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Public Release: 9-Jul-2015
Science
Integrating past warm climate data, scientists hone future sea-level rise predictions
In a recent review of the science on past sea-level rise and climate change, climate scientists including Robert DeConto of the University of Massachusetts Amherst survey modeling and other methods used to reconstruct past sea levels and say we are verging on a new era of understanding how quickly the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets may respond to warming, and what rates of sea-level change might accompany such change.

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 9-Jul-2015
Current Biology
Human activities, shifts in local species reshaping coastal biodiversity
While human activities have caused extinctions across the globe, your favorite beach or diving site may actually be home to as many, or more, species then it was a few decades ago. That's the conclusion of a synthesis of 50 years of marine biodiversity data conducted by University of British Columbia researchers.

Contact: Silvia Moreno-Garcia
silvia.moreno-garcia@science.ubc.ca
604-827-5001
University of British Columbia

Public Release: 9-Jul-2015
Science
Global sea levels have risen 6 meters or more with just slight global warming
A new review analyzing three decades of research on the historic effects of melting polar ice sheets found that global sea levels have risen at least six meters, or about 20 feet, above present levels on multiple occasions over the past three million years. What is most concerning is that amount of melting was caused by an increase of only 1-2 degrees (Celsius) in global mean temperatures.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anders Carlson
acarlson@coas.oregonstate.edu
541-737-3625
Oregon State University

Public Release: 9-Jul-2015
Science
Managing mining of the deep seabed
The International Seabed Authority is meeting on July 15 to decide on a regulatory framework for mining in the deep-sea floor. In a paper published this week in Science, researchers from the Center for Ocean Solutions and co-authors from leading institutions around the world propose a strategy for balancing commercial extraction of deep-sea resources with protection of diverse seabed habitats.

Contact: Kristi Boosman
kboosman@stanford.edu
650-850-1136
Center for Ocean Solutions

Public Release: 8-Jul-2015
Coral Reefs
New study showed spawning frequency regulates species population networks on coral reefs
New research on tropical coral reef ecosystems showed that releasing larvae more often is beneficial for a species' network. The study on reproductive strategies is critical to assess the conservation of coral reef ecosystems worldwide.

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 8-Jul-2015
GSA Bulletin
New database documents submarine landslides
Submarine landslides, also known as mass transport deposits (MTDs), are common in marine environments and pose risks to coastal communities and offshore infrastructure. This new 332-point database presented by Lorena Moscardelli and Lesli Wood is drawn from studies of multiple MTDs around the world. Understanding these MTDS, they write, will help determine the extent of ancient submarine landslides and contribute to the development geo-models for forecasting future submarine slides.

Contact: Kea Giles
kgiles@geosociety.org
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 8-Jul-2015
NASA sees powerful winds around Typhoon Nangka's center
The RapidScat instrument aboard the International Space Station measured Typhoon Nangka's powerful winds as it continues to move through the Northwestern Pacific Ocean.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 8-Jul-2015
NASA sees Tropical Storm Linfa approaching southeastern China coast
NASA's Aqua satellite provided a bird's eye view of Tropical Storm Linfa as it was approaching the southeastern China coast on July 8.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 8-Jul-2015
Typhoon Chan-Hom 'eyes' NASA's Aqua satellite
Typhoon Chan-Hom's eye was visible from space when NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead early on July 8, 2015.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 8-Jul-2015
New tropical depression forms and moves into central Pacific Ocean
Tropical Depression 4E formed in the Eastern Pacific and crossed the 140 West longitude line as of the 0300 UTC time, which brought it into the central Pacific Ocean.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 8-Jul-2015
Environmental Engineering Science
New study shows that oil from surface-spill slicks can sink to sea floor
A first of its kind study that modeled oil slick weathering over time in a laboratory setting provides evidence that evaporation combined with sinking of the heavy components of surface-spill slicks can explain the presence of oil on the sea floor. This critical proof-of-concept addresses the ongoing controversy regarding the large amounts of oil found at the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico and will impact future oil slick modeling and clean-up strategies. The study is published in Environmental Engineering Science.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
kryan@liebertpub.com
914-740-2100
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 8-Jul-2015
Royal Society Open Science
Cost-effective conservation helps species bounce back
Researchers have developed a way to help ecosystems bounce back after human disturbances such as shipping, oil exploration or fishing, and have applied it to a coral reef fish species.

