Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

Researchers at the KAUST Red Sea Research Center have sequenced the genome of Zostera marina, the very first marine flowering plant ever to receive the treatment. Their findings shed light on how the species adapted from the deep to seas to shallow ponds and back again over hundreds of millions of years. Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: After reviewing more than 52 hours of octopus footage, researchers at Alaska Pacific University and University of Sydney are challenging the prevailing notion that octopi use their color-changing abilities only to hide from predators. They describe a more nuanced interpretation of octopi using color-changing along with body gestures as methods of social communication. Watch some of that video here and read about their research on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.

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Showing releases 251-260 out of 393.

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Public Release: 9-Dec-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How skates and rays got their wings
The evolution of the striking, wing-like pectoral fins of skates and rays relied on repurposed genes, according to new research by scientists from the University of Chicago. Studying embryonic skates, they discovered that the rear portion of the fin is built by typical limb-development genes; but the front portion develops through a different set of genes that are usually found in the shoulder areas of other species.
The Brinson Foundation, Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science, Uehara Memorial Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Jiang
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 9-Dec-2015
Satellite animation shows series of storms pummel Pacific Northwest
An animation of satellite imagery over the course of 10 days shows a series of low pressure areas pummeling the Pacific Northwest. The video, created by the NASA/NOAA GOES Project at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland combined visible and infrared imagery from NOAA's GOES-West satellite.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 9-Dec-2015
Marine Mammal Science
Study measures drag from fishing gear entanglements on North Atlantic right whales
In a paper published online Dec. 9, 2015, in Marine Mammal Science, a research team led by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, has for the first time quantified the amount of drag on entangled whales that is created by towing fishing gear, such as rope, buoys, and lobster and crab traps. The study provides important data for teams evaluating the risks and benefits of whale disentanglements.
M.S. Worthington Foundation, Herrington-Fitch Family Foundation, Cooperative Institute for the North Atlantic Region

Contact: WHOI Media Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 9-Dec-2015
A DNA analysis of ballast water detects invasive species
The German research vessel Polarstern covers thousands of kilometers in search of samples of biological material. This ship, however, has some other on board passengers: organisms that can adapt to extreme water temperatures and could potentially invade the new waters where this ice breaker takes them. Upon analyzing the DNA present in this vessel's ballast water, a team of scientists showed the first molecular evidence of the persistence of DNA belonging to a tiny sea snail which is capable of tolerating adverse conditions.

Contact: SINC
FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology

Public Release: 9-Dec-2015
Environmental Science & Technology
Air pollutions control policies effective in improving downwind air quality
Emissions controls on coal-fired power plants are making a difference in reducing exposure of mercury to people, especially in the western Maryland community. A study of air quality from the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science found that levels of mercury in the air from power plant emissions dropped more than half over a 10-year period, coinciding with stricter pollution controls.

Contact: Amy Pelsinsky
University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science

Public Release: 9-Dec-2015
Maritime Engineering
Pilot study reveals storm response of offshore lighthouses
The unseen responses of remote offshore lighthouse during severe storm conditions have been revealed in a new study by Plymouth University.

Contact: Alan Williams
University of Plymouth

Public Release: 8-Dec-2015
UM Rosenstiel school scientists awarded over $6 million to study Gulf of Mexico
MIAMI - The Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative (GoMRI) Research Board awarded over $6 million to University of Miami UM Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science researchers to study the effects of oil on the Gulf of Mexico ecosystem and public health. A total of nearly $38 million and 22 research proposals are being funded under the GoMRI program.
The Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Research Board

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 8-Dec-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
NCAR develops method to predict sea ice changes years in advance
Climate scientists at NCAR present evidence in a new study that they can predict whether the Arctic sea ice that forms in the winter will grow, shrink, or hold its own over the next several years.
National Science Foundation, NOAA, US Department of Energy

Contact: David Hosansky
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 8-Dec-2015
Coral reefs could be more vulnerable to coastal development than predicted
For years, many scientists thought we had a secret weapon to protect coral reefs from nutrients flushed into the seas by human activity. Experiments suggested that herbivores such as fish, urchins and sea turtles could keep corals and their ecosystems healthy by eating up extra algae that grew in the presence of these nutrients. But a new University of Florida study sheds doubt on that idea, underscoring the importance of sustainable growth in coastal areas.

Contact: Mike Gil
University of Florida

Public Release: 8-Dec-2015
Journal of Systematic Palaeontology
International research partnership yields discovery of a new fossil species
The discovery also reveals the unique binocular vision of the first ancient marine reptile of its kind to be found in Japan.
Japanese town of Mukawa, The Hobetsu Museum in Mukawa, Brandon University, National Sciences and Engineering Research Council Discovery Grant, NSERC/Accelerator Grant, Chairs Research Allowance

Contact: Dawn Fuller
University of Cincinnati

Showing releases 251-260 out of 393.

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