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Showing releases 1126-1150 out of 1355.

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Public Release: 8-May-2014
Environmental Science and Technology
Pesticides: Research provides new insights into their effects on shrimps and snails
Ground breaking research by an international team of scientists has resulted in greater understanding of the effects of pesticides on aquatic invertebrates such as shrimps and snails.
European Union 7th Framework Programme

Contact: Caron Lett
caron.lett@york.ac.uk
44-019-043-22029
University of York

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Molecular Ecology Resources
Using genetics to measure the environmental impact of salmon farming
Determining species diversity makes it possible to estimate the impact of human activity on marine ecosystems accurately. The environmental effects of salmon farming have been assessed, until now, by visually identifying the animals living in the marine sediment samples collected at specific distances from farming sites. A team led by Jan Pawlowski, professor at the Faculty of Science of the University of Geneva, Switzerland, analyzed this type of sediment using a technique known as 'DNA barcoding' that targets certain micro-organisms.

Contact: Jan Pawlowski
jan.pawlowski@unige.ch
41-223-793-069
Université de Genève

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Current Biology
What vigilant squid can teach us about the purpose of pain
Most of us have probably felt that lasting sense of anxiety or even pain after enduring some kind of accident or injury. Now, researchers have the first evidence in any animal that there may be a very good reason for that kind of heightened sensitivity. Squid that behave with extra vigilance after experiencing even a minor injury are more likely to live to see another day, according to a report appearing in Current Biology.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
moleary@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press

Public Release: 7-May-2014
Marine Pollution Bulletin
First-ever study describes deep-sea animal communities around a sunken shipping container
Thousands of shipping containers are lost from cargo vessels each year. In 2004, scientists at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) discovered a lost shipping container almost 1,300 meters below the surface of the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary. In the first-ever survey of its kind, researchers from MBARI and the sanctuary recently described how deep-sea animal communities on and around the container differed from those in surrounding areas.
David and Lucile Packard Foundation, NOAA

Contact: Kim Fulton-Bennett
kfb@mbari.org
831-775-1835
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute

Public Release: 7-May-2014
NASA watching year's first tropical low headed for southwestern Mexico
There's a tropical low pressure area in the Eastern Pacific Ocean today, about 8 days before the official Eastern Pacific hurricane season begins.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 7-May-2014
New sensor array to monitor changing Gulf of Maine conditions and New England red tide
Scientists from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution are kicking off an innovative NOAA-funded pilot program using robotic instruments and computer modeling analysis to shed light on changing ocean conditions in the Gulf of Maine as they relate to the harmful algal bloom phenomenon commonly known as the New England red tide.
NOAA, National Science Foundation, US Environmental Protection Agency, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Sea Grant Program, Tom and Robin Wheeler

Contact: Media Relations Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 7-May-2014
Global Change Biology
Phytoplankton and zooplankton biomass will decrease 6 percent and 11 percent due to climate change
It is estimated that ocean temperature warming will cause phytoplankton and zooplankton biomass to decrease by 6 percent and 11 percent respectively by the end of the century. A lower amount of these two main elements in the marine food web could reduce fish biomass in certain regions. These are some of the main conclusions drawn by research led by Azti-Tecnalia within the European MEECE project and recently published in the prestigious Global Change Biology Journal.

Contact: Irati Kortabitarte
i.kortabitarte@elhuyar.com
34-943-363-040
Elhuyar Fundazioa

Public Release: 7-May-2014
NASA sees system 91B making landfall in southwestern India
A tropical low was affecting southern India and Sri Lanka on May 6 at 0809 UTC when the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite called TRMM flew above it.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 7-May-2014
BioScience
Native algae species to blame for 'rock snot' blooms in rivers worldwide
The recent blooms of the freshwater algae known as 'rock snot' on river bottoms worldwide are caused by a native species responding to changing environmental conditions rather than by accidental introductions by fishermen or the emergence of a new genetic strain as widely believed, a Dartmouth College-led study suggests.

Contact: John Cramer
John.Cramer@Dartmouth.edu
603-646-9130
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 7-May-2014
Nature
Greenland melting due equally to global warming, natural variations
Up to half of the recent warming in Greenland and neighboring parts of the Canadian Arctic may be due to climate variations that originate in the tropical Pacific and are not connected with the overall warming of the planet. The other portion is likely due to global warming.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 6-May-2014
National Academy of Sciences elects Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies scientist
Jonathan Cole, a Distinguished Senior Scientist at the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences. Election to the Academy is one of the highest honors a scientist can achieve. Members, who are selected based on the merits of their research, serve as advisors to the nation on issues in science, engineering, and medicine.

Contact: Lori Quillen
quillenl@caryinstitute.org
845-677-7600 x121
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies

Public Release: 6-May-2014
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
The Red Sea -- an ocean like all others, after all
Actually, the Red Sea is an ideal study object for marine geologists. There they can observe the formation of an ocean in its early phase. However, the Red Sea seemed to go through a different birthing process than the other oceans. Now, Scientists at the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel and the King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah were able to show that salt glaciers have distorted the previous models. The study was just published in the international journal Earth and Planetary Science Letters.

