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Showing releases 1201-1225 out of 1272.

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Public Release: 15-May-2013
H1N1 discovered in marine mammals
Scientists at the University of California, Davis, detected the H1N1 (2009) virus in free-ranging northern elephant seals off the central California coast a year after the human pandemic began.
Centers of Excellence for Influenza Research and Surveillance, Tagging of Pacific Predators

Contact: Tracey Goldstein
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 15-May-2013
Frog once imported for pregnancy testing brought deadly amphibian disease to US, study suggests
African frogs, originally imported for early 20th century pregnancy tests, carried a deadly amphibian disease to the US, according to findings published in PLOS ONE. African Clawed Frogs have long been suspected of spreading a harmful fungus called Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. The earliest known case of the fungus was found in these frogs in their native South Africa. Now scientists have found the first evidence of the disease among introduced feral populations in the US.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Elaine Bible
San Francisco State University

Public Release: 14-May-2013
Geophysical Research Letters
Cooling ocean temperature could buy more time for coral reefs
Limiting the amount of warming experienced by the world's oceans in the future could buy some time for tropical coral reefs, say researchers from the University of Bristol.

Contact: Philippa Walker
University of Bristol

Public Release: 14-May-2013
Microbes capture, store, and release nitrogen to feed reef-building coral
Microscopic algae that live within reef-forming corals scoop up available nitrogen, store the excess in crystal form, and slowly feed it to the coral as needed, according to a study published in mBio.
European Research Council, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Sliwa
American Society for Microbiology

Public Release: 14-May-2013
Corals turn to algae for stored food when times get tough
Researchers at EPFL present new evidence for the crucial role of algae in the survival of their coral hosts. Ultra-high resolution images reveal that the algae temporarily store nutrients as crystals, building up reserves for when supplies run low.

Contact: Anders Meibom
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 13-May-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Seabird bones reveal changes in open-ocean food chain
Remains of endangered Hawaiian petrels -- both ancient and modern -- show how drastically today's open seas fish menu has changed.
National Science Foundation, Smithsonian Institution

Contact: Layne Cameron
Michigan State University

Public Release: 13-May-2013
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Using earthquake sensors to track endangered whales
Oceanographers analyzed more than 300,000 fin-whale calls recorded by seafloor seismometers and recreated more than 150 fin-whale paths off the Pacific Northwest coast.
Office of Naval Research

Contact: Hannah Hickey
University of Washington

Public Release: 13-May-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists find impact of open-ocean industrial fishing within centuries of bird bones
The impact of industrial fishing on coastal ecosystems has been studied for many years. But how it affects food webs in the open ocean has not been very clear. So a team of Smithsonian and Michigan State University scientists and their colleagues looked to the ancient bones of seabirds for answers, revealing some of the dramatic changes that have happened within open-ocean food webs since the onset of industrial fishing.

Contact: John Gibbons

Public Release: 13-May-2013
NASA sees the remnants of Tropical Cyclone Jamala fading
Tropical Cyclone Jamala ran into some harsh atmospheric conditions on May 11 in the Southern Indian Ocean and vertical wind shear tore the storm apart. NASA's Aqua satellite captured an image of the remnants while the more powerful, more organized Tropical Cyclone Mahasen continued to strengthen to the north.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 13-May-2013
NASA sees a strengthening Tropical Cyclone Mahasen
The first tropical cyclone in the Northern Indian Ocean this season has been getting better organized as seen in NASA satellite imagery. Tropical Cyclone Mahasen is projected to track north through the Bay of Bengal and make landfall later this week.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 13-May-2013
As Canada takes Arctic Council helm, experts stress north's vulnerability to spills, emergencies
As Arctic Council chairmanship passes from Sweden to Canada May 15, experts say it is crucial that northern nations strengthen response capabilities to shipping-related accidents foreseen in newly-opened northern waters, as well as to more-common local emergencies such as floods, forest fires and rescue situations. And Canada needs to lead by example. Despite having the world's longest Arctic coastline and second-largest territory in the region, its far northern marine and aviation infrastructure badly lags by international comparison, experts say.

