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Showing releases 1-25 out of 34.

1 | 2 > >>

Public Release: 24-Jun-2016
Physical Review Letters
Scientists begin modeling universe with Einstein's full theory of general relativity
Research teams on both sides of the Atlantic have shown that precise modeling of the universe and its contents will change the detailed understanding of the evolution of the universe and the growth of structure in it. Both groups independently created software to solve the Einstein Field Equations, which describe the complicated interrelationships between the contents of the universe and the curvature of space and time, at billions of places and times over the history of the universe.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
kevin.mayhood@case.edu
216-534-7183
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 22-Jun-2016
PNNL to lead regional smart manufacturing center
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has been named to lead the Northwest Regional Manufacturing Center as part of the national Smart Manufacturing Innovation Institute.
Department of Energy and various public/private investments

Contact: Susan Bauer
susan.bauer@pnnl.gov
509-372-6083
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Jun-2016
The clean dozen: 12 techs near commercial use
A dozen clean energy technologies that enable everything from lightweight, fuel-sipping cars to the expansion of renewable energy and cleaner fossil fuel use are getting a boost at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, thanks to $4.4 million from the Department of Energy's Technology Commercialization Fund.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Franny White
franny.white@pnnl.gov
509-375-6904
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Jun-2016
Microwave imaging expert at Sandia Labs honored as SPIE fellow for radar work
Sandia National Laboratories researcher Armin Doerry has been named a SPIE fellow for his technical achievements in imaging microwave radar technology development, design and analysis.

Contact: Heather Clark
hclark@sandia.gov
505-844-3511
DOE/Sandia National Laboratories

Public Release: 20-Jun-2016
Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging
New electron microscope method detects atomic-scale magnetism
Scientists can now detect magnetic behavior at the atomic level with a new electron microscopy technique developed by a team from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Uppsala University, Sweden. The researchers took a counterintuitive approach by taking advantage of optical distortions that they typically try to eliminate.

Contact: Morgan McCorkle
mccorkleml@ornl.gov
865-574-7308
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 20-Jun-2016
International Symposium on Ballistics
Keeping alive the art of experimental design
A team of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers was honored with the Neill Griffiths Award this month, recognizing the most significant contribution to shaped charge technology. The award was presented at the annual International Symposium on Ballistics. The research helped solve a challenge Shell International Exploration and Production faced: how to sever the connection between an offshore drilling rig with the seabed in case of an emergency.

Contact: Nolan O'Brien
obrien32@llnl.gov
925-422-3399
DOE/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Public Release: 20-Jun-2016
Nature Communications
Titan shines light on high-temperature superconductor pathway
A team led by Thomas Maier of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) used the Titan supercomputer at ORNL to simulate cuprates on the path to superconductivity. Maier's team focused on a pivotal juncture on the cuprates' path called the pseudogap phase, an in-between phase before superconductivity in which cuprates exhibit both insulating and conducting properties.

Contact: Jonathan Hines
jdhines1786@gmail.com
865-574-6944
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 20-Jun-2016
The International Supercomputing Conference
NERSC readying for Cori Phase 2 Knights Landing-based system
For the past year, staff at the Department of Energy's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) have been preparing users of 20 leading science applications for the arrival of the second phase of its newest supercomputer, Cori, which consists of more than 9,300 nodes containing Intel's Xeon Phi Knights Landing processor -- which was officially unveiled June 20 at the International Supercomputer Conference in Germany. The first compute cabinets are scheduled to arrive in July.
DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Jon Bashor
jbashor@lbl.gov
510-486-5849
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 20-Jun-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Controlling light: New protection for photosynthetic organisms
Scientists at Washington University in St. Louis have discovered a previously unknown strategy photosynthetic organisms use to protect themselves from the dangers of excessive light, providing further insight into photosynthesis and opening up new avenues for engineering this process, which underlies the global food chain.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Lutz
dlutz@wustl.edu
314-935-5272
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 17-Jun-2016
Scientists seek new physics using ORNL's intense neutrino source
Soon to be deployed at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory is an experiment to explore new physics associated with neutrinos. The Precision Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment, or PROSPECT, is led by Yale University and includes partners from 14 academic and governmental institutions. The DOE High Energy Physics program will support the experiment at the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), a DOE Office of Science User Facility at ORNL.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Dawn Levy
levyd@ornl.gov
865-576-6448
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 17-Jun-2016
Nature Communications
Discovery of gold nanocluster 'double' hints at other shape-changing particles
Researchers discovered an entirely unexpected atomic arrangement of Gold-144, a molecule-sized nanogold cluster whose structure had been theoretically predicted but never confirmed.
Department of Energy Office of Science, National Science Foundation, Villum Foundation, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Colorado State University, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ariana Tantillo
atantillo@bnl.gov
631-344-2347
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 17-Jun-2016
Science Advances
Stanford researchers find new ways to make clean hydrogen and rechargable zinc batteries
A Stanford University research lab has developed new technologies to tackle two of the world's biggest energy challenges -- clean fuel for transportation and grid-scale energy storage. The researchers described their findings in two studies published this month in the journals Science Advances and Nature Communications.
US Department of Energy, Global Climate and Energy Project at Stanford University, National Natural Science Foundation of China, and Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (China)

