Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

A recent paper in the Journal of Physical Oceanography details the specific challenges posed by the many millions of tons of plastic dumped into the ocean every years. The findings indicate that solving the problem may have complicating factors beyond just raw scale (4.8 million to 12.7 million metric tons of dumped in 2015 alone). Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: New Princeton University research proves that ocean currents can move particles like phytoplankton and plastic debris all the way across the world in significantly less time than previously thought. Find out how in this video and on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 321-330 out of 386.

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Public Release: 16-Feb-2016
Nature Communications
Research explains near-island biological hotspots in barren ocean basins
Coral reef islands and atolls in the Pacific are predominantly surrounded by vast areas of ocean that have very low nutrient levels and low ecological production. However, the ecosystems near these islands and atolls are often extremely productive. An international team of scientists published a study today which provides the first basin-scale investigation of this paradoxical increase in productivity near coral reef islands and atolls -- referred to as the 'Island Mass Effect.'
NOAA/Coral Reef Conservation Program

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 16-Feb-2016
2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting
2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting: Press conference schedule; briefings streamed online; badge pickup
Discover the latest in ocean science research at the 2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting, taking place from Feb. 21-26 at the Ernest N. Morial Convention Center in New Orleans, Louisiana. The meeting will bring together researchers from the American Geophysical Union, the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, and The Oceanography Society.

Contact: Lauren Lipuma
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 16-Feb-2016
NASA sees a stronger Tropical Cyclone Uriah
Cloud top temperatures in storms within Tropical Cyclone Uriah grew colder over the last couple of days, according to infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite. That's an indication of stronger uplift in a tropical cyclone and a stronger storm. NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite saw the storm when it was struggling against wind shear, and two days later NASA's Aqua satellite saw Uriah reach hurricane-strength after the shear weakened.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 16-Feb-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
AGU: Better, faster tsunami warnings possible with GPS
Better, faster tsunami warnings are possible with GPS.

Contact: Lillian Steenblik Hwang
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 16-Feb-2016
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
Disease, warming oceans rock lobster and sea star populations
Two new Cornell University studies show how diverse marine organisms are susceptible to diseases made worse by warming oceans. The first study warns that warm sea temperatures in 2015 may increase the levels of epizootic shell disease in American lobster in the northern Gulf of Maine in 2016. The second provides the first evidence linking warmer ocean temperatures with a West Coast epidemic of sea star wasting disease that has infected more than 20 species and devastated populations since 2013.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Melissa Osgood
Cornell University

Public Release: 16-Feb-2016
Freshwater Biology
Beavers bring environmental benefits
A study into the ecology and habitat engineering of beavers reintroduced to Scotland has found the creatures bring numerous benefits to the environment.

Contact: Corrie Campbell
University of Stirling

Public Release: 16-Feb-2016
Nature Communications
Ocean oases: How islands support more sea-life
A 60 year-old theory explaining why seas surrounding islands and atolls are particularly productive has just been proven. The authors describe the extent to which the Island Mass Effect happens and identify key drivers in this 'positive feed-back effect,' which acts as a life-supporting mechanism. The baseline data can be used in assessing how productivity may become altered under climate change scenarios such as altered ocean circulation patterns and what the knock-on effects may be.

Contact: Dr. Gareth Williams
Bangor University

Public Release: 15-Feb-2016
Scientific Reports
New research challenges cascading effects of shark declines
New Florida State University research appearing today in Scientific Reports, a Nature journal, challenges a 2007 study published in Science claiming that shark declines led to rising populations of cownose rays, which were responsible for the collapse of oyster and shellfish industries along the Atlantic coast.

Contact: Kathleen Haughney
Florida State University

Public Release: 15-Feb-2016
Nature Microbiology
Scientists discover new microbes that thrive deep in the earth
They live several kilometers under the surface of the earth, need no light or oxygen and can only be seen in a microscope. By sequencing genomes of a newly discovered group of microbes, the Hadesarchaea, an international team of researchers have found out how these microorganisms make a living in the deep subsurface biosphere of our planet.

Contact: Thijs Ettema
Uppsala University

Public Release: 14-Feb-2016
2016 AAAS Annual Meeting
Does living near an oil or natural gas well affect your drinking water?
Does living near an oil or natural gas well affect the quality of your drinking water? 'The answer to that question is usually 'no,' but there are exceptions,' said Stanford Professor Rob Jackson. He has found very high levels of natural gas in the tap water near active wells, and a surprising number of hydraulically fractured wells that penetrate shallow freshwater aquifers. 'In no other industry would you be allowed to inject chemicals into a source of drinking-quality water,' Jackson said.
Stanford University

Contact: Mark Shwartz
Stanford University

Showing releases 321-330 out of 386.

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