Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

A recent paper in the Journal of Physical Oceanography details the specific challenges posed by the many millions of tons of plastic dumped into the ocean every years. The findings indicate that solving the problem may have complicating factors beyond just raw scale (4.8 million to 12.7 million metric tons of dumped in 2015 alone). Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: New Princeton University research proves that ocean currents can move particles like phytoplankton and plastic debris all the way across the world in significantly less time than previously thought. Find out how in this video and on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 281-290 out of 382.

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Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Nature Climate Change
Study predicts salt marshes will persist despite rising seas
Analysis shows traditional assessment methods overestimate salt-marsh vulnerability because they don't fully account for processes that allow for vertical and landward migration as water levels increase.
US Geological Survey Climate and Land Use Change Research and Development Program, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Malmquist
Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Global Ecology and Biogeography
Freshwater biodiversity has positive impact on global food security
Inland freshwaters with a greater variety of fish species (biodiversity) have higher-yielding and less variable fisheries according to a new study from the University of Southampton and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, International Union for Conservation of Nature

Contact: Glenn Harris
University of Southampton

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Scientific Reports
Innovative device traces chemicals affecting human and environmental health
In a new study, a multi-disciplinary, multi-institutional team of researchers headed by Rolf Halden, director of the Center for Environmental Security at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute, tracks the course of a family of widely used pesticides known as fiproles. These halogenated chemicals have been identified as an emerging contaminant, recently linked to the worldwide die-off of pollinating insects, particularly honeybees.

Contact: Richard Harth
Arizona State University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Ocean acidification slowing coral reef growth
Research at One Tree Island Research Station proves ocean acidification resulting from carbon dioxide emissions is slowing coral reef growth. In the first experiment to manipulate the chemistry of seawater in the ocean, researchers brought the pH of a reef on the Great Barrier Reef Island closer to what it would have been in pre-industrial times. The team included Ph.D. candidate at the University of Sydney Kennedy Woolfe and leading climate scientist Ken Caldeira.

Contact: Vivienne Reiner
University of Sydney

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting
New climate model better predicts changes to ocean-carbon sink
The relationship between our future carbon dioxide emissions and future climate change depends strongly on the capacity of the ocean-carbon sink. That is a question climate scientists have so far been unable to answer. In a new paper, a research team headed by Galen McKinley, professor in the University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, describes the best modeling approach to date for arriving at an answer to this and other crucial climate questions.
NASA, National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Galen McKinley
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting
Ocean acidification already slowing coral reef growth
A team of scientists led by Carnegie's Rebecca Albright and Ken Caldeira performed the first-ever experiment that manipulated seawater chemistry in a natural coral reef community in order to determine the effect that excess carbon dioxide released by human activity is having on coral reefs. Their results provide evidence that ocean acidification is already slowing coral reef growth.

Contact: Ken Caldeira
Carnegie Institution for Science

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Nitrogen is a neglected threat to biodiversity
Nitrogen pollution is a recognized threat to sensitive species and ecosystems. However, the means and severity of the damage are elusive, hampering efforts to manage this worldwide contaminant.
Kearney Foundation for Soil Science

Contact: James Verdier
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Cell Systems
Short-lived killifish reveals link between gene expression and longevity
It's well known that genetic differences among individuals influence lifespan, but a new study appearing Feb. 24 in Cell Systems suggests that differences in patterns of gene expression in youth may also predict longevity. Researchers of the shortest-lived vertebrate -- the African turquoise killifish -- found that when genes involved in a cell's energy production are less active at a young age, the animals tend to live longer.

Contact: Joseph Caputo
Cell Press

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
Algae Biomass Summit
Algae Biomass Organization gears up for 2016 Algae Biomass Summit
The Algae Biomass Organization (ABO), the trade association for the algae industry, announced that the tenth annual Algae Biomass Summit will take place October 23 - October 26 in Phoenix at the Renaissance Glendale Hotel and Spa. The ABO is now accepting abstracts and proposals for keynote speakers, panel presentations and poster sessions at the event, the world's largest algae industry conference. Applications are due by March 16. Information about the event and call for abstracts can be found at http://www.algaebiomasssummit.org.

Contact: Nate Kommers
Scoville Public Relations

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
Underwater robots can be programmed to make independent decisions
Mark Moline, a professor in the University of Delaware's College of Earth, Ocean, and Environment, recently co-authored a paper in Robotics on the advantage of linking multi-sensor systems aboard an AUV to enable the vehicle to synthesize sound data in real-time so that it can independently make decisions about what action to take next.
Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Peter Bothum
University of Delaware

Showing releases 281-290 out of 382.

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