Special Feature
Coral Reef Photo

Researchers at the KAUST Red Sea Research Center have sequenced the genome of Zostera marina, the very first marine flowering plant ever to receive the treatment. Their findings shed light on how the species adapted from the deep to seas to shallow ponds and back again over hundreds of millions of years. Read about the research on EurekAlert!.

Video: After reviewing more than 52 hours of octopus footage, researchers at Alaska Pacific University and University of Sydney are challenging the prevailing notion that octopi use their color-changing abilities only to hide from predators. They describe a more nuanced interpretation of octopi using color-changing along with body gestures as methods of social communication. Watch some of that video here and read about their research on EurekAlert!.

The Marine Science Portal on EurekAlert! was created through grants from The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and The Ambrose Monell Foundation.

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 71-80 out of 382.

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Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
PLOS Genetics
NYU research: Shedding light on genetic switches
The study analyzes the regions of DNA that switch on gene expression in the notochord, called notochord cis-regulatory modules. The paper presents a systematic analysis of CRMs that share the distinctive property of turning on gene expression in the notochord.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, March of Dimes Foundation, Uehara Memorial Foundation of Japan, Alice Bohmfalk Charitable Trust

Contact: Christopher James
New York University

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
NASA sees developing depression threatening northwestern Australia
NASA's GPM satellite gathered rainfall rate and cloud height data on the newly developed tropical low pressure area designated System 92S in the Indian Ocean off Australia's northwestern coast. The low pressure area is expected to become a depression in the next day or two, according to the Australian Bureau of Meteorology.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation
Satellites show Florida beaches becoming darker, and that's good for sea turtles
Satellite data on artificial nighttime light in Florida from 1992-2012 was compared to robust data on sea turtle nesting for the same period, showing regulations have cut light levels to the benefit of turtles. Still, adult females are impacted by skyglow as distant as 100 km, researchers found. The research shows the value of satellite data as a conservation tool.

Contact: Mark Schlueb
University of Central Florida

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Study finds toxic pollutants in fish across the world's oceans
A new global analysis of seafood found that fish populations throughout the world's oceans are contaminated with industrial and agricultural pollutants, collectively known as persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The study from researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego also uncovered some good news?concentrations of these pollutants have been consistently dropping over the last 30 years.
Waitt Foundation

Contact: Mario Aguilera
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Estrogens alleviate hyperactivity in zebrafish with autism gene
Research led by UCL, Yale and University of California, San Francisco has shown that the hormone estrogen alleviates the sleep disruption experienced by zebrafish genetically designed to help understand the biology of autism spectrum disorder.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, European Research Council, Wellcome Trust, UCL

Contact: Rebecca Caygill
University College London

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Current Biology
Octopuses shed their asocial reputation
Octopuses have generally been viewed as solitary creatures -- and their color-changing abilities primarily as a means to hide from hungry predators. But, after binge watching more than 52 hours of octopus TV, researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on Jan. 28 have found that octopuses actually do have a social life. And it's not without drama.

Contact: Joseph Caputo
Cell Press

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
Fish and Fisheries
Researchers examine the unintentional effects of different fishing hooks and bait on sharks and rays
By examining relevant studies related to fishing in the open ocean, researchers have found that while using circle instead of J-shaped hooks and fish instead of squid for bait may avoid harm to sea turtles, dolphins, certain whales, and possibly seabirds, it may increase the catch and injury of some sharks and rays.

Contact: Dawn Peters

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
This week from AGU: Indian Ocean warming, 2 data blogs, debris flow video, & 2 new papers
This week from AGU: Indian Ocean warming, 2 data blogs, best ever debris flow video, & 2 new papers.

Contact: Lillian Steenblik Hwang
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
New detection method for Goby invasion
Conventional methods of stock monitoring are unsuitable for certain fish species. For example, the infestation of an area with invasive Ponto-Caspian gobies cannot be identified in time by standard methods. Researchers at the University of Basel have developed a simple, effective and cost-efficient test for these introduced non-native fish, they report in the magazine PLOS ONE.

Contact: Yannik Sprecher
University of Basel

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
Seagrass genome sequence lends insights to salt tolerance
In the Jan. 27, 2016 issue of Nature, a team including DOE Joint Genome Institute researchers describe the first genome of a marine flowering plant: the eelgrass Zostera marina. Coastal seagrass ecosystems cover some 200,000 square kilometers. They account for an estimated 15 percent of carbon fixed in global ocean, and also impact sulfur and nitrogen cycles. Though seagrasses are key players in coastal marine ecosystem functions, they are also endangered.
United States Department of Energy Office of Science

Contact: David Gilbert
DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Showing releases 71-80 out of 382.

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