Press Releases

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Showing releases 1301-1325 out of 1398.

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Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
European seafloor survey reveals depth of marine litter
A large-scale seafloor survey off the European coast has found widespread presence of bottles, plastic bags, fishing nets, and other types of human litter at all sample locations.

Contact: Kayla Graham

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
OCULLAR sees ocean color day and night
A team led at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., has developed an instrument capable of observing ocean color during normal sunlight conditions and under moonlight -- a first-ever capability that will allow scientists to monitor the health and chemistry of the planet's oceans literally around the clock.

Contact: Lori Keesey
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
Octillions of microbes in the seas: Ocean microbes show incredible genetic diversity
The smallest, most abundant marine microbe, Prochlorococcus, is a photosynthetic bacterial species essential to the marine ecosystem. It's estimated that billions of the single-celled creatures live in the oceans, forming the center of the marine food web. They occupy a range of ecological niches based on temperature, light, water chemistry and interactions with other species.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cheryl Dybas
National Science Foundation

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
Environmental Engineering Science
Graphene not all good
In a first-of-its-kind study of how a material some think could transform the electronics industry moves in water, researchers at the University of California, Riverside Bourns College of Engineering found graphene oxide nanoparticles are very mobile in lakes or streams and therefore likely to cause negative environmental impacts if released.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture

Contact: Sean Nealon
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
Tapah through infrared satellite eyes: Now a typhoon
Tropical Storm Tapah strengthened since April 28 and early on April 29, the storm reached typhoon strength.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
NOAA reports show strong economic gains from fishing, continued improvement in fish stocks
Two new NOAA reports, Fisheries Economics of the United States 2012 and the Status of US Fisheries 2013, show positive trends in the steady rebuilding of the country's federally managed fisheries off our coasts, and the important role fisheries contribute to the United State economy.

Contact: Connie Baraclay
NOAA Headquarters

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
Nature Climate Change
New research shows increasing ocean temperatures affecting coral reefs
A group of international researchers has found increasing ocean temperatures are causing coral reefs to retain more of their larvae, thus leaving large reef systems less interconnected.
Australian Research Council, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, State of Queensland

Contact: Joe Donzelli
Nova Southeastern University

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
Experimental Biology 2014
Coral reefs provide potent new anti-HIV proteins
Researchers have discovered a new class of proteins capable of blocking the HIV virus from penetrating T-cells. The proteins, found in a coral from Australia's northern coast, could be well-suited for use in gels or sexual lubricants to provide a potent barrier against HIV infection, potentially filling a pressing need for a female-applied anti-HIV microbicide that doesn't rely on a man's willingness to use a condom.

Contact: Nancy Lamontagne
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
Molecular Biology and Evolution
How a fish can fry: Scientists uncover evolutionary clues behind electric fish
Take a muscle cell, modify it over millions of years, and you end up with an exciting and literally shocking evolutionary result: the electric fish.The authors speculate that the down-regulation of the Scn4aa gene leads to quicker evolution and adaptation.

Contact: Joe Caspermeyer
Molecular Biology and Evolution (Oxford University Press)

Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
Nature Climate Change
More coral babies staying at home on future reefs
Researchers have found that increasing ocean temperatures due to climate change will soon see reefs retaining and nurturing more of their own coral larvae, leaving large reef systems less interconnected and potentially more vulnerable. "We found that at higher temperatures more coral larvae will tend to stay on their birth reef," says the lead author of the study published today, Dr Joana Figueiredo from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies.
ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies

Contact: Joana Figueiredo
ARC Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies

Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
Newborn Tropical Storm Tapah threatens Saipan and Tinian
A tropical storm warning is in force for Saipan and Tinian as Tropical Storm Tapah moves north through the Northwestern Pacific Ocean on April 28.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
Ecology Letters
Studies affirm crabs killing Northeast saltmarshes
Two newly published studies by a team of Brown University researchers provide ample new evidence that the reason coastal saltmarshes are dying from Long Island to Cape Cod is that hungry crabs, left unchecked by a lack of predators, are eating the cordgrass.
National Science Foundation, Voss Environmental Fellowship Program

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
Marine Biology
Australian marine reserves provide safe passageway for endangered species
The value of Australia's newly established network of marine parks has been highlighted by an international project that used satellites to track the vulnerable flatback sea turtle. The findings are published in Springer's journal Marine Biology. In the study, researchers from Deakin University, Swansea University and Pendoley Environmental consultancy used advanced satellite tracking systems to record the passage of more than 70 flatbacks off the north-west Australian coastline.

