Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

Around 2005, southern right whale calves off the coast of Argentina began dieing off at an unprecented rate (from 6 per year in 2005 to around 65 per year from 2005 to 2014). Scientists have never determined the cause until a recent Marine Mammal Science paper named a likely culprit: toxic algae blooms. Read about the new findings on EurekAlert!.

Video: Electric eels may be some of the most sophisticated marine predators in the animal kingdom, according to a recent Current Biology paper by Vanderbilt University researchers. Check out video of them in action here and read about their specialized hunting techniques on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.

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Showing releases 131-140 out of 510.

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Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
New study: Warming waters a major factor in the collapse of New England cod
Today, cod stocks are on the verge of collapse, hovering at 3-4 percent of sustainable levels. Even cuts to the fishery have failed to slow this rapid decline, surprising both fishermen and fisheries managers. For the first time, a new report in Science explains why. It shows that rapid warming of Gulf of Maine waters -- 99 percent faster than anywhere else on the planet - reduced the capacity of cod to rebound from fishing, leading to collapse.
Lenfest Ocean Program, US National Science Foundation

Contact: Elijah Miller
Gulf of Maine Research Institute

Public Release: 28-Oct-2015
Alaskan trout choose early retirement over risky ocean-going career
A new study in Ecology shows that Alaskan Dolly Varden trout, once they reach about 12 inches in length, can retire permanently from going to sea. They rely on digestive organs that can massively expand and contract and a unique relationship with sockeye salmon.

Contact: Michelle Ma
University of Washington

Public Release: 28-Oct-2015
NASA sees post-Patricia moisture, winds stalking the Mid-Atlantic
The remnant moisture from what was once Hurricane Patricia and moisture from the Gulf of Mexico were being transported north by a trough of low pressure over Wisconsin. The clouds and moisture were streaming into the Eastern third of the US on Oct. 28, 2015. The hybrid system was generating windy conditions which were seen from NASA's RapidScat instrument, while NOAA's GOES-East satellite captured an image of the impressive and sizeable cloud cover.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 28-Oct-2015
Environmental Science and Technology
A potential downside to the beaver's comeback (video)
The Eurasian beaver was brought back from near extinction and now thrives across Europe. But this conservation success story may have had at least one unintended and potentially harmful consequence. Scientists report in ACS' journal Environmental Science & Technology that when beavers build new dams where no previous beaver colonies existed, downstream levels of toxic methylmercury rise, at least temporarily.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 28-Oct-2015
Freshwater Science
Queen's researchers link crayfish decline in Algonquin Park lakes to lack of calcium
Researchers from Queen's University have linked the localized near-extinction of a native crayfish species in four lakes in Algonquin Park to declining calcium levels.

Contact: Chris Armes
613-533-6000 x77513
Queen's University

Public Release: 28-Oct-2015
Nature Communications
Nordic seas cooled 500,000 years before global oceans
The cooling of the Nordic seas towards modern temperatures started in the early Pliocene, half a million years before the global oceans cooled. A new study of fossil marine plankton published in Nature Communications today demonstrates this.

Contact: Stijn De Schepper
The University of Bergen

Public Release: 28-Oct-2015
Scientists call for ambitious program to unlock the power of Earth's microbial communities
A consortium of 48 scientists from 50 institutions in the United States has called for an ambitious research effort to understand and harness microbiomes -- the communities of microorganisms that inhabit ecosystems as varied as the human gut and the ocean, to improve human health, agriculture, bioenergy, and the environment. Their proposal, published in the Oct. 30 issue of the journal Science, calls for a major research project to develop new research tools and collaborations that will unlock the secrets of Earth's microbial communities.

Contact: Jim Cohen
The Kavli Foundation

Public Release: 28-Oct-2015
Current Biology
Electric eel: Most remarkable predator in animal kingdom
Recent research on the electric eel by Vanderbilt University biologist Ken Catania has revealed that it is not the primitive creature it has been portrayed. Instead, it has a sophisticated control of the electrical fields it generates that makes it one of the most remarkable predators in the animal kingdom.
National Science Foundation, John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship, National Academy of Sciences/Pradel Award

Contact: David F Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 28-Oct-2015
Scientists call for unified initiative to advance microbiome research
A group of leading scientists representing a wide range of disciplines has formed a unified initiative to support basic research, technological development and commercial applications to better understand and harness the capabilities of Earth's vast systems of microorganisms.

Contact: Matt Wood
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 28-Oct-2015
Current Biology
Electric eels curl up to deliver even more powerful shocks
Electric eels temporarily paralyze their prey by shocking them with electricity using a series of brief, high-voltage pulses, much as a Taser would do. Now, a researcher has discovered that the eels can double the power of their electrical discharge by curling up their bodies. In bringing their tail up and around, the eels sandwich prey between the two poles of their electric organ, which runs most of the length of their long, flexible bodies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joseph Caputo
Cell Press

Showing releases 131-140 out of 510.

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