Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

A recent paper in the Journal of Physical Oceanography details the specific challenges posed by the many millions of tons of plastic dumped into the ocean every years. The findings indicate that solving the problem may have complicating factors beyond just raw scale (4.8 million to 12.7 million metric tons of dumped in 2015 alone). Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: New Princeton University research proves that ocean currents can move particles like phytoplankton and plastic debris all the way across the world in significantly less time than previously thought. Find out how in this video and on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 291-300 out of 387.

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Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting
Ocean acidification already slowing coral reef growth
A team of scientists led by Carnegie's Rebecca Albright and Ken Caldeira performed the first-ever experiment that manipulated seawater chemistry in a natural coral reef community in order to determine the effect that excess carbon dioxide released by human activity is having on coral reefs. Their results provide evidence that ocean acidification is already slowing coral reef growth.

Contact: Ken Caldeira
Carnegie Institution for Science

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Nitrogen is a neglected threat to biodiversity
Nitrogen pollution is a recognized threat to sensitive species and ecosystems. However, the means and severity of the damage are elusive, hampering efforts to manage this worldwide contaminant.
Kearney Foundation for Soil Science

Contact: James Verdier
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Cell Systems
Short-lived killifish reveals link between gene expression and longevity
It's well known that genetic differences among individuals influence lifespan, but a new study appearing Feb. 24 in Cell Systems suggests that differences in patterns of gene expression in youth may also predict longevity. Researchers of the shortest-lived vertebrate -- the African turquoise killifish -- found that when genes involved in a cell's energy production are less active at a young age, the animals tend to live longer.

Contact: Joseph Caputo
Cell Press

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
Algae Biomass Summit
Algae Biomass Organization gears up for 2016 Algae Biomass Summit
The Algae Biomass Organization (ABO), the trade association for the algae industry, announced that the tenth annual Algae Biomass Summit will take place October 23 - October 26 in Phoenix at the Renaissance Glendale Hotel and Spa. The ABO is now accepting abstracts and proposals for keynote speakers, panel presentations and poster sessions at the event, the world's largest algae industry conference. Applications are due by March 16. Information about the event and call for abstracts can be found at http://www.algaebiomasssummit.org.

Contact: Nate Kommers
Scoville Public Relations

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
Underwater robots can be programmed to make independent decisions
Mark Moline, a professor in the University of Delaware's College of Earth, Ocean, and Environment, recently co-authored a paper in Robotics on the advantage of linking multi-sensor systems aboard an AUV to enable the vehicle to synthesize sound data in real-time so that it can independently make decisions about what action to take next.
Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Peter Bothum
University of Delaware

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
NASA sees pinhole eye seen in weakening Tropical Cyclone Winston
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite saw that Tropical Cyclone Winston maintained a pinhole eye as it tracked east of southern Vanuatu's islands in the Southern Pacific Ocean on Feb. 23, 2016. Infrared imagery showed bands of strong thunderstorms were wrapping into the low-level center of the storm.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting
El Niño prolongs longest global coral bleaching event
Global warming and the intense El Niño now underway are prolonging the longest global coral die-off on record, according to NOAA scientists monitoring and forecasting the loss of corals from disease and heat stress due to record ocean temperatures.

Contact: Lauren Lipuma
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting
World's large river deltas continue to degrade from human activity
From the Yellow River in China to the Mississippi River in Louisiana, researchers are racing to better understand and mitigate the degradation of some of the world's most important river deltas, according to a University of Colorado Boulder faculty member.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Syvitski
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
Creation of an island: The extinction of animals on Zanzibar
Researchers at the University of York have been part of the first comprehensive study of how Zanzibar was formed, charting the extinction of various animals from the island.
European Research Council, Newton Research Travel Grant

Contact: Saskia Angenent
University of York

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
Current Biology
Humans speeding up evolution by causing extinction of 'younger' species
Just three years after crayfish were introduced to a B.C. lake, two species of fish that had existed in the lake for thousands of years were suddenly extinct. But it's what took their place that has scientists fascinated. New research from UBC shows that when humans speed up the usually slow process of evolution by introducing new species, it can result in a lasting impact on the ecosystem.

Contact: Heather Amos
University of British Columbia

Showing releases 291-300 out of 387.

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