Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

A recent paper in the Journal of Physical Oceanography details the specific challenges posed by the many millions of tons of plastic dumped into the ocean every years. The findings indicate that solving the problem may have complicating factors beyond just raw scale (4.8 million to 12.7 million metric tons of dumped in 2015 alone). Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: New Princeton University research proves that ocean currents can move particles like phytoplankton and plastic debris all the way across the world in significantly less time than previously thought. Find out how in this video and on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 326-335 out of 386.

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Public Release: 16-Feb-2016
Freshwater Biology
Beavers bring environmental benefits
A study into the ecology and habitat engineering of beavers reintroduced to Scotland has found the creatures bring numerous benefits to the environment.

Contact: Corrie Campbell
University of Stirling

Public Release: 16-Feb-2016
Nature Communications
Ocean oases: How islands support more sea-life
A 60 year-old theory explaining why seas surrounding islands and atolls are particularly productive has just been proven. The authors describe the extent to which the Island Mass Effect happens and identify key drivers in this 'positive feed-back effect,' which acts as a life-supporting mechanism. The baseline data can be used in assessing how productivity may become altered under climate change scenarios such as altered ocean circulation patterns and what the knock-on effects may be.

Contact: Dr. Gareth Williams
Bangor University

Public Release: 15-Feb-2016
Scientific Reports
New research challenges cascading effects of shark declines
New Florida State University research appearing today in Scientific Reports, a Nature journal, challenges a 2007 study published in Science claiming that shark declines led to rising populations of cownose rays, which were responsible for the collapse of oyster and shellfish industries along the Atlantic coast.

Contact: Kathleen Haughney
Florida State University

Public Release: 15-Feb-2016
Nature Microbiology
Scientists discover new microbes that thrive deep in the earth
They live several kilometers under the surface of the earth, need no light or oxygen and can only be seen in a microscope. By sequencing genomes of a newly discovered group of microbes, the Hadesarchaea, an international team of researchers have found out how these microorganisms make a living in the deep subsurface biosphere of our planet.

Contact: Thijs Ettema
Uppsala University

Public Release: 14-Feb-2016
2016 AAAS Annual Meeting
Does living near an oil or natural gas well affect your drinking water?
Does living near an oil or natural gas well affect the quality of your drinking water? 'The answer to that question is usually 'no,' but there are exceptions,' said Stanford Professor Rob Jackson. He has found very high levels of natural gas in the tap water near active wells, and a surprising number of hydraulically fractured wells that penetrate shallow freshwater aquifers. 'In no other industry would you be allowed to inject chemicals into a source of drinking-quality water,' Jackson said.
Stanford University

Contact: Mark Shwartz
Stanford University

Public Release: 13-Feb-2016
Tsunamis: An International Hazard
Best rep for Tsunamis: Avoid ignorance, heed warning signs
Northwestern University tsunami expert Emile A. Okal will discuss "The Perils of Insularity When Studying Natural Hazards" at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) annual meeting in Washington, D.C., Feb. 13, 2016.

Contact: Kristin Samuelson
Northwestern University

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
In the blink of an eye: Rapid basin formation 148 to 170 million years ago
Fast-paced and complex extensional and contractional deformation, between 170 and 148 million years ago, along the margin of Laurasia coincides with ocean-floor formation within basins. These include as the central Atlantic, the Gulf of Mexico, the Great Valley of California, the Mediterranean Sea, and the southern Caspian Sea.

Contact: Kea Giles
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
Marine Ecology Progress Series
Rare beluga data show whales dive to maximize meals
As the Arctic continues to change due to rising temperatures, melting sea ice and human interest in developing oil and shipping routes, it's important to understand belugas' baseline behavior, argue the authors of a new paper.
NSF/Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship Program on Ocean Change

Contact: Michelle Ma
University of Washington

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
Biological Invasions
Scientists in Panama call for alert as cobia, a potentially invasive fish, spreads
Like the lionfish in the Caribbean, a large fish called Cobia, which has escaped from an aquaculture facility in Ecuador, has the potential to become an important invasive species in the Central and Eastern Pacific

Contact: Beth King
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
Developmental Biology
'Jaws' may help humans grow new teeth, shark study suggests
A new insight into how sharks regenerate their teeth, which may pave the way for the development of therapies to help humans with tooth loss, has been discovered by scientists at the University of Sheffield.
Natural Environment Research Council, Leverhulme Trust

Contact: Sean Barton
University of Sheffield

Showing releases 326-335 out of 386.

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