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Showing releases 126-150 out of 1742.

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Public Release: 29-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Better global ocean management
Rights-based approaches could double fish biomass and make 77 percent of world's fisheries biologically healthy within a decade.

Contact: James Badham
media@bren.ucsb.edu
805-893-5049
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 28-Mar-2016
Nature Geoscience
Earlier warnings for heat waves
In a new study, researchers from Harvard University and the National Center for Atmospheric Research have identified sea surface temperatures patterns that can predict extreme heat waves in the Eastern US up to 50 days in advance.
National Science Foundation, NASA, National Center for Atmospheric Research

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 28-Mar-2016
112th Annual Meeting of GSA's Cordilleran Section
Complexities of the Cordillera: A View from 2016
Geoscientists from the North American Cordillera and beyond will convene in Ontario, California, on April 4-6, 2016, to discuss new and hot-topic science, expand on current studies, and explore the region's unique geologic features. The technical program and slate of field trips embrace the rich geology of the region, with emphases on such topics as petrology, volcanology, tectonics, paleontology, hydrogeology, and coastal processes.

Contact: Christa Stratton
cstratton@geosociety.org
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 28-Mar-2016
Nature Geoscience
Ocean temps predict US heat waves 50 days out, study finds
The formation of a distinct pattern of sea surface temperatures in the middle of the North Pacific Ocean can predict an increased chance of summertime heat waves in the eastern half of the United States up to 50 days in advance.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Hosansky
hosansky@ucar.edu
303-497-8611
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 28-Mar-2016
Journal of Climate
Climate change: Greenland melting tied to shrinking Arctic sea ice
Vanishing Arctic sea ice. Dogged weather systems over Greenland. Far-flung surface ice melting on the massive island. These dramatic trends and global sea-level rise are linked, according to a study coauthored by Jennifer Francis, a research professor in Rutgers University's Department of Marine and Coastal Sciences.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NASA, National Science Foundation, National Science Foundation of China

Contact: Todd B. Bates
tbates@ucm.rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 28-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Global ocean's fish populations could double while providing more food and income
Groundbreaking research being published in the March 29 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences shows the majority of the world's fisheries could be recovered in just 10 years, and that global fish populations could double by 2050 with better fishing practices compared to business as usual. The peer-reviewed study is authored by researchers from the University of California Santa Barbara, The University of Washington and Environmental Defense Fund.

Contact: Valerie Holford
valerieholford@yahoo.com
301-926-1298
Environmental Defense Fund

Public Release: 28-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New study shows desert mangroves are major source of carbon storage
Researchers found that short, stunted mangroves living along the coastal desert of Baja California store up to five times more carbon below ground than their lush, tropical counterparts. The new study led by researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego estimates that coastal desert mangroves, which only account for 1 percent of the land area, store nearly 30 percent of the region's belowground carbon.
David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Mia Tegner Memorial Fellowship, Helmsley Charitable Trust

Contact: Mario Aguilera
scrippsnews@ucsd.edu
858-534-3624
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 25-Mar-2016
Frontiers in Marine Science
Scientists call for new strategy to study climate change impacts on coral reefs
An international research team calls for a targeted research strategy to better understand the impact multiple stressors will have on coral reef in the future due to global climate change. The scientists published their new approach to coral reef research in the journal Frontiers in Marine Science.
Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 25-Mar-2016
Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Botulism in waterbirds: Mortality rates and new insights into how it spreads
Outbreaks of botulism killed large percentages of waterbirds inhabiting a wetland in Spain. The botulinum toxin's spread may have been abetted by an invasive species of water snail which frequently carries the toxin-producing bacterium, Clostridium botulinum, and which is well adapted to wetlands polluted by sewage. Global warming will likely increase outbreaks, said corresponding author Rafael Mateo, Ph.D. The research was published March 25 in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

Contact: Aleea Khan
communications@asmusa.org
202-942-9365
American Society for Microbiology

Public Release: 24-Mar-2016
PLOS Biology
Study finds vast diversity among viruses that infect bacteria
Viruses that infect bacteria are among the most abundant life forms on Earth. Indeed, our oceans, soils and potentially even our bodies would be overrun with bacteria were it not for bacteria-eating viruses, called bacteriophages, that keep the microbial balance of ecological niches in check. Now, a new study suggests that bacteriophages made of RNA likely play a much larger role in shaping the bacterial makeup of worldwide habitats than previously recognized.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Diane Duke Williams
williamsdia@wustl.edu
314-286-0111
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 24-Mar-2016
Ecosystem Health and Sustainability
Ecological collapse circumscribes traditional women's work in Iraq's Mesopotamian marshes
As the land at the heart of the cradle of civilization dries out, an ancient culture is being lost with the unique ecosystem that sustains it, researchers report the March 2016 issue of Ecosystem Health and Sustainability, a joint journal of the Ecological Society of America and Ecological Society of China.
University of Basrah Marine Science Center, CSU Sacramento Provost's Research Incentive Fund

Contact: Liza Lester
LLester@esa.org
202-833-8773 x211
Ecological Society of America

Public Release: 24-Mar-2016
Scientific Reports
NJIT researchers make a major cavefish discovery in Thailand
Researchers from New Jersey Institute of Technology have identified unique anatomical features in a species of blind, walking cavefish in Thailand that enable the fish to walk and climb waterfalls in a manner comparable to tetrapods, or four-footed mammals and amphibians.

