Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

A recent paper in the Journal of Physical Oceanography details the specific challenges posed by the many millions of tons of plastic dumped into the ocean every years. The findings indicate that solving the problem may have complicating factors beyond just raw scale (4.8 million to 12.7 million metric tons of dumped in 2015 alone). Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: New Princeton University research proves that ocean currents can move particles like phytoplankton and plastic debris all the way across the world in significantly less time than previously thought. Find out how in this video and on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 211-220 out of 392.

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Public Release: 15-Mar-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
Winter storms the most energetic to hit western Europe since 1948, study shows
The repeated storms which battered Europe's Atlantic coastline during the winter of 2013/14 were the most energetic in almost seven decades, new research led by Plymouth University with colleagues from France and Ireland has shown.

Contact: Alan Williams
University of Plymouth

Public Release: 15-Mar-2016
Nature Communications
Winds hide Atlantic variability from Europe's winters
Shifting winds may explain why long-term fluctuations in North Atlantic sea surface temperatures have no apparent influence on Europe's wintertime temperatures. The findings, published in Nature Communications, could also have implications for how Europe's climate will evolve amid global warming.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Fonds de recherche du Québec - Nature et technologies, Québec-Océan

Contact: Christopher Chipello
McGill University

Public Release: 15-Mar-2016
Royal Society Open Science
Slow path to recovery for southern right whales
The first population assessment since the end of the whaling era reveals that New Zealand southern right whales have some way to go before numbers return to pre-industrial levels. Reporting this week in Royal Society Open Science scientists from British Antarctic Survey (BAS), the University of Auckland, Oregon State University and the University of St Andrews, explain how they used historic logbook records from whaling ships and computer modelling to compare population numbers.
New Zealand Ministry of Fisheries, Oregon State University, Pew Charitable Trust, Royal Society of New Zealand and the Natural Enviornment Research Council

Contact: Paul Seagrove
British Antarctic Survey

Public Release: 14-Mar-2016
NASA measures US south heavy rainfall from space
Extremely heavy rain fell over the southern United States during the past week and data from the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission core satellite and others in the GPM constellation provided a look at areas with heaviest rainfall. The data showed the largest amounts of rain fell from north central Louisiana to southern Arkansas.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 14-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
ASU researcher says now is the time to prioritize endangered species
Currently, resources allocated to recover endangered species are insufficient to save all listed species, and with a scarcity of funds what is needed to be effective is a more analytical approach that can bring clarity and openness to resource allocation, argues Leah Gerber, an Arizona State University conservation biologist.

Contact: Skip Derra
Arizona State University

Public Release: 14-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Fish and insects guide design for future contact lenses
Making the most of the low light in the muddy rivers where it swims, the elephant nose fish survives by being able to spot predators amongst the muck with a uniquely shaped retina, the part of the eye that captures light. In a new study, researchers looked to the fish's retinal structure to inform the design of a contact lens that can adjust its focus.
NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Kathryn DeMott
NIH/National Eye Institute

Public Release: 14-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Carbon from land played a role during last deglaciation
As the Earth emerged from its last ice age several thousand years ago, atmospheric carbon dioxide increased and further warmed the planet. Scientists have long speculated that the primary source of this CO2 was from the deep ocean around Antarctica, though it has been difficult to prove. A study published this week confirmed that theory.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ed Brook
Oregon State University

Public Release: 14-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How the brain detects short sounds
For humans to understand speech and for other animals to know each other's calls, the brain must distinguish short sounds from longer sounds. By studying frogs, University of Utah researchers figured out how certain brain cells compute the length of sounds and detect short ones.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communications Disorders

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
University of Utah

Public Release: 13-Mar-2016
American Chemical Society 251st National Meeting & Exposition
Desert cactus purifies contaminated water for aquaculture, drinking and more (video)
Farm-grown fish are an important source of food with significant and worldwide societal and economic benefits, but the fish that come from these recirculating systems can have unpleasant tastes and odors. To clean contaminated water for farmed fish, drinking and other uses, scientists are now turning to an unlikely source -- the mucilage or inner 'guts' of cacti. Researchers will be presenting their latest findings at the 251st National Meeting of the American Chemical Society.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 11-Mar-2016
Lake Huron's Chinook salmon fishery unlikely to recover due to ongoing food shortage
Lake Huron's Chinook salmon fishery will likely never return to its glory days because the lake can no longer support the predatory fish's main food source, the herring-like alewife, according to a new University of Michigan-led computer-modeling study.
US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Showing releases 211-220 out of 392.

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