Contact: Jan Steffen
presse@geomar.de
Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR)

Public Release: 6-May-2014
Chemistry of Materials
Nanocellulose sponges to combat oil pollution
A new, absorbable material from Empa wood research could be of assistance in future oil spill accidents: a chemically modified nanocellulose sponge. The light material absorbs the oil spill, remains floating on the surface and can then be recovered. The absorbent can be produced in an environmentally-friendly manner from recycled paper, wood or agricultural by-products.

Contact: Rainer Klose
redaktion@empa.ch
41-587-654-733
Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA)

Public Release: 6-May-2014
Journal of Chemical Physics
Predator-prey made simple
A team of UK researchers has developed a way to dramatically reduce the complexity of modeling 'bistable' systems which involve the interaction of two evolving species where one changes faster than the other -- 'slow-fast systems.' Described in the Journal of Chemical Physics, the work paves the way for easier computational simulations and predictions involving such systems, which are found in fields as diverse as chemistry, biology and ecology.

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
jbardi@aip.org
240-535-4954
American Institute of Physics

Public Release: 5-May-2014
Conservation Genetics
Groovy turtles' genes to aid in their rescue
The diverse patterns on the diamondback terrapins' intricately grooved shell may be their claim to fame, but a newly published US Geological Survey study of the genetic variation underneath their shell holds one key to rescuing these coastal turtles.
US Geological Survey

Contact: Rachel Pawlitz
rpawlitz@usgs.gov
352-264-3554
United States Geological Survey

Public Release: 5-May-2014
Evolution and Development
Tracking turtles through time, Dartmouth-led study may resolve evolutionary debate
Turtles are more closely related to birds and crocodilians than to lizards and snakes, according to a study from Dartmouth, Yale and other institutions that examines one of the most contentious questions in evolutionary biology.

Contact: John Cramer
John.Cramer@Dartmouth.edu
603-646-9130
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 2-May-2014
Nature Communications
Nature's chemical diversity reflected in Swedish lakes
It's not only the biology of lakes that varies with the climate and other environmental factors, it's also their chemistry. More knowledge about this is needed to understand the ecology of lakes and their role in the carbon cycle and the climate. Today an international research group led by Uppsala University is publishing a comprehensive study of the composition of organic compounds in the prestigious journal Nature Communications.

Contact: Lars Tranvik
lars.tranvik@ebc.uu.se
0046-702-25830
Uppsala University

Public Release: 1-May-2014
Science
Undersea warfare: Viruses hijack deep-sea bacteria at hydrothermal vents
More than a mile beneath the ocean's surface, as dark clouds of mineral-rich water billow from seafloor hot springs called hydrothermal vents, unseen armies of viruses and bacteria wage war.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cheryl Dybas
cdybas@nsf.gov
703-292-7734
National Science Foundation

Public Release: 1-May-2014
PLOS ONE
Whales hear us more than we realize
Killer whales and other marine mammals likely hear sonar signals more than we've known. That's because commercially available sonar systems, which are designed to create signals beyond the range of hearing of such animals, also emit signals known to be within their hearing range, scientists have discovered.
US Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Contact: Tom Rickey
tom.rickey@pnnl.gov
509-375-3732
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 1-May-2014
Tapah downgrades to a depression
Tapah was downgraded from a tropical storm to a tropical depression and is located 239 nautical miles southeast of Iwo To.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 1-May-2014
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Scientists propose amphibian protection
An ecological strategy developed by four researchers, including two from Simon Fraser University, aims to abate the grim future that the combination of two factors could inflict on many amphibians, including frogs and salamanders. In their newly published study in the journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, researchers propose several new climate adaptation tools to reduce threats to amphibians.
US Department of the Interior's Northwest Climate Science Center, David H. Smith Conservation Research Fellowship Program

Contact: Carol Thorbes
cthorbes@sfu.ca
778-782-3035
Simon Fraser University

Public Release: 1-May-2014
Clemson researchers help track mysterious, endangered 'little devil'
Clemson University's South Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit joined with Grupo Jaragua and the American Bird Conservancy to lead the first-ever effort to track via satellite the black-capped petrel, an endangered North Atlantic seabird known for its haunting call and mysterious nighttime habits.

Contact: Patrick Jodice
pjodice@clemson.edu
864-656-6190
Clemson University

Public Release: 1-May-2014
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Amphibians in a vise: Climate change robs frogs, salamanders of refuge
Amphibians in the West's high-mountain areas find themselves caught between climate-induced habitat loss and predation from introduced fish. A novel combination of tools could help weigh where amphibians are in the most need of help.
Department of the Interior's Northwest Climate Science Center, David H. Smith Conservation Research

Contact: Sandra Hines
shines@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 1-May-2014
Science
Viruses hijack deep-sea bacteria at hydrothermal vents
More than a mile beneath the ocean's surface, as dark clouds of mineral-rich water billow from seafloor hot springs called hydrothermal vents, unseen armies of viruses and bacteria wage war.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Erickson
ericksn@umich.edu
734-647-1842
University of Michigan

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Algae 'see' a wide range of light
Aquatic algae can sense an unexpectedly wide range of color, allowing them to sense and adapt to changing light conditions in lakes and oceans. The study by researchers at UC Davis was published earlier this year in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture, US Department of Defense, the Packard Foundation, the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Showing releases 1126-1150 out of 1355.

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