Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

A recent paper in the Journal of Physical Oceanography details the specific challenges posed by the many millions of tons of plastic dumped into the ocean every years. The findings indicate that solving the problem may have complicating factors beyond just raw scale (4.8 million to 12.7 million metric tons of dumped in 2015 alone). Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: New Princeton University research proves that ocean currents can move particles like phytoplankton and plastic debris all the way across the world in significantly less time than previously thought. Find out how in this video and on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.

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Showing releases 101-110 out of 398.

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Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
NASA's Aqua satellite sees Tropical Cyclone 18P form West of Vanuatu
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Tropical Cyclone 18P soon after it formed west of Vanuatu in the Southern Pacific Ocean and captured a visible image of the storm.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Fighting fiddler crabs call each other's bluff
Male fiddler crabs bluff their way through fights. They also adapt their combat strategies if they have lost their original enlarged claw and have regrown a more fragile one. These are the findings of the researchers Daisuke Muramatsu of Kyoto University and Tsunenori Koga of Wakayama University in Japan, who spent time on a mudflat watching how fiddler crabs use deception to their favor. Their study is published in Springer's journal Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology.
SPS Core-to-Core Program A. Advanced Research Networks 'Tropical Biodiversity Conservation' Wildlife Research Center, Kyoto University

Contact: Joan Robinson

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
CU study: Ancient Mars bombardment likely enhanced life-supporting habitat
The bombardment of Mars some 4 billion years ago by comets and asteroids as large as West Virginia likely enhanced climate conditions enough to make the planet more conducive to life, at least for a time, says a new University of Colorado Boulder study.
NASA, John Templeton Foundation

Contact: Stephen Mojzsis
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Researchers discover new fish virus that threatens global tilapia stocks
An international team of researchers has identified a new virus that attacks wild and farmed tilipia, an important source of inexpensive protein for the world's food supply. In work published this week in mBio, an online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology, the team clearly shows that the Tilapia Lake Virus (TiLV) was the culprit behind mass tilapia die-offs that occurred in recent years, and it provides a foundation for developing a vaccine to protect fish from TiLV.

Contact: Aleea Khan
American Society for Microbiology

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Scientists net virus behind tilapia die-offs in Israel and Ecuador
An international scientific team led by researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and Tel Aviv University has identified and characterized a novel virus behind massive die-offs of farmed tilapia in Israel and Ecuador, which threatens the $7.5 billion global tilapia industry. A paper in the journal mBio describes tilapia lake virus (TiLV) and provides information needed to fight the outbreak.
United States-Israel Bi-National Agricultural Research & Development Fund, Israel Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development Chief Scientist Office, National Institutes for Health, USAID PREDICT

Contact: Tim Paul
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
NASA examines El Nino's impact on ocean's food source
El Nino years can have a big impact on the littlest plants in the ocean, and NASA scientists are studying the relationship between the two.

Contact: Kate Ramsayer
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
West Coast scientists sound alarm for changing ocean chemistry
A group of 20 leading ocean scientists has concluded that the ocean chemistry along the West Coast of North America is changing rapidly because of global carbon dioxide emissions, and the governments of Oregon, California, Washington and British Columbia can take actions now to offset and mitigate the effects of these changes.

Contact: Francis Chan
Oregon State University

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
Common pesticides kill amphibian parasites, study finds
A recent study by Jessica Hua, assistant professor of biological sciences at Binghamton University, and colleagues, explored the effects of six commonly used pesticides on two different populations of a widespread parasite of amphibians. They found that a broad range of insecticides commonly used in the US kill amphibian parasites, which could potentially decrease the number of parasites that amphibians must defend against. For the pyrethroid and neonicotinoid pesticides tested in this study, this pattern has not been documented before.

Contact: Jessica Hua
Binghamton University

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Coral reefs highlight the key role of existing biodiversity for climate change adaptation
New research on coral reefs led by the University of Southampton suggests that existing biodiversity will be essential for the successful adaptation of ecosystems to climate change.
Natural Environment Research Council, European Research Council, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Israel Science Foundation, New York University Abu Dhabi Institute

Contact: Jörg Wiedenmann
University of Southampton

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
Nature Geoscience
Earth's internal heat drives rapid ice flow and subglacial melting in Greenland
Greenland's lithosphere has hot depths which originate in its distant geological past and cause Greenland's ice to rapidly flow and melt from below.

Contact: F.Ossing
GFZ GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam, Helmholtz Centre

Showing releases 101-110 out of 398.

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