Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

A recent paper in the Journal of Physical Oceanography details the specific challenges posed by the many millions of tons of plastic dumped into the ocean every years. The findings indicate that solving the problem may have complicating factors beyond just raw scale (4.8 million to 12.7 million metric tons of dumped in 2015 alone). Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: New Princeton University research proves that ocean currents can move particles like phytoplankton and plastic debris all the way across the world in significantly less time than previously thought. Find out how in this video and on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.
 

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

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Public Release: 6-May-2016
Nature Communications
Continental drift created biologically diverse coral reefs
An international research team has studied the geographical pattern of the evolution of corals and reef fish. Their findings show that today's geographical distribution of tropical marine diversity is the result of 100 million years of Earth history and the continental drifts that shifted the position of shallow reef habitats.

Contact: Dr. Loïc Pellissier
loic.pellissier@usys.ethz.ch
41-446-323-203
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 5-May-2016
PLOS ONE
Achieving fish biomass targets: The key to securing a sustainable future for coral reefs
Scientists from WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society), University of Queensland, James Cook University, and Macquarie University have completed a massive study that will help communities and countries of the Western Indian Ocean measure and restore fish populations while identifying the best policies for achieving global sustainable and conservation targets.

Contact: John Delaney
jdelaney@wcs.org
718-220-3275
Wildlife Conservation Society

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
IU-led study reveals new insights into light color sensing and transfer of genetic traits
An international team led by Indiana University researchers has uncovered the regulation of a system that allows a globally abundant bacterium to efficiently capture sunlight and perform photosynthesis. The study, conducted in collaboration with researchers in the United States and France, is reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Flood and Coast 2016: Risk, Resilience and Response in a Changing Climate
Floods and coastal erosion may expose contents of UK landfills, study finds
The contents of historic coastal landfill sites could pose a significant environmental threat if they erode, according to a new study from Queen Mary University of London (QMUL).
Environment Agency

Contact: Mark Byrne
m.byrne@qmul.ac.uk
0044-207-882-5378
Queen Mary University of London

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Scientists to use microbes and methane to create sustainable Omega 3
Scientists are trying to find a new way to produce the nutritional fatty acids called Omega 3 that are currently sourced from fish oil from the world's declining natural fish stocks.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, InnovateUK

Contact: Emma Rayner
emma.rayner@nottingham.ac.uk
44-011-595-15793
University of Nottingham

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Freshwater Biology
Droughts can have detrimental impacts on aquatic invertebrates
At temporary stream sites, researchers found that just three types, or 'taxa,' of invertebrates remained following a long drought. At sites that experienced shorter dry spells, 24 taxa remained.

Contact: Penny Smith
sciencenewsroom@wiley.com
44-012-437-70448
Wiley

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Genetics
First gene linked to temperature sex switch
The sex of many reptile species is set by temperature. New research reported in the journal GENETICS identifies the first gene associated with temperature-dependent sex determination in any reptile. Variation at this gene in snapping turtles contributes to geographic differences in the way sex ratio is influenced by temperature. Understanding the genetics of sex determination could help predict how reptiles will evolve in response to climate change.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Science Foundation

Contact: Cristy Gelling
cgelling@thegsajournals.org
412-478-3537
Genetics Society of America

Public Release: 5-May-2016
PLOS ONE
Sea star juveniles abundant, but recovery is anything but guaranteed
An unprecedented number of juvenile sea stars have been observed off the Oregon coast over the past several months -- just two years after one of the most severe marine ecosystem epidemics in recorded history nearly wiped the population out.
David and Lucile Packard Foundation, National Science Foundation, Kingfisher Foundation, Wayne and Gladys Valley Foundation

Contact: Bruce Menge
mengeb@oregonstate.edu
541-737-5358
Oregon State University

Public Release: 4-May-2016
National Science Board Meeting
Vannevar Bush, Public Service and Waterman awardees to present research at NSB meeting
The winners of the National Science Board's (NSB) Vannevar Bush Award and Public Service Award and the winner of the Alan T. Waterman Award will present their work during the NSB meeting on May 5, 2016. Presentations will be open to the public at the National Science Foundation (NSF) in Arlington, Virginia and viewable via a live webcast.

Contact: Aaron Dubrow
adubrow@nsf.gov
703-292-4489
National Science Foundation

Public Release: 4-May-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Stickleback fish adapt their vision in the blink of an eye
Stickleback fish are able to adapt their vision to new environments in less than 10,000 years, a blink of the eye in evolutionary terms, according to new research by University of British Columbia biodiversity experts. The researchers compared ocean-going sticklebacks' sensitivity to different wavelengths of light to the vision of stickleback populations that moved to freshwater lakes at the end of the last ice age, 12,000 years ago.

Contact: Chris Balma
balma@science.ubc.ca
604-822-5082
University of British Columbia

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