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Showing releases 1251-1275 out of 1306.

<< < 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 > >>

Public Release: 13-Sep-2013
CO2-hungry microbes might short-circuit the marine foodweb
A five-week long field experiment of the European Project on Ocean Acidification shows that pico- and nanophytoplankton benefit from higher carbon dioxide concentrations in the water, causing an imbalance in the food web. In addition, the carbon export to the deep and the production of the climate-cooling gas dimethylsulfide are diminished -- two important functions for the global climate. A special issue of the European Geosciences Union's journal Biogeosciences compiles the results of the study.

Contact: Maike Nicolai
Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR)

Public Release: 13-Sep-2013
Tiny plankton could have big impact on climate
As the climate changes and oceans' acidity increases, tiny plankton seem set to succeed. An international team of scientists has found that the smallest plankton groups thrive under elevated CO2 levels. This could cause an imbalance in the food web as well as decrease ocean CO2 uptake, an important regulator of global climate. The results of the study are now compiled in a special issue published in Biogeosciences, a journal of the European Geosciences Union.

Contact: Bárbara Ferreira
European Geosciences Union

Public Release: 12-Sep-2013
NASA's Terra satellite spots Hurricane Humberto's cloud-filled eye
The MODIS instrument aboard NASA's Terra satellite captured a visible image of Hurricane Humberto that showed it's eye was cloud-filled.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 12-Sep-2013
Marine Ecology Progress Series
Research shows denser seagrass beds hold more baby blue crabs
A new study in Chesapeake Bay by researchers at William & Mary's Virginia Institute of Marine Science shows that it's not just the presence of a seagrass bed that matters to young crabs, but also its quality -- with denser beds holding exponentially more crabs per square meter than more open beds where plants are separated by small patches of mud or sand.
Virginia Sea Grant, NOAA Chesapeake Bay Office

Contact: David Malmquist
Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Public Release: 12-Sep-2013
Trans-Nino years could foster tornado super outbreaks
Researchers are trying to determine if Trans-Nino years, which mark the onset or ebbing of El Nino and La Nina, are the main culprits behind deadly super-outbreaks of tornadoes. Fueled by a powerfully interconnected global atmospheric system, as sea-surface temperatures in the Pacific shift the Jet Stream's course during Trans-Nino years, favorable conditions for violent weather in the United States are created.

Contact: Megan Sever
American Geosciences Institute

Public Release: 12-Sep-2013
International Society for Microbial Ecology Journal
Viruses associated with coral epidemic of 'white plague'
They call it the "white plague," and like its black counterpart from the Middle Ages, it conjures up visions of catastrophic death, with a cause that was at first uncertain even as it led to widespread destruction -- on marine corals in the Caribbean Sea. Now, at least, one of the causes of this plague has been found.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Nitzan Soffer
Oregon State University

Public Release: 12-Sep-2013
EarthScope’s Transportable Array Symposium
EarthScope's Transportable Array Symposium in Woods Hole
Journalists are invited to attend a symposium focused on scientific accomplishments of EarthScope's Transportable Array on Sept. 30, 2013, in Woods Hole, Mass. The event will feature short talks from members of the research community discussing the motivations, scientific highlights, and future directions of this seismic component of EarthScope.

Contact: Perle Dorr
202-682-2220 x208
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 12-Sep-2013
Satellite sees Tropical Storm Gabrielle battling wind shear, gulf storm developing
Gabrielle is a fighter. Tropical Storm Gabrielle regained tropical storm status on Sept. 12 at 11 a.m. EDT after being knocked down to tropical depression status earlier in the day.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 12-Sep-2013
Decades on, bacterium's discovery feted as paragon of basic science
Over time, the esoteric and sometimes downright strange quests of science have proven easy targets for politicians and others looking for perceived examples of waste in government -- and a cheap headline.

Contact: Tom Brock
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 12-Sep-2013
Unprecedented rate and scale of ocean acidification found in the Arctic
Acidification of the Arctic Ocean is occurring faster than projected according to new findings published in the journal PLoS One. The increase in rate is being blamed on rapidly melting sea ice, a process that may have important consequences for health of the Arctic ecosystem.
US Geological Survey, National Science Foundation, NOAA

Contact: Lisa Robbins
727-803-8747 x3005
University of South Florida (USF Health)

Public Release: 12-Sep-2013
Journal of Marine Research
Study explores complex physical oceanography in East China Sea
Just days before a team of researchers set out to conduct fieldwork in the East China Sea, Typhoon Morakot -- one of the most destructive storms ever to hit Taiwan -- made landfall on the island, causing widespread damage and drastically altering the flow of water along the nearby continental shelf. Their research may offer a new understanding of how chaotic and powerful currents form in the East China Sea, and could also reveal how large storms affect those currents.
US Office of Naval Research

Contact: Press Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 12-Sep-2013
Antarctic research details ice melt below massive glacier
An expedition of international scientists to the far reaches of Antarctica's remote Pine Island Glacier has yielded exact measurements of an undersea process glaciologists have long called the "biggest source of uncertainty in global sea level projections."

