Press Releases

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Showing releases 1151-1175 out of 1324.

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Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
2014 Ocean Sciences Meeting
2014 Ocean Sciences Meeting: Press conference announcement; sending press kits; press registration
This release focuses on the 2014 Ocean Sciences Meeting: Press conference announcement; Sending press kits to Hawaii; Press registration.

Contact: Mary Catherine Adams
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
Sloan Research Fellowships awarded to 126 young scholars
The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation is pleased to announce the selection of 126 outstanding US and Canadian researchers as recipients of the 2014 Sloan Research Fellowships. Awarded annually since 1955, the fellowships are given to early-career scientists and scholars whose achievements and potential identify them as rising stars, the next generation of scientific leaders.
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

Contact: Nate Williams
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
Geophysical Research Letters
Increase in Arctic cyclones is linked to climate change, new study shows
A new study in Geophysical Research Letters uses historical climate model simulations to demonstrate that there has been an Arctic-wide decrease in sea level pressure since the 1800's.

Contact: Ben Norman

Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
Dartmouth-UConn study shows coastal water, not sediment, predicts mercury contamination
A Dartmouth-University of Connecticut study of the northeast United States shows that methylmercury concentrations in estuary waters -- not in sediment as commonly thought -- are the best way to predict mercury contamination in the marine food chain.
NIH/National Institutes of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: John Cramer
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 17-Feb-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Ancient herring catch nets fisheries weakness
Archaeological data indicate modern herring management needs to take a longer look into the past to manage fisheries for the future says a new study involving Simon Fraser University researchers. That is one of the key findings in the study, just published online in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. SFU researchers Iain McKechnie, Dana Lepofsky and Ken Lertzman, and scientists in Ontario, Alberta and the United States are its co-authors.

Contact: Carol Thorbes
Simon Fraser University

Public Release: 16-Feb-2014
Coral Reefs
Do Guam mantas plan moon parties?
Guam mantas will be forever mentioned in the scientific literature because of UOG Master of Biology candidate Julie Hartup's passion for her research subject. She has been studying Guam's Manta alfredi for eight years and is the first to document a very interesting behavior, mantas eating fish spawn.

Contact: Olympia Terral
University of Guam

Public Release: 16-Feb-2014
2014 AAAS Annual Meeting
Scientists call for new stewardship of the deep ocean: Earth's last frontier
Humans are encroaching more vigorously into the ocean's deep regions, exploiting its resources and putting its habitats and natural services at risk. Lisa Levin of Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego believes a new "stewardship mentality" across disciplines is required for the future health and integrity of the deep ocean. Levin and several other experts will describe this need Feb. 16 during a news briefing and symposium at the AAAS meeting in Chicago.
Deep-Ocean Stewardship Initiative, Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation at Scripps

Contact: Mario Aguilera or Robert Monroe
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 16-Feb-2014
2014 AAAS Annual Meeting
Deep ocean needs policy, stewardship where it never existed
Plans to begin mining nodules of valuable metals from deep ocean deposits have oceanographers concerned about the lack of public awareness or international agreements governing these habitats. "The deep sea is out of sight, out of mind ... there's a whole level of concern that isn't being expressed when it comes to deep sea industrialization," said Cindy Van Dover of the Duke Marine Lab.

Contact: Karl Leif Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 14-Feb-2014
Molecular Biology and Evolution
Crab nebula of life
Researchers Chu, et.al., have constructed the most complete and extensive crab sequence dataset to date. Their recalibrated crab gene tree using DNA and mitochondrial sequences from 140 species and 58 crab families provides some important new insights into the timing and diversity of crab evolution.

Contact: Joe Caspermeyer
Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)

Public Release: 14-Feb-2014
Arctic biodiversity under serious threat from climate change according to new report
Climate change caused by human activities is by far the worst threat to biodiversity in the Arctic. Some of these changes are already visible. Unique and irreplaceable Arctic wildlife and landscapes are crucially at risk due to global warming caused by human activities according to the Arctic Biodiversity Assessment, a new report prepared by 253 scientists from 15 countries under the auspices of the Arctic Council.
Danish EPA

Contact: DSc. Hans Meltofte
Aarhus University

Public Release: 13-Feb-2014
2014 AAAS Annual Meeting
Scientists discover the mechanism of heart failure in fish exposed to oil spills
Researchers from NOAA Fisheries and Stanford University, working on the Natural Resources Damage Assessment following the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, have found that some petroleum compounds act as ion channel blockers in the heart cells of young tuna, disrupting normal cardiac function. This will lead to the creation of new diagnostic tools for measuring the biological impact of pollution, and may have implications for the health of vertebrates other than fish as well.
NOAA, and others

Contact: Rich Press
NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service

Public Release: 13-Feb-2014
2014 AAAS Annual Meeting
NOAA researcher says Arctic marine mammals are ecosystem sentinels
As the Arctic continues to see dramatic declines in seasonal sea ice, warming temperatures and increased storminess, the responses of marine mammals can provide clues to how the ecosystem is responding to these physical drivers.