Contact: Mark Shwartz
mshwartz@stanford.edu
650-723-9296
Stanford University

Public Release: 16-Jun-2016
2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Innovative device allows 3-D imaging of the breast with less radiation
Adding a new device to an existing breast molecular imaging system allows the system to get six times better contrast of cancer lesions in the breast, providing the same or better image quality while also potentially reducing the radiation dose to the patient by half. The device may also allow for 3-D molecular breast images at higher resolution than current 2-D scans in a format that may be used alongside 3-D digital mammography.
Commonwealth of Virginia's Center for Innovative Technology, Dilon Technologies

Contact: Kandice Carter
kcarter@jlab.org
757-269-7263
DOE/Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Public Release: 16-Jun-2016
USU engineering faculty receive $5.8 million in nuclear energy research grants
Two professors of mechanical engineering at Utah State University will receive grants from the US Department of Energy totaling $5.8 million for nuclear energy research.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Matt Jensen
matthew.jensen@usu.edu
435-797-8170
Utah State University

Public Release: 16-Jun-2016
Journal of Virology
Sandia researchers discover mechanism for Rift Valley fever virus infection
Viruses can't live without us -- literally. As obligate parasites, viruses need a host cell to survive. Scientists are exploiting this characteristic by developing therapeutics that close off pathways necessary for viral infection, essentially stopping pathogens in their tracks. Rift Valley fever virus and other bunyaviruses may soon be added to the list of viruses denied access to a human host. Sandia National Laboratories researchers have discovered a mechanism by which RVFV hijacks the host machinery to cause infection.

Contact: Patti Koning
pkoning@sandia.gov
925-294-4911
DOE/Sandia National Laboratories

Public Release: 16-Jun-2016
Scientific Reports
Let there be light
University of Utah materials science and engineering associate professor Mike Scarpulla and senior scientist Kirstin Alberi of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory have developed a theory that adding light during the manufacturing of semiconductors can reduce defects and potentially make more efficient solar cells or brighter LEDs.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Vince Horiuchi
vincent.horiuchi@utah.edu
801-585-7499
University of Utah

Public Release: 15-Jun-2016
Nature Communications
New 3-D printed polymer can convert methane to methanol
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists have combined biology and 3-D printing to create the first reactor that can continuously produce methanol from methane at room temperature and pressure.

Contact: Anne Stark
stark8@llnl.gov
925-422-9799
DOE/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Public Release: 15-Jun-2016
Nature Communications
CWRU physicists deploy magnetic vortex to control electron spin
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have coupled a magnetic vortex with a diamond nanoparticle to swiftly and precisely control electron spins in nitrogen defects at room temperature.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
kevin.mayhood@case.edu
216-534-7183
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 15-Jun-2016
Nature
On the path toward bionic enzymes
Berkeley Lab chemists have successfully married chemistry and biology to create reactions never before possible. They did this by replacing the iron normally found in the muscle protein myoglobin with iridium, a noble metal not known to be used by living systems.
Department of Energy

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@lbl.gov
510-486-4575
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 15-Jun-2016
Nature Communications
New X-ray method allows scientists to probe molecular explosions
A team led by researchers from the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory used the high-intensity, quick-burst X-rays provided by the Linac Coherent Light Source at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to look at how the atoms in a molecule change when the molecule is bombarded with X-rays.

Contact: Jared Sagoff
jsagoff@anl.gov
630-252-5274
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 14-Jun-2016
Nature Communications
Discovery of gold nanocluster 'double' hints at other shape changing particles
Setting out to confirm the predicted structure of the iconic nanocluster, Gold-144, researchers discovered an entirely unexpected atomic arrangement. The two structures, described for the first time in a new study in Nature Communications, are chemically identical but uniquely shaped, suggesting they also behave differently.
US Department of Energy, Villum Foundation, Colorado State University, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kim Martineau
klm32@columbia.edu
646-717-0134
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 13-Jun-2016
Nature Climate Change
Drying Arctic soils could accelerate greenhouse gas emissions
A new study published in Nature Climate Change indicates soil moisture levels will determine how much carbon is released to the atmosphere as rising temperatures thaw Arctic lands.

Contact: Morgan McCorkle
mccorkleml@ornl.gov
865-574-7308
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 13-Jun-2016
Science
Neutrons reveal unexpected magnetism in rare-earth alloy
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and their collaborators used neutron scattering to uncover magnetic excitations in the metallic compound ytterbium-platinum-lead. Surprisingly, this three-dimensional material exhibits magnetic properties that one would conventionally expect if the connectivity between magnetic ions was only one-dimensional. A better understanding of those behaviors could lead to applications in quantum computing and improved storage device technologies.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Jeremy Rumsey
rumseyjp@ornl.gov
865-576-2038
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 13-Jun-2016
Nature Climate Change
Carbon dioxide biggest player in thawing permafrost
Carbon dioxide emissions from dry and oxygen-rich environments will likely strengthen the climate forcing impact of thawing permafrost on top of methane release from oxygen-poor wetlands in the Arctic, according to a study led by Northern Arizona University assistant research professor Christina Schädel.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Christina Schadel
christina.schadel@nau.edu
928-523-9588
Northern Arizona University

Public Release: 13-Jun-2016
Researchers gear up galaxy-seeking robots for a test run
A prototype system that will test a planned array of 5,000 robots for a sky-mapping instrument is taking shape at Berkeley Lab. Dubbed ProtoDESI, the scaled-down, 10-robot system will run through a series of tests on a telescope in Arizona from August-September.

Contact: Glenn Roberts Jr.
geroberts@lbl.gov
510-486-5582
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Showing releases 1-25 out of 34.

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