Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

Researchers at the KAUST Red Sea Research Center have sequenced the genome of Zostera marina, the very first marine flowering plant ever to receive the treatment. Their findings shed light on how the species adapted from the deep to seas to shallow ponds and back again over hundreds of millions of years. Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: After reviewing more than 52 hours of octopus footage, researchers at Alaska Pacific University and University of Sydney are challenging the prevailing notion that octopi use their color-changing abilities only to hide from predators. They describe a more nuanced interpretation of octopi using color-changing along with body gestures as methods of social communication. Watch some of that video here and read about their research on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.
 

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

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Public Release: 9-Feb-2016
Molecular Biology and Evolution
Biologists find genetic mechanism for 'extremophile' fish survival
A Washington State University biologist has found the genetic mechanisms that lets a fish live in toxic, acidic water. The discovery opens the door to new insights into the functioning of other 'extremophiles' and how they adapt to their challenging environments.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office, L'Oreal Fellowship for Women in Science, Oak Ridge Associated Universities

Contact: Joanna Kelley, WSU assistant professor
joanna.l.kelley@wsu.edu
509-335-0037
Washington State University

Public Release: 8-Feb-2016
Cretaceous Research
Fossil discovery: Extraordinary 'big-mouthed' fish from Cretaceous Period
Scientists have discovered two new plankton-eating fossil fish species of the genus called Rhinconichthys from the oceans of the Cretaceous Period, about 92 million years ago. Paleobiologist Kenshu Shimada at DePaul University said Rhinconichthys are exceptionally rare, known previously by only one species from England. But a new skull from North America, discovered in Colorado, along with the re-examination of another skull from Japan, have tripled the number of species in the genus.

Contact: Jon Cecero
jcecero@depaul.edu
312-362-7640
DePaul University

Public Release: 8-Feb-2016
Nature Climate Change
Carbon emissions affect thousands of years of climate change
The Earth may suffer irreversible damage that could last tens of thousands of years because of the rate humans are emitting carbon into the atmosphere. In a new study in Nature Climate Change, researchers at Oregon State University, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and collaborating institutions found that the longer-term impacts of climate change go well past the 21st century.

Contact: Anne Stark
stark8@llnl.gov
925-422-9799
DOE/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Public Release: 8-Feb-2016
Journal of Archaeological Science
200,000 fish bones suggest ancient Scandinavian people were more complex than thought
200,000 fish bones discovered in and around a pit in Sweden suggest that the people living in the area more than 9,000 years ago were more settled and cultured than we previously thought. Research published in the Journal of Archaeological Science suggests people were storing large amounts of fermented food much earlier than experts thought.

Contact: Alex Walker
a.walker@elsevier.com
Elsevier

Public Release: 8-Feb-2016
Nature Climate Change
Long-term picture offers little solace on climate change
Climate change projections that look ahead one or two centuries show a rapid rise in temperature and sea level, but say little about the longer picture. Today (Feb. 8, 2016), a study published in Nature Climate Change looks at the next 10,000 years, and finds that the catastrophic impact of another three centuries of carbon pollution will persist millennia after the carbon dioxide releases cease.

Contact: Shaun Marcott
smarcott@wisc.edu
608-262-2368
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 8-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Putting a price on nature, literally
We know that nature is valuable, but how does this value compare to other assets? Not as lumber or drinking water or a fancy dinner, but as standing forests, healthy aquifers or living organisms -- what is the dollar value of this natural capital? Arizona State University economist and sustainability professor Joshua Abbott can calculate an answer.

Contact: Skip Derra
skip.derra@asu.edu
480-965-4823
Arizona State University

Public Release: 8-Feb-2016
ZooKeys
'Hidden fish' genus described for 2 new weakly electric mormyrid species from Gabon
A new genus with two new species of the weakly electric freshwater fish family Mormyridae has been described from only three specimens collected over a period of 13 years in the Central African country of Gabon. The genus has been named Cryptomyrus, meaning 'hidden fish', and is the first new genus to be described within this family since 1977. The study is published in the open-access journal ZooKeys.

Contact: Dr. John P. Sullivan
jpsullivan@cornell.edu
607-342-2234
Pensoft Publishers

Public Release: 8-Feb-2016
Scientific Reports
Ocean acidification makes coralline algae less robust
Ocean acidification (the ongoing decrease in the pH of the Earth's oceans, caused by the uptake of CO2 from the atmosphere), is affecting the formation of the skeleton of coralline algae which play an important part in marine biodiversity, new research from the University of Bristol has found.
German Ministry of Research and Technology, Leverhulme Trust

Contact: Hannah Johnson
hannah.johnson@bristol.ac.uk
44-117-928-8896
University of Bristol

Public Release: 8-Feb-2016
Nature Climate Change
Scientists say window to reduce carbon emissions is small
At the rate humans are emitting carbon into the atmosphere, the Earth may suffer irreparable damage that could last tens of thousands of years, according to a new analysis. Sea level rise is a critical issue. With seven degrees (Celsius) warming at the high-end scenario of temperature increase, the sea level rise is estimated at 50 meters, over a period of several centuries to millennia.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Peter Clark
clarkp@geo.oregonstate.edu
541-737-1247
Oregon State University

Public Release: 5-Feb-2016
PLOS ONE
The mystery of the Red Sea
An international team of biologists including researchers from the Moscow State University discovered new species of fluorescent polyps living in colonies on the shells of gastropods.

Contact: Vladimir Koryagin
science-release@rector.msu.ru
Lomonosov Moscow State University

Showing releases 1-10 out of 390.

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