Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

A recent paper in the Journal of Physical Oceanography details the specific challenges posed by the many millions of tons of plastic dumped into the ocean every years. The findings indicate that solving the problem may have complicating factors beyond just raw scale (4.8 million to 12.7 million metric tons of dumped in 2015 alone). Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: New Princeton University research proves that ocean currents can move particles like phytoplankton and plastic debris all the way across the world in significantly less time than previously thought. Find out how in this video and on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.

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Showing releases 161-170 out of 385.

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Public Release: 23-Mar-2016
Ecological Applications
You taste like mercury, said the spider to the fly
More mercury than previously thought is moving from aquatic to land food webs when stream insects are consumed by spiders, a Dartmouth College-led study shows.

Contact: John Cramer
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 23-Mar-2016
Marine Ecology Progress Series
Green light stops sea turtle deaths
Dr Jeffrey Mangel, a Darwin Initiative research fellow based in Peru, and Professor Brendan Godley, from the Centre for Ecology and Conservation at the University's Penryn Campus, were part of a team of researchers who found that attaching green battery powered light-emitting diodes (LED) to gillnets used by a small-scale fishery reduced the number of green turtle deaths by 64 per cent, without reducing the intended catch of fish.
ProDelphinus, The UK Government's Darwin Initiative, National Oceanic, Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Louise Vennells
University of Exeter

Public Release: 23-Mar-2016
Environmental Science & Technology
Protecting coral reefs with bubbles
Bubbles -- yes, bubbles -- could help protect coral reefs, oyster farms, and other coastal ecosystems from increasing ocean acidification, according to new research by Stanford scientists.
National Science Foundation, McGee research grant from the Stanford School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences

Contact: Ker Than
Stanford's School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
First evidence found that 'cryptic female choice' is adaptive
Researchers from New Zealand's University of Otago studying chinook salmon have provided the first evidence that 'cryptic female choice' (CFC) enhances fertilization success and embryo survival. Cryptic female choice involves females using physical or chemical mechanisms to control which male fertilizes their eggs after mating, and is known to occur in a number of species.

Contact: Dr Patrice Rosengrave
University of Otago

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
National Science Foundation invests in a clean water future
Today, at the White House Water Summit, the National Science Foundation joins other federal agencies to emphasize its commitment to a sustainable water future. Access to affordable clean water is vital for energy generation, food cultivation and basic life support. With drought pressure and population demands, water is an increasingly precious resource.

Contact: Sarah Bates
National Science Foundation

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
Tropical depression Emeraude a swirl in NASA imagery
Tropical Cyclone Emeraude was pummeled by northeasterly wind shear that weakened the storm into a depression by March 22, 2016 before the Suomi NPP satellite passed overhead.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Fish bond when they eat the same food
For some fish, it makes more sense to swim around with those that share their taste in food -- and smell similar in the process -- than to shoal with members of their own species. That is among the findings of a study led by Tanja Kleinhappel of the University of Lincoln in the UK, in Springer's journal Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology.

Contact: Christiane Ranke

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
Conservation Genetics
'Burnt Hot Dog' sea cucumbers raise red flags for threatened global fisheries
'Burnt Hot Dog' sea cucumbers take center stage in a new genetic study that digs into their valued spot in marine ecosystems across Japan's Okinawa Island as well as their extreme vulnerability to environmental stress and over-fishing. A team of researchers, including an expert from the California Academy of Sciences, says their study's findings are an urgent call for increased fisheries management and protections for ecologically important sea cucumbers worldwide.

Contact: Haley Bowling
California Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
Scientists reveal how animals find their way 'in the dark'
Scientists have revealed the brain activity in animals that helps them find food and other vital resources in unfamiliar environments where there are no cues, such as lights and sounds, to guide them.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Marie Curie Fellowship, National Science Foundation (NSF)

Contact: Emily Packer

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
Lake Erie phosphorus-reduction targets challenging but achievable
Large-scale changes to agricultural practices will be required to meet the goal of reducing levels of algae-promoting phosphorus in Lake Erie by 40 percent, a new University of Michigan-led, multi-institution computer modeling study concludes.
Fred A. and Barbara M. Erb Family Foundation

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Showing releases 161-170 out of 385.

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