Press Releases

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Showing releases 126-150 out of 1679.

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Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Cracking the problem of river growth
A similar principle predicts the growth of fractures and rivers.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Are you moonstruck?
The first popular account of the growing scientific evidence for biological clocks in animals related to lunar cycles.

Contact: Marlena Brown
Oxford University Press USA

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Nature Geoscience
Scientists map source of Northwest's next big quake
The Cascadia Initiative deployed 70 seabed seismometers at 120 sites covering the entire Juan de Fuca plate to record mantle movement relative to the plate. Team members led by UC Berkeley have confirmed what geophysicists expected, but one surprise is that a small appendage called the Gorda Plate moves independently of the Juan de Fuca, apparently too light to influence the mantle flow 100 miles down. This could explain earthquake segmentation at the subduction zone.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Local destabilization can cause complete loss of West Antarctica's ice masses
A full discharge of ice into the ocean is calculated to yield about 3 meters of sea-level rise. Recent studies indicated that this area of the ice continent is already losing stability, making it the first element in the climate system about to tip. The new publication for the first time shows the inevitable consequence of such an event. According to the computer simulations, a few decades of ocean warming can start an ice loss that continues for centuries or even millennia.

Contact: Mareike Schodder
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Nature Climate Change
Rapidly acidifying waters pose major threat for Southern Ocean ecosystem
A study published this week in the journal Nature Climate Change uses a number of Earth System Models to explore how the uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide and the resulting ocean acidification will affect the Southern Ocean over the next century. The new research finds that for some organisms the onset of such critical conditions will be so abrupt, and the duration of events so long, that adaption may become impossible.
National Science Foundation Ocean Acidification Program

Contact: Rachel Lentz
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
170th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America (ASA)
Eavesdropping on Bering Strait marine mammals
One way to monitor impacts to the ecosystem is by observing the changes in occurrence or distribution of sea birds and marine mammals. So a team of researchers is 'eavesdropping' on marine mammals within the Arctic to monitor their presence year-round. Kathleen Stafford, oceanographer for the Applied Physics Lab at the University of Washington, will describe their work and the passive acoustic monitoring techniques involved at ASA's Fall 2015 Meeting.

Contact: John Arnst
Acoustical Society of America

Public Release: 30-Oct-2015
GSA 2015 Annual Meeting & Exposition
Extreme weather events in Chesapeake Bay give clues for future climate impacts
For the millions of people who live in its expansive coastal areas, Chesapeake Bay provides an important source of income and recreational enjoyment. To protect the ecosystem and the livelihood of area residents, it is important to assess how climate variability and change will affect Chesapeake Bay's shallow water ecosystems and water quality. The intensity, duration, and frequency of extreme temperature- and precipitation-based events are key components to understanding the climate of Chesapeake Bay.

Contact: Christa Stratton
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 30-Oct-2015
NASA analyzes powerful Cyclone Chapala's rainfall over the Arabian Sea
NASA satellites have been providing data on powerful Tropical Cyclone Chapala as it continued strengthening in the Arabian Sea. The Global Precipitation Measurement Mission or GPM core satellite provided a look at strengthening Tropical Cyclone Chapala in the Arabian Sea. Additionally, NASA's Aqua satellite got a good look at the storm's small eye.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
NOAA report finds the 2014 commercial catch of US seafood on par with 2013
America's commercial and recreational fisheries show continued stability and make a large contribution to the nation's economy thanks to sustainable fisheries management policies, according to a new report from NOAA Fisheries.

Contact: Kate Brogan
NOAA Headquarters

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite sees Tropical Cyclone Chapala developing an eye
Tropical Cyclone Chapala developed in the Arabian Sea on Oct. 28 as the fourth tropical depression in the Northern Indian Ocean basin and on Oct. 29, strengthened into a hurricane. NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over Chapala and took a visible picture of the storm that showed it had become better organized over the 24 hour period and appeared to be developing an eye feature.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting
2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting: News media registration open; Reserve hotel room now
Nearly 4,000 attendees are expected to present the latest research findings about the world's oceans at the 2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting being held Feb. 21-26 at the Ernest N. Morial Convention Center in New Orleans, Louisiana. The meeting will bring together researchers from the American Geophysical Union, the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, and The Oceanography Society.

Contact: Leigh Cooper
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Geological Society of America's 2015 Annual Meeting & Expositon
Unraveling the mysteries of 2 ancient parasites
A new discovery suggests why one relationship evolved in appearance and how one parasite turned more aggressive but also protective toward its host over millions of years.

Contact: Dawn Fuller
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
New study: Warming waters a major factor in the collapse of New England cod
Today, cod stocks are on the verge of collapse, hovering at 3-4 percent of sustainable levels. Even cuts to the fishery have failed to slow this rapid decline, surprising both fishermen and fisheries managers. For the first time, a new report in Science explains why. It shows that rapid warming of Gulf of Maine waters -- 99 percent faster than anywhere else on the planet - reduced the capacity of cod to rebound from fishing, leading to collapse.
Lenfest Ocean Program, US National Science Foundation

Contact: Elijah Miller
Gulf of Maine Research Institute

Public Release: 28-Oct-2015
Alaskan trout choose early retirement over risky ocean-going career
A new study in Ecology shows that Alaskan Dolly Varden trout, once they reach about 12 inches in length, can retire permanently from going to sea. They rely on digestive organs that can massively expand and contract and a unique relationship with sockeye salmon.

