Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

A recent paper in the Journal of Physical Oceanography details the specific challenges posed by the many millions of tons of plastic dumped into the ocean every years. The findings indicate that solving the problem may have complicating factors beyond just raw scale (4.8 million to 12.7 million metric tons of dumped in 2015 alone). Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: New Princeton University research proves that ocean currents can move particles like phytoplankton and plastic debris all the way across the world in significantly less time than previously thought. Find out how in this video and on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 286-295 out of 394.

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Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting
Gulf of Mexico historic shipwrecks help scientists unlock mysteries of deep-sea ecosystems
The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill significantly altered microbial communities thriving near shipwrecks in the Gulf of Mexico, potentially changing these diverse ecosystems and degrading the historically and culturally significant ships they live on, according to new research.

Contact: Lauren Lipuma
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
Nature Communications
Penn study reveals how fish control microbes through their gills
In a new study published in the journal Nature Communications, Oriol Sunyer of the University of Pennsylvanian and colleagues found that fish induce production of a particular antibody in their gills in response to pathogen exposure, work that could lead to improved fish vaccines for aquaculture.
US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, European Commission

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
Sea level mapped from space with GPS reflections
The GPS signal used for 'sat-navs' could help improve understanding of ocean currents, according to new research published in Geophysical Research Letters by National Oceanography Centre scientists, alongside colleagues from the University of Michigan and Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Natural Environmental Research Council

Contact: Holly Peacock
National Oceanography Centre, UK

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting
New research reveals surprising social networks of sharks
Although historically seen as solitary animals, new research being presented here shows sharks may have a more complex social structure than previously thought. Using tracking devices to trace the movements of individual animals in the open ocean, researchers found that Sand Tiger sharks form complex social networks that are typically seen in mammals but rarely observed in fish.

Contact: Lauren Lipuma
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
Coral Reefs
Reef sharks prefer bite-size meals
Sharks have a reputation for having voracious appetites, but a new study shows that most coral reef sharks eat prey that are smaller than a cheeseburger.
ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, Lizard Island Research Station John and Laurine Proud Fellowship, Save Our Seas Foundation

Contact: Dr Ashley Frisch
ARC Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
Cretaceous Research
Texas fish of dinosaur era, at Perot Museum of Nature and Science, found to be new species
A 90-million-year-old fossil fish, currently on display at the Perot Museum of Nature and Science in Dallas, turns out to be a new species. Research conducted by Kenshu Shimada, Ph.D., professor at DePaul University and research associate of the Sternberg Museum, reveals the 5.5-foot-long fossil fish to possess a tuna-like body with a unique 'hook-shaped sail' on its back. The fish's new species name, Pentanogmius fritschi, is in honor of local amateur collector Joseph Fritsch.

Contact: Becky Mayad
Perot Museum of Nature and Science

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Antarctic ice sheet is more vulnerable to CO2 than expected
Results from a new climate reconstruction of how Antarctica's ice sheets responded during the last period when atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) reached levels like those expected to occur in about 30 years, plus sediment core findings reported in a companion paper, suggest that the ice sheets are more vulnerable to rising atmospheric CO2 than previously thought.

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sea level rise in 20th century was fastest in 3,000 years, Rutgers-led study finds
Global sea level rose faster from 1900 to 2000 than during any of the previous 27 centuries. Without global warming, the Earth's sea level would have climbed by less than half the observed 20th century increase and might have dropped.
National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, New Jersey Sea Grant Consortium, Strategic Environmental Research and Development Group, U.K. National Environmental Research Council, Royal Society, Harvard University

Contact: Todd B. Bates
Rutgers University

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sea-level rise past and future: Robust estimates for coastal planners
Sea-levels worldwide will likely rise by 50 to 130 centimeters by the end of this century if greenhouse gas emissions are not reduced rapidly. This is shown in a new study led by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research that, for the first time, combines the two most important estimation methods for future sea-level rise and yields a more robust risk range. A second study provides the first global analysis of sea-level data for the past 3,000 years.

Contact: Jonas Viering, Mareike Schodder
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)

Public Release: 21-Feb-2016
Biological Conservation
Gaps in reporting leave turtles vulnerable
A James Cook University study has called for a change in the way we manage bycatch -- to better monitor the unintentional catching of sea turtles by commercial fishers.

Contact: Alistair Bone
James Cook University

Showing releases 286-295 out of 394.

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