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Showing releases 126-150 out of 1307.

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Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Science
Scientists apply biomedical technique to reveal changes in body of the ocean
For decades, doctors have developed methods to diagnose how different types of cells and systems in the body are functioning. Now scientists have adapted an emerging biomedical technique to study the vast body of the ocean.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cheryl Dybas
cdybas@nsf.gov
703-292-7734
National Science Foundation

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
NASA sees post-Tropical Cyclone Norbert fading near Baja California
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Tropical Storm Norbert on Sept. 7 before it weakened to a post- tropical storm. The AIRS instrument aboard captured infrared data that showed a 'sliver' of strong thunderstorms remained around the center of the waning storm.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Restoration Ecology
Study puts some mussels into Bay restoration
Research in Chesapeake Bay shows that the mussels that typically colonize a restored oyster reef can more than double the reef's overall filtration capacity.
Oyster Recovery Partnership

Contact: David Malmquist
davem@vims.edu
804-684-7011
Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Media event: GM awards Carnegie's BioEYES environmental education grant
The General Motors Corporation is presenting a $5,000.00 award to Carnegie's BioEYES K-12 educational program on Sept. 11, 2014, to deliver a two-week environmental curriculum, Your Watershed, Your Backyard. The event will start at 11:45 a.m., at GM's Baltimore Operations, 10301 Philadelphia Rd., White Marsh, Md.
General Motors Corporation

Contact: Chandra Harvey
harvey@ciwemb.edu
410-246-3004
Carnegie Institution

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Current Biology
Fish as good as chimpanzees at choosing the best partner for a task
Latest research shows that coral trout can now join chimpanzees as the only non-human species that can choose the right situation and the right partner to get the best result when collaboratively working.

Contact: Fred Lewsey
fred.lewsey@admin.cam.ac.uk
44-122-376-5566
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Current Biology
Coral trout pick their collaborators carefully
Coral trout not only work with moray eels to improve their chances of a meal, but they can also be choosy when it comes to picking the best moray partner. The findings reported in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on Sept. 8 show that such sophisticated collaborative abilities are not limited to apes and humans. The fish's behavior is remarkable in other ways too, the researchers say.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
moleary@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press

Public Release: 5-Sep-2014
Frontiers in Microbiology
Like weeds of the sea, 'brown tide' algae exploit nutrient-rich coastlines
A new study by researchers at Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and Stony Brook University highlights up close the survival skills that have made Aureococcus anophagefferens the bane of fishermen, boaters and real-estate agents. Building on previous mapping of Aureococcus' genome, the study, published in the journal Frontiers in Microbiology this summer,confirms that the genes previously hypothesized to help Aureococcus survive in murky nutrient-rich waters, switch on in conditions typical of estuaries degraded by human activity.
US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Center for Sponsored Coastal Ocean Research, a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Kim Martineau
kmartine@ldeo.columbia.edu
646-717-0134
The Earth Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 5-Sep-2014
Marine Mammal Science
California blue whales rebound from whaling, first of their kin to do so
The number of California blue whales has rebounded to near historical levels, according to new research by the University of Washington, and while the number of blue whales struck by ships is likely above allowable US limits, such strikes do not immediately threaten that recovery.
Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean

Contact: Sandra Hines
shines@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Environmental Science & Technology
Research shows declining levels of acidity in Sierra Nevada lakes
A team led by an environmental scientist at the University of California, Riverside has conducted research on lakes in the Sierra Nevada -- the most sensitive lakes in the US to acid rain, according to the Environmental Protection Agency -- and described human impacts on them during the 20th century. The conclusion is the overall news is good: Air quality regulation has benefited aquatic ecosystems in the Sierra Nevada; controlling air pollution is benefiting nature in California.
National Park Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, National Science Foundation, University of California, Geological Society of America

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Science
Scientists apply biomedical technique to reveal changes within the body of the ocean
For decades, medical researchers have sought new methods to diagnose how different types of cells and systems in the body are functioning. Now scientists have adapted an emerging biomedical technique to study the vast body of the ocean.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Media Relations Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Current Biology
Archerfish target shoot with 'skillfully thrown' water
Archerfish hunt by shooting jets of water at unsuspecting prey on leaves or twigs above, knocking them into the water below before gobbling them up. Now, a study finds that those fish are much more adaptable and skillful target-shooters than anyone had given them credit for. The fish really do use water as a tool making them the first known tool-using animal to adaptively change the hydrodynamic properties of a free jet of water.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
moleary@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press

Public Release: 3-Sep-2014
Geosphere
Team develops new, inexpensive method for understanding earthquake topography
Using high-resolution topography models not available in the past, geologists can greatly enrich their research. However, current methods of acquisition are costly and require trained personnel with high-tech, cumbersome equipment. In light of this, Kendra Johnson and colleagues have developed a new system that takes advantage of affordable, user-friendly equipment and software to produce topography data over small, sparsely vegetated sites at comparable (or better) resolution and accuracy to standard methods.

