Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

Researchers at the KAUST Red Sea Research Center have sequenced the genome of Zostera marina, the very first marine flowering plant ever to receive the treatment. Their findings shed light on how the species adapted from the deep to seas to shallow ponds and back again over hundreds of millions of years. Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: After reviewing more than 52 hours of octopus footage, researchers at Alaska Pacific University and University of Sydney are challenging the prevailing notion that octopi use their color-changing abilities only to hide from predators. They describe a more nuanced interpretation of octopi using color-changing along with body gestures as methods of social communication. Watch some of that video here and read about their research on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.

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Showing releases 186-195 out of 390.

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Public Release: 17-Dec-2015
102 new species described by the California Academy of Sciences in 2015
From unknown African frogs to electric rays and animal viruses, spanning five continents and three oceans, the Academy's 102 new species discoveries add to Earth's tree of life.

Contact: Haley Bowling
California Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 17-Dec-2015
Current Biology
Burgess Shale fossil site gives up oldest evidence of brood care
Researchers have discovered the oldest direct evidence of brood care, with the identification of eggs containing preserved embryos in fossils of the 508-million-year-old Waptia fieldensis. Recent analysis of specimens of the shrimp-like creature found in the renowned Canadian Burgess Shale fossil deposit more than a century ago, revealed clusters of egg-shaped objects located on the underside of a bivalved carapace alongside the anterior third of the body.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Agence Nationale de la Recherche, University of Lyon

Contact: Sean Bettam
University of Toronto

Public Release: 17-Dec-2015
PLOS Biology
Phytoplankton like it hot: Warming boosts biodiversity and photosynthesis in phytoplankton
Globally, phytoplankton -- microscopic water-borne plants -- absorb as much carbon dioxide as tropical rainforests and so understanding the way they respond to a warming climate is crucial.
Natural Environment Research Council

Contact: Louise Vennells
University of Exeter

Public Release: 17-Dec-2015
PLOS Computational Biology
Ancient 4-flippered reptile flapped like a penguin
The puzzle of the plesiosaur has been revealed by computer simulations showing how the ancient animals used their unusual four-flippered body to swim through the ocean.

Contact: Greg Turk

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
University of Hawaii's data visualization expert to build the top system in the nation
The University of Hawai'i at Mānoa will be home to the best data visualization system in the United States, thanks to a major research infrastructure grant from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kelli Abe Trifonovitch
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
AGU Fall Meeting 2015
Geophysical Research Letters
Lakes warming at alarming rates, York U-led global study warns
The study predicts that at the current rate, algal blooms, which can ultimately rob water of oxygen, will increase 20 percent in lakes over the next century. Algal blooms that are toxic to fish and animals would increase by five per cent. These rates also imply that emissions of methane, a greenhouse gas 25 times more powerful than carbon dioxide, will increase four per cent over the next decade.

Contact: suhasini@yorku.ca
416-736-2100 x22094
York University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
Study: Climate change rapidly warming world's lakes
Climate change is rapidly warming lakes around the world, threatening freshwater supplies and ecosystems, according to a study spanning six continents. The study is the largest of its kind and the first to use a combination of satellite temperature data and long-term ground measurements. A total of 235 lakes, representing more than half of the world's freshwater supply, were monitored for at least 25 years.
NASA/Earth Science Division, NASA/Science of Terra, NASA/Aqua, NASA/ROSES, National Science Foundation

Contact: Eric Sorensen
Washington State University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
AGU 2015 Fall Meeting
This week from AGU: Icequakes, the Arctic, origins of life, ocean drilling, & 3 new papers
Nestled in the Arctic is a glacier like no other. This glacier quakes once a minute creating seismic events that rattle the earth -- more frequently than scientists have ever seen. Understanding why these icequakes are so common may help researchers predict future ice flow, a process that propels climate-driven sea level rise.

Contact: Lillian Steenblik Hwang
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
NASA's Aqua satellite sees Tropical Storm Melor affecting northern Philippines
As Typhoon Melor weakened to a tropical storm as it moved through the islands of the Philippines, NASA's Aqua satellite captured an image of the storm on Dec. 16.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Vessel discovery a major step toward growing kidneys
Researchers have identified the cells that give rise to the blood vessels within the kidney. It's a discovery of critical importance, as efforts to grow kidneys have long been frustrated by the inability to create the vasculature necessary for a functional organ.

Contact: Josh Barney
University of Virginia Health System

Showing releases 186-195 out of 390.

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