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Showing releases 1176-1200 out of 1304.

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Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Nature Communications
Can bacteria combat oil spill disasters?
Teams of international scientists have decrypted the effectiveness of two types of bacteria, which could be used in the future to help combat oil spill disasters. According to a report (in Applied and Environmental Microbiology), Alcanivorax borkumensis converts hydrocarbons into fatty acids which then form along the cell membrane. New insights on the bacteria Oleispira antarctica are important to understand their adaptation to low temperatures (in Nature Communications).

Contact: Dr. Hermann J. Heipieper
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Study finds steroids may persist longer in the environment than expected
Certain anabolic steroids and pharmaceutical products last far longer in the environment than previously known, according to a new study led by the University of Iowa. The researchers found that the steroid trenbolone acetate, along with some other pharmaceutical products, never fully degrade in the environment, and in fact can partially regenerate themselves. Results published online in the journal Science.
US Department of Agriculture, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Richard Lewis
University of Iowa

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Current Biology
Coastal animals have their own tidal timer -- separate from the 24-hour body clock
University of Leicester researchers publish paper revealing an independent tidal clock in coastal animals.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, University of Leicester, and others

Contact: Charalambos Kyriacou
University of Leicester

Public Release: 26-Sep-2013
Current Biology
Tick tock: Marine animals with at least 2 clocks
Animals living in marine environments keep to their schedules with the aid of multiple independent -- and, in at least some cases, interacting -- internal clocks. The findings, presented by two research groups in papers appearing in the Cell Press journals Current Biology and Cell Reports on Sept. 26, suggest that multiple clocks -- not just the familiar, 24-hour circadian clock -- might even be standard operating equipment in animals.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
Cell Press

Public Release: 25-Sep-2013
Dams provide resilience to Columbia River basin from climate change impacts
Dams have been vilified for detrimental effects to water quality and fish passage, but a new study suggests that these structures provide "ecological and engineering resilience" to climate change in the Columbia River basin.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julia Jones
Oregon State University

Public Release: 25-Sep-2013
EARTH: How Sandy changed storm warnings
Not only was Sandy "a perfect storm," but the conditions to communicate valuable life-saving information were too. EARTH Magazine examines how scientists rose to the occasion despite their circumstances and how they have developed new tools to protect the public during future storms

Contact: Megan Sever
American Geosciences Institute

Public Release: 25-Sep-2013
NASA satellites see Typhoon Pabuk's shrinking eye close
Typhoon Pabuk's eye was clear on visible and infrared NASA satellite imagery on Sept. 24, and one day later high clouds covered the center and Pabuk's eye was "closed."

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 25-Sep-2013
Geophysical Research Letters
Long-term study reveals: The deep Greenland Sea is warming faster than the world ocean
Recent warming of the Greenland Sea Deep Water is about ten times higher than warming rates estimated for the global ocean. Scientists from the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research recently published these findings in the journal Geophysical Research Letters. For their study, they analyzed temperature data from 1950 to 2010 in the abyssal Greenland Sea, which is an ocean area located just to the south of the Arctic Ocean.

Contact: Sina Loeschke
Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research

Public Release: 25-Sep-2013
Global study reveals new hotspots of fish biodiversity
Teeming with species, tropical coral reefs have been long thought to be the areas of greatest biodiversity for fishes and other marine life--and thus most deserving of resources for conservation. But a new global study of reef fishes reveals a surprise: when measured by factors other than the traditional species count--instead using features such as a species' role in an ecosystem--new hotspots of biodiversity emerge, including some nutrient-rich, temperate waters.
Commonwealth Environment Research Facilities Program

Contact: David Malmquist
Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Public Release: 25-Sep-2013
New mechanism for protein misfolding may link to ALS
A recently identified link between a toxic amino acid found in blue-green algae and several motor neuron diseases could help researchers devise a therapy for the fatal conditions.

Contact: Marilyn Asay
University of Technology Sydney

Public Release: 25-Sep-2013
Missouri ponds provide clue to killer frog disease
In Missouri, about a third of the ponds are infected with chytrid, the notorious skin fungus that has sickened and killed amphibians in other parts of the world. Why only a third, Washington University in St. Louis scientists wondered? A comprehensive study of the the ponds suggests there are hidden constraints on the survival of the fungus. One possibility is that invertebrates present in some ponds but not others allow the fungus to persist by acting as alternative hosts or reservoirs.

