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Showing releases 1076-1100 out of 1272.

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Public Release: 19-Jun-2013
U-M researcher and colleagues predict possible record-setting Gulf of Mexico 'dead zone'
Spring floods across the Midwest are expected to contribute to a very large and potentially record-setting 2013 Gulf of Mexico "dead zone," according to a University of Michigan ecologist and colleagues who released their annual forecast today, along with one for the Chesapeake Bay.

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 19-Jun-2013
Ecology Letters
Detour ahead: Cities, farms reroute animals seeking cooler climes
Half a dozen regions could provide some of the Western Hemisphere's more heavily used thoroughfares for mammals, birds and amphibians on their way to cooler environments in a warming world. This is the first broad-scale study to consider how animals might travel when confronted with cities, large agricultural areas and other human related barriers.
US Environmental Protection Agency, Wilburforce Foundation

Contact: Sandra Hines
University of Washington

Public Release: 18-Jun-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Novel enzyme from tiny gribble could prove a boon for biofuels research
Researchers from the United Kingdom, the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and the University of Kentucky have recently published a paper describing a novel cellulose-degrading enzyme from a marine wood borer Limnoria quadripunctata, commonly known as the gribble.
US Department of Energy

Contact: David Glickson
DOE/National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Public Release: 18-Jun-2013
The Auk
Bay Area thrushes nest together, winter together, and face change together
Swainson's thrushes, from a local population near Bolinas, Calif., spend their winters together in Mexico, according to a new tracking study released by Point Blue Conservation Science. This result is important because it shows that the conservation of habitat for these local populations in California is tightly linked with climate and habitat changes in Mexico, where these birds spend their winters, 1,600 miles away.

Contact: Renee Cormier
415-868-0655 x316
Point Blue Conservation Science

Public Release: 18-Jun-2013
Geosphere details the geology of North America with 6 new papers online
Each of the six new papers published in Geosphere on June 13 address geoscience compiled in specially themed issues: "CRevolution 2: Origin and Evolution of the Colorado River System II"; "The 36-18 Ma southern Great Basin, USA, ignimbrite province and flareup: Swarms of subduction-related supervolcanoes"; "New Developments in Grenville Geology"; and "Origin and Evolution of the Sierra Nevada and Walker Lane."

Contact: Kea Giles
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 18-Jun-2013
NOAA, partners predict possible record-setting deadzone for Gulf of Mexico
NOAA-supported modelers at the University of Michigan, Louisiana State University, and the Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium are forecasting that this year's Gulf of Mexico hypoxic "dead" zone will be between 7,286 and 8,561 square miles which could place it among the ten largest recorded. A second NOAA-funded forecast, for the Chesapeake Bay, calls for a smaller than average dead zone in the nation's largest estuary.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, US Geological Survey

Contact: Ben Sherman
NOAA Headquarters

Public Release: 18-Jun-2013
Water Resources Research
Small dam construction to reduce greenhouse emissions is causing ecosystem disruption
Researchers conclude in a new report that a global push for small hydropower projects, supported by various nations and also the Kyoto Protocol to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, may cause unanticipated and potentially significant losses of habitat and biodiversity.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Desiree Tullos
Oregon State University

Public Release: 18-Jun-2013
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Origins of 'The Hoff' crab revealed
The history of a new type of crab, nicknamed 'The Hoff' because of its hairy chest, which lives around hydrothermal vents deep beneath the Southern Ocean and Indian Ocean, has been revealed for the first time.

Contact: University of Oxford Press Office
University of Oxford

Public Release: 18-Jun-2013
Nature Communications
Stone Age technological and cultural innovation accelerated by climate
According to a study by the Universitat AutÚnoma de Barcelona, the University of Cardiff and the Natural History Museum in London, technological innovation during the Stone Age occurred in fits and starts and was climate-driven. Abrupt changes in rainfall in South Africa 40,000 to 80,000 years ago triggered the development of technologies for finding refuge and the behavior of modern humans. This study was recently published in Nature Communications.

Contact: Rainer Zahn
Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona

Public Release: 17-Jun-2013
Bullfrogs may help spread deadly amphibian fungus, but also die from it
Amphibian populations are declining worldwide and a major cause is a deadly fungus thought to be spread by bullfrogs, but a two-year study shows they can also die from this pathogen, contrary to suggestions that bullfrogs are a tolerant carrier host that just spreads the disease.

Contact: Andrew Blaustein
Oregon State University

Public Release: 17-Jun-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Pesticides significantly reduce biodiversity in aquatic environments
The pesticides, many of which are currently used in Europe and Australia, are responsible for reducing the regional diversity of invertebrates in streams and rivers by up to 42 percent, researchers report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Helmholtz Association

Contact: Tilo Arnhold
Helmholtz Association

Public Release: 17-Jun-2013
New 'embryonic' subduction zone found
A new subduction zone forming off the coast of Portugal heralds the beginning of a cycle that will see the Atlantic Ocean close as continental Europe moves closer to America.

