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Showing releases 1201-1225 out of 1322.

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Public Release: 7-Jan-2014
Scientists to examine Pacific's 'global chimney'
NCAR scientists and partners next week launch a field project in the tropical Pacific, a remote region that holds a key to understanding worldwide climate. The warm waters fuel huge clusters of thunderstorms that act as a global chimney, lofting gases and particles into the stratosphere and affecting the planet.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Hosansky
hosansky@ucar.edu
303-497-8611
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 7-Jan-2014
Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology
Ancient sharks reared young in prehistoric river-delta nursery
Like salmon in reverse, long-snouted Bandringa sharks migrated downstream from freshwater swamps to a tropical coastline to spawn 310 million years ago, leaving behind fossil evidence of one of the earliest known shark nurseries.
National Science Foundation, University of Chicago, University of Michigan, and others

Contact: Jim Erickson
ericksn@umich.edu
734-647-1842
University of Michigan

Public Release: 6-Jan-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Jumping snails left grounded in future oceans
Sea snails that leap to escape their predators may lose their extraordinary jumping ability because of rising carbon dioxide emissions, scientists have discovered. Lead author, Dr. Sue-Ann Watson from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies observed that the conch snail, which uses a strong foot to leap away from approaching predators, either stops jumping, or takes longer to jump, when exposed to carbon dioxide levels projected for the end of this century.
ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies

Contact: Dr. Sue-Ann Watson
sueann.watson@jcu.edu.au
61-074-781-5672
ARC Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies

Public Release: 6-Jan-2014
Journal of Heredity
New organization brings together top researchers to sequence the genomes of invertebrates
To learn more about invertebrates, a cooperative consortium called the Global Invertebrate Genomics Alliance has been formed. The group will provide a network of diverse scientists to promote comparative genomics and bioinformatics research, on non-insect/non-nematode invertebrates.

Contact: Annette Gallagher
a.gallagher1@umiami.edu
305-284-1121
University of Miami

Public Release: 6-Jan-2014
MBL scientists to study coastal waterbird habitats through funding for Obama's Climate Action Plan
Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell announced in December that Interior's eight regional Climate Science Centers (including the Northeast CSC, a consortium that includes the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Mass.) are awarding nearly $7 million to universities and other partners for research as part of President Obama's Climate Action Plan to reduce carbon pollution, move our economy toward clean energy sources, and prepare our communities for the impacts of climate change.
Department of the Interior

Contact: Diana Kenney
dkenney@mbl.edu
508-289-7139
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 3-Jan-2014
Annals of the Entomological Society of America
7 new species of nearctic wasps described and illustrated
After studying specimens from the Nearctic deposited in the United States National Museum of Natural History and some specimens in the Canadian National Collection of Insects, researchers have found 16 new species of wasps from the Nearctic region, and they've described seven new species.

Contact: Richard Levine
rlevine@entsoc.org
301-731-4535
Entomological Society of America

Public Release: 2-Jan-2014
PLOS ONE
Local factors cause dramatic spikes in coastal ocean acidity
Seawater samples collected from the marine estuary Beaufort Inlet, N.C., weekly for a year and on a daily and hourly basis for shorter periods were used to track changes in pH and dissolved inorganic carbon. Short-term variability in acidity over one year exceeds 100-year global predictions for the ocean as a whole and may already be exerting added pressure on some of the estuary's organisms, particularly shelled organisms.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 2-Jan-2014
Science
Methane hydrates and global warming
Off the coast of Svalbard methane gas flares originating from gas hydrate deposits at depth of several hundred meters have been observed regularly. A new study conducted under the leadership of scientists from GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel and MARUM in Bremen shows, that the observed outgassing is most likely caused by natural processes and can not be attributed to global warming. The study is published in the internationally renowned scientific journal Science.

Contact: Andreas Villwock
avillwock@geomar.de
49-431-600-2802
Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR)

Public Release: 2-Jan-2014
Marine Pollution Bulletin
Scientists uncover hidden river of rubbish threatening to devastate wildlife
Thousands of pieces of plastic have been discovered, submerged along the river bed of the upper Thames Estuary by scientists at Royal Holloway, University of London and the Natural History Museum.

Contact: Paul Teed
paul.teed@rhul.ac.uk
01-784-443-967
Royal Holloway, University of London

Public Release: 2-Jan-2014
Science
El Nino tied to melting of Antarctica's Pine Island Glacier
Melting of the ice sheet at the base of Antarctica's Pine Island Glacier depends on how much warm water reaches the ice edge, which is related to global climate conditions.

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 31-Dec-2013
Global Change Biology
Major reductions in seafloor marine life from climate change by 2100
A new study quantifies for the first time future losses in deep-sea marine life, using advanced climate models. Results show that even the most remote deep-sea ecosystems are not safe from the impacts of climate change.

Contact: Catherine Beswick
catherine.beswick@noc.ac.uk
National Oceanography Centre, Southampton (UK)

Public Release: 31-Dec-2013
Nature
Cloud mystery solved: Global temperatures to rise at least 4°C by 2100
Global average temperatures will rise at least 4°C by 2100 and potentially more than 8°C by 2200 if carbon dioxide emissions are not reduced according to new research published in Nature that shows our climate is more sensitive to carbon dioxide than most previous estimates.

