Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

Researchers at the KAUST Red Sea Research Center have sequenced the genome of Zostera marina, the very first marine flowering plant ever to receive the treatment. Their findings shed light on how the species adapted from the deep to seas to shallow ponds and back again over hundreds of millions of years. Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: After reviewing more than 52 hours of octopus footage, researchers at Alaska Pacific University and University of Sydney are challenging the prevailing notion that octopi use their color-changing abilities only to hide from predators. They describe a more nuanced interpretation of octopi using color-changing along with body gestures as methods of social communication. Watch some of that video here and read about their research on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 61-70 out of 385.

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Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Study finds toxic pollutants in fish across the world's oceans
A new global analysis of seafood found that fish populations throughout the world's oceans are contaminated with industrial and agricultural pollutants, collectively known as persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The study from researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego also uncovered some good news?concentrations of these pollutants have been consistently dropping over the last 30 years.
Waitt Foundation

Contact: Mario Aguilera
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Estrogens alleviate hyperactivity in zebrafish with autism gene
Research led by UCL, Yale and University of California, San Francisco has shown that the hormone estrogen alleviates the sleep disruption experienced by zebrafish genetically designed to help understand the biology of autism spectrum disorder.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, European Research Council, Wellcome Trust, UCL

Contact: Rebecca Caygill
University College London

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Current Biology
Octopuses shed their asocial reputation
Octopuses have generally been viewed as solitary creatures -- and their color-changing abilities primarily as a means to hide from hungry predators. But, after binge watching more than 52 hours of octopus TV, researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on Jan. 28 have found that octopuses actually do have a social life. And it's not without drama.

Contact: Joseph Caputo
Cell Press

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
Fish and Fisheries
Researchers examine the unintentional effects of different fishing hooks and bait on sharks and rays
By examining relevant studies related to fishing in the open ocean, researchers have found that while using circle instead of J-shaped hooks and fish instead of squid for bait may avoid harm to sea turtles, dolphins, certain whales, and possibly seabirds, it may increase the catch and injury of some sharks and rays.

Contact: Dawn Peters

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
This week from AGU: Indian Ocean warming, 2 data blogs, debris flow video, & 2 new papers
This week from AGU: Indian Ocean warming, 2 data blogs, best ever debris flow video, & 2 new papers.

Contact: Lillian Steenblik Hwang
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
New detection method for Goby invasion
Conventional methods of stock monitoring are unsuitable for certain fish species. For example, the infestation of an area with invasive Ponto-Caspian gobies cannot be identified in time by standard methods. Researchers at the University of Basel have developed a simple, effective and cost-efficient test for these introduced non-native fish, they report in the magazine PLOS ONE.

Contact: Yannik Sprecher
University of Basel

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
Seagrass genome sequence lends insights to salt tolerance
In the Jan. 27, 2016 issue of Nature, a team including DOE Joint Genome Institute researchers describe the first genome of a marine flowering plant: the eelgrass Zostera marina. Coastal seagrass ecosystems cover some 200,000 square kilometers. They account for an estimated 15 percent of carbon fixed in global ocean, and also impact sulfur and nitrogen cycles. Though seagrasses are key players in coastal marine ecosystem functions, they are also endangered.
United States Department of Energy Office of Science

Contact: David Gilbert
DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
With climate, fertilizing oceans could be zero-sum game
Scientists plumbing the depths of the central equatorial Pacific Ocean have found ancient sediments suggesting that one proposed way to mitigate climate warming -- fertilizing the oceans with iron to produce more carbon-eating algae -- may not necessarily work as envisioned.

Contact: Kevin Krajick
The Earth Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
Genome of the flowering plant that returned to the sea
An international consortium led by University of Groningen Professor of Marine Biology Jeanine Olsen published the genome of the seagrass Zostera marina in the scientific journal Nature on Jan. 27. This genome is an exceptional resource that supports a wide range of research themes, from the adaptation of marine ecosystems under climate warming and its role in carbon burial to unravelling the mechanisms of salinity tolerance that may inform the assisted breeding of crop plants.

Contact: Rene Fransen
University of Groningen

Public Release: 26-Jan-2016
New grant to investigate how bacteria induce settling and transformation of marine larvae
A grant, totaling more than $870,000, from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation to the University of Hawai'i will support research to understand the mechanisms by which marine biofilm bacteria -- bacteria that live in slime films on the surfaces of all objects submerged in the sea -- induce the settling of larvae of marine invertebrate animals.
The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Showing releases 61-70 out of 385.

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