Contact: Monica Allen
NOAA Headquarters

Public Release: 13-Feb-2014
BMC Genomics
Genetic chip will help salmon farmers breed better fish
Atlantic salmon production could be boosted by a new technology developed by scientists at the University of Edinburgh's Roslin Institute that will help select the best fish for breeding.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

Contact: Jen Middleton
University of Edinburgh

Public Release: 13-Feb-2014
2014 AAAS Annual Meeting
Cat parasite found in western Arctic Beluga deemed infectious
University of British Columbia scientists have found for the first time an infectious form of the cat parasite Toxoplasma gondii in western Arctic Beluga, prompting a health advisory to the Inuit people who eat whale meat.

Contact: Brian Lin
University of British Columbia

Public Release: 13-Feb-2014
Valentine's Day: True love makes pacific salmon healthier
Salmon can spot their true love across a crowded stream, according to research from a university-industry partnership involving the University of Waterloo. Allowing female salmon to follow their heart and mate with the male of their choice produces healthier babies than those who have their mates selected for them.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council

Contact: Pamela Smyth
University of Waterloo

Public Release: 13-Feb-2014
2014 AAAS Annual Meeting
Stanford, NOAA scientists discover mechanism of crude oil heart toxicity
While studying the impact of the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill on tuna, a research team led by Barbara Block, a professor of marine sciences, discovered that crude oil interrupts a molecular pathway that allows fish heart cells to beat effectively. The components of the pathway are present in the hearts of most animals, including humans.
NOAA, Stanford University and the Monterey Bay Aquarium Foundation

Contact: Randall Kochevar, Stanford Department of Biology, Block Lab
Stanford University

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
BMC Evolutionary Biology
Solving an evolutionary puzzle
For four decades, waste from nearby manufacturing plants flowed into the waters of New Bedford Harbor -- an 18,000-acre estuary and busy seaport. The harbor, which is contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and heavy metals, is one of the EPA's largest Superfund cleanup sites. It's also the site of an evolutionary puzzle that researchers at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and their colleagues have been working to solve.
NIH/National Insitute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Media Relations Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
Meeting the eye-witnesses of ocean change
Members of the German research network BIOACID (Biological Impacts of Ocean Acidification) are developing a model that links ecosystem changes triggered by ocean acidification and climate change with their economic and societal consequences. Workshops and interviews with stakeholders from the Norwegian fishing industry and tourism sector, the government and environmental organizations help them to identify key aspects for their assessment.

Contact: Maike Nicolai
Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR)

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
NASA satellite sees Tropical Cyclone Fobane spinning down
Tropical Cyclone Fobane continues to be battered with increasing vertical wind shear as it moves southward through the Southern Indian Ocean.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
Mountains, models, salt, sand, and cycles
Topics in this current batch of Geology articles posted ahead of print include the puzzle of parallel mountain chains; 25 years on the East Pacific Rise; unique episodes in Earth's history; turbidity currents; computer models; Wilson cycles; salt structure beneath the sea bed; the North Scotia Ridge; El Hierro, Canary Islands; sand-sized sub-spherical silica grains; bank pull or bar push; kaolinitic paleosols; Earth's youngest, hottest rocks; 3-D thermo-mechanical numerical models; and the Bohemian Massif.

Contact: Kea Giles
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
Fuel Processing Technology
Plastic shopping bags make a fine diesel fuel, researchers report
Plastic shopping bags, an abundant source of litter on land and at sea, can be converted into diesel, natural gas and other useful petroleum products, researchers report. The conversion produces significantly more energy than it requires and results in transportation fuels -- diesel, for example -- that can be blended with existing ultra-low-sulfur diesels and biodiesels.
Illinois Hazardous Waste Research Fund, Environmental Research and Education Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates, Life Sci Editor, U. of I. News Bureau
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
GVSU researchers draw link between zebra mussels, risk of algae blooms
Researchers at Grand Valley State University's Annis Water Resources Institute are learning more about the impact invasive zebra mussels and native aquatic insect larvae have on the risk of algae blooms in two West Michigan lakes.

Contact: Nate Hoekstra
Grand Valley State University

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
Satellites help spot whales
Scientists have demonstrated how new satellite technology can be used to count whales, and ultimately estimate their population size. Using Very High Resolution satellite imagery, alongside image processing software, they were able to automatically detect and count whales breeding in part of the Golfo Nuevo, Peninsula Valdes in Argentina.

Contact: Rachel Law
British Antarctic Survey

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
Ancient reptile birth preserved in fossil
Ichthyosaur fossil may show the earliest live birth from an ancient Mesozoic marine reptile.

Contact: Kayla Graham

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
Whales viewed from space
High-resolution satellite images may be a useful tool for counting whale populations for conservation purposes.

Contact: Kayla Graham

Showing releases 1151-1175 out of 1324.

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