Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

Around 2005, southern right whale calves off the coast of Argentina began dieing off at an unprecented rate (from 6 per year in 2005 to around 65 per year from 2005 to 2014). Scientists have never determined the cause until a recent Marine Mammal Science paper named a likely culprit: toxic algae blooms. Read about the new findings on EurekAlert!.

Video: Electric eels may be some of the most sophisticated marine predators in the animal kingdom, according to a recent Current Biology paper by Vanderbilt University researchers. Check out video of them in action here and read about their specialized hunting techniques on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

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Public Release: 30-Nov-2015
Ecology Letters
A fine kettle of fish
Researchers determine that marine fish are influenced by the food supply upon which they depend and competition for those resources.

Contact: Julie Cohen
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 30-Nov-2015
Global Change Biology
Brook trout study identifies top climate change pressure factor
Results of a 15-year study of factors affecting populations of Eastern brook trout with climate change show high summer air temperatures have a large influence, in particular on the smallest fry and eggs, which are most important to wild trout abundance in streams. Findings reported in Global Change Biology are expected to help nonprofit watershed conservation groups and state and federal wildlife managers identify, prioritize and protect habitat at sites most likely to have fish in the future.
US Geological Surey, US Forest Service, The Nature Conservancy, US Fish and Wildlife Service's North Atlantic Landscape Conservation Cooperative in Hadley, Mass

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 30-Nov-2015
Frontiers in Earth Science
Climate change likely to increase black carbon input to the Arctic Ocean
University of Georgia Skidaway Institute of Oceanography scientist Aron Stubbins led a team of researchers to determine the levels of black carbon in Arctic rivers and found that the input of black carbon to the Arctic Ocean is likely to increase with global warming. The results of their study were recently published in the journal Frontiers in Earth Science.

Contact: Stephanie Schupska
University of Georgia

Public Release: 30-Nov-2015
NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Tuni becomes extra-tropical
NASA's GPM core satellite and NOAA's GOES-West satellite saw the Southern Pacific Ocean's Tropical Storm Tuni was being battered by wind shear and had lost its tropical characteristics.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 30-Nov-2015
UN COP 21 climate meeting
New report outlines benefits and trade-offs of low-carbon energy
Policymakers, industry and government officials will have to invest US $2.5 trillion for electricity generation over the next 20 years. A new report presents the environmental costs and benefits linked to different renewable energy sources, and makes one thing abundantly clear: anything is better than coal.

Contact: Thomas Gibon
Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Public Release: 30-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Fish could have emotions and consciousness
An international team of scientists with participants from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona has discovered that fish show 'emotional fever', a slight increase in body temperature in situations of stress. Until now this fever had been linked to emotions and consciousness in mammals, birds and certain reptiles, but it had never been observed in fish.

Contact: Sonia Rey Planellas
Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona

Public Release: 30-Nov-2015
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Waters are more polluted than tests say
Bodies of water are 'sinks', and thereby bind contaminants particularly well. If even slightly toxic concentrations in water are to be detected, the growth and swimming behavior of small crustaceans and copepods should be used for ecotoxicological assessments. This was the conclusion of a scientist from the TUM, who carried out a number of studies on the subject. She also confirmed that it is more informative to test several substances on various aquatic species, rather than carrying out individual toxicity tests.

Contact: Simone Hasenbein
Technical University of Munich (TUM)

Public Release: 28-Nov-2015
NASA sees Tropical Storm Sandra being shredded by wind shear
A NASA animation of satellite imagery from NOAA's GOES-West satellite showed Tropical Storm Sandra has become decoupled by strong wind shear as it was approaching landfall in western Mexico on the morning of Nov. 28.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 27-Nov-2015
Latest major Eastern Pacific hurricane on record headed for landfall in Western Mexico
Hurricane Sandra broke a record in the hurricane history books as the latest major hurricane on record in the Eastern Pacific Ocean. On Nov. 26, 2015 at 0706 UTC (2:06 a.m. EST). Sandra had winds of 125 knots (144 mph) at that time making it a category three on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale. On Nov. 27 NOAA's GOES-West satellite captured an image of Sandra, although now a Category 2 hurricane continues its approach to landfall in Western Mexico.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 26-Nov-2015
European researchers find ways to keep plastic soup off Europe's marine menus
European researchers find ways to keep plastic soup off Europe's marine menus
Researchers led by Dr. Heather Leslie of the Institute for Environmental Studies at VU University Amsterdam will present their research highlights on marine litter and a short documentary film entitled 'CleanSea' in EYE Amsterdam on Dec. 3, 2015. The researchers applied newly developed techniques to study impacts in the marine environment and explored the best practices and policy options for Europe to abate the problem of our littered seas. Press is invited.

Contact: Dr. Heather Leslie
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

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