Press Releases

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Public Release: 13-Aug-2015
Environmental Chemistry
Sediment dwelling creatures at risk from nanoparticles in common household products
The review, published today in the journal Environmental Chemistry, highlights the risks posed to aquatic organisms when nanoparticles 'transform' on contact with water and as they pass from water to sediment and then into sediment dwelling organisms.

Contact: Louise Vennells
l.vennells@exeter.ac.uk
0044-776-851-1866
University of Exeter

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Current Environmental Health Reports
Toxic blue-green algae pose increasing threat to nation's drinking, recreational water
Blooms of toxic cyanobacteria, or blue-green algae, are a poorly monitored and underappreciated risk to recreational and drinking water quality in the United States, and may increasingly pose a global health threat.
US Geological Survey, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Otten
ottent@onid.orst.edu
541-737-1796
Oregon State University

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Nature Geoscience
CO2 emissions change with size of streams and rivers
Researchers have shown that the greenhouse gas appears in streams by way of two different sources -- either as a direct pipeline for groundwater and carbon-rich soils, or from aquatic organisms releasing the gas through respiration and natural decay.

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Suomi NPP satellite sees Molave on the move
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite flew over Tropical Storm Molave as it was moving away from Japan.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Royal Society Open Science
Male elephant seals use 'voice recognition' to identify rivals, study finds
Male elephant seals compete fiercely for access to females during the breeding season, and their violent, bloody fights take a toll on both winners and losers. These battles are relatively rare, however, and a new study shows that the males avoid costly fights by learning the distinctive vocal calls of their rivals. When they recognize the call of another male, they know whether to attack or flee depending on the challenger's dominance status.
US Office of Naval Research, Centre national de la recherche scientifique

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
NASA sees heavy rain in Hurricane Hilda, south of Hawaii
Hurricane Hilda has been on a weakening trend and by Aug. 12 it weakened to a tropical storm.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
This week from AGU: Natural arches, Italian earthquake, Canadian rivers & research papers
Natural arches hum their health and scientists are listening For the first time, scientists have found a way to detect if the breathtaking natural arches of Utah's Canyonlands and Arches national parks are suffering from internal damage that could lead to their collapse, according to a new study in Geophysical Research Letters.

Contact: Leigh Cooper
lcooper@agu.org
202-777-7324
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Nature Geoscience
Significant breath from streams and rivers
Running streams are key sources of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide, but why is it so? An international team of researchers, led by Umeå University, publishes the answer in the prestigious journal Nature Geoscience.

Contact: Anna-Lena Lindskog
anna-lena.lindskog@umu.se
46-907-865-878
Umea University

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Better estimates of worldwide mercury pollution
An international team led by MIT researchers has conducted a new analysis that provides more accurate estimates of sources of mercury emissions around the world.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Scientific Reports
Are marine organisms evolving to protect their young in response to ocean acidification?
Marine organisms living in acidified waters exhibit a tendency to nurture their offspring to a greater extent than those in more regular conditions.

Contact: Andrew Merrington
andrew.merrington@plymouth.ac.uk
44-175-258-8003
University of Plymouth

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Nature
Decoding the genome of an alien
OIST researchers and collaborators have sequenced and analyzed an octopus genome, making it the first cephalopod to be decoded.
Molecular Genetics Unit of the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kaoru Natori
kaoru.natori@oist.jp
81-989-662-389
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) Graduate University

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
PLOS ONE
Rare octopus shocks scientists with unusual mating and reproductive strategies
A remarkable yet little-known species of octopus is once again exciting the cephalopod community with its surprisingly social behavior, unconventional mating and reproductive habits, unusual predatory behavior, and unique body patterns, most of which have never before been observed among octopuses. A team of scientists -- including Richard Ross, senior aquarium biologist and cephalopod expert from the California Academy of Sciences -- will publish the results of their multi-year behavioral study this week in the journal PLOS ONE.

