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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1311.

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Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
2014 AGU Fall Meeting
AGU Fall Meeting: Press registration open, book hotel now
Discover the latest Earth and space science news at the 47th annual AGU Fall Meeting this December, when about 22,000 scientists from around the globe are expected to assemble for the largest worldwide conference in the Earth and space sciences. This year, the meeting runs from Monday through Friday, Dec. 15-19, at the Moscone Center, 747 Howard St., San Francisco, Calif.

Contact: Mary Catherine Adams
mcadams@agu.org
202-777-7530
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
NASA sees Hurricane Edouard far from US, but creating rough surf
Although NASA's Aqua satellite showed that Hurricane Edouard is far from US soil, it is powerful enough that it is creating dangerous swells along the US East Coast.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
NASA sees Tropical Storm Polo intensifying
Tropical storm warnings now issued for a portion of the Southwestern coast of Mexico as Polo continues to strengthen. Infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite showed powerful thunderstorms around the center of the storm.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
NASA sees Odile soaking Mexico and southwestern US
Tropical Storm Odile continues to spread moisture and generate strong thunderstorms with heavy rainfall over northern Mexico's mainland and the Baja California as well as the southwestern US. NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission or TRMM satellite measured rainfall rates from space as it passed over Odile.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Coral growth rate plummets in 30-year comparison
A team of researchers working on a Carnegie expedition in Australia's Great Barrier Reef has documented that coral growth rates have plummeted 40 percent since the mid-1970s. The scientists suggest that ocean acidification may be playing an important role in this perilous slowdown.
Moore Foundation

Contact: Ken Caldeira
kcaldeira@carnegiescience.edu
Carnegie Institution

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
NASA sees Tropical Storm Kalmaegi weakening over Vietnam
Tropical Storm Kalmaegi made landfall on Sept. 17 near the border of Vietnam and China and moved inland. Soon after the landfall as a typhoon, NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead and captured an image of the weaker tropical storm.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Biological Conservation
Cape Cod saltmarsh recovery looks good, falls short
In some places Cape Cod's imperiled saltmarsh grasses have been making a comeback, but a new study reports that their ability to protect the coast has not returned nearly as fast as their healthy appearance would suggest.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Coral Reefs
Study finds Great Barrier Reef is an effective wave absorber
New research has found that the Great Barrier Reef, as a whole, is a remarkably effective wave absorber, despite large gaps between the reefs. This means that landward of the reefs, waves are mostly related to local winds rather than offshore wave conditions.

Contact: Glenn Harris
G.Harris@soton.ac.uk
44-023-805-93212
University of Southampton

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
PLOS ONE
Expedition finds Nemo can travel great distances to connect populations
Clownfish spend their entire lives nestling in the protective tentacles of host anemones, but new research shows that as babies they sometimes travel hundreds of kilometres across the open ocean. Although the process of long-distance dispersal by reef fish has been predicted, this is the first time that the high level exchange of offspring between distant populations has been observed.

Contact: Jo Bowler
j.bowler@exeter.ac.uk
44-013-927-22062
University of Exeter

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Nature
What set the Earth's plates in motion?
Professor Patrice Rey, from the University of Sydney's School of Geoscience, and his colleagues have a new explanation for the origin of plate tectonics.

Contact: Verity Leatherdale
verity.leatherdale@sydney.edu.au
61-042-529-6802
University of Sydney

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
PLOS ONE
Nemo's epic journey to find a new home
New research has found clownfish larvae can swim up to 400 kilometres in search of a home, which makes them better able to cope with environmental change. It's the furthest distance they've been able to track the dispersal of any coral reef fish and the findings show how connected the marine environment can be.
Natural Environment Research Council, Royal Society, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Études, Davis Trust, University of Edinburgh Development Trust, Carnegie Trust, BS-AC Jubilee Trust, Weir Trust

Contact: Hugo Harrison
hugo.harrison@my.jcu.edu.au
61-049-952-3939
ARC Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Journal of Experimental Biology
Transparent larvae hide opaque eyes behind reflections
Transparency is almost the perfect form of camouflage, however, transparent animals with compound eyes have a problem. Each eye unit is shielded from the next with opaque pigment to prevent light leakage, making the opaque eyes conspicuous. However, scientists from the University of Maryland Baltimore County have discovered that mantis shrimp larvae camouflage their opaque eyes with reflections that color match the light in their surroundings.
US Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Kathryn Knight
kathryn@biologists.com
44-012-234-25525
The Company of Biologists

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Counting fish teeth reveals regulatory DNA changes behind rapid evolution, adaptation
Threespine sticklebacks, small fish found around the globe, undergo rapid evolutionary change when they move from the ocean to freshwater lakes, losing their armor and gaining more teeth in as little as 10 years. UC Berkeley biologist Craig Miller shows that this rapid change results not from mutations in functional genes, but changes in regulatory DNA. He pinpoints a gene that could be responsible for teeth, bone or jaw deformities in humans, including cleft palate.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
eLife
New research decodes virus-host interactions in ocean dead zones
A new study reveals the interactions among bacteria and viruses that prey on them thriving in oxygen minimum zones -- stretches of ocean starved for oxygen that occur around the globe. Understanding such microbial communities in their natural environments is an important step in understanding global processes, including climate.
DOE/Joint Genome Institute, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, G. Unger Vetlesen and Ambrose Monell Foundations, Tula Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Canada Foundation for Innovation

