Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

In early August of this year, University of Washington biologist Peter Ward encountered an example of the extremely rare nautilus Allonautilus scrobiculatus. Considered by Ward potentially one of the rarest species in the world, not a single one has been seen since Ward's first expedition over three decades past in 1984. Read about his latest expedition on EurekAlert!.

Video:Warming oceans may lead to Antarctic king crabs ascending to the top of the food chain for the first time in millions of years as traditional barriers to their dominance are diminished. Florida State University researchers explain why in this video and on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.

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Showing releases 351-360 out of 516.

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Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
NASA sees heavy rain in Hurricane Hilda, south of Hawaii
Hurricane Hilda has been on a weakening trend and by Aug. 12 it weakened to a tropical storm.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
This week from AGU: Natural arches, Italian earthquake, Canadian rivers & research papers
Natural arches hum their health and scientists are listening For the first time, scientists have found a way to detect if the breathtaking natural arches of Utah's Canyonlands and Arches national parks are suffering from internal damage that could lead to their collapse, according to a new study in Geophysical Research Letters.

Contact: Leigh Cooper
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Nature Geoscience
Significant breath from streams and rivers
Running streams are key sources of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide, but why is it so? An international team of researchers, led by Umeå University, publishes the answer in the prestigious journal Nature Geoscience.

Contact: Anna-Lena Lindskog
Umea University

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Better estimates of worldwide mercury pollution
An international team led by MIT researchers has conducted a new analysis that provides more accurate estimates of sources of mercury emissions around the world.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Scientific Reports
Are marine organisms evolving to protect their young in response to ocean acidification?
Marine organisms living in acidified waters exhibit a tendency to nurture their offspring to a greater extent than those in more regular conditions.

Contact: Andrew Merrington
University of Plymouth

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Decoding the genome of an alien
OIST researchers and collaborators have sequenced and analyzed an octopus genome, making it the first cephalopod to be decoded.
Molecular Genetics Unit of the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kaoru Natori
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) Graduate University

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Rare octopus shocks scientists with unusual mating and reproductive strategies
A remarkable yet little-known species of octopus is once again exciting the cephalopod community with its surprisingly social behavior, unconventional mating and reproductive habits, unusual predatory behavior, and unique body patterns, most of which have never before been observed among octopuses. A team of scientists -- including Richard Ross, senior aquarium biologist and cephalopod expert from the California Academy of Sciences -- will publish the results of their multi-year behavioral study this week in the journal PLOS ONE.

Contact: Kelly Mendez
California Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Octopus genome reveals cephalopod secrets
Researchers from UC Berkeley, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University and University of Chicago sequenced and annotated the first cephalopod genome, the California two-spot octopus. They found widespread rearrangements of genes and a dramatic expansion of a family of genes involved in neuronal development that was once thought to be unique to vertebrates. Study of this and other cephalopod genomes will help reveal the genetic basis for these creatures' unusual behavior and physiology.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Evolution peaks on tropical mountain
Tropical mountains have an exceptionally high biodiversity. This is also the case for Mount Kinabalu in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. During an expedition, organized by Naturalis Biodiversity Center and Sabah Parks, experts investigated the local fauna, flora, and fungi. They discovered that most of the unique species that occur in the area had evolved later than the age of the mountain itself, and that some had evolved from immigrant ancestors, whereas others evolved from local ancestors. These findings are published in Nature.
Netherlands FES-funding, Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research, Alberta Mennega Foundation, Ecology Fund of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences, Uyttenboogaart-Eliasen Foundation, Pro Acarologia Basiliensis

Contact: Astrid Kromhout
Naturalis Biodiversity Center

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Octopus genome sequenced
The first whole genome analysis of an octopus reveals unique genomic features that likely played a role in the evolution of traits such as large complex nervous systems and adaptive camouflage. The findings are published in Nature on Aug. 12, 2015.
National Science Foundation, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development of the National Institutes of Health, the Molecular Genetics Unit of the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University

Contact: Kevin Jiang
University of Chicago Medical Center

Showing releases 351-360 out of 516.

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