Contact: Kelly Mendez
kmendez@calacademy.org
415-379-5133
California Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Nature
Octopus genome reveals cephalopod secrets
Researchers from UC Berkeley, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University and University of Chicago sequenced and annotated the first cephalopod genome, the California two-spot octopus. They found widespread rearrangements of genes and a dramatic expansion of a family of genes involved in neuronal development that was once thought to be unique to vertebrates. Study of this and other cephalopod genomes will help reveal the genetic basis for these creatures' unusual behavior and physiology.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Nature
Evolution peaks on tropical mountain
Tropical mountains have an exceptionally high biodiversity. This is also the case for Mount Kinabalu in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. During an expedition, organized by Naturalis Biodiversity Center and Sabah Parks, experts investigated the local fauna, flora, and fungi. They discovered that most of the unique species that occur in the area had evolved later than the age of the mountain itself, and that some had evolved from immigrant ancestors, whereas others evolved from local ancestors. These findings are published in Nature.
Netherlands FES-funding, Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research, Alberta Mennega Foundation, Ecology Fund of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences, Uyttenboogaart-Eliasen Foundation, Pro Acarologia Basiliensis

Contact: Astrid Kromhout
astrid.kromhout@naturalis.nl
31-717-519-236
Naturalis Biodiversity Center

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Nature
Octopus genome sequenced
The first whole genome analysis of an octopus reveals unique genomic features that likely played a role in the evolution of traits such as large complex nervous systems and adaptive camouflage. The findings are published in Nature on Aug. 12, 2015.
National Science Foundation, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development of the National Institutes of Health, the Molecular Genetics Unit of the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University

Contact: Kevin Jiang
kevin.jiang@uchospitals.edu
773-795-5227
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Biology Letters
Color changing sand fleas flummox predatory birds
Sand fleas have a remarkable ability to change color in order to match dramatically different backgrounds, according to a new study from the University of Exeter and the Ascension Island Government Conservation Department.

Contact: Duncan Sandes
pressoffice@exeter.ac.uk
44-013-927-22391
University of Exeter

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
PLOS ONE
Octopus shows unique hunting, social and sexual behavior
When the larger Pacific striped octopus was first observed in the 1970s, its unusual social and mating behavior were so strange that no one would publish it. But UC Berkeley and California Academy of Sciences researchers found it all true. It is a gregarious, not solitary octopus that even briefly cohabits with its mate. It breeds and lays eggs for months, rather than once. And it stalks prey with a unique tap on the shoulder.

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
PLOS ONE
Unique behaviors of larger Pacific striped octopus observed in captivity
Unique behaviors like beak-to-beak mating, den co-occupancy by a mating pair, extended spawning, and unique prey-capture were observed in captive larger Pacific striped octopus.

Contact: Kayla Graham
onepress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
NASA's Terra satellite sees Molave regain tropical storm status
Tropical Depression Molave showed a burst of thunderstorm development when NASA's Terra satellite passed overhead on Aug. 11, as it regained tropical storm status.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
NASA analyzes Typhoon Soudelor's rainfall
Typhoon Soudelor dropped over two feet of rainfall when it made landfall in China in early August, and soaked Taiwan. NASA estimated that rainfall using data from the Global Precipitation Measurement mission.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
NASA's RapidScat sees Hurricane Hilda's strongest winds on northern side
The RapidScat instrument that flies aboard the International Space Station identified Hurricane Hilda's strongest winds on the northern side of the storm.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
Melting glaciers feed Antarctic food chain
Nutrient-rich water from melting Antarctic glaciers nourishes the ocean food chain, creating feeding 'hot spots' in large gaps in the sea ice, according to a new study.

Contact: Leigh Cooper
lcooper@agu.org
202-777-7324
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
Marine Ecology Progress Series
NSU researchers find more strategic culling needed to reduce lionfish invasion
Nova Southeastern University researchers find that current efforts to reduce lionfish populations aren't enough -- more must be done.

Contact: Joe Donzelli
jdonzelli@nova.edu
954-262-2159
Nova Southeastern University

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
Biological Invasions
Researchers develop fast test for invasive carp
Case Western Reserve University and Cleveland Metroparks Zoo researchers have developed a field test that quickly determines whether Asian grass carp, a threat to the Great Lakes, are sterile or can reproduce. Ohio and neighboring states prohibit sale of fertile grass carp but they have been found in a river feeding into Lake Erie. Scientists worry that reproducing fish could destroy food supplies and habitat essential to native species in the Great Lakes.
Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland Metroparks

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
kevin.mayhood@case.edu
216-534-7183
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Scientific Reports
Non-native marine species' spread, impact explained by time since introduction
The time since the introduction of a non-native marine species best explains its global range, according to new research by an international team of scientists led by University of Georgia ecologist James E. Byers. The study, published in the open access journal Nature Scientific Reports, also contains a warning: The vast majority of marine invaders have not yet finished spreading.
Macquarie University, University of New South Wales, National Science Foundation, New Zealand Ministry for Primary Industries and National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, National Sea Grant Program, Smithsonian Institution

Contact: James E. Byers
jebyers@uga.edu
706-583-0012
University of Georgia

Showing releases 1251-1275 out of 1743.

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