Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

A recent paper in the Journal of Physical Oceanography details the specific challenges posed by the many millions of tons of plastic dumped into the ocean every years. The findings indicate that solving the problem may have complicating factors beyond just raw scale (4.8 million to 12.7 million metric tons of dumped in 2015 alone). Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: New Princeton University research proves that ocean currents can move particles like phytoplankton and plastic debris all the way across the world in significantly less time than previously thought. Find out how in this video and on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 381-390 out of 395.

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Public Release: 10-Feb-2016
Plankton carries carbon to safe resting spot, ocean study reveals
The ocean's power to rein in carbon and protect the environment is vast but not well-understood. But now, an international team of scientists has begun to illuminate how the ocean plucks carbon from the atmosphere, where it contributes to global warming, and shuttles it to the bottom of the sea.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Matthew Sullivan
Ohio State University

Public Release: 9-Feb-2016
NASA data reveals tropical cyclone forming near Madagascar
The Global Precipitation Measurement or GPM core satellite and NASA's RapidScat instrument aboard the International Space Station have provided forecasters with data that shows System 96S, a tropical low pressure area in the Southern Indian Ocean, is consolidating and developing into a depression.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 9-Feb-2016
Open Biology
Starfish reveal the origins of brain messenger molecules
Biologists from Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) have discovered the genes in starfish that encode neuropeptides -- a common type of chemical found in human brains. The revelation gives researchers new insights into how neural function evolved in the animal kingdom.
The Leverhulme Trust, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Contact: Neha Okhandiar
Queen Mary University of London

Public Release: 9-Feb-2016
Slime can see
After 340 years of looking at bacteria under a microscope, scientists discover that bacteria themselves can see, helping them move towards light for photosynthesis.

Contact: Zoe Dunford

Public Release: 9-Feb-2016
Molecular Biology and Evolution
Biologists find genetic mechanism for 'extremophile' fish survival
A Washington State University biologist has found the genetic mechanisms that lets a fish live in toxic, acidic water. The discovery opens the door to new insights into the functioning of other 'extremophiles' and how they adapt to their challenging environments.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office, L'Oreal Fellowship for Women in Science, Oak Ridge Associated Universities

Contact: Joanna Kelley, WSU assistant professor
Washington State University

Public Release: 9-Feb-2016
Environmental Reviews
Inland fisheries determined to surface as food powerhouse
No longer satisfied to be washed out by epic seas and vast oceans, the world's lakes, rivers, streams, canals, reservoirs and other land-locked waters continue a push to be recognized -- and properly managed -- as a global food security powerhouse.

Contact: Sue Nichols
Michigan State University

Public Release: 8-Feb-2016
Nature Scientific Reports
Study accurately dates coral loss at Great Barrier Reef
The timing of significant Great Barrier Reef coral loss captured by a series of historical photos has been accurately determined for the first time by a University of Queensland)-led study. Professor Jian-xin Zhao from UQ's School of Earth Sciences said the photos were a powerful visual tool often used to highlight the recent decline of the Great Barrier Reef.
National Environmental Research Program Tropical Ecosystems Hub, Australian Research Council Linkage, Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities

Contact: Dr Tara Clark
University of Queensland

Public Release: 8-Feb-2016
Cretaceous Research
Fossil discovery: Extraordinary 'big-mouthed' fish from Cretaceous Period
Scientists have discovered two new plankton-eating fossil fish species of the genus called Rhinconichthys from the oceans of the Cretaceous Period, about 92 million years ago. Paleobiologist Kenshu Shimada at DePaul University said Rhinconichthys are exceptionally rare, known previously by only one species from England. But a new skull from North America, discovered in Colorado, along with the re-examination of another skull from Japan, have tripled the number of species in the genus.

Contact: Jon Cecero
DePaul University

Public Release: 8-Feb-2016
Nature Climate Change
Carbon emissions affect thousands of years of climate change
The Earth may suffer irreversible damage that could last tens of thousands of years because of the rate humans are emitting carbon into the atmosphere. In a new study in Nature Climate Change, researchers at Oregon State University, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and collaborating institutions found that the longer-term impacts of climate change go well past the 21st century.

Contact: Anne Stark
DOE/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Public Release: 8-Feb-2016
Journal of Archaeological Science
200,000 fish bones suggest ancient Scandinavian people were more complex than thought
200,000 fish bones discovered in and around a pit in Sweden suggest that the people living in the area more than 9,000 years ago were more settled and cultured than we previously thought. Research published in the Journal of Archaeological Science suggests people were storing large amounts of fermented food much earlier than experts thought.

Contact: Alex Walker

Showing releases 381-390 out of 395.

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