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 12-Sep-2013
Movement of marine life follows speed and direction of climate change
New research based at Princeton University shows that the trick to predicting when and where sea animals will relocate due to climate change is to follow the pace and direction of temperature changes, known as climate velocity.
National Science Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, NF-UBC Nereus Program

Contact: Morgan Kelly
Princeton University

Public Release: 12-Sep-2013
Environmental Research Letters
Current pledges put over 600 million people at risk of higher water scarcity
Our current pledges to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, which are projected to set the global mean temperature increase at around 3.5°C above pre-industrial levels, will expose 668 million people worldwide to new or aggravated water scarcity.

Contact: Michael Bishop
Institute of Physics

Public Release: 12-Sep-2013
Current Biology
Study sheds light on genetics of how and why fish swim in schools
How and why fish swim in schools has long fascinated biologists looking for clues to understand the complexities of social behavior. A new study by a team of researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center may help provide some insight.
NIH/Center of Excellence in Genomic Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Deborah Bach
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Study provides insights on protecting world's poor from climate change
The worst impacts of climate change on the world's poorest fishing communities can likely be avoided by careful management of the local environment and investing in the diversification of options for local people, according to the Wildlife Conservation Society and James Cook University.

Contact: John Delaney
Wildlife Conservation Society

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
ACS Chemical Biology
The eyes have it
Methylmercury compounds specifically target the central nervous system, and among the many effects of their exposure are visual disturbances, which were previously thought to be solely due to methylmercury-induced damage to the brain visual cortex. However, after combining powerful synchrotron X-rays and methylmercury-poisoned zebrafish larvae, scientists have found that methylmercury may also directly affect vision by accumulating in the retinal photoreceptors, i.e., the cells that respond to light in our eyes.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Saskatchewan Health Research Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Mark Ferguson
Canadian Light Source, Inc.

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
2 NASA satellites analyze Hurricane Humberto's clouds and rainfall
Two NASA satellites passed over the hurricane in the Eastern Atlantic on Sept. 10 gathering information about the environment of Hurricane Humberto.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Researchers move endangered mussels to save them
Researchers at the University of Illinois have transported two endangered freshwater mussel species from Pennsylvania to Illinois in an attempt to re-establish their populations in the western part of the Ohio River Basin.

Contact: Chelsey B. Coombs
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
NASA 3-D image clearly shows wind shear's effect on Tropical Storm Gabrielle
Data obtained from NASA's TRMM satellite was used to create a 3-D image of Tropical Storm Gabrielle's rainfall that clearly showed wind shear pushed all of the storm's the rainfall east of its center.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
U-M Water Center awards $2.9M for 8 Great Lakes restoration projects
The University of Michigan Water Center has awarded eight research grants, totaling nearly $2.9 million, to support Great Lakes restoration and protection efforts.

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Nature Geoscience
Global warming could change strength of El Niño
Global warming could impact the El Niño Southern Oscillation, altering the cycles of El Niño and La Niña events that bring extreme drought and flooding to Australia and many other Pacific-rim countries.

Contact: Alvin Stone
University of New South Wales

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Biological Invasions
Tiny number of Asian carp could be big problem for the Great Lakes
A tiny number of Asian carp could establish a population of the invasive fish in the Great Lakes, according to new research from the University of Waterloo.

Contact: Nick Manning
University of Waterloo

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Pacific humpback whale abundance higher in British Columbia
Humpback whale populations are on the rise in the coastal fjords of British Columbia, doubling in size from 2004 to 2011.
See Financial Disclosure

Contact: Kallie Huss

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
Why are some corals flourishing in a time of global warming?
As Earth's temperature climbs, the stony corals that form the backbone of ocean reefs are in decline. It's a well-documented story: Violent storms and coral bleaching have all contributed to dwindling populations. Less discussed, however, is the plight of gorgonian corals -- softer, flexible, tree-like species. Divers have noted in recent years that gorgonian corals seem to be proliferating in certain areas of the Caribbean, and a new study will look to quantify this phenomenon.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Charlotte Hsu
University at Buffalo

Showing releases 1251-1275 out of 1306.

<< < 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 > >>

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