Contact: Michelle Ma
University of Washington

Public Release: 28-Oct-2015
NASA sees post-Patricia moisture, winds stalking the Mid-Atlantic
The remnant moisture from what was once Hurricane Patricia and moisture from the Gulf of Mexico were being transported north by a trough of low pressure over Wisconsin. The clouds and moisture were streaming into the Eastern third of the US on Oct. 28, 2015. The hybrid system was generating windy conditions which were seen from NASA's RapidScat instrument, while NOAA's GOES-East satellite captured an image of the impressive and sizeable cloud cover.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 28-Oct-2015
Environmental Science and Technology
A potential downside to the beaver's comeback (video)
The Eurasian beaver was brought back from near extinction and now thrives across Europe. But this conservation success story may have had at least one unintended and potentially harmful consequence. Scientists report in ACS' journal Environmental Science & Technology that when beavers build new dams where no previous beaver colonies existed, downstream levels of toxic methylmercury rise, at least temporarily.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 28-Oct-2015
Freshwater Science
Queen's researchers link crayfish decline in Algonquin Park lakes to lack of calcium
Researchers from Queen's University have linked the localized near-extinction of a native crayfish species in four lakes in Algonquin Park to declining calcium levels.

Contact: Chris Armes
613-533-6000 x77513
Queen's University

Public Release: 28-Oct-2015
Nature Communications
Nordic seas cooled 500,000 years before global oceans
The cooling of the Nordic seas towards modern temperatures started in the early Pliocene, half a million years before the global oceans cooled. A new study of fossil marine plankton published in Nature Communications today demonstrates this.

Contact: Stijn De Schepper
The University of Bergen

Public Release: 28-Oct-2015
Scientists call for ambitious program to unlock the power of Earth's microbial communities
A consortium of 48 scientists from 50 institutions in the United States has called for an ambitious research effort to understand and harness microbiomes -- the communities of microorganisms that inhabit ecosystems as varied as the human gut and the ocean, to improve human health, agriculture, bioenergy, and the environment. Their proposal, published in the Oct. 30 issue of the journal Science, calls for a major research project to develop new research tools and collaborations that will unlock the secrets of Earth's microbial communities.

Contact: Jim Cohen
The Kavli Foundation

Public Release: 28-Oct-2015
Current Biology
Electric eel: Most remarkable predator in animal kingdom
Recent research on the electric eel by Vanderbilt University biologist Ken Catania has revealed that it is not the primitive creature it has been portrayed. Instead, it has a sophisticated control of the electrical fields it generates that makes it one of the most remarkable predators in the animal kingdom.
National Science Foundation, John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship, National Academy of Sciences/Pradel Award

Contact: David F Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 28-Oct-2015
Scientists call for unified initiative to advance microbiome research
A group of leading scientists representing a wide range of disciplines has formed a unified initiative to support basic research, technological development and commercial applications to better understand and harness the capabilities of Earth's vast systems of microorganisms.

Contact: Matt Wood
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 28-Oct-2015
Current Biology
Electric eels curl up to deliver even more powerful shocks
Electric eels temporarily paralyze their prey by shocking them with electricity using a series of brief, high-voltage pulses, much as a Taser would do. Now, a researcher has discovered that the eels can double the power of their electrical discharge by curling up their bodies. In bringing their tail up and around, the eels sandwich prey between the two poles of their electric organ, which runs most of the length of their long, flexible bodies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joseph Caputo
Cell Press

Public Release: 27-Oct-2015
NASA looks at winds, cloud extent of Patricia's remnant hybrid system
NASA's RapidScat analyzed the winds in the Gulf of Mexico that were associated with the hybrid storm the included the remnants of former Eastern Pacific Ocean Hurricane Patricia. NOAA's GOES-East satellite showed the extent of the hybrid system's cloud cover over the southeastern US on Oct. 27.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 27-Oct-2015
Astronomical Journal
Probing the mysteries of Europa, Jupiter's cracked and crinkled moon
New research, using spectrographic data from the W. M. Keck telescope's, shows what are likely deposits from Europa's sub-surface ocean on it's so-called 'chaos terrain.'

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 27-Oct-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Marine reserves will need stepping stones to help fishes disperse between them
A massive field effort on the Belizean Barrier Reef has revealed for the first time that the offspring of at least one coral reef fish, a neon goby, do not disperse far from their parents. The results indicate that if marine protected areas aim to conserve such fishes, and biodiversity more broadly, then they must be spaced closely enough to allow larvae to disperse successfully between them.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Buston
Boston University

Showing releases 126-150 out of 1679.

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