Contact: Alvin Stone
alvin.stone@unsw.edu.au
041-861-7366
University of New South Wales

Public Release: 30-Dec-2013
ZooKeys
DNA barcoding to monitor marine mammal genetic diversity
Marine mammals are flagship and charismatic species. Attractive for the general public, nowadays, they are also considered as highly relevant sentinel of the marine realm as indicator for environmental change. A recent paper in the open access journal Zookeys suggests that the use of DNA barcoding in conjunction with a stranding network will clearly increase the accuracy of the monitoring of marine mammal biodiversity.

Contact: Jean-Luc Jung
jung@univ-brest.fr
Pensoft Publishers

Public Release: 27-Dec-2013
NASA's TRMM satellite sees new Tropical Depression forming near Australia's Kimberly coast
Low pressure System 98S appears ripe to form into Tropical Cyclone 05S as NASA satellite imagery is showing some hot towering clouds in the storm and heaviest rains south of the center.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 26-Dec-2013
Current Biology
The fate of the eels
The European eel is one of the world's many critically endangered species. Comprehensive protection is difficult because many details of the eel's complex life cycle remain unknown. In a multidisciplinary study, biologists and oceanographers at GEOMAR recently demonstrated the crucial influence of ocean currents on eel recruitment. They did so by using, among others, a state-of-the-art ocean model developed in Kiel, in combination with genetic studies. The study appears in the international journal „Current Biology".

Contact: Jan Steffen
presse@geomar.de
Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR)

Public Release: 24-Dec-2013
NASA sees the last of Cyclone Bruce in Southern Indian Ocean
Tropical Cyclone Bruce is winding down in the Southern Indian Ocean as wind shear and cooler waters affect the storm.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 23-Dec-2013
Coral Centre awarded 7 years of funding
The ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies has been awarded $A28m by the Australian Research Council for 2014 to 2020.
ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies

Contact: Terry Hughes
terry.hughes@jcu.edu.au
61-040-072-0164
ARC Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies

Public Release: 23-Dec-2013
NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Amara spinning down
Tropical Cyclone Amara ran into wind shear, and dropped from Category four hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson scale to a minimal tropical storm on Dec. 23.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 23-Dec-2013
NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Bruce lose its eye
Tropical Cyclone Bruce's eye caught the eye of NASA's Aqua satellite when it passed overhead on December 21, but two days later, Bruce's eye appeared cloud-filled on satellite imagery.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 23-Dec-2013
PLOS ONE
Cone snails are for life and not just at Christmas
Those who fly to tropical shores this Christmas in search of sea and sun may be unaware that an exotic shell picked from the beach could potentially bring relief to many thousands of people suffering life-threatening illnesses. But cone snails, as they are known from their shape, are unprotected and under increasing threat of extinction according to a pioneering new study by researchers at the University of York, UK.

Contact: David Garner
david.garner@york.ac.uk
44-019-043-22153
University of York

Public Release: 20-Dec-2013
Geosphere
Sierra Nevada, western North America, and the Andaman Sea focus of new Geosphere articles
New Geosphere contributions include two additions to the "Origin and Evolution of the Sierra Nevada and Walker Lane" special series. Four articles focus on western North America, while a fifth discusses faulting in the northern Mergui Basin of the Andaman Sea. Authors hale from the University of Arizona, the China Earthquake Administration, the US Geological Survey, Dennison University, and PTTEP ENCO of Bangkok, Thailand.

Contact: Kea Giles
kgiles@geosociety.org
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 20-Dec-2013
Environmental Science and Technology
Virginia Tech research overturns assumption about mercury in the Arctic
A team of scientists from the US, Russia, and Canada has compared fish from two Russian rivers, the Lena and the Mezen, and found mercury concentrations to be much lower than expected.

Contact: Leandro Castello
leandro@vt.edu
774-392-4262
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 20-Dec-2013
NASA satellites see Tropical Cyclone Amara affecting Rodrigues Island
When NASA's Terra satellite passed over Tropical Cyclone Amara on Dec. 20, its western quadrant was already moving over Rodrigues Island, Mauritius.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 20-Dec-2013
NASA sees powerful Tropical Cyclone Bruce staying away from land
Tropical Cyclone Bruce continued to strengthen over wide open waters of the Southern Indian Ocean and NASA satellite data showed its eye had cleared of clouds.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 20-Dec-2013
Theriogenology
Birth control at the zoo
One method for controlling zoo animal populations is male castration. For hippopotami, however, this is notoriously difficult, as the pertinent male reproductive anatomy proves singularly elusive. Veterinarians from the Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology of the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, and colleagues, have demonstrated a successful method for castrating male hippos. Their results are published in the journal Theriogenology.

Contact: Chris Walzer
chris.walzer@vetmeduni.ac.at
43-148-909-150-180
University of Veterinary Medicine -- Vienna

Showing releases 1201-1225 out of 1322.

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