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Showing releases 1076-1100 out of 1326.

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Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
Geology
Mountains, models, salt, sand, and cycles
Topics in this current batch of Geology articles posted ahead of print include the puzzle of parallel mountain chains; 25 years on the East Pacific Rise; unique episodes in Earth's history; turbidity currents; computer models; Wilson cycles; salt structure beneath the sea bed; the North Scotia Ridge; El Hierro, Canary Islands; sand-sized sub-spherical silica grains; bank pull or bar push; kaolinitic paleosols; Earth's youngest, hottest rocks; 3-D thermo-mechanical numerical models; and the Bohemian Massif.

Contact: Kea Giles
kgiles@geosociety.org
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
Fuel Processing Technology
Plastic shopping bags make a fine diesel fuel, researchers report
Plastic shopping bags, an abundant source of litter on land and at sea, can be converted into diesel, natural gas and other useful petroleum products, researchers report. The conversion produces significantly more energy than it requires and results in transportation fuels -- diesel, for example -- that can be blended with existing ultra-low-sulfur diesels and biodiesels.
Illinois Hazardous Waste Research Fund, Environmental Research and Education Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates, Life Sci Editor, U. of I. News Bureau
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
Oikos
GVSU researchers draw link between zebra mussels, risk of algae blooms
Researchers at Grand Valley State University's Annis Water Resources Institute are learning more about the impact invasive zebra mussels and native aquatic insect larvae have on the risk of algae blooms in two West Michigan lakes.

Contact: Nate Hoekstra
hoekstna@gvsu.edu
616-331-8138
Grand Valley State University

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
PLOS ONE
Satellites help spot whales
Scientists have demonstrated how new satellite technology can be used to count whales, and ultimately estimate their population size. Using Very High Resolution satellite imagery, alongside image processing software, they were able to automatically detect and count whales breeding in part of the Golfo Nuevo, Peninsula Valdes in Argentina.

Contact: Rachel Law
raclaw@bas.ac.uk
44-122-322-1437
British Antarctic Survey

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
PLOS ONE
Ancient reptile birth preserved in fossil
Ichthyosaur fossil may show the earliest live birth from an ancient Mesozoic marine reptile.

Contact: Kayla Graham
onepress@plos.org
415-590-3558
PLOS

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
PLOS ONE
Whales viewed from space
High-resolution satellite images may be a useful tool for counting whale populations for conservation purposes.

Contact: Kayla Graham
onepress@plos.org
415-590-3558
PLOS

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
NASA still sees some high thunderstorms in Tropical Cyclone Fobane
Tropical Cyclone Fobane was located southeast of Reunion Island in the southwest Indian Ocean when the TRMM satellite passed over and captured rainfall and cloud data on the storm. TRMM saw that despite Fobane weakening, there was still some punch left in a few of the thunderstorms within.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Satellite tracking identifies Atlantic Ocean risk zones for leatherback turtles
The last large populations of the leatherback turtle are at risk because their migratory routes in the Atlantic Ocean clash with the locations of industrial fisheries, a new study shows.

Contact: Eleanor Gaskarth
e.f.gaskarth@exeter.ac.uk
44-078-273-09332
University of Exeter

Public Release: 10-Feb-2014
Global Change Biology
Fish living near the equator will not thrive in the warmer oceans of the future
According to an international team of researchers, the rapid pace of climate change is threatening the future presence of fish near the equator. "Our studies found that one species of fish could not even survive in water just three degrees Celsius warmer than what it lives in now," says the lead author of the study, Dr Jodie Rummer from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies at James Cook University.
ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies

Contact: Jodie Rummer
jodie.rummer@jcu.edu.au
61-074-781-5300
ARC Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies

Public Release: 10-Feb-2014
Herpetology Notes
University of Tennessee study finds crocodiles climb trees
When most people envision crocodiles, they think of them waddling on the ground or wading in water -- not climbing trees. However, a University of Tennessee, Knoxville, study has found that the reptiles can climb trees as far as the crowns.

Contact: Whitney Heins
wheins@utk.edu
865-974-5460
University of Tennessee at Knoxville

Public Release: 10-Feb-2014
NASA's TRMM satellite eyes rainfall in Tropical Cyclone Fobane
Some towering thunderstorms were spotted in Tropical Cyclone Fobane as NASA's TRMM satellite passed over the Southern Indian Ocean on Feb. 10. Fobane was formerly Tropical Cyclone 14S and when it strengthened into a tropical storm it was renamed.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 9-Feb-2014
AMOS National Conference 2014: Southern Investigations
Nature Climate Change
Pacific trade winds stall global surface warming -- for now
Heat stored in the western Pacific Ocean caused by an unprecedented strengthening of the equatorial trade winds appears to be largely responsible for the hiatus in surface warming observed over the past 13 years.

