Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

A recent paper in the Journal of Physical Oceanography details the specific challenges posed by the many millions of tons of plastic dumped into the ocean every years. The findings indicate that solving the problem may have complicating factors beyond just raw scale (4.8 million to 12.7 million metric tons of dumped in 2015 alone). Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: New Princeton University research proves that ocean currents can move particles like phytoplankton and plastic debris all the way across the world in significantly less time than previously thought. Find out how in this video and on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.
 

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 276-285 out of 378.

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Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Nature
Ocean acidification slowing coral reef growth
Research at One Tree Island Research Station proves ocean acidification resulting from carbon dioxide emissions is slowing coral reef growth. In the first experiment to manipulate the chemistry of seawater in the ocean, researchers brought the pH of a reef on the Great Barrier Reef Island closer to what it would have been in pre-industrial times. The team included Ph.D. candidate at the University of Sydney Kennedy Woolfe and leading climate scientist Ken Caldeira.

Contact: Vivienne Reiner
vivienne.reiner@sydney.edu.au
61-293-512-390
University of Sydney

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting
Nature
New climate model better predicts changes to ocean-carbon sink
The relationship between our future carbon dioxide emissions and future climate change depends strongly on the capacity of the ocean-carbon sink. That is a question climate scientists have so far been unable to answer. In a new paper, a research team headed by Galen McKinley, professor in the University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, describes the best modeling approach to date for arriving at an answer to this and other crucial climate questions.
NASA, National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Galen McKinley
gamckinley@wisc.edu
608-262-4817
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting
Nature
Ocean acidification already slowing coral reef growth
A team of scientists led by Carnegie's Rebecca Albright and Ken Caldeira performed the first-ever experiment that manipulated seawater chemistry in a natural coral reef community in order to determine the effect that excess carbon dioxide released by human activity is having on coral reefs. Their results provide evidence that ocean acidification is already slowing coral reef growth.

Contact: Ken Caldeira
kcaldeira@carnegiescience.edu
650-704-7212
Carnegie Institution for Science

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
BioScience
Nitrogen is a neglected threat to biodiversity
Nitrogen pollution is a recognized threat to sensitive species and ecosystems. However, the means and severity of the damage are elusive, hampering efforts to manage this worldwide contaminant.
Kearney Foundation for Soil Science

Contact: James Verdier
jverdier@gmail.com
205-286-8626
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Cell Systems
Short-lived killifish reveals link between gene expression and longevity
It's well known that genetic differences among individuals influence lifespan, but a new study appearing Feb. 24 in Cell Systems suggests that differences in patterns of gene expression in youth may also predict longevity. Researchers of the shortest-lived vertebrate -- the African turquoise killifish -- found that when genes involved in a cell's energy production are less active at a young age, the animals tend to live longer.

Contact: Joseph Caputo
jcaputo@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
Algae Biomass Summit
Algae Biomass Organization gears up for 2016 Algae Biomass Summit
The Algae Biomass Organization (ABO), the trade association for the algae industry, announced that the tenth annual Algae Biomass Summit will take place October 23 - October 26 in Phoenix at the Renaissance Glendale Hotel and Spa. The ABO is now accepting abstracts and proposals for keynote speakers, panel presentations and poster sessions at the event, the world's largest algae industry conference. Applications are due by March 16. Information about the event and call for abstracts can be found at http://www.algaebiomasssummit.org.

Contact: Nate Kommers
nate.kommers@scovillepr.com
206-625-0075
Scoville Public Relations

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
Robotics
Underwater robots can be programmed to make independent decisions
Mark Moline, a professor in the University of Delaware's College of Earth, Ocean, and Environment, recently co-authored a paper in Robotics on the advantage of linking multi-sensor systems aboard an AUV to enable the vehicle to synthesize sound data in real-time so that it can independently make decisions about what action to take next.
Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Peter Bothum
pbothum@udel.edu
302-831-1418
University of Delaware

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
NASA sees pinhole eye seen in weakening Tropical Cyclone Winston
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite saw that Tropical Cyclone Winston maintained a pinhole eye as it tracked east of southern Vanuatu's islands in the Southern Pacific Ocean on Feb. 23, 2016. Infrared imagery showed bands of strong thunderstorms were wrapping into the low-level center of the storm.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting
El Niño prolongs longest global coral bleaching event
Global warming and the intense El Niño now underway are prolonging the longest global coral die-off on record, according to NOAA scientists monitoring and forecasting the loss of corals from disease and heat stress due to record ocean temperatures.

Contact: Lauren Lipuma
llipuma@agu.org
504-427-6069
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting
World's large river deltas continue to degrade from human activity
From the Yellow River in China to the Mississippi River in Louisiana, researchers are racing to better understand and mitigate the degradation of some of the world's most important river deltas, according to a University of Colorado Boulder faculty member.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Syvitski
james.syvitski@colorado.e
303-735-5482
University of Colorado at Boulder

Showing releases 276-285 out of 378.

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