Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

A recent paper in the Journal of Physical Oceanography details the specific challenges posed by the many millions of tons of plastic dumped into the ocean every years. The findings indicate that solving the problem may have complicating factors beyond just raw scale (4.8 million to 12.7 million metric tons of dumped in 2015 alone). Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: New Princeton University research proves that ocean currents can move particles like phytoplankton and plastic debris all the way across the world in significantly less time than previously thought. Find out how in this video and on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.
 

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 166-175 out of 382.

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Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
eLife
Scientists reveal how animals find their way 'in the dark'
Scientists have revealed the brain activity in animals that helps them find food and other vital resources in unfamiliar environments where there are no cues, such as lights and sounds, to guide them.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Marie Curie Fellowship, National Science Foundation (NSF)

Contact: Emily Packer
e.packer@elifesciences.org
eLife

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
Lake Erie phosphorus-reduction targets challenging but achievable
Large-scale changes to agricultural practices will be required to meet the goal of reducing levels of algae-promoting phosphorus in Lake Erie by 40 percent, a new University of Michigan-led, multi-institution computer modeling study concludes.
Fred A. and Barbara M. Erb Family Foundation

Contact: Jim Erickson
ericksn@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
Nature Communications
Nitrogen factories in the Cretaceous oceans
Researchers have discovered a 'bizarre' microorganism which plays a key role in the food web of Earth's oceans.

Contact: Philippa Walker
philippa.walker@bristol.ac.uk
44-117-928-7777
University of Bristol

Public Release: 21-Mar-2016
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite sees Emeraude weakening
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over Tropical Cyclone Emeraude on March 21 as it continued weakening in the Southern Indian Ocean.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 21-Mar-2016
Conservation Letters
Protecting 30 percent of the ocean has many benefits, study suggests
Protecting large stretches of the ocean from human influence may well be good for conservation. But a new study by University of York scientists Professor Callum Roberts and Dr Bethan O'Leary suggests that setting aside at least 30 percent of it would also benefit fishermen and other stakeholders.
The Pew Charitable Trusts

Contact: Alistair Keely
alistair.keely@york.ac.uk
44-019-043-22153
University of York

Public Release: 21-Mar-2016
Bioinvasion ecology: 'Biological Invasions in Aquatic and Terrestrial Systems'
New book presents a clear and accessible understanding of biological invasions, its impacts, patterns and mechanisms in both aquatic and terrestrial systems. It demonstrates the latest theories and models, including data and examples of the most influential vectors of invasions in marine invertebrates, vascular plants, freshwater fishes, insects, amphibians and reptiles.

Contact: Maria Hrynkiewicz
maria.hrynkiewicz@degruyteropen.com
48-660-476-421
De Gruyter Open

Public Release: 21-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Tiny water flea, big cost: Scientists say invasive species impacts much worse than thought
A new study shows the economic and ecological impact of invasive species in the Great Lakes has been dramatically underestimated. In fact, according to researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, a single non-native species in a single inland lake has racked up $80 million to $163 million in damage.

Contact: Jake Walsh
jransom.walsh@gmail.com
651-717-5883
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 21-Mar-2016
Nature Geoscience
Human carbon release rate is unprecedented in the past 66 million years of Earth's history
New research published today in Nature Geoscience by Richard Zeebe, professor at the University of Hawai'i - Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST), and colleagues looks at changes of Earth's temperature and atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) since the end of the age of the dinosaurs. Their findings suggest humans are releasing carbon about 10 times faster than during any event in the past 66 million years.
National Science Foundation and European Union

Contact: Richard Zeebe
zeebe@soest.hawaii.edu
808-956-6473
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 21-Mar-2016
Current Biology
Old tourist photos show seabird's rise over the last century
Researchers reporting in Current Biology on March 21 have used tourist photos from Stora Karlsö to reconstruct the rise and fall of common guillemots, one of the largest auk species. Those data show that the guillemots suffered early in the 20th century, but their numbers have now risen to a historically high level. They also demonstrate the power of amateur photos and other unconventional sources of evidence to help fill gaps in the scientific record.

Contact: Joseph Caputo
jcaputo@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press

Public Release: 20-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Hot larvae: Calculating dispersal from unique submarine hot spring ecosystems
Larval dispersal from hydrothermal vent fields quantified in order to understand and protect the creatures found there.

Contact: Kaoru Natori
kaoru.natori@oist.jp
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) Graduate University

Showing releases 166-175 out of 382.

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