Contact: Emily Walker
Monash University

Public Release: 17-Jun-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Submarine springs reveal how coral reefs respond to ocean acidification
Ocean acidification due to rising carbon dioxide levels will reduce the density of coral skeletons, making coral reefs more vulnerable to disruption and erosion, according to a new study of corals growing where submarine springs naturally lower the pH of seawater. The study is the first to show that corals are not able to fully acclimate to low pH conditions in nature.
National Science Foundation, UC-MEXUS

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 16-Jun-2013
Nature Geoscience
Global cooling as significant as global warming
International study confirms the link between global cooling and a crash in the marine ecosystem similar to that witnessed as a result of global warming.

Contact: Thomas Wagner
Newcastle University

Public Release: 14-Jun-2013
PLOS Biology
Does including parasites upset food web theory? Yes and no, says new paper
A new paper in PLOS Biology this week shows that taking the unusual step of including parasites in ecological datasets does alter the structure of resulting food webs, but that's mostly due to an increase in diversity and complexity rather than the particular characteristics of parasites. The work answers some longstanding questions about the unique role parasites play in ecological networks.

Contact: Dr. Jennifer Dunne
Santa Fe Institute

Public Release: 14-Jun-2013
Intense: Navy, civilian planners get big assist in storm predictions
With the arrival of the Atlantic hurricane and Pacific typhoon season -- and the often dangerous storms that can accompany it -- new technology sponsored by the Office of Naval Research will help Navy and civilian officials alike plan for stormy weather. The Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System-Tropical Cyclone is a groundbreaking weather prediction model that offers forecasters a detailed look at tropical storms and accurate predictions of a storm's intensity from one to five days out.
Office of Naval Research

Contact: Peter Vietti
Office of Naval Research

Public Release: 14-Jun-2013
Nature Geoscience
Study of oceans' past raises worries about their future
A McGill-led international research team has completed the first global study of changes that occurred in the nitrogen cycle, at the end of the last ice age. Their study confirm that oceans are good at balancing the nitrogen cycle on a global scale. But the data also shows that it is a slow process that may take many centuries, raising worries about the effects of current changes in the ocean.
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Earth System Evolution Program

Contact: katherine gombay
McGill University

Public Release: 13-Jun-2013
Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Dangerous strains of E. coli may linger longer in water than benign counterparts, study finds
A toxin dangerous to humans may help E. coli fend off aquatic predators, enabling strains of E. coli that produce the toxin to survive longer in lake water than benign counterparts, a new study finds. The research may help explain why water quality tests don't always accurately capture health risks for swimmers.
National Science Foundation, Mercyhurst University

Contact: Charlotte Hsu
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 13-Jun-2013
DNA sequencing uncovers secrets of white cliffs of Dover
The University of Exeter recently contributed to a major international project to sequence the genome of Emiliania huxleyi, the microscopic plankton species whose chalky skeletons form the iconic white cliffs of Dover. The results of the project are published this week in the journal Nature.

Contact: Jo Bowler
University of Exeter

Public Release: 13-Jun-2013
'Tailing' spiny lobster larvae to protect them
In a new study of spiny lobsters scientists from the University of Miami and Old Dominion studied the larval dispersal of this species in the Caribbean. The goal of the study was to describe the sources, sinks, and routes connecting the Caribbean spiny lobster metapopulation. The results led the team to propose marine resource management strategies that incorporate larval connectivity and "larval lobster credits" to sustain and rebuild exploited marine populations.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Barbra Gonzalez
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 13-Jun-2013
Ecological Applications
Oysters could rebound more quickly with limited fishing and improved habitat
A new study shows that combining improved oyster restoration methods with limits on fishing in the upper Chesapeake could bring the oyster population back to the Bay in a much shorter period of time. The study led by Michael Wilberg of the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science's Chesapeake Biological Laboratory assessed a range of management and restoration options to see which ones would have the most likelihood of success.

Contact: Amy Pelsinsky
University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science

Public Release: 13-Jun-2013
Warm ocean drives most Antarctic ice shelf loss, UC Irvine and others show
Ocean waters melting the undersides of Antarctic ice shelves, not icebergs calving into the sea, are responsible for most of the continent's ice loss, a study by UC Irvine and others has found.

Contact: Janet Wilson
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 13-Jun-2013
Putting flesh on the bones of ancient fish
This week in the journal Science, Swedish and Australian researchers present the miraculously preserved musculature of 380 million year old fossil fishes, revealed by unique fossils from a locality in north-west Australia. The finds will help scientists to understand how neck muscles and abdominal muscles -- "abs" -- evolved.

Contact: Per Ahlberg
Uppsala University

Public Release: 13-Jun-2013
New fluorescent protein from eel revolutionizes key clinical assay
Unagi, the sea-going Japanese freshwater eel, harbors a fluorescent protein that could serve as the basis for a revolutionary new clinical test for bilirubin, a critical indicator of human liver function, hemolysis, and jaundice, according to researchers from the RIKEN Brain Science Institute. The discovery also sheds light on the mysterious and endangered Unagi that could contribute to its conservation.

Contact: Juliette Savin

Public Release: 12-Jun-2013
Global Change Biology
Rapid adaptation is purple sea urchins' weapon against ocean acidification
In the race against climate change and ocean acidification, some sea urchins may still have a few tricks up their spiny sleeves, suggesting that adaptation will likely play a large role for the sea creatures as the carbon content of the ocean increases.

Contact: Sonia Fernandez
University of California - Santa Barbara

Showing releases 1076-1100 out of 1272.

<< < 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 > >>

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