Contact: Diana Lutz
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
NOAA awards $967,000 to 11 marine debris removal projects
NOAA's Marine Debris Program announced today that it provided $967,000 through NOAA's Restoration Center to support locally driven, community-based marine debris prevention and removal projects. Eleven groups across the country received funding to remove derelict fishing nets, litter, lumber, tires and other harmful marine debris from shorelines and coastal waters.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Keeley Belva
NOAA Headquarters

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
NOAA, government and academia partners deploy underwater robots to improve hurricane science
A fleet of underwater robots is descending into waters off the east coast to collect data that could help improve storm intensity forecasts during future hurricane seasons. Several regions of the NOAA-led US Integrated Ocean Observing System are partnering to deploy 12 to 16 autonomous underwater robotic vehicles, also known as gliders, from Nova Scotia to Georgia to collect data on ocean conditions, which will help improve scientists' understanding of hurricanes and pave the way for future improvements in hurricane intensity forecasts.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Office of Naval Research, Environmental Protection Agency, NASA, University of Delaware, Canada's Ocean Technology Network

Contact: Jennie Lyons
NOAA Headquarters

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Deep sea ecosystem may take decades to recover from Deepwater Horizon spill
The deep-sea soft-sediment ecosystem in the immediate area of the 2010's Deepwater Horizon well head blowout and subsequent oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico will likely take decades to recover from the spill's impacts, according to a scientific paper reported in the online scientific journal PLoS One.

Contact: Mike Wolterbeek
University of Nevada, Reno

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
University of Toronto prize-winning technology reduces marine bio-fouling
A University of Toronto technology that provides a cost-effective and environmentally sound solution to the fishing industry's multi-billion-dollar bio-fouling problem has been recognized with a Clean50 Award.

Contact: Kim Luke
University of Toronto

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
NASA sees Typhoon Pabuk's veiled eye
NASA's Aqua satellite orbit around the Earth took it right over Typhoon Pabuk and the image showed an eye veiled with some high clouds.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
NASA sees inner-core structure of Typhoon Usagi persisted at landfall
The radar on NASA and JAXA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite saw Typhoon Usagi maintaining some of its inner-core structure an hour before landfall on Sept. 22, 2013.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Scientists push closer to understanding mystery of deep earthquakes
French and US team gain new understanding of powerful quakes that occur near Russia, Japan and Western United States.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, Institut National des Sciences de l'Univers, L'Agence Nationale de la Recherche

Contact: Tona Kunz
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Fossil record shows crustaceans vulnerable as modern coral reefs decline
Many ancient crustaceans went extinct following a massive collapse of reefs across the planet, and new University of Florida research suggests modern species living in rapidly declining reef habitats may now be at risk.

Contact: Adiël Klompmaker
University of Florida

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Baylor professors use whale earwax to develop new method to determine contaminant exposure in whales
Baylor University professors Stephen Trumble, Ph.D., and Sascha Usenko, Ph.D., have developed a novel technique for reconstructing contaminant and hormone profiles using whale earplugs, determining -- for the first time -- lifetime chemical exposures and hormone profiles, from birth to death, for an individual whale, information that was previously unattainable.
The Marine Mammal Commission

Contact: Tonya B. Lewis
Baylor University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Infrared NASA image shows strength in Typhoon Pabuk's eastern side
Typhoon Pabuk continued to strengthen as it moved north through the northwestern Pacific Ocean on Sept. 23, and NASA's Aqua satellite captured an infrared image of the storm.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
NASA sees deadly typhoon usagi hit southern China
Southeastern China was hit by the most powerful typhoon of 2013 on Sept. 22, when Typhoon Usagi came ashore landfall in the Guangdong Province during the evening.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Biology Letters
The fish and the egg: Towards a new strategy for fattening up red drum in Texas
Are red drum fish "capital" or "income" breeders? The answer has significant economic and environmental consequences for how the state of Texas manages its breeding of the popular game fish.
National Science Foundation, Guy Harvey Ocean Foundation

Contact: Lee Fuiman
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
It takes a(n academic) village to determine an enzyme's function
Scientists have sequenced the genomes of nearly 6,900 organisms, but they know the functions of only about half of the protein-coding genes thus far discovered. Now a multidisciplinary effort involving 15 scientists from three institutions has begun chipping away at this mystery -- in a big way. Their work to identify the function of one bacterial protein and the biochemical pathway in which it operates will also help identify the functions of hundreds of other proteins.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
A fast fish with a huge impact
Globalization is breaking down barriers -- also for plants and animals on the lookout for new homes. Rivers are also changing, in particular through the introduction of non-native species, often brought in by passing ships. In the Danube River, scientists have been observing a fish species conquering a new habitat and creating a totally new ecosystem in the process.

Contact: Barbara Wankerl
Technische Universitaet Muenchen

Showing releases 1176-1200 out of 1304.

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