Contact: Tanya Klein
klein@njit.edu
973-596-3433
New Jersey Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Mar-2016
Suomi NPP satellite spots ex-Tropical Cyclone Emeraude's remnants
Former Tropical Cyclone Emeraude was battered by northeasterly vertical wind shear and reduced to a remnant low pressure area in the Southern Indian Ocean. NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over the system on March 24 captured a visible image of the large area of remnant clouds.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 23-Mar-2016
Community college teams propose ways to improve natural resource sustainability
The National Science Foundation (NSF), in partnership with the American Association of Community Colleges (AACC), has named 10 finalists for the second annual Community College Innovation Challenge, which fosters the development of crucial innovation skills among students.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert J. Margetta
rmargett@nsf.gov
703-292-2663
National Science Foundation

Public Release: 23-Mar-2016
Ecological Applications
You taste like mercury, said the spider to the fly
More mercury than previously thought is moving from aquatic to land food webs when stream insects are consumed by spiders, a Dartmouth College-led study shows.

Contact: John Cramer
john.cramer@dartmouth.edu
603-646-9130
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 23-Mar-2016
Marine Ecology Progress Series
Green light stops sea turtle deaths
Dr Jeffrey Mangel, a Darwin Initiative research fellow based in Peru, and Professor Brendan Godley, from the Centre for Ecology and Conservation at the University's Penryn Campus, were part of a team of researchers who found that attaching green battery powered light-emitting diodes (LED) to gillnets used by a small-scale fishery reduced the number of green turtle deaths by 64 per cent, without reducing the intended catch of fish.
ProDelphinus, The UK Government's Darwin Initiative, National Oceanic, Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Louise Vennells
l.vennells@exeter.ac.uk
University of Exeter

Public Release: 23-Mar-2016
Environmental Science & Technology
Protecting coral reefs with bubbles
Bubbles -- yes, bubbles -- could help protect coral reefs, oyster farms, and other coastal ecosystems from increasing ocean acidification, according to new research by Stanford scientists.
National Science Foundation, McGee research grant from the Stanford School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences

Contact: Ker Than
kerthan@stanford.edu
650-723-9820
Stanford's School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
First evidence found that 'cryptic female choice' is adaptive
Researchers from New Zealand's University of Otago studying chinook salmon have provided the first evidence that 'cryptic female choice' (CFC) enhances fertilization success and embryo survival. Cryptic female choice involves females using physical or chemical mechanisms to control which male fertilizes their eggs after mating, and is known to occur in a number of species.

Contact: Dr Patrice Rosengrave
patrice.rosengrave@otago.ac.nz
University of Otago

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
National Science Foundation invests in a clean water future
Today, at the White House Water Summit, the National Science Foundation joins other federal agencies to emphasize its commitment to a sustainable water future. Access to affordable clean water is vital for energy generation, food cultivation and basic life support. With drought pressure and population demands, water is an increasingly precious resource.

Contact: Sarah Bates
sabates@nsf.gov
703-292-7738
National Science Foundation

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
Tropical depression Emeraude a swirl in NASA imagery
Tropical Cyclone Emeraude was pummeled by northeasterly wind shear that weakened the storm into a depression by March 22, 2016 before the Suomi NPP satellite passed overhead.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Fish bond when they eat the same food
For some fish, it makes more sense to swim around with those that share their taste in food -- and smell similar in the process -- than to shoal with members of their own species. That is among the findings of a study led by Tanja Kleinhappel of the University of Lincoln in the UK, in Springer's journal Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology.

Contact: Christiane Ranke
christiane.ranke@springer.com
49-622-148-78414
Springer

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
Conservation Genetics
'Burnt Hot Dog' sea cucumbers raise red flags for threatened global fisheries
'Burnt Hot Dog' sea cucumbers take center stage in a new genetic study that digs into their valued spot in marine ecosystems across Japan's Okinawa Island as well as their extreme vulnerability to environmental stress and over-fishing. A team of researchers, including an expert from the California Academy of Sciences, says their study's findings are an urgent call for increased fisheries management and protections for ecologically important sea cucumbers worldwide.

Contact: Haley Bowling
hbowling@calacademy.org
415-379-5123
California Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
eLife
Scientists reveal how animals find their way 'in the dark'
Scientists have revealed the brain activity in animals that helps them find food and other vital resources in unfamiliar environments where there are no cues, such as lights and sounds, to guide them.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Marie Curie Fellowship, National Science Foundation (NSF)

Contact: Emily Packer
e.packer@elifesciences.org
eLife

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
Lake Erie phosphorus-reduction targets challenging but achievable
Large-scale changes to agricultural practices will be required to meet the goal of reducing levels of algae-promoting phosphorus in Lake Erie by 40 percent, a new University of Michigan-led, multi-institution computer modeling study concludes.
Fred A. and Barbara M. Erb Family Foundation

Contact: Jim Erickson
ericksn@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
Nature Communications
Nitrogen factories in the Cretaceous oceans
Researchers have discovered a 'bizarre' microorganism which plays a key role in the food web of Earth's oceans.

Contact: Philippa Walker
philippa.walker@bristol.ac.uk
44-117-928-7777
University of Bristol

Showing releases 126-150 out of 1742.

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