Contact: Quentin Grafton
quentin.grafton@anu.edu.au
61-261-256-558
Australian National University

Public Release: 8-Jul-2015
Nature
Seafloor hot springs a significant source of iron in the oceans
A two-month voyage tracking a deep current flowing from one of the most active underwater volcanoes on Earth proves that iron released from hydrothermal vents travels thousands of miles, providing a significant source of iron to support life in the broader oceans.
NOAA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 8-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
First images of dolphin brain circuitry hint at how they sense sound
A novel DTI technique used on the preserved brains of two dolphins that died after stranding shows that at least two areas of the dolphin brain are associated with the auditory system, unlike most mammals that primarily process sound in a single area.
Facility for Education and Research, Emory University, Medical Research Council, Welcome Trust

Contact: Carol Clark
carol.clark@emory.edu
404-727-0501
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 8-Jul-2015
Journal of Experimental Biology
Diving dolphins are exhalation champions
How diving marine mammals escape the damaging effects of high pressure is something of a mystery. However, Andreas Fahlman from Texas A&M University and collaborators working at Dolphin Quest Oahu have discovered that the mammals have extremely compressible lungs that protect them from damage by collapsing when diving. The animals also have one of the highest ever recorded exhalation rates at 137.6 l/s, 2-3 times higher than the terrestrial champion, the horse.
US Office of Naval Research

Contact: Kathryn Knight
kathryn@biologists.com
44-012-236-32871
The Company of Biologists

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
NASA sees Typhoon Nangka strengthen
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Typhoon Nangka on July 6 and took an infrared look at the large storm as it strengthened from a tropical storm into a typhoon.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
NASA's infrared look at strengthening Typhoon Chan-Hom
Typhoon Chan-Hom's strongest winds wrapped from north to south, around the eastern side of the storm, according to surface wind data from NASA's RapidScat instrument.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
NASA sees Tropical Storm Linfa netween Taiwan and northern Philippines
NASA's Aqua satellite captured a picture Tropical Storm Linfa in the South China Sea on July 7 when it was between southern Taiwan and the northern Philippines.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Animals' infections can impact most on relatives, study finds
Disease in wild animals can have a greater impact on the health of others than on the infected animals themselves, a study suggests.
Natural Environment Research Council, Royal Society

Contact: Catriona Kelly
Catriona.Kelly@ed.ac.uk
44-131-651-4401
University of Edinburgh

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Biology Letters
Fishing ban rescues Robben Island penguin chicks
Survival of endangered African penguin chicks increased by 18 percent following a trial three-year fishery closure around Robben Island in South Africa, a new study from the University of Exeter has found.
Earthwatch Institute, Bristol Zoological Society, Leiden Conservation Foundation, National Research Foundation

Contact: Jo Bowler
pressoffice@exeter.ac.uk
44-139-272-2062
University of Exeter

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Mass extinction event from South Africa's Karoo
An international team led by researchers from the Evolutionary Studies Institute at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, has obtained an age from rocks of the Great Karoo that shed light on the timing of a mass extinction event that occurred around 260 million years ago.

Contact: Erna van Wyk
erna.vanwyk@wits.ac.za
27-117-174-023
University of the Witwatersrand

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Everything you need to know about coastal engineering -- international compendium published
Coastal and ocean engineers can now look forward to new research reading material compiled in a single compendium. Published by World Scientific, the 'International Compendium of Coastal Engineering' aims to provide a comprehensive overview of coastal engineering from basic theory to engineering practice.

Contact: Jason CJ
cjlim@wspc.com.sg
646-65775 x247
World Scientific

Public Release: 6-Jul-2015
NASA sees Nangka become a typhoon
Tropical Storm Nangka strengthened to a typhoon in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean just after NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead on July 6.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 6-Jul-2015
NASA's infrared look at strengthening Typhoon Chan-Hom
During the early morning hours on July 6, Chan-Hom was a strong tropical storm. Infrared data from NASA's Aqua satellite showed very powerful thunderstorms that hinted at intensification, and later in the day, Chan-Hom became a typhoon.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 6-Jul-2015
Nature Nanotechnology
Tel Aviv/Tsinghua University project uses crowd computing to improve water filtration
A joint research project by Tel Aviv University and Tsinghua University proposes a novel nanotechnology-based strategy to improve water filtration. The project, initiated by IBM's World Community Grid, was an experiment in crowdsourced computing -- carried out by over 150,000 volunteers who contributed their own computing power to the research.

Contact: George Hunka
ghunka@aftau.org
212-742-9070
American Friends of Tel Aviv University

Showing releases 1051-1075 out of 1741.

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