Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

A recent paper in the Journal of Physical Oceanography details the specific challenges posed by the many millions of tons of plastic dumped into the ocean every years. The findings indicate that solving the problem may have complicating factors beyond just raw scale (4.8 million to 12.7 million metric tons of dumped in 2015 alone). Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: New Princeton University research proves that ocean currents can move particles like phytoplankton and plastic debris all the way across the world in significantly less time than previously thought. Find out how in this video and on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.

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Showing releases 1-10 out of 394.

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Public Release: 6-May-2016
Science Advances
Study offers clues to better rainfall predictions
Seawater salinity depends largely on how much moisture is evaporated as winds sweep over the ocean. But pinpointing where the moisture rains back down is a complicated question scientists have long contended with. Scientists at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution have found a potential path to better seasonal rainfall predictions. Their study shows a clear link between higher sea surface salinity levels in the North Atlantic and increased rainfall on land in the African Sahel.
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: WHOI Media Relations
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 6-May-2016
Science Advances
Scientists track Greenland's ice melt with seismic waves
Researchers from MIT, Princeton University, and elsewhere have developed a new technique to monitor the seasonal changes in Greenland's ice sheet, using seismic vibrations generated by crashing ocean waves. The results, which will be published in the journal Science Advances, may help scientists pinpoint regions of the ice sheet that are most vulnerable to melting. The technique may also set better constraints on how the world's ice sheets contribute to global sea-level changes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 6-May-2016
Nature Communications
Continental drift created biologically diverse coral reefs
An international research team has studied the geographical pattern of the evolution of corals and reef fish. Their findings show that today's geographical distribution of tropical marine diversity is the result of 100 million years of Earth history and the continental drifts that shifted the position of shallow reef habitats.

Contact: Dr. Loïc Pellissier
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Achieving fish biomass targets: The key to securing a sustainable future for coral reefs
Scientists from WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society), University of Queensland, James Cook University, and Macquarie University have completed a massive study that will help communities and countries of the Western Indian Ocean measure and restore fish populations while identifying the best policies for achieving global sustainable and conservation targets.

Contact: John Delaney
Wildlife Conservation Society

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
IU-led study reveals new insights into light color sensing and transfer of genetic traits
An international team led by Indiana University researchers has uncovered the regulation of a system that allows a globally abundant bacterium to efficiently capture sunlight and perform photosynthesis. The study, conducted in collaboration with researchers in the United States and France, is reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Flood and Coast 2016: Risk, Resilience and Response in a Changing Climate
Floods and coastal erosion may expose contents of UK landfills, study finds
The contents of historic coastal landfill sites could pose a significant environmental threat if they erode, according to a new study from Queen Mary University of London (QMUL).
Environment Agency

Contact: Mark Byrne
Queen Mary University of London

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Scientists to use microbes and methane to create sustainable Omega 3
Scientists are trying to find a new way to produce the nutritional fatty acids called Omega 3 that are currently sourced from fish oil from the world's declining natural fish stocks.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, InnovateUK

Contact: Emma Rayner
University of Nottingham

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Freshwater Biology
Droughts can have detrimental impacts on aquatic invertebrates
At temporary stream sites, researchers found that just three types, or 'taxa,' of invertebrates remained following a long drought. At sites that experienced shorter dry spells, 24 taxa remained.

Contact: Penny Smith

Public Release: 5-May-2016
First gene linked to temperature sex switch
The sex of many reptile species is set by temperature. New research reported in the journal GENETICS identifies the first gene associated with temperature-dependent sex determination in any reptile. Variation at this gene in snapping turtles contributes to geographic differences in the way sex ratio is influenced by temperature. Understanding the genetics of sex determination could help predict how reptiles will evolve in response to climate change.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Science Foundation

Contact: Cristy Gelling
Genetics Society of America

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Sea star juveniles abundant, but recovery is anything but guaranteed
An unprecedented number of juvenile sea stars have been observed off the Oregon coast over the past several months -- just two years after one of the most severe marine ecosystem epidemics in recorded history nearly wiped the population out.
David and Lucile Packard Foundation, National Science Foundation, Kingfisher Foundation, Wayne and Gladys Valley Foundation

Contact: Bruce Menge
Oregon State University

Showing releases 1-10 out of 394.

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