Contact: Alvin Stone
alvin.stone@unsw.edu.au
61-418-617-366
University of New South Wales

Public Release: 7-Feb-2014
NASA spots fourteenth tropical cyclone of Southern Indian Ocean season
The fourteenth tropical cyclone of the Southern Indian Ocean season was born as NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 7-Feb-2014
NASA spots very heavy rainfall rates in Tropical Cyclone Edilson
Imagine receiving as much as 7 inches of rain in one hour. That's about what NASA's TRMM satellite spotted falling in one area within Tropical Cyclone Edilson as it moved over the Southern Indian Ocean.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 7-Feb-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Computer models help decode cells that sense light without seeing
Researchers have found that the melanopsin pigment in the retina is potentially more sensitive to light than its more famous counterpart, rhodopsin, the pigment that allows for night vision. The staff of the Laboratory for Computational Photochemistry and Photobiology at Ohio's Bowling Green State University have leveraged OSC computing and storage systems to study melanopsin, a retina pigment capable of sensing environmental light changes, informing the nervous system and synchronizing it with the day/night rhythm.
Bowling Green State University Center for Photochemical Sciences and the College of Arts & Sciences

Contact: Mr. Jamie Abel
jabel@oh-tech.org
614-292-6495
Ohio Supercomputer Center

Public Release: 7-Feb-2014
Nature Communications
The biomass of ocean mesopelagic fish is 10 times higher than estimated
An international team, in which AZTI-Tecnalia researchers are participating and which is being led by the doctor in oceanography Xabier Irigoien, has discovered that mesopelagic fish, in other words, ones found at depths of between 200 and 1,000 meters in ocean areas, abundance could be at least 10 times higher than the original estimate. The results have been published in the journal Nature Communications.

Contact: Irati Kortabitarte
i.kortabitarte@elhuyar.com
34-943-363-040
Elhuyar Fundazioa

Public Release: 7-Feb-2014
Nature Communications
Fish biomass in the ocean is 10 times higher than estimated
With a stock estimated at 1,000 million tons so far, mesopelagic fish dominate the total biomass of fish in the ocean. However, a team of researchers with the participation of the Spanish National Research Council has found that their abundance could be at least 10 times higher. The results, published in Nature Communications journal, are based on the acoustic observations conducted during the circumnavigation of the Malaspina Expedition.

Contact: Alda Ólafsson
alda.olafsson@csic.es
0034-915-681-499
Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Substance in photosynthesis was at work in ancient, methane-producing microbes
An international team of researchers led by scientists at Virginia Tech and the University of California, Berkeley has discovered that a process that turns on photosynthesis in plants likely developed on Earth in ancient microbes 2.5 billion years ago, long before oxygen became available. The research offers new perspective on evolutionary biology, microbiology, and the production of natural gas, and may shed light on climate change, agriculture, and human health.
National Science Foundation, NASA, US Department of Agriculture

Contact: Zeke Barlow
zekebarlow@vt.edu
540-231-5417
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Edilson leaving Mauritius
NASA's Terra satellite saw Tropical Cyclone Edilson pulling away from the island of Mauritius in the Southern Indian Ocean when it passed overhead on Feb. 6, 2014.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Nature
A look back and ahead at Greenland's changing climate
Over the past two decades, ice loss from the Greenland Ice Sheet increased four-fold, contributing to one-quarter of global sea level rise. However, the chain of events and physical processes that contributed to it has remained elusive. One likely trigger for the speed up and retreat of glaciers that contributed to this ice loss is ocean warming.

Contact: Media Relations
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Current Biology
Link confirmed between salmon migration, magnetic field
A team of scientists last year presented evidence of a correlation between the migration patterns of ocean salmon and the Earth's magnetic field, suggesting it may help explain how the fish can navigate across thousands of miles of water to find their river of origin. This week, scientists confirmed the connection between salmon and the magnetic field.
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife

Contact: Nathan Putman
Nathan.putman@oregonstate.edu
205-218-5276
Oregon State University

Public Release: 6-Feb-2014
Current Biology
Pacific salmon inherit a magnetic sense of direction
Even young hatchery salmon with no prior experience of the world outside will orient themselves according to the Earth's magnetic field in the direction of the marine feeding grounds frequented by their ancestors. These findings, reported in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication, on February 6th, suggest that Chinook salmon inherit a kind of built-in GPS that always points them home.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
moleary@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
Conservation Biology
Whales and human-related activities overlap in African waters
Scientists with the Wildlife Conservation Society, Oregon State University, Stanford University, Columbia University, and the American Museum of Natural History have found that humpback whales swimming off the coast of western Africa encounter more than warm waters for mating and bearing young; new studies show that the whales share these waters with offshore oil rigs, major shipping routes, and potentially harmful toxicants.

Contact: John Delaney
jdelaney@wcs.org
718-220-3275
Wildlife Conservation Society

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Edna affecting new Caledonia
NASA's Aqua satellite spotted two storms in one image in the Southern Pacific Ocean as Tropical Cyclone Edna brushes by New Caledonia and an extra-tropical storm lingers west of New Zealand.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 5-Feb-2014
One NASA image, 2 Australian tropical lows: Fletcher and 95S
NASA's Aqua satellite captured two low pressure areas from different ocean basins in one infrared image. Aqua saw System 94P or Fletcher in the Gulf of Carpentaria and western Queensland and low pressure System 95S in the Northern Territory.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Showing releases 1076-1100 out of 1326.

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