Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

A recent paper in the Journal of Physical Oceanography details the specific challenges posed by the many millions of tons of plastic dumped into the ocean every years. The findings indicate that solving the problem may have complicating factors beyond just raw scale (4.8 million to 12.7 million metric tons of dumped in 2015 alone). Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: New Princeton University research proves that ocean currents can move particles like phytoplankton and plastic debris all the way across the world in significantly less time than previously thought. Find out how in this video and on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 201-210 out of 386.

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Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
Earth System Dynamics
Sea-level rise too big to be pumped away
Future sea-level rise is a problem probably too big to be solved even by unprecedented geo-engineering such as pumping water masses onto the Antarctic continent. To store the water for a millennium, it would have to be pumped at least 700 kilometer inland, researchers found. Overall that would require more than one tenth of the present annual global energy supply to balance the current rate of sea-level rise.

Contact: PIK Press Office
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)

Public Release: 8-Mar-2016
Arctic Science Summit Week 2016
Arctic Science Summit Week press program available
The press program for the 2016 Arctic Science Summit Week is now available online. Press briefings throughout the week will give journalists an opportunity to learn the state of the science, meet experts and ask questions.

Contact: Kristin Timm
University of Alaska Fairbanks

Public Release: 8-Mar-2016
Zorro, the new Latin American fish species, takes off the mask to show its true identity
Unidentified since its discovery in 2007, a large fish species from Amazonia has failed to give out enough information about itself. Nevertheless, three scientists have now recovered the missing pieces to puzzle out its mysterious identity. In their study, published in the open-access journal ZooKeys, they describe the fish as a new species and name it after the fictional secretive Latin American character Zorro.

Contact: Marcelo C. Andrade
Pensoft Publishers

Public Release: 8-Mar-2016
Biophysical Journal
UC San Diego biophysicists discover how hydra opens its mouth
A team of biologists and physicists at UC San Diego has uncovered in detail the dynamic process that allows the multi-tentacle Hydra, a tiny freshwater animal distantly related to the sea anemone, to open and close its mouth.

Contact: Kim McDonald
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 8-Mar-2016
Nature Communications
Why Hurricane Irene fizzled as it neared New Jersey in 2011
A dynamic process that cools the coastal ocean and can weaken hurricanes was discovered as Hurricane Irene made landfall in New Jersey, according to a Rutgers University-led study published today. The study's findings could help reduce the uncertainty in hurricane intensity forecasts for hurricanes and typhoons that cross coastal ocean waters before striking populated shorelines. Hurricane track forecasts have steadily improved over the last two decades, but improvements in hurricane intensity forecasts have lagged.
NOAA, US Environmental Protection Agency, N.J. Department of Environmental Protection, N.J. Board of Public Utilities, Disaster Recovery Act

Contact: Todd B. Bates
Rutgers University

Public Release: 8-Mar-2016
Biophysical Journal
Inside the mouth of a hydra
Hydra is a genus of tiny freshwater animals that catch and sting prey using a ring of tentacles. But before a hydra can eat, it has to rip its own skin apart just to open its mouth. Scientists reporting March 8 in Biophysical Journal now illustrate the biomechanics of this process for the first time and find that a hydra's cells stretch to split apart in a dramatic deformation.

Contact: Karen Zusi
Cell Press

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Conservation Physiology
Shark babies remain strong in future acidic oceans
An Australian study published today has found that certain baby sharks are able to cope with the level of ocean acidification predicted for the end of this century.

Contact: Alistair Bone
James Cook University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms
New York harbor's oyster beds once protected against severe storm and extreme wave damage
A recent study of past disturbance of the oyster beds in New York Harbor led by geoscientist Jonathan Woodruff and his doctoral student Christine Brandon of the University of Massachusetts Amherst is the first to link Europeans' overharvesting and disturbance of the ancient shellfish beds to loss of natural coastal defenses against floods and storm waves.
Hudson River Foundation, National Science Foundation, Dalio Explore Fund, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, City University of New York's High Performance Computing Center

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Fish populations revealed through seawater analysis
A Japanese research group has shown that measuring quantities of fish DNA in seawater can reveal how many fish inhabit that environment. This discovery could enable quicker and more effective surveys of fish distribution, and has potential applications in long-term monitoring. The findings will be published on March 3 in the online science journal PLOS ONE.

Contact: Eleanor Wyllie
Kobe University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Nature Geoscience
Faults control the amount of water into the Earth during continental breakup
New light has been shed on the processes by which ocean water enters the solid Earth during continental breakup. Research led by geoscientists at the University of Southampton, and published in Nature Geoscience this week, is the first to show a direct link on geological timescales between fault activity and the amount of water entering the Earth's mantle along faults.

Contact: Glenn Harris
University of Southampton

Showing releases 201-210 out of 386.

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