Contact: Terry Collins
Walter and Duncan Gordon Foundation

Public Release: 10-May-2013
NASA sees 2 tropical cyclones competing in the Indian Ocean
The Indian Ocean is alive with tropical activity today, May 10, as there's a tropical storm in both the northern and southern oceans. Tropical Cyclone Jamala (formerly 24S) and newborn Tropical Cyclone 01B were both captured on one image from NASA's Terra satellite today.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 10-May-2013
Secret streets of Britain's Atlantis are revealed
A University of Southampton professor has carried out the most detailed analysis ever of the archaeological remains of the lost medieval town of Dunwich, dubbed 'Britain's Atlantis.'
English Heritage

Contact: Peter Franklin
University of Southampton

Public Release: 9-May-2013
Study highlights under-appreciated benefit of oyster restoration
A new study shows that healthy oyster reefs would help to buffer the increasing acidity of coastal waters.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Malmquist
Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Public Release: 9-May-2013
Water on moon, Earth have a common source
New research finds that water inside the moon's mantle comes from the same source as water on Earth. The Moon is thought to have formed after a giant impact to a still-forming Earth 4.5 million years ago. These new findings suggest that Earth may have had water at the time of that impact, and some of that water may have been transferred to the moon.
NASA, NASA Lunar Science Institute

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 9-May-2013
Current Biology
Coral reefs suffering, but collapse not inevitable, researchers say
Coral reefs are in decline, but their collapse can still be avoided with local and global action. That's according to findings reported in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on May 9 based on an analysis that combines the latest science on reef dynamics with the latest climate models.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
Cell Press

Public Release: 8-May-2013
APS April Meeting 2013
First biological evidence of a supernova
In fossil remnants of bacteria, researchers of the Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM), found a radioactive iron isotope that they trace back to a supernova in our cosmic neighborhood. This is the first proven biological signature of a starburst. An age determination showed that the supernova must have occurred about 2.2 million years ago, roughly around the time when the modern human developed.

Contact: Dr. Andreas Battenberg
Technische Universitaet Muenchen

Public Release: 8-May-2013
The effect of climate change on iceberg production by Greenland glaciers
While the impact of climate change on the surface of the Greenland ice sheet has been widely studied, a clear understanding of the key process of iceberg production has eluded researchers for many years. Published in Nature this week, a new study presents a sophisticated computer model that provides a fresh insight into the impact of climate change on the production of icebergs by Greenland glaciers, and reveals that the shape of the ground beneath the ice has a strong effect on its movement.
European Union, EU FP6 Intergrated Project ENSEMBLES

Contact: Paul B Holland
British Antarctic Survey

Public Release: 7-May-2013
2013 Geological Society of America Cordilleran Section Meeting
Local geology, global connections: GSA Cordilleran Section to convene in Fresno
Geoscientists from western North America and beyond will convene in Fresno, California, USA, on 20 May to celebrate GSA's 125th Anniversary and discuss current geoscience research. This meeting emphasizes the international relevance of Cordilleran geology, with a higher than usual number of non-American presenters for a regional meeting. Topics include tectonic and petrologic processes associated with active plate margins, salmon spawning sites restoration, new regulations for fault rupture hazard zones, and water supply issues.

Contact: Christa Stratton
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 7-May-2013
New robotic instruments to provide real-time data on Gulf of Maine red tide
A new robotic sensor deployed by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Gulf of Maine coastal waters may transform the way red tides or harmful algal blooms are monitored and managed in New England. The instrument was launched at the end of last month, and a second such system will be deployed later this spring.

Contact: Media Relations Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 6-May-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
The Black Sea is a goldmine of ancient genetic data
When Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution marine paleoecologist Marco Coolen was mining through vast amounts of genetic data from the Black Sea sediment record, he was amazed about the variety of past plankton species that left behind their genetic makeup (i.e., the plankton paleome).
National Science Foundation

Contact: Media Relations Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 6-May-2013
AAAS leverages innovative technique to confirm oil slicks in Turkmenistan
Analysis by the nonprofit American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) confirms the release of oil into the waters of the Caspian Sea off Turkmenistan, and demonstrates an innovative new use of publicly available imaging technology.

Contact: Ginger Pinholster
American Association for the Advancement of Science

Public Release: 4-May-2013
Ecology Letters
Researchers calculate the global highways of invasive marine species
New research, by scientists from the Universities of Bristol, UK, and Oldenburg, Germany, has mapped the most detailed forecast to date for importing potentially harmful invasive species with the ballast water of cargo ships.

Contact: Joanne Fryer
University of Bristol

Public Release: 3-May-2013
Scientific ocean drilling poised to reveal the secrets of the subseafloor for the next decade
Chikyu, Japan's deep sea drilling research vessel, is set to continue to exploring the frontiers of Earth, ocean, and life sciences in the New International Ocean Discovery Program.

Contact: Miyuki Otomo
Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International

Public Release: 2-May-2013
Scientists uncover relationship between lavas erupting on sea floor and deep-carbon cycle
Scientists from the Smithsonian and the University of Rhode Island have found unsuspected linkages between the oxidation state of iron in volcanic rocks and variations in the chemistry of the deep Earth. Not only do the trends run counter to predictions from recent decades of study, they belie a role for carbon circulating in the deep Earth. The team's research was published May 2 in Science Express.

Contact: Randall Kremer

Showing releases 1201-1225 out of 1272.

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