Contact: Daniel Stolte
stolte@email.arizona.edu
520-626-4402
University of Arizona

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Newborn Tropical Storm Polo gives a NASA satellite a 'cold reception'
The AIRS instrument aboard NASA's Aqua satellite uses infrared light to read cloud top temperatures in tropical cyclones. When Aqua passed over newborn Tropical Storm Polo off of Mexico's southwestern coast it got a 'cold reception' when infrared data saw some very cold cloud top temperatures and strong storms within that hint at intensification.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
NASA spots center of Typhoon Kalmaegi over Hainan Island, headed for Vietnam
NASA's Aqua satellite saw Typhoon Kalmaegi's center near northern Hainan Island, China when it passed overhead on Sept. 16 at 06:00 UTC (2 a.m. EDT). Hours later, the storm crossed the Gulf of Tonkin, the body of water that separates Hainan Island from Vietnam, and was making landfall there at 11:30 a.m. EDT.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Society & Natural Resources
Politics divide coastal residents' views of environment, UNH research finds
From the salmon-rich waters of Southeast Alaska to the white sand beaches of Florida's Gulf Coast to Downeast Maine's lobster, lumber and tourist towns, coastal residents around the US share a common characteristic: their views about coastal environments divide along political lines. That's a primary finding of a new study by University of New Hampshire sociologists published this month in the journal Society & Natural Resources.
USDA Rural Development program, US Environmental Protection Agency, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, Ford Foundation, Kellogg Foundation, University of New Hampshire by the College of Liberal Arts

Contact: Beth Potier
beth.potier@unh.edu
603-862-1566
University of New Hampshire

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Camera developed at WUSTL sheds light on mate choice of swordtail fish
A group of researchers have used a special camera developed by Viktor Gruev, PhD, to discover that female northern swordtail fish choose their mates based on polarization signals from the males.
Office of Naval Research, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie Flory
Julie.Flory@WUSTL.EDU
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
NASA sees Tropical Storm Odile knocking at US Southwest
Tropical Storm Odile continues to drench western Mexico and has now entered into the US Southwest. On Sept. 15, NASA's Terra satellite saw Odile's northernmost edge crossing the Mexican border into southern California. NOAA's GOES-East satellite on Sept. 16 showed Odile's outer bands were already bringing storms to southern Arizona.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
NASA's Global Hawk and satellites investigating Hurricane Edouard today
The unmanned Global Hawk aircraft that's part of NASA's airborne Hurricane and Severe Storm Sentinel, or HS3 mission was winging its way to Hurricane Edouard on Sept. 16. In addition to the Global Hawk, various NASA satellites are continually providing data on the Atlantic hurricane.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Malaspina annual meeting 2014
The Malaspina Expedition confirms that pollution reaches even the most remote areas of the ocean
Three years after the Hesperides vessel returned to Spain culminating the around the world of the Malaspina Expedition, researchers have an increasingly clear picture of how the global ocean works and what is its health condition. Specifically, the input of pollutants from the atmosphere is not limited to coastal areas, but also occurs in the most remote areas of the planet, and it is already affecting the ocean ecosystem.

Contact: Ainhoa Goñi
ainhoa.goni@csic.es
Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
Judging a fish by its color: For female bluefin killifish, love is a yellow mate
Researchers used male replicas of bluefin killifish and controlled their movement with robotic arms to improve repeatability in experiments designed to determine how fertile female fish would respond to male courtship. The surprising result: The females preferred males with yellow fins, contrary to existing research that indicated a preference to blue and red.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
kathleen.hamilton@nyu.edu
718-260-3792
New York University Polytechnic School of Engineering

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
NOAA team reveals forgotten ghost ships off Golden Gate
A team of NOAA researchers today confirmed the discovery just outside San Francisco's Golden Gate strait of the 1910 shipwreck SS Selja and an unidentified early steam tugboat wreck tagged the 'mystery wreck.' The researchers also located the 1863 wreck of the clipper ship Noonday, currently obscured by mud and silt on the ocean floor.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Park Service

Contact: Mary Jane Schramm
maryjane.schramm@noaa.gov
415-561-6622 x205
NOAA Headquarters

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Sharks' skin has teeth in the fight against hospital superbugs
Transmission of bacterial infections, including Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus could be curbed by coating hospital surfaces with microscopic bumps that mimic the scaly surface of shark skin, according to research published in the open access journal Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control.

Contact: Anna Perman
Anna.Perman@biomedcentral.com
44-020-319-22429
BioMed Central

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
International Society for Microbial Ecology Journal
Researchers discover new producer of crucial vitamin
New research has determined that a single group of microorganisms may be responsible for much of the world's vitamin B12 production in the oceans, with implications for the global carbon cycle and climate change. Professors Andew Doxey and Josh Neufeld, from the Faculty of Science at the University of Waterloo, led a study that discovered that Thaumarchaeota are likely dominant vitamin B12 producers.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Pamela Smyth
psmyth@uwaterloo.ca
519-888-4777
University of Waterloo

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1311.

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