tallies environmental and public health benefits of solar power
Solar power could deliver $400 billion in environmental and public health benefits throughout the United States by 2050, according to a study from the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
US Department of Energy SunShot Initiative

Contact: Jon Weiner
jrweiner@lbl.gov
510-486-4014
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Showing releases 1-24 out of 24.

More Releases


Features

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SLAC's New Computer Science Division Teams with Stanford to Tackle Data Onslaught

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ORNL researchers use strain to engineer first high-performance, two-way oxide catalyst

ORNL researchers use strain to engineer first high-performance, two-way oxide catalyst

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