Contact: Kea Giles
kgiles@geosociety.org
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 3-Sep-2014
PLOS ONE
New deep sea mushroom-shaped organisms discovered
The new organisms are multicellular and mostly non-symmetrical, with a dense layer of gelatinous material between the outer skin cell and inner stomach cell layers.

Contact: Kayla Graham
onepress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 3-Sep-2014
BioScience
Pesticide risk assessments seen as biased
The Environmental Protection Agency's pesticide toxicity assessments often rely heavily on industry-funded studies and may omit research that could lead to different findings. The assessment process should be reformed in order to eliminate conflicts of interest and include a wider breadth of available information.

Contact: James Verdier
jverdier@aibs.org
205-286-8626
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Limnology & Oceanography
Underwater grass comeback bodes well for Chesapeake Bay
The Susquehanna Flats, a large bed of underwater grasses in the upper Chesapeake Bay, virtually disappeared after Tropical Storm Agnes more than 40 years ago. The grasses mysteriously began to come back in the early 2000s. Today the bed is one of the biggest and healthiest in the Bay, spanning some 20 square miles. Scientists at the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science are figuring out what's behind the comeback.

Contact: Amy Pelsinsky
apelsinsky@umces.edu
410-330-1389
University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Geology
Plant life forms in the fossil record: When did the first canopy flowers appear?
Most plant fossils are isolated organs, making it difficult to reconstruct the type of plant life or its ecosystem structure. In their study for Geology, published online on Aug. 28, 2014, researchers Camilla Crifò and colleagues used leaf vein density, a trait visible on leaf compression fossils, to document the occurrence of stratified forests with a canopy dominated by flowering plants.

Contact: Kea Giles
kgiles@geosociety.org
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
BioScience
Changing microbial dynamics in the wake of the Macondo blowout
Following the oil spill caused by the blowout at the Macondo wellhead in 2010, Gulf of Mexico microbial population dynamics shifted rapidly as numbers of oil degraders quickly increased. In addition, the spill provided an opportunity to study the newly described phenomenon of microbe-derived marine snow.
Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative

Contact: James Verdier
jverdier@aibs.org
205-286-8626
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Chaos
Giant garbage patches help redefine ocean boundaries
Researchers have created a new model that could help determine what area of the world is to blame for each ocean garbage patch of floating debris -- a difficult task for a system as complex and massive as the ocean. The researchers describe the model in a paper published in the journal Chaos.

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
jbardi@aip.org
240-535-4954
American Institute of Physics

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
PeerJ
Exceptionally well preserved insect fossils from the Rhône Valley
In Bavaria, the Tithonian Konservat-Lagerstätte of lithographic limestone is well known as a result of numerous discoveries of emblematic fossils from that area (for example, Archaeopteryx). Now, for the first time, researchers have found fossil insects in the French equivalent of these outcrops -- discoveries which include a new species representing the oldest known water treader.

Contact: Nel Andre
anel@mnhn.fr
PeerJ

Public Release: 1-Sep-2014
Algal growth a blooming problem Space Station to help monitor
The space station's Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal Ocean (HICO) instrument can help research harmful algal blooms, similar to recent concerns in Lake Erie. HICO provides a way for researchers to see 90 wavelengths of light not visible to humans.

Contact: Laura Niles
Laura.E.Niles@nasa.gov
281-244-7069
NASA/Johnson Space Center

Public Release: 1-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Nature's tiny engineers
Corals control their environment, stirring up water eddies to bring nutrients.

Contact: Andrew Carleen
acarleen@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 31-Aug-2014
Nature Geoscience
Antarctic sea-level rising faster than global rate
A new study of satellite data from the last 19 years reveals that fresh water from melting glaciers has caused the sea-level around the coast of Antarctica to rise by 2 cm more than the global average of 6 cm.

Contact: Steven Williams
s.williams@soton.ac.uk
44-238-059-2128
University of Southampton

Public Release: 29-Aug-2014
NASA sees Hurricane Cristobal racing through North Atlantic
Satellite imagery shows Hurricane Cristobal racing through the North Atlantic on Friday, August 29 while losing its tropical characteristics.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 29-Aug-2014
NASA animation shows Hurricane Marie winding down
NOAA's GOES-West satellite keeps a continuous eye on the Eastern Pacific and has been covering Hurricane Marie since birth. NASA's GOES Project uses NOAA data and creates animations and did so to show the end of Hurricane Marie.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 29-Aug-2014
Nature Climate Change
Managing coasts under threat from climate change and sea-level rise
Coastal regions under threat from climate change and sea-level rise need to tackle the more immediate threats of human-led and other non-climatic changes, according to a team of international scientists.

Contact: Becky Attwood
r.attwood@soton.ac.uk
University of Southampton

Showing releases 126-150 out of 1307.

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