Contact: Saskia Rohmer

Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
Limnology & Oceanography
R.I. nitrogen cycle differs in bay and sound
A new study reports that anammox, a key process in the nitrogen cycle, is barely present in Narragansett Bay even though it's a major factor just a little farther out into Rhode Island Sound. Scientists traced that to differences between bay and sound sediments, but that raises new questions about what's going on in the Bay to account for those.
National Science Foundation, Rhode Island Sea Grant

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
What lies beneath modern New England? Mountain-building and the end of an ancient ocean
When and where did the ancient Iapetus Ocean suture (the most fundamental Appalachian structure) form? Is part of New England made up of ancient African-derived rocks? What is the Moretown terrane? This new Geology study by researchers from Harvard, Middlebury College, Boise State University, and Williams College finds new evidence for an earlier closing of the Iapetus that is farther west than previous studies have reported.

Contact: Kea Giles
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 27-Apr-2014
Marine Biology
Important migratory corridor for endangered marine species off north-west Australia
The value of Australia's newly established network of marine parks has been highlighted by an international project that used satellites to track the vulnerable flatback sea turtle. Researchers from Deakin University (Australia), Swansea University (United Kingdom) and Pendoley Environmental consultancy used advanced satellite tracking systems to record the passage of more than 70 flatbacks off the north-west Australian coastline. The network of Australian marine reserves may also serve as a template for marine conservation elsewhere in the world.

Contact: Stephen D'Arcy
Deakin University

Public Release: 25-Apr-2014
Molecular Systems Biology
Metabolism may have started in our early oceans before the origin of life
The chemical reactions behind the formation of common metabolites in modern organisms could have formed spontaneously in the earth's early oceans, questioning the events leading to the origin of life. Wellcome-Trust funded researchers reconstructed the chemical make-up of the earth's earliest ocean and found the spontaneous occurrence of reaction sequences which in modern organisms are essential for the synthesis of organic molecules critical for the cellular metabolism seen in all living organisms.
Wellcome Trust

Contact: Meera Senthilingam
Wellcome Trust

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Princeton doctoral candidate selected as William L. Fisher Congressional Geoscience Fellow
The American Geosciences Institute would like to congratulate Princeton Ph.D. candidate, Joseph Majkut, on his recent selection as the 2014-2015 William L. Fisher Congressional Geoscience Fellow. He will spend a year in Washington, D.C., working as a staff member in the office of a member of Congress or with a congressional committee.

Contact: Maureen Moses
American Geosciences Institute

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling, Scripps scientists discover
Scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego have taken a leap forward in understanding the microscopic underpinnings of the ocean carbon cycle by pinpointing a bacterium that appears to play a dominant role in carbon consumption.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation Marine Microbiology Initiative, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mario Aguilera or Robert Monroe
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Two new US turtle species described
The alligator snapping turtle is the largest river turtle in North America, weighing in at up to 200 pounds and living almost a century. Now researchers from Florida and the University of Vermont have discovered that it is not one species -- but three. One of the new species lives only in the Suwannee River and is highly imperiled.

Contact: Joshua Brown
University of Vermont

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
UCL and HR Wallingford collaborate to construct Europe's largest tsunami simulator
UCL and HR Wallingford, the specialist hydraulic research and consultancy, are collaborating to construct the largest tsunami simulator in Europe, to better understand the impact of these devastating natural phenomena on buildings and coastal defenses.
European Research Council

Contact: Henry Rummins
University College London

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Some corals adjusting to rising ocean temperatures, Stanford researchers say
Research led by Stanford scientist Steve Palumbi reveals how some corals can quickly switch on or off certain genes in order to survive in warmer-than-average tidal waters.

Contact: Rob Jordan
Stanford University

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
NASA sees last vestiges of Tropical Depression Jack
Tropical Cyclone Jack had weakened to a tropical depression when NASA and JAXA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite passed above on April 22, 2014.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Too many chefs: Smaller groups exhibit more accurate decision-making
The trope that the likelihood of an accurate group decision increases with the abundance of brains involved might not hold up when a group faces a variety of factors, Princeton University researchers report. Instead, smaller groups actually tend to make more accurate decisions while larger assemblies may become excessively focused on only certain pieces of information.

Contact: Morgan Kelly
Princeton University

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
Biology Letters
Scientists identify source of mysterious sound in the Southern Ocean
Scientists have conclusive evidence that the source of a unique rhythmic sound, recorded for decades in the Southern Ocean and called the 'bio-duck,' is the Antarctic minke whale (Balaenoptera bonaerensis). First described and named by submarine personnel in the 1960s who thought it sounded like a duck, the bio-duck sound has been recorded at various locations in the Southern Ocean, but its source has remained a mystery, until now.
NOAA Fisheries, NSF/Office of Polar Programs, US Navy Environmental Readiness Division

Contact: Shelley Dawicki
NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center

Showing releases 1301-1325 out of 1398.

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