Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

A recent paper in the Journal of Physical Oceanography details the specific challenges posed by the many millions of tons of plastic dumped into the ocean every years. The findings indicate that solving the problem may have complicating factors beyond just raw scale (4.8 million to 12.7 million metric tons of dumped in 2015 alone). Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: New Princeton University research proves that ocean currents can move particles like phytoplankton and plastic debris all the way across the world in significantly less time than previously thought. Find out how in this video and on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.

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Showing releases 241-250 out of 386.

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Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Environmental Science & Technology
Plankton feces could move plastic pollution to the ocean depths
Plastic waste could find its way deep into the ocean through the feces of plankton, new research from the University of Exeter and Plymouth Marine Laboratory shows.
Natural Environment Research Council

Contact: Kerra Maddern
University of Exeter

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Undergraduate student takes to Twitter to expose illegal release of alien fish in Japan
Posing a significant threat to the native biodiversity in Japan, specifically that of threatened aquatic insects, some alien fishes, such as the bluegill, have become the reason for strict prohibitions. However, recently, 10 years after the law against their release into the wild has been adopted, its first infringement is reported by Japanese researchers in the open-access journal ZooKeys. Curiously, the case was initially exposed on Twitter by an undergraduate student.

Contact: Yusuke Miyazaki
Pensoft Publishers

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
American Naturalist
Invasive water frogs too dominant for native species
In the past two decades, water frogs have spread rapidly in Central Europe. Using a new statistical model, researchers from the University of Basel were now able to show that local species such as the Yellow-bellied Toad and the Common Midwife Toad are suffering from the more dominant water frogs. The journal American Naturalist has published their results.

Contact: Olivia Poisson
University of Basel

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Journal of Aquatic Biology
Scientists used high tech ultrasound imaging to study tiger shark reproduction
Researchers from the University of Miami's Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science and the University of New England used the same ultrasound imaging technology used by medical professionals on pregnant women to study the reproductive biology of female tiger sharks. The study offers marine biologists a new technique to investigate the reproductive organs and determine the presence of embryos in sharks without having to sacrifice the animal first, which was commonly done in the past.

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems
Fishing meets science with waders and smartphones
Dutch and American researchers have developed waders equipped with temperature sensors that enable fly-fishers to find the best fishing locations while collecting data to help scientists study streams. The research is published Feb. 29 in Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems, an open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union.

Contact: Barbara Ferreira
European Geosciences Union

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
PLOS Genetics
Watching new species evolve in real time
Sometimes evolution proceeds much more rapidly than we might think. Genetic analysis makes it possible to detect the earliest stages of species formation. For example, a study just published in PLOS Genetics by researchers from Eawag and the University of Bern, investigating rapid speciation in threespine stickleback in and around Lake Constance, shows that a species can begin to diverge very rapidly, even when the two daughter species breed alongside one another simultaneously.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Amy Yau

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Biophysical Society 60th Annual Meeting
Unlocking the secrets of squid sucker ring teeth
A squid has more in common with a spider than you may think. The razor-sharp 'teeth' that ring the suckers found on some squid tentacles are made up entirely of proteins remarkably similar -- and in some ways superior -- to the ones found in silks. Those proteins, called suckerins, give the teeth their strength and stretchiness, and could one day be used as the basis for biomaterials with many potential biomedical applications.

Contact: AIP Media Line
Biophysical Society

Public Release: 28-Feb-2016
Fisheries Management and Ecology
On the hook: Sustainable fishing in Papua New Guinea
A multi-disciplinary team from James Cook University has been busy unlocking the secrets of the Papuan black bass, one of the world's toughest sportfish.

Contact: Alistair Bone
James Cook University

Public Release: 28-Feb-2016
Global alliance for rethinking aquaculture in developing economies of the Indian Ocean
The innovationXchange in Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade is launching a global alliance, in partnership with Conservation X Labs, SecondMuse, NineSigma, and the World Wildlife Fund, to source new solutions and engage new solvers to rethink the future of aquaculture particularly around three areas:  Rethinking feeds used in aquaculture; Redesigning aquaculture systems; and Creating new ocean products, to improve both food security and enhance sustainability.

Contact: Barbara Martinez
Conservation X Labs

Public Release: 26-Feb-2016
Polar priorities: Senior defense officials discuss Arctic, Antarctic science and research
To address the need for collaborative research in the Polar Regions, Chief of Naval Research Rear Adm. Mat Winter met in Finland last week with counterparts from five nations in a first-ever gathering of senior defense officials to coordinate science and technology research in high latitudes.

Contact: Bob Freeman
Office of Naval Research

Showing releases 241-250 out of 386.

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